Technology and Values

Essential Readings

Author: Craig Hanks

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1405149000

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 9624

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This anthology features essays and book excerpts on technology and values written by preeminent figures in the field from the early 20th century to the present. It offers an in-depth range of readings on important applied issues in technology as well. Useful in addressing questions on philosophy, sociology, and theory of technology Includes wide-ranging coverage on metaphysics, ethics, and politics, as well as issues relating to gender, biotechnology, everyday artifacts, and architecture A good supplemental text for courses on moral or political problems in which contemporary technology is a unit of focus An accessible and thought-provoking book for beginning and advanced undergraduates; yet also a helpful resource for graduate students and academics
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Technology and Values

Author: Kristin Sharon Shrader-Frechette,Laura Westra

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847686315

Category: Philosophy

Page: 472

View: 5700

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Examining issues surrounding developments in technology, the contributors consider topics such as the effects on privacy of the widespread use of computers to store and retrieve personal information, and the ethics of genetic engineering.
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Ideas, Machines, and Values

An Introduction to Science, Technology, and Society Studies

Author: Stephen H. Cutcliffe

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742500679

Category: Social Science

Page: 179

View: 1933

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Ideas, Machines, and Values is an introductory overview of the emergence of STS as a field of study, as well as a portrait of its current interests and concerns. The book examines the growth of STS from its birth inthe mid-1960's through its development as an interdisciplinary field to its present state. Also addressed are the questions 'Why should we study STS?' and 'In what direction should STS be headed?' This work is highly recommended for anyone interested in building a solid foundation for Science, Technology, and Society Studies.
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The Re-emergence of Values in Science Education

Author: Deborah Corrigan,Justin Dillon,Richard F. Gunstone

Publisher: Sense Publishers

ISBN: 908790035X

Category: Education

Page: 288

View: 6591

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Issues relating to values have always had a place in the school science curriculum. Sometimes this has been only in terms of the inclusion of topics such as 'the nature of science' and/or 'scientific method' and/or particular intentions for laboratory work that relate to 'scientific method.' Sometimes it has been much broader, for example in curricula with STS emphases. Of importance to aspects of this proposal is that different countries/cultures have had different traditions in terms of the place of values in the school [science] curriculum. One obvious very broad difference of this form is the central place in [science] education thinking in many European countries of bildung, and the complete absence of this construct from most [science] curriculum thinking in English speaking contexts. There are numbers of such country/cultural differences. In the 1990s many countries moved towards various conceptualizations of Outcomes Based Education - OBE (sometimes so labelled and sometimes not). It was usual (but not universal) for OBE focused science curricula to have constrained views of the values that should be implicit and explicit in curriculum; that is views concerned only with 'the nature of science' and 'scientific method' (both usually seen as quite unproblematic). Currently there are a number of education systems that are changing again, and choosing to move away from Outcomes Based Education (for example, South Africa and several Australian states). One of the most interesting features of many of these movements is the re-embracing of a wider view of the science curriculum, including a reconsideration of the nature and place of the values associated with science in the purposes for and approaches to science education.
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Values, Technology and Work

Author: E. Mumford

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400983433

Category: Philosophy

Page: 318

View: 1433

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This book describes the experiences of four organizations who tried to introduce new computer systems in a humanistic manner so that human as well as business gains would be derived from the introduction of technology. All four paid a great deal of attention to identifying efficiency and job satisfaction needs and to design ing the technical system and its surrounding organizational context in such a way that these needs could be effectively met. Nevertheless, as with all major change, the change process was difficult and demanding and considerable management skill and insight was required before successful systems were implemented. The author set out to identify the extent to which the values of the different groups involved in the design process influenced the way in which computer systems were designed and implemented. She also wished to establish the extent to which the values of technical systems designers, user management and user clerks converged or diverged in the change process. It is hoped that the ideas set out here will contribute both to a greater theoretical understanding of the in fluences which affect technical change and to the practical design of humanistic computer systems. The research was carried out in three large government de partments, two industrial firms and an international bank. Two of the govern ment departments asked for their data to remain confidential and so these are not described in detail in the book. The book is in twelve chapters.
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Thinking Constructively About Science, Technology, and Society Education

General Introduction and From the Creation to the Flood

Author: Dennis W. Cheek

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791409398

Category: Education

Page: 262

View: 7788

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This book defines STS--science, technology, and society--education and discusses current thinking about its conceptual evolution. It synthesizes a broad range of research and thought in the history and philosophy of science and technology, STS studies, and education as they are informed by the the dual perspectives of cognitive and social psychology. A model for STS curriculum development in science, social studies, or technology education is presented with well-chosen examples. The book includes an extensive and invaluable bibliography that will enable students, teachers, and researchers to explore the richness of this emerging field.
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The Social Context and Values

Perspectives of the Americas

Author: George F. McLean,Olinto Antonio Pegoraro

Publisher: CRVP

ISBN: 9780819173553

Category: Philosophy

Page: 215

View: 5118

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To find more information about Rowman and Littlefield titles, please visit www.rowmanlittlefield.com.
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Technology and Vocational Education for Sustainable Development

Empowering Individuals for the Future

Author: Margarita Pavlova

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402052790

Category: Education

Page: 206

View: 7878

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Empowerment is the overarching idea used in this book. The term has a variety of meanings in different sociocultural and political contexts, including “self-strength, control, self-power, self-reliance, own choice, life of dignity in accordance with one’s values, capable of fighting for one’s rights, independence, own decision making, being free, awakening, and capability” (The World Bank, 2002, p. 10). However, the World Bank report observed that most definitions focus on issues of “gaining power and control over decisions and resources that determine the quality of one’s life” (p. 10). This interpretation of empowerment provides a useful starting point for the development of the series of interconnected arguments explored here. Establishment of the basis for understanding, identifying and developing strategies through education necessary for individuals to be able to make choices that inf- ence the quality of their lives is the main aim of this book. There are a number of assumptions and boundaries that frame this analysis. First, the book focuses on “agents”; however, empowerment is often conceptualised in terms of relationships between agency and structure (e. g. , Alsop, Bertelsen, & H- land, 2006). Agency could be defined as “an actor’s or group’s ability to make purposeful choices – that is, the actor is able to envisage and purposively choose options” (p. 11).
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Ideology, Values, and Technology in Political Life

Author: Kenneth R. Stunkel,Saliba G. Sarsar

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780819196651

Category: Political Science

Page: 124

View: 7089

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What are the pervasive forces for change in the modern world? Looking back on political, social, and economic upheavals of the past two hundred years, a casual observer might conclude that it has been politics alone. Conversely, Stunkel and Sarsar assert that ideology, technology, and values played equally as crucial roles then as they do now. As three of the most influential 'ideas' in the modern world ideology, values and technology are acutely addresed in this volume in order to clarify what they are and what their significance is for political life."
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