Syntactic Variables

Syntactic Variables

Resumptive Pronouns as Syntactic Variables: Theory Here, I would like to present a view of the ECP that refers to syntactic rather than phonological properties of NPs. As basically a recoverability condition on referentially empty ...

Author: C. Georgopoulos

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401132022

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 248

View: 834

This book represents the culmination of an extended period of field work on the Palauan language, carried out while I was a graduate student at the University of California at San Diego. The book was born as a short term paper written in 1982; from a forgettable infancy, that paper grew and grew, reaching the age of majority in my dissertation at the end of 1985. Some of its offspring have gone off on their own, as indepen dent papers, as course materials, or as thoughts that have not yet com pletely materialized. Some have been disowned. The full adulthood of this study of Palauan is realized in the present book. Virtually every section of the dissertation has been rewritten, updated, or otherwise (I hope) improved. Where the dissertation was still struggling with various problems, the book has found solutions. The aim of the book remains, however, to give broad coverage of Palauan, with emphasis on A' binding, rather than to focus narrowly on a few highly specific theoretical issues. I hope to have achieved a balance between presenting the language clearly and nonprejudicially, and deal ing with various of its properties in current theoretical terms. If I have, the book should prove to be a resource for further typological study of the phenomena it describes.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Micro syntactic Variation in North American English

Micro syntactic Variation in North American English

2.2 Types of Syntactic Variables The issue of semantic equivalence for syntactic variables can actually be viewed as a problem stemming from the availability or nonavailability of a clearly identified variant.2 Regarding this aspect of ...

Author: Raffaella Zanuttini

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199367214

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 365

View: 690

Comparative work on linguistic varieties that are overall very similar can help us determine where and how exactly grammatical systems differ from one another, and how they change over time. This book explores a range of data on unfamiliar constructions across regional and social dialects.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

American Earlier Black English

American Earlier Black English

Author: Edgar Werner Schneider

Publisher: University Alabama Press

ISBN: UCSC:32106008755396

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 314

View: 735

Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Syntactic Complexity

Syntactic Complexity

The data were coded for various syntactic and semantic variables concerning aspects of both the main clause and the relative clause. The variables of the main clause include: 1 the meaning of the verb 2 the syntactic function of the ...

Author: T. Givón

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027290144

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 553

View: 631

Complex hierarchic syntax is considered one of the hallmarks of human language. The highest level of syntactic complexity, recursive-embedded clauses, has been singled out by some for a special status as the apex of the uniquely-human language faculty – evolutionary but somehow immune to adaptive selection. This volume, coming out of a symposium held at Rice University in March 2008, tackles syntactic complexity from multiple developmental perspectives. We take it for granted that grammar is an adaptive instrument of communication, assembled upon the pre-existing platform of pre-linguistic cognition. Most of the papers in the volume deal with the two grand developmental trends of human language: diachrony, the communal enterprise directly responsible for fashioning synchronic morpho-syntax; and ontogeny, the individual endeavor directly responsible for the acquisition of competent grammatical performance. The genesis of syntactic complexity along these two developmental trends is considered alongside with the cognition and neurology of grammar and of syntactic complexity, and the evolutionary relevance of diachrony, ontogeny and pidginization is argued on general bio-evolutionary grounds. Lastly, several of the contributions to the volume suggest that recursive embedding is not in itself an adaptive target, but rather the by-product of two distinct adaptive gambits: the recruitment of conjoined clauses as modal operators on other clauses and the subsequent condensation of paratactic into syntactic structures.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Collected Papers of Stig Kanger with Essays on his Life and Work

Collected Papers of Stig Kanger with Essays on his Life and Work

A A A —= ~A A —- B (A D B) T—= A, B, 6 T—= (A v B), 6 A, B, T-> 6 (A & B), T—- 6 2.6 Syntactic Notations In our exposition above, various syntactic variables have appeared. We have, for instance, used “F” and “G” as variables taking ...

Author: Ghita Holmström-Hintikka

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401005005

Category: Mathematics

Page: 305

View: 414

Stig Kanger (1924-1988) made important contributions to logic and formal philosophy. Kanger's dissertation Provability in Logic, 1957, contained significant results in proof theory as well as the first fully worked out model-theoretic interpretation of quantified modal logic. It is generally accepted nowadays that Kanger was one of the originators of possible worlds semantics for modal logic. Kanger's most original achievements were in the areas of general proof theory, the semantics of modal and deontic logic, and the logical analysis of the concept of rights. He also contributed to action theory, preference logic, and the theory of measurement. This is the first of two volumes dedicated to the work of Stig Kanger. The present volume is a complete collection of Kanger's philosophical papers. The second volume contains critical essays on Kanger's work, as well as biographical essays on Kanger written by colleagues and friends.
Categories: Mathematics

Syntactic Theory and First Language Acquisition Binding dependencies and learnability

Syntactic Theory and First Language Acquisition  Binding  dependencies  and learnability

Syntactic variables . Dordrecht : Kluwer . Guasti , M. T. ( 1992 ) . Verb syntax in Italian child grammar . Unpublished manuscript , Université de Genève . Guilfoyle , E. , & Noonan , M. ( 1989 ) . Functional categories and language ...

Author: Barbara Lust

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0805813500

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 536

View: 586

First Published in 1994. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Studies in Syntactic Typology

Studies in Syntactic Typology

The syntactic variables that were investigated because they provide syntactic means for specifying referents included syntactic markers for relatives, determiners, and subordinate and coordinate conjunctions. Some non-deictic affixes ...

Author: Michael Hammond

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027278609

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 394

View: 252

The papers in this volume are revised versions of presentations at the conference on Language Universals and Language Typology in March 1985 at the University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee. They include new proposals of universals, results of investigations to validate or refine previously proposed universal generalizations, and discussions concerning the explanation of universals. The volume will be of great interest to researchers in syntax and in language universals. In addition, scholars in pragmatics, philosophy of linguistics, psycholinguistics, anthropological linguistics and semantics will also find articles of interest in the book.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Historical Linguistics and Biblical Hebrew

Historical Linguistics and Biblical Hebrew

Lexical variables and syntactic variables, however, are often less certain in this regard. Frequently it is difficult to know whether two (apparent) lexical variants or syntactic variants have precisely the same meaning (the principle ...

Author: Robert Rezetko

Publisher: Society of Biblical Lit

ISBN: 9781628370461

Category: Religion

Page: 720

View: 455

!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.0 Transitional//EN" html meta content="text/html; charset=ISO-8859-1" http-equiv="content-type" body A philologically robust approach to the history of ancient Hebrew In this book the authors work toward constructing an approach to the history of ancient Hebrew that overcomes the chasm of academic specialization. The authors illustrate how cross-textual variable analysis and variation analysis advance research on Biblical Hebrew and correct theories based on extra-linguistic assumptions, intuitions, and ideologies by focusing on variation of forms/uses in the Masoretic text and variation between the Masoretic text and other textual traditions. Features: A unique approach that examines the nature of the sources and the description of their language together Extensive bibliography for further research Tables of linguistic variables and parallels
Categories: Religion

Syntactic Atlas of the Dutch Dialects Sand

Syntactic Atlas of the Dutch Dialects  Sand

Available in a Dutch and English Edition, the Syntactic Atlas of the Dutch Dialects provides a detailed overview of the surprisingly rich syntactic variation found in 267 dialects of Dutch at the beginning of the 21th century. 200 full ...

Author: Sjef Barbiers

Publisher: Amsterdam University Press

ISBN: 9789053567012

Category:

Page: 144

View: 493

Available in a Dutch and English Edition, the Syntactic Atlas of the Dutch Dialects provides a detailed overview of the surprisingly rich syntactic variation found in 267 dialects of Dutch at the beginning of the 21th century. 200 full color maps show the geographic distribution of more than 100 syntactic variables. Many of these variables involve phenomena that are absent from the standard language and thus of great descriptive and theoretical importance. A state-of-the art linguistic commentary accompanies each map, taking into account the results of modern syntactic research, as well as historical developments. Volume I includes (a.o.) subject pronouns and pronoun doubling, the anaphoric system, expletive pronouns, complementizer agreement, yes/no agreement, complementizer doubling, question word doubling, relative clauses and topicalisation. Volume II (Fall 2006) includes (a.o.) word order in verb clusters, the Infinitivus pro Participio effect, the Participium pro Infinitivo effect, perfective participle doubling, the Imperative pro Infinitivo effect, DO-support, negative particles, negative concord and negative quantifiers. Further information on the SAND can be found at: "www.meertens.knaw.nl/projecten/SAND">www.meertens.knaw.nl/projecten/SAND
Categories:

Linguistics across Historical and Geographical Boundaries

Linguistics across Historical and Geographical Boundaries

of 'linguistic variable' according to a rigorous interpretation of its definition. ... On the contrary, the social and stylistic correlation of a number of syntactic variables studied in various speech communities has not been easy to ...

Author: Dieter Kastovsky

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110856132

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1596

View: 736

TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS is a series of books that open new perspectives in our understanding of language. The series publishes state-of-the-art work on core areas of linguistics across theoretical frameworks as well as studies that provide new insights by building bridges to neighbouring fields such as neuroscience and cognitive science. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS considers itself a forum for cutting-edge research based on solid empirical data on language in its various manifestations, including sign languages. It regards linguistic variation in its synchronic and diachronic dimensions as well as in its social contexts as important sources of insight for a better understanding of the design of linguistic systems and the ecology and evolution of language. TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS publishes monographs and outstanding dissertations as well as edited volumes, which provide the opportunity to address controversial topics from different empirical and theoretical viewpoints. High quality standards are ensured through anonymous reviewing.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Syntactic factors in memory

Syntactic factors in memory

2 EFFECTS OF SOME SYNTACTIC VARIABLES We may now consider some of the relevant research, looking in a very selective fashion at a few studies. First we shall note some of the effects of syntactic malformation, then examine performance ...

Author: Samuel Fillenbaum

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783111729169

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 98

View: 764

Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Multifactorial Analysis in Corpus Linguistics

Multifactorial Analysis in Corpus Linguistics

To my knowledge, this is the first activation-based description of an instance of syntactic variation that is entirely based on corpus data and able to incorporate as well as weigh all relevant variables. The most rewarding properties ...

Author: Stefan Thomas Gries

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780826461261

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 226

View: 273

This book presents a new analysis of the word-order alternation of English transitive phrasal verbs (aka Particle Movement) from a cognitive-functional and psycholinguistic perspective. Its main objective, however, is a methodological one, namely to demonstrate the superiority of corpus-based, multifactorial and probabilistic approaches towards grammatical phenomena over traditional analyses based on acceptability judgements and minimal pair tests.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Referent Similarity and Nominal Syntax in Task Based Language Teaching

Referent Similarity and Nominal Syntax in Task Based Language Teaching

The statistics in Table 8.3 again demonstrate that the mean scores associated with the noun phrase variables ... is the apparently negative relationship between language competence and the syntactic aspects of noun phrase complexity.

Author: Craig Lambert

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811330896

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 154

View: 977

This volume addresses an important gap in the literature on task design and second language use. Building on insights from over 50 years of research on the relationship between task demands and language use, it examines how referent similarity relates to developmentally-relevant variation in the use of nominal structures, comparative structures and abstract lexis among first and second language speakers of English. In addition to providing an empirical basis for future research on tasks, it shares both theoretical and practical information on task design, which will greatly benefit curriculum and material developers.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Syntactic Structures after 60 Years

Syntactic Structures after 60 Years

Syntactic variables: Resumptive pronouns and Aˈ-binding in Palauan. Doctoral Dissertation, University of Utah. Goldberg, Adele E. 2003. Contructions: a new theoretical approach to language. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7:219–224.

Author: Norbert Hornstein

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9781501506925

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 463

View: 350

This volume explores the continuing relevance of Syntactic Structures to contemporary research in generative syntax. The contributions examine the ideas that changed the way that syntax is studied and that still have a lasting effect on contemporary work in generative syntax. Topics include formal foundations, the syntax-semantics interface, the autonomy of syntax, methods of data analysis, and detailed discussions of the role of transformations. New commentary from Noam Chomsky is included.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Studies in Syntactic Typology and Contrastive Grammar

Studies in Syntactic Typology and Contrastive Grammar

The calculus relates the semantic object to the syntactic “object”, which is “the hierarchically ordered and theoretically unlimited set of syntactic variables: 1, 2, 3, 4. . . which include actants and circumstants being obligatory in ...

Author: László Dezsö

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110820843

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 307

View: 367

Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Syntactic Islands

Syntactic Islands

And since almost all transformationseither aremost generally stated,orcanonly be stated,withthehelp of variables, notransformation whichcontains variablesinits structural index willwork properly until syntactictheoryhas ...

Author: Cedric Boeckx

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139535977

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page:

View: 220

The phenomenon of the syntactic 'island' - a clause or structure from which a word cannot be moved - is central to research and study in syntactic theory. This book provides a comprehensive overview of syntactic islands. What are they? How do they arise? Why do they exist? Cedric Boeckx discusses the pros and cons of all the major generative accounts of island effects, and focuses the discussion on whether islands are narrowly syntactic effects, are due to interface factors or are 'merely' performance effects. Thanks to the diversity of island effects, readers are given a unique opportunity to familiarize themselves with all the major research styles and types of analysis in theoretical linguistics and have the chance to reflect on the theoretical implications of concrete natural language examples, allowing them to develop their own synthesis.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Processing Relative Clauses

Processing Relative Clauses

Author: Willem Marinus Mak

Publisher:

ISBN: 9090145907

Category: Grammar, Comparative and general

Page: 157

View: 412

Categories: Grammar, Comparative and general

Syntactic Theory and First Language Acquisition

Syntactic Theory and First Language Acquisition

Syntactic variables. Dordrecht: Kluwer. Guasti, M. T. (1992). Verb syntax in Italian child grammar. Unpublished manuscript, Universite de Genève Guilfoyle, E,, & Noonan, M. (1989). Functional categories and language acquisition.

Author: (Vol.1)Barbara Lust

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317728801

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 576

View: 582

Universal Grammar (UG) is a theory of both the fundamental principles for all possible languages and the language faculty in the "initial state" of the human organism. These two volumes approach the study of UG by joint, tightly linked studies of both linguistic theory and human competence for language acquisition. In particular, the volumes collect comparable studies across a number of different languages, carefully analyzed by a wide range of international scholars. The issues surrounding cross-linguistic variation in "Heads, Projections, and Learnability" (Volume 1) and in "Binding, Dependencies, and Learnability" (Volume 2) are arguably the most fundamental in UG. How can principles of grammar be learned by general learning theory? What is biologically programmed in the human species in order to guarantee their learnability? What is the true linguistic representation for these areas of language knowledge? What universals exist across languages? The two volumes summarize the most critical current proposals in each area, and offer both theoretical and empirical evidence bearing on them. Research on first language acquisition and formal learnability theory is placed at the center of debates relative to linguistic theory in each area. The convergence of research across several different disciplines -- linguistics, developmental psychology, and computer science -- represented in these volumes provides a paradigm example of cognitive science.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines