Symbol & Magic in Egyptian Art

Author: Richard H. Wilkinson

Publisher: Thames & Hudson

ISBN: 9780500236635

Category: Art

Page: 224

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"There is scarcely an Egyptian temple, pyramid, obelisk, wall painting or sculpture that does not possess some hidden meaning - a meaning which can only be understood by reference to the fundamental symbolic code used by the ancient Egyptians. Symbol and Magic in Egyptian Art reveals the language of this ancient code, which endured for thousands of years. Its formulae include the symbolism of shape and size, in which animals could represent kings, and amulets such as the cowrie shell became potent embodiments of sexuality; the significance of location, where the placement of images within royal tombs and the orientation of temples held sacred associations; color symbolism, where red could signify the sun or blood, but also life, destruction or Seth, god of chaos; the magical meaning of numbers, in which two represented duality, three plurality, four totality and completeness, and seven embodied perfection; hieroglyphic signs, the living words of gods and kings, which were often the key to the full meaning of an Egyptian wall painting or sculpture; and the language of the body, including gestures of dominance and submission, mourning and rejoicing." "This highly original and authoritative guide is the first-ever thematic treatment of these and other similar aspects of Egyptian art. Accompanying illustration sections allow the reader to see and understand the ancient works as the Egyptians once did themselves. Symbol and Magic in Egyptian Art will appeal to the art lover, traveler, Egyptophile and anyone fascinated by the mysteries of ancient symbols."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
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Tan Men/Pale Women

Color and Gender in Archaic Greece and Egypt, a Comparative Approach

Author: Mary Ann Eaverly

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN: 0472119117

Category: Art

Page: 181

View: 4650

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Investigating the history behind color as a method of gender differentiation in ancient Greek and Egyptian art
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Egyptology at the Dawn of the Twenty-first Century: Language, conservation, museology

Author: INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF EGYPTOLOGISTS,Lyla Pinch Brock

Publisher: American Univ in Cairo Press

ISBN: 9789774247156

Category: History

Page: 1693

View: 6039

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This comprehensive three-volume set marks the publication of the proceedings of the Eighth International Congress of Egyptologists, held in Cairo in 2000. This massive and impressive 1693-page work encompasses the research of over 350 of the world's leading Egyptologists--writing in English, French, or German--and contains over 600 illustrations. A dedicated team of editors, proofreaders, and designers worked hard for three years to bring all the disparate elements of this publication--including photographs, tables, graphs, hieroglyphs, hieratic script, and Greek, Arabic, Coptic, and Hebrew fonts--together to create a work that is a benchmark in Egyptological publishing. Organized thematically to reflect the breadth and depth of the material presented at the Congress, these papers provide a survey of current Egyptological research at the dawn of the twenty-first century. The proceedings include the eight 'Millennium Debates' led by esteemed Egyptologists, addressing key issues in the field, as well as nearly every paper presented at the Congress. The 248 papers cover the whole spectrum of Egyptological research, and contain many photographs, maps, and plans, that are published here for the first time. Grouped under the themes of archaeology, history, religion, language, conservation, and museology, these contributions together form the most comprehensive picture of Egyptology today. Contributors include: John Baines, Zahi Hawass, Antonio Loprieno, William J. Murnane, Aly Radwan, Donald Redford, Edna Russmann, Helmut Satzinger, Regine Schulz, W. Kelly Simpson, Hourig Sourouzian, Herman te Velde, Kent Weeks
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Books Written in Stone

Author: J. Marc. Merrill

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 1477201777

Category: Religion

Page: 422

View: 5349

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Like the Great Pyramid, mysteries surround the other pyramids as well as other features found at the Giza plateau in Egypt. For example: Why does the second pyramid have two entrances, both off center, while the single entrance to the third pyramid is centered? What was the purpose of the two lower chambers in the second pyramid? Moreover, why was the sarcophagus in this pyramid made to be wider than the passages that lead to the upper chamber? In a related matter, why were the bones of a bull placed in the sarcophagus? And why was the sarcophagus sunk into the floor up to its lid? At the third pyramid, why were parts of a body dating to the Christian period wrapped in a coarse yellow woolen cloth and buried beneath three feet of rubbish in the upper chamber? Why in the third pyramid was the lower vaulted chamber designed so that it would absorb both sound and light? Out on the plateau, what was the purpose of the so-called trial passages? On the south side of the Great Pyramid, why was an ancient boat dismantled and buried in a pit east of that pyramid s north-south axis? And what was stored in the other pit west of the axis? Do the four so-called air shafts in the Great Pyramid link the three major pyramids together? And how are the compartments above the King s Chamber related to the end time? David Furlong, author of The Keys to the Temple, says the whole of the Giza complex was based on a coherent design intended to portray a spiritual theme (page 89). Volume 2 of Books Written in Stone: Enoch the Seer, the Pyramids of Giza, and the Last Days provides the evidence to support this thesis.
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Building Bridges of Time, Places and People

Cities of Egypt, Israel, Greece & Italy

Author: J. Marc Merrill

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 1468573683

Category: Religion

Page: 346

View: 7460

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Mysteries associated with ancient Egypt are not confined to the pyramids of Giza. For example, consider these: One Egyptian hieroglyph is patterned after a bird known as the jabiru; another is an image of a saguaro cactus. Both the jabiru and the saguaro are found only in the Western Hemisphere, so how did they become hieroglyphs? Tutankhamen is referred to as the "boy-king" by Egyptologists. Why then were statues found in the tomb portraits of a young woman? Hatshepsut is said to have been a female pharaoh who reigned for 22 years but then disappeared from the scene. What happened to her? And why was her image expunged from the walls of temples? Senenmut, a favorite of Hatshepsut, wrote that he "had access to all the writings of the prophets." Which prophets did he mean? Why does the face of the mummy of Ramesses II not match the statues of this great pharaoh? Also, why did the embalmers remove the stomach and place the heart on the right side of the thorax? And why were diced tobacco leaves from the Western Hemisphere used to line the chest cavity? Why was Yuya, supposedly the father of the great Queen Tiy, buried with three coffins while his wife had only two? Moreover, why did the mask that covered his face, along with the face on the innermost coffin, look totally different from the mummy and from each other? Death masks were found not just in Egypt but in Greece as well. The most famous of these came from grave # 5 at Mycenae. Each eye of this gold mask has double eyelids. In addition, like the Sphinx at Giza and the Shroud of Turin, the left eye is higher than the right and the mouth is not centered. How can such similarities be explained? Turning to Italy, on the underside of the right wrist of the Prima Porta statue of Augustus there is the distinct impression of the head of a spike. According to historians this statue depicts the first emperor of Rome, but what if it is instead a portrait of a man who was crucified? These mysteries, along with many others, are examined in detail and then convincingly explained in this first of two volumes to explore crucial links between Egypt, Israel, Greece and Italy.
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Bulletin of the Egyptian Museum

Author: The Supreme Council of Antiquities

Publisher: American Univ in Cairo Press

ISBN: 9789774794575

Category: History

Page: 132

View: 2174

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A regular Egyptological forum for scholarly discussion of the various aspects of ancient Egyptian art, objects and collections, conservation and museology.
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Pyramid Quest

Secrets of the Great Pyramid and the Dawn of Civilization

Author: Robert M. Schoch,Robert Aquinas McNally

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101143665

Category: History

Page: 384

View: 7169

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The Egyptologist acclaimed for re-dating the Great Sphinx at Giza sets his sights on one of the true mysteries of antiquity: the Great Pyramid of Giza. What is the Great Pyramid of Giza? Ask that basic question of a traditional Egyptologist, and you get the basic, traditional answer: a fancy tombstone for a self-important pharaoh of the Old Kingdom. This, Egyptologists argue, is the sole finding based on the data, and the only deduction supported by science. By implication, anyone who dissents from this point of view is unscientific and woolly-minded-a believer in magic and ghosts. Indeed, some of the unconventional ideas about the Great Pyramid do have a spectacularly fabulous ring to them. Yet from beneath the obvious terms of this controversy, a deeper, more significant question arises: how is it that the Great Pyramid exercises such a gripping hold on the human psyche- adding cryptic grace to the back of the one-dollar bill and framing myriad claims of New Age "pyramid power"? In Pyramid Quest, Robert M. Schoch and Robert Aquinas McNally use the rigorous intellectual analysis of scientific inquiry to investigate what we know about the Great Pyramid, and develop a stunning hypothesis: This ancient monument is the strongest proof yet that civilization began thousands of years earlier than is generally thought, extending far back into a little-known time. In tracing that story, we come to understand not only the Great Pyramid but also our own origins as civilized beings.
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Mesopotamia Before History

Author: Petr Charvát

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134530773

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 6469

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Mesopotamia was one of the earliest regions to produce writing, literature and the fine arts, as well as being one of the first areas to construct states. This comprehensive and detailed survey of the region's prehistory and protohistory shows how these fascinating developments were possible. Petr Charvát explores the economic, social and spiritual spheres in Mesopotamia from the Palaeolithic to the time of the early states, c. 100,000 BC to 2334 BC. The narrative is supplemented by numerous descriptions of the principal archaeological sites for each phase, and by conclusions outlining the most important developments and changes.
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