iv SET = T.B.Jones - J.W.Snyder, Sumerian economic texts from the third Ur dynasty. Minneapolis 1961. SETDA = Shin T.Kang, Sumerian economic texts from the Drehem archive. Sumerian and Akkadian cuneiform texts in the collection of the ...
These payments were disbursed in turn for the needs of the religious capitol, at Nippur, and the political capitol, at Ur. The more than 600 texts published in this volume all emanate from Drehem, and thus throw additional light on the ...
Author: Clarence Elwood Keiser
Category: Foreign Language Study
The mound of Drehem was occupied for only a short period of time toward the end of the second millennium B.C. Built by King Shulgi of Ur early in his reign, it was abandoned during the general collapse of his dynasty under his grandson Ibbi-Sin. Its location, like that of nearby Nippur, was at the crossroads of communication between Sumer and Akkad, and therefore was ideally suited to serve as a depot for the many payments in kind to which the kings of Ur subjected their people. These payments were disbursed in turn for the needs of the religious capitol, at Nippur, and the political capitol, at Ur. The more than 600 texts published in this volume all emanate from Drehem, and thus throw additional light on the political, religious, and economic life of the neo-Sumerian period. They were copied between 1920 and 1940 by the later C. E. Keiser, who also prepared preliminary indices and descriptions. The latter have now been thoroughly revised and brought up to date by S. T. Kang, who has also provided an introductory essay calling attention to some of the principal new insights provided by the texts. Among these, the role of women—as queens, princesses, and priestesses—emerges as particularly illustrative of the material thus afforded for a new synthesis of ancient Mesopotamian society. C. E. Keiser, 1884-1958, was assistant curator of the Yale Babylonian Collection from 1913-16 and lecturer in Assyriology from 1919-20.
Kang , S.T. Sumerian Economic Texts from the Drehem Archive , Sumerian and ... Two Prague Collections of the Sumerian Tablets of the Third Dynasty of Ur ...
Author: Tonia M. Sharlach
This volume investigates the relationship between the central government and the provinces during the Ur III period (2112-2004 B.C.). Specifically, the book focuses on one system of taxation known as bala," or "rotation," so called as provinces' payments rotated month by month throughout the year. This work is the first to take an interarchival approach, discussing Sumerian tablets from Umma, Lagash and Puzri -Dagan, and is the first major synthesis of what has long been recognized as a fundamental institution. The book contains six chapters and detailed appendices (including charts, the edition of approximately 150 previously unpublished tablets and bibliographical material)."
Sumerian Archival Texts 3. Bethesda 2000. T. B. Jones and J. W. Snyder, Sumerian Economic Texts from the Third Ur Dynasty. Minneapolis 1961.
Author: Steven J. Garfinkle
Publisher: Penn State Press
This volume collects the proceedings of a three-day conference held in Madrid in July 2010, and it highlights the vitality of the study of late-third-millennium B.C. Mesopotamia. Workshops devoted to the Ur III period have been a feature of the Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale roughly every other year, beginning in London in 2003. In 2009, Steve Garfinkle and Manuel Molina asked the community of Neo-Sumerian scholars to convene the following year in Madrid before the Rencontre in Barcelona. The meeting had more than 50 participants and included 8 topical sessions and 27 papers. The 21 contributions included in this volume cover a broad range of topics: new texts, new interpretations, and new understandings of the language, culture, and history of the Ur III period (2112–2004 B.C.). The present and future of Neo-Sumerian studies are important not only for the field of Assyriology but also for wider inquiries into the ancient world. The extant archives offer insight into some of the earliest cities and one of the earliest kingdoms in the historical record. The era of the Third Dynasty of Ur is also probably the best-attested century in antiquity. This imposes a responsibility on the small community of scholars who work on the Neo-Sumerian materials to make this it accessible to a broad, interdisciplinary audience in the humanities and related fields. This volume is a solid step in this direction.
The Ur III texts are economic in nature; in quantity, they rival the papyri ... and store the Sumerian cuneiform eco- nomic texts from the Ur III Dynasty.
Author: Gary Arthur Thomson
Category: Business & Economics
For 4000 years the world's FIRST MARKET was forgotten along with Sumer, the world's first civilization. Recently discovered cuneiform receipts inscribed on clay tablets (over 100,000) offer clues to the rediscovery of the world's first Wall Street private treaty stock market. The CUNEIFORM CODE unlocks the secret of the first Wall Street. Using a COBOL business computer program, this book analyzes a very large sampling of these market receipts. Spanning a century between 2111 and 2002 BCE, the story follows the economic ups and downs of the five kings of the Ur III Dynasty of Sumer. The story is well documented with the tablets and a glossary of Sumerian-English words.
“The Concept of Equivalencies in Economic Anthropology. ... “Blind Workers in the Ur III Texts. ... Sumerian Economic Texts from the Third Ur Dynasty. SET.
Author: Jacob L. Dahl
Publisher: Penn State Press
Judging from the sheer amount of textual material left to us, the rulers of ancient Ur were above all else concerned with keeping track of their poorest subjects, who made up the majority of the population under their jurisdiction. Year after year, administrators recorded, in frightening detail, the whereabouts of the poorest individuals in monthly and yearly rosters, assigning tiny parcels of land to countless prebend holders and starvation rations to even more numerous estate slaves. The texts published in this volume—dating from the time of the Third Dynasty of Ur (ca. 2100–2000 BC)—attest to the immense investment of the ancient rulers in managing their subjects. This volume presents editions of two hundred and twenty-four cuneiform tablets selected from the Schøyen Collection, the vast majority of which have not been previously published. The ancient provenience for these texts is primarily Umma, with other core provinces represented in smaller numbers, such as notable contributions from ancient Adab, which is underrepresented in the published record. In order to provide a fuller picture of the administration of the Ur III state, a number of texts from other collections, both published and unpublished, have been integrated into this volume. Accompanied by Jacob L. Dahl’s precise translations, extensive commentary, and exhaustive indexes, this volume presents extensive new data on prosopography, economy, accounting procedures, letters, contracts, technical terminology, and agriculture that adds significantly to our knowledge of society and the economy during the Third Dynasty of Ur. An important contribution to the study of the Ur III period, in particular for Assyriology, this volume will serve as a useful handbook for scholars and students alike.
Studies in Ur III Administration : Proceedings of the First and Second Ur III Workshops at ... S. T. Kang , Sumerian Economic Texts from the Umma Archive .
Author: Justin Cale Johnson
Publisher: Editorial CSIC - CSIC Press
Este volumen recoge las contribuciones de los doce académicos internacionales que participaron en los talleres realizados en la 49a Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale (RAI) en Londres el 10 de julio de 2003 y la 51a RAI en Chicago el 19 de julio de 2005. Tales talleres se centraron en el reino de la Tercera Dinastía Ur (2112-2004 a. C.), uno de los primeros y mejor documentados períodos de formación en la Antigüedad. Los reyes Ur crearon un nuevo estado territorial en el sur de Mesopotamia, unido a un complejo aparato administrativo para gobernarlo. Un notable número de registros de este reino ha sobrevivido en forma de decenas de miles de tablillas de arcilla. Los capítulos de este volumen se centran en el funcionamiento real de esta nueva administración y la organización de dichos registros documentales; en las cuestiones específicas de la administración real, desde la presentación al rey de los aparatos de control administrativo a la organización de la fuerza de trabajo; y en la creación y el almacenamiento de textos tanto dentro como fuera de la administración real.
Jones, J. Snyder, Sumerian Economic Texts from the Third Ur Dynasty 212-38. And compare M. Zeder, "Of Kings and Shepherds: Specialized Animal Economy in Ur ...
Author: Daniel C. Snell
Publisher: Yale University Press
In this sweeping overview of life in the ancient Near East, Daniel Snell surveys the history of the region from the invention of writing five thousand years ago to Alexander the Great's conquest in 332 B.C.E. The book is the first comprehensive history of the social and economic conditions affecting ordinary people and of the relations between governments and peoples in ancient Egypt, Jordan, Israel, Iran, Iraq, Lebanon, Syria, and Turkey. To set Near East developments in a broader context, the author also provides brief contrasting views of India, China, Greece, and Etruscan Italy. Snell organizes his book chronologically in time spans of about five hundred years and considers broad continuities. Drawing on the latest scholarship in many fields and in many languages, he sets forth a detailed picture of what is known about the demography, social groups, family, women, labor, land and animal management, crafts, trade, money, and government of the ancient Near East. For general readers with an interest in historical events that have influenced the development of Europe and the Middle East, for specialists seeking a broader understanding of early periods of Middle Eastern history, and for anyone with an interest in the Bible, this book offers a fascinating tour of life in ancient Western Asia.
Royal Wives and Religion at the Court of the Third Dynasty of Ur T. M. Sharlach ... and J. Snyder, Sumerian Economic Texts from the Third Ur Dynasty p.227.
Author: T. M. Sharlach
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Shulgi-simti is an important example of a woman involved in sponsoring religious activities though having a family life. An Ox of One’s Own will be of interest to Assyriologists, particularly those interested in Early Mesopotamia, and scholars working on women in religion. An Ox of One’s Own centers on the archive of a woman who died about 2050 B.C., one of King Shulgi’s many wives. Her birth name is unknown, but when she married, she became Shulgi-simti, “Suitable for Shulgi.” Attested for only about 15 years, she existed among a court filled with other wives, who probably outranked her. A religious foundation was run on her behalf whereby courtiers, male and female, donated livestock for sacrifices to an unusual mix of goddesses and gods. Previous scholarship has declared this a rare example of a queen conducting women’s religion, perhaps unusual because they say she came from abroad. The conclusions of this book are quite different. An Ox of One’s Own lays out the evidence that another woman was queen at this time in Nippur while Shulgi-simti lived in Ur and was a third-ranking concubine at best, with few economic resources. Shulgi-simti’s religious exercises concentrated on a quartet of north Babylonian goddesses.
... Archival Texts Studia et documenta ad iura Orientis antiqui pertinentia T. B. Jones and J. W. Snyder, Sumerian Economic Texts from the Third Ur Dynasty.
Publisher: Penn State Press
The city of Ur—now modern Tell el-Muqayyar in southern Iraq, also called Ur of the Chaldees in the Bible—was one of the most important Sumerian cities in Mesopotamia during the Early Dynastic Period in the first half of the third millennium BCE. The city is known for its impressive wealth and artistic achievements, evidenced by the richly decorated objects found in the so-called Royal Cemetery, which was excavated by the British Museum and the University of Pennsylvania from 1922 until 1934. Ur was also the cult center of the moon god, and during the twenty-first century BCE, it was the capital of southern Mesopotamia. With contributions from both established and rising Assyriologists from ten countries and edited by three leading scholars of Assyriology, this volume presents thirty-two essays based on papers delivered at the 62nd Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale held in Philadelphia in 2016. Reflecting on the theme “Ur in the Twenty-First Century CE,” the chapters deal with archaeological, artistic, cultural, economic, historical, and textual matters connected to the ancient city of Ur. Three of the chapters are based on plenary lectures by senior scholars Richard Zettler, Jonathan Taylor, and Katrien De Graef. The remainder of the essays, arranged alphabetically by author, highlight innovative new directions for research and represent a diverse array of topics related to Ur in various periods of Mesopotamian history. Tightly focused in theme, yet broad in scope, this collection will be of interest to Assyriologists and archaeologists working on Iraq.
... SEL Studi Epigrafici e Linguistici sul Vicino Oriente Antico SEpM Sumerian Epistolary Miscellany SET Sumerian Economic Texts from the Third Ur Dynasty.
Author: Piotr Michalowski
Publisher: Penn State Press
The Correspondence of the Kings of Ur is a collection of literary letters between the Ur III monarchs and their high officials at the end of the third millennium B.C. The letters cover topics of royal authority and proper governance, defense of frontier regions, and the ultimate disintegration of the empire and represent the largest corpus of Sumerian prose literature we possess. This long-awaited edition, based on extensive collation of almost all extant manuscripts, numbering more than a hundred, includes detailed historical and literary analyses, and copious philological commentary. It entirely supersedes the Michalowski’s oft-cited unpublished Yale dissertation of 1976. The edition is accompanied by an extensive analysis of the place of the letters in early second-millennium schooling, treating the letters as literature, followed by chapters that contextualize the epistolary material within historical and historiographic contexts, utilizing many Sumerian archival, literary, and historical sources. The main objective here is to try to navigate the complex issues of authenticity, authority, and fiction that arise from the study of these literary artifacts. In addition, Michalowski offers new hypotheses about many aspects of late third-millennium history, including essays on military history and strategy, on frontiers, on the nature and putative character of nomadism at the time, as well as a long chapter on the role of a people designated as Amorites. The included DVD includes various photographs at high resolution of most of the tablets included in the study.
The cuneiform texts reveal the technological and social innovations of Sumer and Babylonia as surprisingly modern, and the influence of this fascinating culture was felt throughout the Near East.
Author: Nicholas Postgate
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Category: Social Science
The roots of our modern world lie in the civilization of Mesopotamia, which saw the development of the first urban society and the invention of writing. The cuneiform texts reveal the technological and social innovations of Sumer and Babylonia as surprisingly modern, and the influence of this fascinating culture was felt throughout the Near East. Early Mesopotamia gives an entirely new account, integrating the archaeology with historical data which until now have been largely scattered in specialist literature.
Texts Jordan , Uruk - Warka JRAS JRGS JSOR JSS Kärki , KDDU J.-L. Huot ( ed . ) ... Sumerian Economic Texts from the Third Ur Dynasty , a Catalogue and ...
Author: Douglas Frayne
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
A short introduction for each inscription gives its general contents, place of origin, and relative dating. Also included are a detailed catalogue of exemplars, a brief commentary, bibliography, and text in transliteration facing an English translation.