Supersymmetry and String Theory

Beyond the Standard Model

Author: Michael Dine

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113946244X

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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The past decade has witnessed dramatic developments in the field of theoretical physics. This book is a comprehensive introduction to these recent developments. It contains a review of the Standard Model, covering non-perturbative topics, and a discussion of grand unified theories and magnetic monopoles. It introduces the basics of supersymmetry and its phenomenology, and includes dynamics, dynamical supersymmetry breaking, and electric-magnetic duality. The book then covers general relativity and the big bang theory, and the basic issues in inflationary cosmologies before discussing the spectra of known string theories and the features of their interactions. The book also includes brief introductions to technicolor, large extra dimensions, and the Randall-Sundrum theory of warped spaces. This will be of great interest to graduates and researchers in the fields of particle theory, string theory, astrophysics and cosmology. The book contains several problems, and password protected solutions will be available to lecturers at www.cambridge.org/9780521858410.
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The Standard Model and Beyond

Author: Paul Langacker

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498763227

Category: Science

Page: 636

View: 5773

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This new edition of The Standard Model and Beyond presents an advanced introduction to the physics and formalism of the standard model and other non-abelian gauge theories. It provides a solid background for understanding supersymmetry, string theory, extra dimensions, dynamical symmetry breaking, and cosmology. In addition to updating all of the experimental and phenomenological results from the first edition, it contains a new chapter on collider physics; expanded discussions of Higgs, neutrino, and dark matter physics; and many new problems. The book first reviews calculational techniques in field theory and the status of quantum electrodynamics. It then focuses on global and local symmetries and the construction of non-abelian gauge theories. The structure and tests of quantum chromodynamics, collider physics, the electroweak interactions and theory, and the physics of neutrino mass and mixing are thoroughly explored. The final chapter discusses the motivations for extending the standard model and examines supersymmetry, extended gauge groups, and grand unification. Thoroughly covering gauge field theories, symmetries, and topics beyond the standard model, this text equips readers with the tools to understand the structure and phenomenological consequences of the standard model, to construct extensions, and to perform calculations at tree level. It establishes the necessary background for readers to carry out more advanced research in particle physics. Supplementary materials are provided on the author’s website and a solutions manual is available for qualifying instructors.
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The Standard Model and Beyond

Author: P. Langacker

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 663

View: 7712

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The Standard Model and Beyond presents an advanced introduction to the physics and formalism of the standard model and other non-abelian gauge theories. It provides a solid background for understanding supersymmetry, string theory, extra dimensions, dynamical symmetry breaking, and cosmology. The book first reviews calculational techniques in field theory and the status of quantum electrodynamics. It then focuses on global and local symmetries and the construction of non-abelian gauge theories, before explaining the structure and tests of quantum chromodynamics. The book also describes the electroweak interactions and theory, including neutrino masses. The final chapter discusses the motivations for extending the standard model and examines supersymmetry, extended gauge groups, and grand unification. Thoroughly covering gauge field theories, symmetries, and topics beyond the standard model, this text equips readers with the tools to understand the structure and phenomenological consequences of the standard model, to construct extensions, and to perform calculations at tree level. It establishes the necessary background for readers to carry out more advanced research in particle physics. Supplementary materials are provided on the author’s website and a solutions manual is available for qualifying instructors.
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String Theory and the Real World

Author: Gordon Kane

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1681744902

Category: Science

Page: 70

View: 8579

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This book attempts to explain why 'string theory' may provide the comprehensive underlying theory that describes and explains our world. It is an enthusiastic view of how compactified string/M-theories (plus data that may be reachable) seem to have the possibilities of leading to a comprehensive underlying theory of particle physics and cosmology, perhaps soon. We are living in a hugely exciting era for science, one during which it may be possible to achieve a real and true understanding of our physical world.
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String Theory and Particle Physics

An Introduction to String Phenomenology

Author: Luis E. Ibáñez,Angel M. Uranga

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139643193

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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String theory is one of the most active branches of theoretical physics and has the potential to provide a unified description of all known particles and interactions. This book is a systematic introduction to the subject, focused on the detailed description of how string theory is connected to the real world of particle physics. Aimed at graduate students and researchers working in high energy physics, it provides explicit models of physics beyond the Standard Model. No prior knowledge of string theory is required as all necessary material is provided in the introductory chapters. The book provides particle phenomenologists with the information needed to understand string theory model building and describes in detail several alternative approaches to model building, such as heterotic string compactifications, intersecting D-brane models, D-branes at singularities and F-theory.
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Particle Physics beyond the Standard Model

Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School 2005

Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080463148

Category: Science

Page: 712

View: 4306

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The Standard Model of elementary particles and interactions is one of the best tested theories in physics. It has been found to be in remarkable agreement with experiment, and its validity at the quantum level has been successfully probed in the electroweak sector. In spite of its experimental successes, though, the Standard Model suffers from a number of limitations, and is likely to be an incomplete theory. It contains many arbitrary parameters; it does not include gravity, the fourth elementary interaction; it does not provide an explanation for the hierarchy between the scale of electroweak interactions and the Planck scale, characteristic of gravitational interactions; and finally, it fails to account for the dark matter and the baryon asymmetry of the universe. This led particle theorists to develop and study various extensions of the Standard Model, such as supersymmetric theories, Grand Unified Theories or theories with extra space-time dimensions - most of which have been proposed well before the experimental verification of the Standard Model. The coming generation of experimental facilities (such as high-energy colliders, B-physics experiments, neutrino superbeams, as well as astrophysical and cosmological observational facilities) will allow us to test the predictions of these theories and to deepen our understanding of the fundamental laws of nature. This book is a collection of lectures given in August 2005 at the Les Houches Summer School on Particle Physics beyond the Standard Model. It provides a pedagogical introduction to the various aspects of particle physics beyond the Standard Model, covering each topic from the basics to the most recent developments: supersymmetric theories, Grand Unified Theories, theories with extra dimensions, flavour physics and CP violation, neutrino physics, astroparticle physics and cosmology. · Provides a pedagogical introduction to particle physics beyond the Standard Model · Covers the various aspects of particle physics beyond the Standard Model · Addresses each topic from the basics to the most recent developments · Addresses both the theoretical and phenomenological aspects of the subject · Written in a pedagogical style by leading experts in the field
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String Theory For Dummies

Author: Andrew Zimmerman Jones,Daniel Robbins

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 047046724X

Category: Science

Page: 364

View: 6340

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An accessible introduction to the mathematical "theory of everything" explains its consideration of ten or more dimensions in an attempt to define the basic nature of matter and energy, evaluating its hypotheses and predictions while considering the positions of its supporters and detractors. Original.
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String Theory: Volume 2, Superstring Theory and Beyond

Author: Joseph Polchinski

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139457415

Category: Science

Page: N.A

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String Theory, first published in 1998, comprises two volumes which provide a comprehensive and pedagogic account of the subject. Volume 2 begins with an introduction to supersymmetric string theories and presents the important advances of recent years. The first three chapters introduce the type I, type II, and heterototic superstring theories and their interactions. The next two chapters present important recent discoveries about strongly coupled strings, beginning with a detailed treatment of D-branes and their dynamics, and covering string duality, M-theory, and black hole entropy. The final chapters are concerned with four-dimensional string theories, showing how some of the simplest string models connect with previous ideas for unifying the Standard Model. They collect many important results on world-sheet and spacetime symmetries. An appendix summarizes the necessary background on fermions and supersymmetry. An essential text and reference for graduate students and researchers interested in superstring theory.
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Colliders and Neutrinos

The Window Into Physics Beyond the Standard Model

Author: Rabindra Nath Mohapatra,Sally Dawson

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812819258

Category: Science

Page: 704

View: 4236

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Every night, William thinks up reasons why he shouldn't go to bed. One evening there is a very BIG reason -- someone has come to visit William. Will his parents believe him? Does William ever get to sleep? This delightful story about that tricky time at the end of every young family's day is guaranteed to make both child and parent smile!
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Perspectives in the Standard Model

Proceedings of the Theoretical Advanced Study Institute in Elementary Particle Physics, Boulder, Colorado, 2-28 June, 1991

Author: Theoretical Advanced Study Institute in Elementary Particle Physics. Proceedings,R. Keith Ellis,Chris T. Hill,Joe D. Lykken

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810219901

Category: Science

Page: 708

View: 2102

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An introduction to symmetry breaking in the standard model / Edward Farhi -- Physics beyond the standard model / Jonathan A. Bagger -- Chiral effective Lagrangians / Heinrich Leutwyler -- Towards semi-classical string theory / Jeffrey A. Harvey -- Renormalization of electroweak gauge interactions / Dallas C. Kennedy -- Electroweak experiments at LEP / Alain Blondel -- The CKM matrix and CP violation / Yosef Nir -- Axion searches / Pierre Sikivie -- Lattice QCD / Andreas S. Kronfeld -- Introduction to perturbative QCD / George Sterman -- Heavy quark effective field theory / Howard Georgi -- Heavy flavor physics on the lattice / Estia Eichten -- Two lectures on neutrinos / Pierre Ramond
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