Text Context Pretext

Text  Context  Pretext

Written by a leading researcher in the field Continues the enquiry into discourse analysis that Zellig Harris initiated 50 years ago, which raised a number of problematic issues that have remained unresolved ever since Introduces the notion ...

Author: H. G. Widdowson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470758274

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 200

View: 482

Written by a leading researcher in the field, this fascinating examination of the relations between grammar, text, and discourse is designed to provoke critical discussion on key issues in discourse analysis which are not always clearly identified and examined. Written by a leading researcher in the field Continues the enquiry into discourse analysis that Zellig Harris initiated 50 years ago, which raised a number of problematic issues that have remained unresolved ever since Introduces the notion of pretext as an additional factor in the general interpretative process Focuses attention specifically on the work of critical discourse analysis (CDA) in light of the issues discussed
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Pre text Text Context

Pre text  Text  Context

Part 2 approaches the process of writing from the perspective of the text itself. And Part 3 is concerned with those spatial, temporal, and linguistic elements (context) that surround the literary text.

Author: Robert L. Mitchell

Publisher: Columbus : Ohio State University Press

ISBN: UOM:39015000564727

Category: French literature

Page: 291

View: 918

The nineteenth century in France is a nightmare for literary historians. Their thirst for categorization is more easily quenched by prior centuries, to which, because they seem unified by cohesive preoccupations and common goals, such appellations as the Renaissance, the Classical Age or le grand siècle, and the Enlightenment or Age of Ideas are appropriately applied. For the protean nineteenth century, for which no such handy tag has been or can be devised, is beyond all else distinguished by extreme heterogeneity and eclecticism. A period of chaotic social and political instability, of scientific and industrial revolution, it is, in literature, a time, not of solidarity, but of unprecedented individualism. Collective social consciousness yields to isolated probings into the uncharted recesses of the human mind and soul, and revolt agains standardized (even valorized) literary practice is seen in such developments as the slow undermining of the "accepted" literary lexicon, and of the qualities of unity, clarity, and reason, and in a radical overhauling of the system of prosody. If such diversity precludes coherence in nineteenth-century French literature, it can itself be recognized as the 2organizing3 element of this literary epoch. And it is precisely this paradox that the essays in this volume intend to reflect. They are not unified, as orthodoxy might dictate, by a common approach or theme or author. Rather they are marked, as was the century that is their context, by divergence and variety, not harmony and consistency. Multiformity in theme is reflected in discussions of such varied topics as pygmalionism, allegory, mirage, self-consciousness, plagiarism, madness, feminism, the grotesque, dance, and alchemy, which are addressed, in turn, from a variety of critical approaches: thematic, intertextual, historical, stylistic, psychocritical, sociological, and semiotic. Ecclecticism, indeed, has shaped the basic conception of the collection. Part 1 examines themes, presented as "pretext", that inform either authorial motivation or the orientation of a text prior to its actual inscription. Part 2 approaches the process of writing from the perspective of the text itself. And Part 3 is concerned with those spatial, temporal, and linguistic elements (context) that surround the literary text.
Categories: French literature

Literary Milton

Literary Milton

These essays explore the interrelationship of author, reader and text in Milton's works, chiefly Paradise Lost

Author: Diana Benet

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015032097506

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 274

View: 276

These essays explore the interrelationship of author, reader and text in Milton's works, chiefly Paradise Lost
Categories: Literary Criticism

Theory Text Context

Theory  Text  Context

Second, Poulakos' "historical explanation" for the need for pretext on behalf of Gorgias is weak. He claims (p. 7) that "Gorgias must have been aware of the ...

Author: Christopher Lyle Johnstone

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 0791431088

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 196

View: 427

Leading scholars of classical rhetoric address contemporary topics in Greek rhetoric and oratory.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Discourse in Context Contemporary Applied Linguistics

Discourse in Context  Contemporary Applied Linguistics

Widdowson, H. G. (1998), 'Context, community and authentic language'. TESOL Quarterly, 32, 705–16. —(2004), Text, Context, Pretext. Oxford: Blackwell.

Author: John Flowerdew

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781623563011

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 400

View: 652

Featuring internationally renowned academics, this volume provides a snapshot of the field of applied linguistics, and illustrates how linguistics is engaging with the idea of 'context'. The book treats discourse as language in the contexts of its use in and above the level of the sentence and as systems of knowledge and beliefs. In using the term context(s), the book understands this as different situations in which discourse is produced and, on the other, how analysts construe context in their work. The volume is thus concerned with language in its context of use (little d discourse), but at the same time, more specifically, in individual chapters, with particular discourses as they are manifested in particular contexts (big D discourses). Well known discourse analysts contribute chapters focussing on different contexts with which they are familiar, viz. business, education, ethnicity and race, gender and sexuality, history, intercultural contexts, lingua franca contexts, media, place, politics, race, and the virtual world. It brings together researchers from different approaches, but all with a commitment to the study of language in context. The contributors themselves represent different approaches to discourse analysis: conversation analysis, corpus linguistics, critical discourse analysis, ethnographic discourse analysis, mediated discourse analysis, multimodal discourse analysis, systemic functional linguistics. Readers are invited to compare and contrast these different contexts and approaches.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Critical Discourse Studies in Context and Cognition

Critical Discourse Studies in Context and Cognition

Politics as Text and Talk: Analytic Approaches to Political Discourse. ... Text, Context, Pretext: Critical Issues in Discourse Analysis. Oxford: Blackwell.

Author: Christopher Hart

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027285102

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 231

View: 683

Critical Discourse Studies (CDS) is an exciting research enterprise in which scholars are concerned with the discursive reproduction of power and inequality. However, researchers in CDS are increasingly recognising the need to investigate the cognitive dimensions of discourse and context if they want to fully account for any connection between language, legitimisation and social action. This book presents a collection of papers in CDS concerned with various ideological discourses. Analyses are firmly rooted in linguistics and cognition constitutes a major focus of attention. The chapters, which are written by prominent researchers in CDS, come from a broad range of theoretical perspectives spanning pragmatics, cognitive psychology and cognitive linguistics. The book is essential reading for anyone working at the cutting edge of CDS and especially for those wishing to explore the central place that cognition must surely hold in the relationship between discourse and society.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Cities for the New Millennium

Cities for the New Millennium

... about design is the relationship between text, context and pretext. The text ispoetry, literature, socialideas, ideals, cultural import,emotions.

Author: Marcial Echenique

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136362927

Category: Architecture

Page: 192

View: 126

Cities for the New Millennium is the outcome of a joint conference held in Salford in July 2000 by the Royal Institute of British Architects and the University of Cambridge's Department of Architecture. It tackles these questions in the light of the Urban Task Force's report about the future of Britain's cities and communities, but sets them in an international and historical context. Professionals - architects, engineers and developers as well as academics from different countries and disciplines here lavish their expertise on issues of transportation, density, land use, risk and energy saving; others present urban-scale buildings or landscapes that have been judged inspirational or inventive. This book, therefore, is not just about theories of urbanism. It reveals how co-operation and debate between different parties and professions can illuminate the creative kind of urban development we should be aiming for.
Categories: Architecture

Exploring Context in Religious Education Research

Exploring Context in Religious Education Research

Ricoeur, P. (1981) The model of the text: meaningful action considered as a text. ... Widdowson, H. G. (2004) Text, context, pretext : critical issues in ...

Author: Geir Skeie

Publisher: Waxmann Verlag

ISBN: 9783830979029

Category: Education

Page: 274

View: 339

The relevance of contextual perspectives in religious education has been growing for the last decade. It has been central to the European Network for Religious Education through Contextual Approaches (ENRECA) - the research network that has produced the present book. Several members of the network have contributed to the theoretical and empirical development of contextual approaches in different publications, but for the first time this has been the focus of an entire collectively produced volume. The history of the book dates back to research seminars in 2009 and 2010 and is based on the discussions in the seminar. The chapters have been developed through a process of critical examination. Through this process we believe to have produced a coherent and also comprehensively rich book, dealing with the issue of context as a challenge, and also a stimulus to religious education research and practice. The chapters are presenting both empirical research and scholarly investigation into methodological and theoretical dimensions. Taken together we hope that this book will contribute to the further development of contextual thinking in religious education research. Or aim has not been to answer all questions, but rather to pose questions and to complicate things in order to enrich the academic field of religion in education.
Categories: Education

Understanding Context in Language Use and Teaching

Understanding Context in Language Use and Teaching

The role of context in word meaning construction: A case study. International Journal of English ... Text, context, pretext. Oxford, England: Blackwell.

Author: Éva Illés

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000060430

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 150

View: 643

This book is a guide to understanding and applying the essential, heretofore elusive, notion of context in language study and pedagogy. Éva Illés offers a new, critical, systematic theoretical framework, then applies that framework to practical interactions and issues in communicative language teaching rooted in English as a Lingua Franca. By linking theory and practice for research and teaching around the world, this book brings a new awareness of how context can be conceptualised and related to language pedagogy to advanced students, teachers, teacher educators and researchers of language teaching, applied linguistics and pragmatics.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Context and Contexts

Context and Contexts

Politeness. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Widdowson, Henry G. 2004. Text, Context, Pretext. Oxford: Blackwell. Deixis in context This? No, that!

Author: Anita Fetzer

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027286635

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 239

View: 998

This book departs from the premise that context represents a complex relational configuration which can no longer be conceived as an analytic prime but rather requires a parts-whole perspective to capture its inherent dynamism. The edited volume presents a collection of papers which examine the connectedness between context, contextualization and entextualization. They address the questions how meaning and speech acts are situated in context, how both are influenced by context, how context influences speech acts and meaning, how context is imported into the discourse, and how context is entextualized in discourse. The papers cover institutional and non-institutional contexts, the language of Greek laws, political discourse, confrontational media discourse and task-oriented face-to-face and back-to-back interactions. They reflect current moves in pragmatics and discourse analysis to cross disciplinary and methodological boundaries by integrating relevant premises and insights, in particular cognition, adaptive action, negotiation of meaning, sequentiality, recipient design and genre.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Ethics of Humanitarian Interventions

Ethics of Humanitarian Interventions

4. TEXT, SUBTEXT, SUPERTEXT, CONTEXT, PRETEXT — AND POST-TEXT. Nobody should take a text lightly. The text may simply mean what the text says. If the text ...

Author: Georg Meggle

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110327731

Category: Philosophy

Page: 382

View: 171

Humanitarian Interventions - that sounds nice; much nicer than wars, battles and use of military force. Foremost, the phrase makes you think of the delivery of sanitary goods, medication, of soup-kitchens. Here we are not supposed to think of interventions of this kind; we have to have humanitarian interventions in mind which are humanitarian intervention-wars. (I) At exactly what point is the use of military force a humanitarian intervention? What is the humanitarian aspect of those interventions? Their occasion? Their motive? Their alleged as well as their actual consequences? (II) At exactly what point are humanitarian intervention-wars morally justifiable? Are they justifiable even if they are wars of aggression breaching international law? And finally: (III) Was the war which was presented to us as the paradigmatic example of a humanitarian-intervention-war, that is: the war in Kosovo in the spring of 1999 (with over 37,000 bombing missions), really justifiable as a humanitarian intervention? Many of us wanted to believe so at the time. Does our ex ante judgement hold today in an ex post reflection? And which lessons for the future should we learn from the success or failure of this humanitarian war? These are the questions proposed in this book; therefore, it is concerned with problems of semantics (part I), problems of moral assessment (part II) and with the moral, legal and political conclusions we draw from our experiences with the war in Kosovo, our primary example of a humanitarian intervention (part III). International experts in the areas of philosophy, international law, sociology and peace studies debated these questions vigorously for several days. This is the resulting volume.
Categories: Philosophy

The Routledge Handbook of Critical Discourse Studies

The Routledge Handbook of Critical Discourse Studies

Schegloff's Texts' as 'Billig's Data': A Critical Reply. Discourse and Society 10(4): ... Text, context, pretext: Critical issues in discourse analysis.

Author: John Flowerdew

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317576501

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 638

View: 127

The Routledge Handbook of Critical Discourse Studies provides a state-of-the-art overview of the important and rapidly developing field of Critical Discourse Studies (CDS). Forty-one chapters from leading international scholars cover the central theories, concepts, contexts and applications of CDS and how they have developed, encompassing: approaches analytical methods interdisciplinarity social divisions and power domains and media. Including methodologies to assist those undertaking their own critical research of discourse, this Handbook is key reading for all those engaged in the study and research of Critical Discourse Analysis within English Language and Linguistics, Communication, Media Studies and related areas.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Text Discourse and Corpora

Text  Discourse and Corpora

Widdowson, H. G. (2004) Text, Context, Pretext. Critical Issues in Discourse Analysis. Oxford: Blackwell. \Vrlson, E. O. (1998) Consilience.

Author: Michael Hoey

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780826491725

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 253

View: 170

Corpus linguistics is often regarded as a methodology in its own right. This book includes coverage of the lexical priming theory, parole-linguistics, a four-part model of language system and language use, and the concept of local textual functions. It illustrates the theoretical arguments.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Mediating Ideology in Text and Image

Mediating Ideology in Text and Image

Text, Context, Pretext: Critical issues in discourse analysis. Oxford: Blackwell. Wodak, R. (1987). And where is the Lebanon?

Author: Inger Lassen

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027293817

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 254

View: 170

While ideology has been treated widely in CDA-literature, the role played by the interaction of text and image in multiplying meaning and furthering ideological stances has not so far received a lot of attention. Mediating Ideology in Text and Image offers a number of approaches to such analysis, offering students and academics valuable tools for identifying possible discrepancies between the world and the way it is represented through various mediational means. The authors’ common aim is one of assisting the audience in reading between the lines, thus offering a variety of approaches that may contribute to a better understanding of how ideologies possibly work and how they may be denaturalised from text and image. The articles in part I look at rhetorical strategies used in meaning construction processes unfolding in various kinds of mass media. Part II focuses on the re-semiotization of meaning and looks at how analysing the combination of text and image may contribute to a better understanding of ideological processes brought about by multimodal resources. Foreword by Ruth Wodak.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Cognitive Linguistic Approaches to Text and Discourse

Cognitive Linguistic Approaches to Text and Discourse

Text, Context, Pretext: Critical Issues in Discourse Analysis. Oxford: Blackwell. Wroe, Ann (2011). Shelley and night. The Keats-Shelley Review 25 (1): ...

Author: Hart Christopher Hart

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9781474450003

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 224

View: 934

Drawing on range of text genres including novels, poems, health forums, holiday guestbooks, prayers, political songs and news stories, each chapter uses cognitive linguistics to shed light on the meanings and meaning-making processes invoked when we encounter texts belonging to different literary and political genres. The book presents new insights into the workings of textual phenomena such as metaphor, viewpoint and deixis and also sheds light on more elusive, epiphenomenal qualities such as a text's ambience, atmosphere, power, ideology or persuasiveness. It also takes new strides in cognitive text analysis by exploiting experimental and ethnographic methods to empirically investigate readers' reception of, and resistance to, texts.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Pretext Context and Text

Pretext  Context  and Text

Author: Sarah Roberts Pearson

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:76975674

Category: Fasting

Page: 140

View: 816

Categories: Fasting

Expressing Critical Thinking through Disciplinary Texts

Expressing Critical Thinking through Disciplinary Texts

Issues of text typology: Narrative - a 'basic' type of text? ... Text, context, pretext: Critical issues in discourse analysis. Malden, MA: Blackwell.

Author: Ian Bruce

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350127913

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 216

View: 596

Exploring how critical thinking is expressed in writing, this book investigates the specific linguistic elements involved in this process. Ian Bruce takes a genre-based approach to compare the textual expression of critical thinking in samples of academic, professional and journalistic writing, using five studies to examine the similarities and differences in the elements deployed across different genres. Looking at phenomena such as the relations between propositions and words which express the writer's personal attitude, content-organizing patterns, and the role of metaphor, this book highlights the most important contributory factors in the expression of critical thinking. Providing an in-depth exploration of how it is articulated through different types of specialist writing, this book provides a lens to both examine texts and to identify and practice this skill.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

Keyness in Texts

Keyness in Texts

Corpus Linguistics at Work [Studies in Corpus Linguistics 6]. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. Widdowson, H. G. 2004. Text, Context, Pretext: Critical Issues in ...

Author: Marina Bondi

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027223173

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 251

View: 948

This is corpus linguistics with a text linguistic focus. The volume concerns lexical inequality, the fact that some words and phrases share the quality of being key---and thereby reflect or promote important themes in some textual contexts, while others do not. The patterning of words which differ in their centrality to text meaning is of increasing interest to corpus linguistics. At the same time software resources are yielding increasingly more detailed ways of identifying and studying the linkages between key words and phrases in text databases. This volume brings together work from some of the leading researchers in this field. It presents thirteen studies organized in three sections, the first containing a series of studies exploring the nature of keyness itself, then a set of five studies looking at keyness in specific discourse contexts, and then three studies with an educational focus. "Edited by two central figures in the development of keyword analysis, and with contributions from leading specialists in the field, this unique collection brings together a wide range of insights into how keyword analysis can contribute both to linguistic and cultural analysis and to language education. It deserves a place on the bookshelves of anyone with an interest in these areas"---Christopher Tribble, King's College, London "This is a fascinating volume addressing both methodological and theoretical questions in the study of keywords. It pushes forward the exploration of the nature of keyness and the interpretation of keywords in their textual contexts. An inspiring contribution to a central area of corpus linguistics." ---Michaela Mahlberg, University of Nottingham
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Context and Appropriateness

Context and Appropriateness

Text, Context, Pretext: Critical Issues in Discourse Analysis. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing. Wilson, I. 2001. “Political discourse.

Author: Anita Fetzer

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027292254

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 265

View: 487

This book departs from the premise that context and appropriateness represent complex relational configurations which can no longer be conceived as analytic primes but rather require the accommodation of micro and macro perspectives to capture their inherent dynamism. The edited volume presents a collection of papers which examine the connectedness between context and appropriateness from interdisciplinary perspectives. The papers use different theoretical frameworks, such as situation theory, speech act theory, cognitive pragmatics, sociopragmatics, discourse analysis, argumentation theory and functional linguistics. They reflect current moves in pragmatics and discourse analysis to cross disciplinary and methodological boundaries by integrating relevant premises and insights, in particular cognition, negotiation of meaning, sequentiality, recipient design and genre.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Participation Culture and Democracy

Participation  Culture and Democracy

18 In this view, context is thus thought of as “an abstract representation ... 18 Henry G. Widdowson, Text, Context, Pretext: Critical Issues in Discourse ...

Author: Tadej Pirc

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781527517783

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 420

The underlying question of this collection of essays focuses on the very core of our democratic culture. It asks how one can actively take part in its political, legal, educational, informational, social, cultural and economic mechanisms. Advanced technologies have given rise to a vast array of tools enabling a culture of participation. New forms of civic engagement have emerged, as well as a new conceptualization of active citizenship. These developments encouraged the authors of this collection to address legal, social, political, philosophical, and media aspects of the emancipatory potential of participatory democracy. They focus on specific case studies stretching across various places and spheres, from the Canadian media legislature, community organizing in low-income neighbourhoods of the USA, the Knesset of Israel, the Roma minority in Poland, and legal texts of Austria, to the online sphere of art and digital democracy. The key advantage of this book thus lies in its multifaceted consideration of seemingly disparate, yet highly intertwined and ubiquitous, concepts of democratic societies around the globe.
Categories: Social Science