Tense Mood and Aspect

Tense  Mood and Aspect

This book is a collection of articles dealing with theoretical issues in the study of tense, mood and aspect, as well as with specific semantic and syntactic problems raised by linguistic expressions dedicated to these domains across a ...

Author: Louis de Saussure

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9789042022089

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 239

View: 278

This book is a collection of articles dealing with theoretical issues in the study of tense, mood and aspect, as well as with specific semantic and syntactic problems raised by linguistic expressions dedicated to these domains across a variety of languages. Through these papers, strong variations are explored, but also crosslinguistic convergences are investigated. Numerous phenomena so far often left aside in linguistics are described and enlightened by different scientific standpoints, which they serve to illustrate. The languages investigated in this volume include Germanic languages (Dutch, English, German), Romance (French, Catalan, Italian), Slavic (Serbo-Croatian, Czech, Russian), Greek, and non-indoeuropean languages such as Thai, Digo and Kikuyu. Related topics such as grammaticalization, presuppositions, questions in dialogue, illocutionary acts and acquisition are incidentally called upon in order to shed light from the outside onto tense, mood (and modality) and aspect. This volume is of great interest for all scholars engaged in contemporary research on the linguistic expression of tense, mood and aspect. The papers gathered in this volume are a tight selection of the ones that were presented at the 6th Chronoscolloquium.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Prominence of Tense Aspect and Mood

The Prominence of Tense  Aspect  and Mood

In this monograph, the author argues that natural languages exemplify the language type by assigning prominence to just one of the three verbal categories of tense, aspect and mood.

Author: D. N. Shankara Bhat

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027230522

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 198

View: 317

In this monograph, the author argues that natural languages exemplify the language type by assigning prominence to just one of the three verbal categories of tense, aspect and mood.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Tense Aspect and Action

Tense  Aspect and Action

The series is a platform for contributions of all kinds to this rapidly developing field. General problems are studied from the perspective of individual languages, language families, language groups, or language samples.

Author: Carl Bache

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110883077

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 436

View: 296

The series is a platform for contributions of all kinds to this rapidly developing field. General problems are studied from the perspective of individual languages, language families, language groups, or language samples. Conclusions are the result of a deepened study of empirical data. Special emphasis is given to little-known languages, whose analysis may shed new light on long-standing problems in general linguistics.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Tense Mood and Aspect

Tense  Mood and Aspect

Author: Alessandra Georgi

Publisher:

ISBN: 019925849X

Category: Grammar, Comparative and general

Page: 320

View: 337

Categories: Grammar, Comparative and general

Tense aspect and mood in first and second language acquisition

Tense  aspect and mood in first and second language acquisition

This volume offers new insights on tense, aspect and mood by bringing together the findings of first and second language acquisition, and comparing child and adult, monolingual and multilingual learning processes that are approached from ...

Author: Emmanuelle Labeau

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9789401207188

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 223

View: 776

Tense, aspect and mood have attracted much attention in the areas of both first and second language acquisition, but scholars in the two disciplines often fail to learn from each other. Western European languages have also been the focus of most studies, but there would be lessons to learn from less studied languages. This volume offers new insights on tense, aspect and mood by bringing together the findings of first and second language acquisition, and comparing child and adult, monolingual and multilingual learning processes that are approached from various theoretical points of view. In addition, it spans over a wide range of less studied languages (Bulgarian, Hebrew, Korean, Russian), and Western European languages are studied from new angles.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Pidgin and Creole Tense mood aspect Systems

Pidgin and Creole Tense mood aspect Systems

For review see: Mark Sebba, in New West Indian Guide / Nieuwe West Indische Gids, vol. 66, no. 3/4 (1992); p. 288-290.

Author: John Victor Singler

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027252265

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 240

View: 153

For review see: Mark Sebba, in New West Indian Guide / Nieuwe West Indische Gids, vol. 66, no. 3/4 (1992); p. 288-290.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Second Language Acquisition of French Tense Aspect Mood and Modality

The Second Language Acquisition of French Tense  Aspect  Mood and Modality

Temporal-aspectual systems have a great potential of informing our understanding of the developing competence of second language learners.

Author: Dalila Ayoun

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027271785

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 252

View: 472

Temporal-aspectual systems have a great potential of informing our understanding of the developing competence of second language learners. So far, the vast majority of empirical studies investigating L2 acquisition have largely focused on past temporality, neglecting the acquisition of the expression of the present and future temporalities with rare exceptions (aside from ESL learners), leaving unanswered the question of how the investigation of different types of temporality may inform our understanding of the acquisition of temporal, aspectual and mood systems as a whole. This monograph addresses this question by focusing on three main objectives: a) to contribute to the already impressive body of research in the L2 acquisition of tense, aspect and mood/modality from a generative perspective, and in so doing to present a more complete picture of the processes of L2 acquisition in general; b) to bridge the gap between linguistic theory and L2 acquisition; c) to make empirical findings more accessible to language instructors by proposing concrete pedagogical applications.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Syntax of Tenselessness

The Syntax of Tenselessness

The book is an important contribution to the syntax of infinitival clauses, the syntax of clause-union/restructuring, and more generally to the syntax of agreement phenomena in natural language.

Author: Anna-Lena Wiklund

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110197839

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 238

View: 461

Tense/Mood/Aspect-agreeing Infinitivals is an in-depth investigation of the syntax of verb-verb agreement phenomena in Swedish, including pseudocoordinations of the form John started and wrote 'John started writing' and double participles of the form John had been-able written 'John had been able to write'. Providing evidence from facts concerning extraction, locality, selection, and interpretation, the book argues that the relevant construction types all involve surface variants of "infinitives in disguise"; infinitivals that agree with the matrix clause in tense/mood/aspect. Arguments are presented in favour of taking the dependencies underlying the agreement to be instances of Agree between functional heads of the same label, a configuration that yields restructuring/clause-union. The main theoretical contributions of the book are two: (i) Agreement is proportional to functional structure: The possibility of "copying" a particular morphosyntactic form is contingent on the presence of the corresponding functional projection in the agreeing XP. (ii) Size constancy between restructuring/non-restructuring infinitivals: The category selected by a verb may remain constant between restructuring and non-restructuring configurations. It is suggested that an important aspect of restructuring may be alternation between unmarked (negatively specified) features and unvalued varieties of the same features, capturing properties such as "tenselessness", "finitelessness", etc. of restructuring infinitivals. The book is an important contribution to the syntax of infinitival clauses, the syntax of clause-union/restructuring, and more generally to the syntax of agreement phenomena in natural language. In addition, it provides a general reference source for anyone interested in the syntax of Swedish and other Scandinavian languages.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Hawai i Creole English

Hawai i Creole English

The language variety has been used as a basis for major linguistic hypotheses - a strength of this book is the use of a language-independent typological framework, placing the system in a cross-linguistic perspective.

Author: V. Velupillai

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230505858

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 216

View: 210

Are there common specific patterns in the Tense-Mood-Aspect systems of Creoles? Do Creoles constitute a structural type of language? This in-depth synchronic description of the Tense-Mood-Aspect system of contemporary Hawai'i Creole English, is a language-internal analysis based on extensive first-hand data, both written and spoken. The language variety has been used as a basis for major linguistic hypotheses - a strength of this book is the use of a language-independent typological framework, placing the system in a cross-linguistic perspective.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Mood Aspect Modality Revisited

Mood  Aspect  Modality Revisited

Developing groundbreaking and highly original theories, the contributors in this volume seek to unravel more general, fundamental principles of TAM that can help us better understand the nature of linguistic representations.

Author: Joanna Blaszczak

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226363660

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 400

View: 718

Over the past several decades, linguistic theorizing of tense, aspect, and mood (TAM), along with a strongly growing body of crosslinguistic studies, has revealed complexity in the data that challenges traditional distinctions and treatments of these categories. Mood, Aspect, Modality Revisited argues that it’s time to revisit our conventional assumptions and reconsider our foundational questions: What exactly is a linguistic category? What kinds of categories do labels such as “subjunctive,” “imperative,” “future,” and “modality” truly refer to? In short, how categorical are categories? Current literature assumes a straightforward link between grammatical category and semantic function, and descriptions of well-studied languages have cultivated a sense of predictability in patterns over time. As the editors and contributors of Mood, Aspect, Modality Revisited prove, however, this predictability and stability vanish in the study of lesser-known patterns and languages. The ten provocative essays gathered here present fascinating cutting-edge research demonstrating that the traditional grammatical distinctions are ultimately fluid—and perhaps even illusory. Developing groundbreaking and highly original theories, the contributors in this volume seek to unravel more general, fundamental principles of TAM that can help us better understand the nature of linguistic representations.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Relative Tense and Aspectual Values in Tibetan Languages

Relative Tense and Aspectual Values in Tibetan Languages

The parts of the book discuss and describe (i) the concepts of TENSE, ASPECT and MOOD; (ii) the Tibetan system of RELATIVE TENSE and aspectual values, with main sections on Old and Classical Tibetan, “Lhasa” Tibetan, and East Tibetan ...

Author: Bettina Zeisler

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110908183

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1011

View: 274

This study presents a comparative approach to a universal theory of TENSE, ASPECT and MOOD, combining the methods of comparative and historical linguistics, fieldwork, text linguistics, and philology. The parts of the book discuss and describe (i) the concepts of TENSE, ASPECT and MOOD; (ii) the Tibetan system of RELATIVE TENSE and aspectual values, with main sections on Old and Classical Tibetan, “Lhasa” Tibetan, and East Tibetan (Amdo and Kham); and (iii) West Tibetan (Ladakhi, Purik, Balti); Part (iv) presents the comparative view. Discussing the similarities and differences of temporal and aspectual concepts, the study rejects the general claim that ASPECT is a linguistic universal. A new linguistic concept, FRAMING, is introduced in order to account for the aspect-like conceptualisations found in, e.g., English. The concept of RELATIVE TENSE or taxis, may likewise not be universal. Among the Tibetan varieties, West Tibetan is unique in having fully grammaticalized the concept of ABSOLUTE TENSE. West Tibetan is compared diachronically with Old and Classical Tibetan (documented since the mid 8th century) and synchronically with several contemporary Tibetan varieties. The grammaticalized forms of each variety are described on the basis of their employment in discourse. The underlying general function of the Tibetan verbal system is thus shown to be that of RELATIVE TENSE. Secondary aspectual functions are described for restricted contexts. A special focus on the pragmatic or metaphorical use of present tense constructions in Tibetan leads to a typology of narrative conventions. The last part also offers some suggestions for the reconstruction of the Proto-Tibetan verb system.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Space in Tense

Space in Tense

The research in this volume shows that the basic paradigm of evidentiality of Korean derives from the standard TMA system combined with the notion of space. This volume also shows that perfect and past tense utilize different primitives.

Author: Kyung-Sook Chung

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027255723

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 292

View: 698

This monograph explores the tense, aspect, mood, and evidentiality of Korean, which has a rich verbal inflectional system, and proposes novel treatments within the framework of compositional semantics. One of the major contributions is the demonstration that Korean has two types of deictic tense—simple deictic and spatial deictic tense. Spatial deictic tense refers to the notion of the speaker's 'perceptual field' (or deictic range), as well as to temporality, functioning to set up a condition for a systematic evidential distinction. The research in this volume shows that the basic paradigm of evidentiality of Korean derives from the standard TMA system combined with the notion of space. This volume also shows that perfect and past tense utilize different primitives. The intended readership of this volume extends beyond Koreanists to scholars interested specifically in tense, mood, aspect, and evidentiality as well as in general theories of grammar and semantics-pragmatics.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Future at Issue

Future at Issue

This is a technical study of Middle Egyptian grammar aimed at enhancing our understanding of tense, mood and aspect; a difficult area of research because, as the author notes, `we have no informants, since the discovered mummies have so far ...

Author: Pascal Vernus

Publisher: Yale Egyptological Seminar

ISBN: 0912532211

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 228

View: 541

This is a technical study of Middle Egyptian grammar aimed at enhancing our understanding of tense, mood and aspect; a difficult area of research because, as the author notes, `we have no informants, since the discovered mummies have so far stubbornly refused to speak and are not expected to change their minds in the future'.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

Cross linguistic Semantics of Tense Aspect and Modality

Cross linguistic Semantics of Tense  Aspect and Modality

Preface -- 1. The semantics of tense, aspect and modality in the languages of the world / Lotte Hogeweg, Helen de Hoop & Andrej Malchukov -- 2. Incompatible categories: Resolving the 'present perfective paradox' / Andrej L. Malchukov -- 3.

Author: Lotte Hogeweg

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027255310

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 406

View: 203

Preface -- 1. The semantics of tense, aspect and modality in the languages of the world / Lotte Hogeweg, Helen de Hoop & Andrej Malchukov -- 2. Incompatible categories: Resolving the 'present perfective paradox' / Andrej L. Malchukov -- 3. The perfective/imperfective distinction: Coercion or aspectual operators? / Corien Bary -- 4. Lexical and compositional factors in the aspectual system of Adyghe / Peter M. Arkadiev -- 5. Event structure of non-culminating accomplishments / Sergei Tatevosov & Mikhail Ivanov -- 6. The grammaticalised use of the Burmese verbs la 'come' and .wà 'go' / Nicoletta Romeo -- 7. Irrealis in Yurakaré and other languages: On the cross-linguistic consistency of an elusive category / Rik van Gijn & Sonja Gipper -- 8. On the selection of mood in complement clauses / Rui Marques -- 9. 'Out of control' marking as circumstantial modality in St'át'imcets / Henry Davis, Lisa Matthewson & Hotze Rullmann -- 10. Modal geometry: Remarks on the structure of a modal map / Kees de Schepper & Joost Zwarts -- 11. Acquisitive modals / Johan van der Auwera, Petar Kehayov & Alice Vittrant -- 12. Conflicting constraints on the interpretation of modal auxiliaries / Ad Foolen & Helen de Hoop -- 13. Modality and context dependence / Fabrice Nauze -- 14. Verbal semantic shifts under negation, intensionality, and imperfectivity: Russian genitive objects / Barbara H. Partee & Vladimir Borschev -- 15. The Estonian partitive evidential: Some notes on the semantic parallels between aspect and evidential categories / Anne Tamm -- Index.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines