Sulphuric Utopias

Sulphuric Utopias

The book unpacks this story around a machine, developed and patented in the disease-ridden swamps of 1890s New Orleans: the Clayton apparatus.

Author: Lukas Engelmann

Publisher:

ISBN: 0262358190

Category: Chemical apparatus

Page:

View: 241

"Sulphuric Utopias presents the comprehensive history of fumigation in early-twentieth-century global health. It tells the story of a technology that transformed global practices of maritime quarantine through the combination of chemical and engineering innovation. Fumigation combined chemical and industrial engineering so as to apply gases like sulphur dioxide and sulphuric acid to the task of eliminating pathogens, insects, and rats while leaving goods and the structure of the vessel itself unharmed. Its purpose was to shorten detention times of ships and cargo in quarantine stations, to minimize the risk of importing infectious diseases, such as yellow fever and plague, and to establish universally applicable standards of hygiene in maritime trade. Sulphuric Utopias explores this overlooked but historically crucial practice at the intersection of epidemiology, hygiene, applied chemistry and engineering. Focused on the invention, experimentation, and transformation of competing technologies, it posits maritime fumigation at the pivot of the emergence of visions and practices of modern sanitary globalization. The book unpacks this story around a machine, developed and patented in the disease-ridden swamps of 1890s New Orleans: the Clayton apparatus. A simple furnace, attached to a ventilator, the Clayton could exchange the air of enclosed compartments with SO2. Initially emerging as a response to the threat of yellow fever in the American South, the apparatus quickly assumed a global role in the context of the third plague pandemic (1894-1959). By 1905, the apparatus would be installed in ports across the globe, pioneering the emerging paradigm of complete maritime deratization and disinfection. As the book shows, however, far from claiming a monopoly on maritime fumigation, the global distribution of the Clayton unfolded within the context of a persistent competition with other innovative technologies of fumigation. The book explores the complex international landscape of fumigation experiments, trials, applications and conferences at the turn of the twentieth century. It shows how, for the first time, an international community of researchers, epidemiologists and sanitarians deliberated a scientifically sound mode of fumigation, that would kill pathogens as much as insects and rats. Sulphuric Utopias is focused on the invention, contestation, transformation, and eventual overcoming of the Clayton apparatus. The book thus draws the history of a process that was, for the first time, based on a combination of scientific principles and industrial design, leading both to more efficient epidemic control in the context of pandemic crises and to the standardization of maritime sanitary rules and conditions. At the same time, the global project for maritime fumigation fueled hygienic utopian visions of disease-free trade, liberated from the burden of quarantine and infection alike. In this sense, the book will locate the Clayton in the context of early economic globalization and transnational scientific collaboration to show how maritime fumigation worked as a powerful switch between bacteriological science, industrial prophylaxis, and the spectacle of technological triumph over epidemic threats"--
Categories: Chemical apparatus

Sulphuric Utopias

Sulphuric Utopias

In Sulphuric Utopias, Lukas Engelmann and Christos Lynteris examine this overlooked but historically crucial practice at the intersection of epidemiology, hygiene, applied chemistry, and engineering.

Author: Lukas Engelmann

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262538732

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 878

How early twentieth century fumigation technologies transformed maritime quarantine practices and inspired utopian visions of disease-free global trade. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, fumigation technologies transformed global practices of maritime quarantine through chemical and engineering innovation. One of these technologies, the widely used Clayton machine, blasted sulphuric acid gas through a docked ship in an effort to eliminate pathogens, insects, and rats while leaving the cargo and the structure of the vessel unharmed, shortening its time in quarantine and minimizing the risk of importing infectious diseases. In Sulphuric Utopias, Lukas Engelmann and Christos Lynteris examine this overlooked but historically crucial practice at the intersection of epidemiology, hygiene, applied chemistry, and engineering. They show how maritime fumigation inspired utopian visions of disease-free trade to improve global shipping and to encourage universally applicable standards of sanitation and hygiene. Engelmann and Lynteris chart the history of ideas about fumigation, disinfection, and quarantine, and chronicle the development of the Clayton machine in 1880s New Orleans. Built by the Louisiana Board of Health and adapted and patented by Thomas Clayton, the machine offered a barrier against bacteria and pests and enabled a highway to global trade. Engelmann and Lynteris chronicle the Clayton machine's success and examine its competitors, including carbon-based fumigation methods in Germany and the Ottoman Empire as well as the “Sulfurozador” in Argentina. They follow the international standardization of maritime fumigation and explore the Clayton machine's decline after World War I, when visions of “sulphuric utopia” were replaced by a pragmatic acknowledgment of epidemiological complexity.
Categories: Science

Sulphuric Utopias

Sulphuric Utopias

... Even after Louis-Sebastian Mercier's L'An 2440, when utopia was “
temporalized” by being transferred from across the ocean to across time, the
spatial aspect of utopianism remained dominant.28 In the case of what we call
sulphuric utopias ...

Author: Lukas Engelmann

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262358200

Category: Science

Page: 320

View: 436

How early twentieth century fumigation technologies transformed maritime quarantine practices and inspired utopian visions of disease-free global trade. In the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, fumigation technologies transformed global practices of maritime quarantine through chemical and engineering innovation. One of these technologies, the widely used Clayton machine, blasted sulphuric acid gas through a docked ship in an effort to eliminate pathogens, insects, and rats while leaving the cargo and the structure of the vessel unharmed, shortening its time in quarantine and minimizing the risk of importing infectious diseases. In Sulphuric Utopias, Lukas Engelmann and Christos Lynteris examine this overlooked but historically crucial practice at the intersection of epidemiology, hygiene, applied chemistry, and engineering. They show how maritime fumigation inspired utopian visions of disease-free trade to improve global shipping and to encourage universally applicable standards of sanitation and hygiene. Engelmann and Lynteris chart the history of ideas about fumigation, disinfection, and quarantine, and chronicle the development of the Clayton machine in 1880s New Orleans. Built by the Louisiana Board of Health and adapted and patented by Thomas Clayton, the machine offered a barrier against bacteria and pests and enabled a highway to global trade. Engelmann and Lynteris chronicle the Clayton machine's success and examine its competitors, including carbon-based fumigation methods in Germany and the Ottoman Empire as well as the “Sulfurozador” in Argentina. They follow the international standardization of maritime fumigation and explore the Clayton machine's decline after World War I, when visions of “sulphuric utopia” were replaced by a pragmatic acknowledgment of epidemiological complexity.
Categories: Science

Assetization

Assetization

... Social Knowledge and Intelligent Machines Lukas Engelmann and Christos
Lynteris , Sulphuric Utopias : The History of Maritime Fumigation Zara Mirmalek ,
Making Time on Mars http://mitpress.mit.edu/books/series/inside-technology.

Author: Kean Birch

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780262539173

Category: Capitalism

Page: 344

View: 264

"This is a professional edited collection for the Inside Technology series looking at what the editors call assetization. They ask: what lies in the wake of commodification? How should we characterize and analyze technoscientific capitalism in the era of Uber and Airbnb, the business model sorcery of giants like Google and Genentech, rising immaterial and cognitive labor productivity represented by the explosion in Big Data, and the construction of population behavior as money-making resource? The editors define an asset as something-a piece of land, a skill or experience, a sum of money, a bodily function or affective personality, a life form, a patent or copyright, etc.-that can be owned or controlled, traded, and capitalized as a revenue stream, often involving the valuation of discounted future earnings in the present. Assets can certainly be bought and sold, yes. But the point is to get a durable rent from them, not to sell them away in the market today. How do things become assets, then? They are made so: the asset form is not, it is important to stress, the consequence of some inherent or embodied quality. The intention of this volume is to show how assets are constructed, how a variety of things are and can be turned into assets, examining the interests, activities, skills, organizations, and relations entangled in this process. Another is to stress that technoscientific capitalism entails specific practices that make the uncertainty inherent in innovation understandable and calculable as part of a broader capitalist system. The asset form reflects the tumult in contemporary technoscientific capitalism, in which it becomes harder and harder to draw clear boundaries around what counts as or comes to constitute capitalism How different is assetization from commodification? Which kind of legal constructions, political arrangements, and economic operations does it entail? Where does it find justification? What kind of critique does it call for? The research gathered in this edited volume opens directions in order to tackle these problems from a critical, qualitative perspective"--
Categories: Capitalism

Framing Animals as Epidemic Villains

Framing Animals as Epidemic Villains

This book takes a historical and anthropological approach to understanding how non-human hosts and vectors of diseases are understood, at a time when emerging infectious diseases are one of the central concerns of global health.

Author: Christos Lynteris

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030267957

Category: History

Page: 247

View: 517

This book takes a historical and anthropological approach to understanding how non-human hosts and vectors of diseases are understood, at a time when emerging infectious diseases are one of the central concerns of global health. The volume critically examines the ways in which animals have come to be framed as ‘epidemic villains’ since the turn of the nineteenth century. Providing epistemological and social histories of non-human epidemic blame, as well as ethnographic perspectives on its recent manifestations, the essays explore this cornerstone of modern epidemiology and public health alongside its continuing importance in today’s world. Covering diverse regions, the book argues that framing animals as spreaders and reservoirs of infectious diseases – from plague to rabies to Ebola – is an integral aspect not only to scientific breakthroughs but also to the ideological and biopolitical apparatus of modern medicine. As the first book to consider the impact of the image of non-human disease hosts and vectors on medicine and public health, it offers a major contribution to our understanding of human-animal interaction under the shadow of global epidemic threat.
Categories: History

Sulphuric Acid

Sulphuric Acid

You speak of it as though it ' s a utopian ideal , ' Pannonique continued . ' It ' s
only a matter of switching a television channel , it isn ' t even very difficult . ' ' I don
' t agree , ' declared MDA 802 . “ The audience are wrong , sure . But that ' s a ...

Author: Am'lie Nothomb

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105123393675

Category: Reality television programs

Page: 127

View: 191

Tells the fictional story of a reality TV death camp show which becomes an obsession with the French public, and how it is played out in the media.
Categories: Reality television programs

Framing Animals as Epidemic Villains

Framing Animals as Epidemic Villains

This book takes a historical and anthropological approach to understanding how non-human hosts and vectors of diseases are understood, at a time when emerging infectious diseases are one of the central concerns of global health.

Author: Christos Lynteris

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 3030267970

Category: History

Page: 247

View: 734

This book takes a historical and anthropological approach to understanding how non-human hosts and vectors of diseases are understood, at a time when emerging infectious diseases are one of the central concerns of global health. The volume critically examines the ways in which animals have come to be framed as ‘epidemic villains’ since the turn of the nineteenth century. Providing epistemological and social histories of non-human epidemic blame, as well as ethnographic perspectives on its recent manifestations, the essays explore this cornerstone of modern epidemiology and public health alongside its continuing importance in today’s world. Covering diverse regions, the book argues that framing animals as spreaders and reservoirs of infectious diseases – from plague to rabies to Ebola – is an integral aspect not only to scientific breakthroughs but also to the ideological and biopolitical apparatus of modern medicine. As the first book to consider the impact of the image of non-human disease hosts and vectors on medicine and public health, it offers a major contribution to our understanding of human-animal interaction under the shadow of global epidemic threat.
Categories: History

The Manufacture of Sulphuric Acid and Alkali Suppl Sulphuric and nitric acid

The Manufacture of Sulphuric Acid and Alkali  Suppl  Sulphuric and nitric acid

This , however , is a Utopian calculation , for no form of electric discharge is
known by which , apart from the consumption of energy for the chemical action ,
no further electrical energy were consumed by transformation into heat . Even
then the ...

Author: Georg Lunge

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89077806560

Category: Alkali industry and trade

Page:

View: 335

Categories: Alkali industry and trade

The Manufacture of Sulphuric Acid and Alkali with Collateral Branches a Theoretical and Practical Treatise

The Manufacture of Sulphuric Acid and Alkali  with Collateral Branches  a Theoretical and Practical Treatise

Supplement to Volume I. Sulphuric and Nitric Acid Georg Lunge ... This , however
, is a Utopian calculation , for no form of electric discharge is known by which ,
apart from the consumption of energy for the chemical action , no further electrical
 ...

Author: Georg Lunge

Publisher:

ISBN: IOWA:31858048138493

Category: Alkali industry and trade

Page: 347

View: 233

Categories: Alkali industry and trade

Utopias and Realities of Urban Sustainable Development

Utopias and Realities of Urban Sustainable Development

In the earlier days , when it was customary to heat each building by its own
furnace , the characteristic smell of smoke and taste of sulphuric oxides was not a
rare outdoor experience . Today , individual furnaces are no longer permitted in a
 ...

Author: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105073011806

Category: Cities and towns

Page: 365

View: 265

Recoge: 1.Impressions from Istambul - 2.Sustainable cities for Europe - 3.Keynote - 4.Fragments of a urban discourse in Europe: utopias and eutopias - 5.Building sustainable futures in small and medium-sized cities in Europe - 6.Sustainability, sustanaible development and the search from the european sustainable - 7.Visions and actions from Freiburg.
Categories: Cities and towns

The Manufacture of Sulphuric Acid and Alkali with the Collateral Branches A Theoretical and Practical Treatise

The Manufacture of Sulphuric Acid and Alkali  with the Collateral Branches  A Theoretical and Practical Treatise

This , however , is a Utopian calculation , for no form of electric discharge is
known by which , apart from the consumption of energy for the chemical action ,
no further electrical energy were consumed by transformation into heat . Even
then the ...

Author: Georg Lunge

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:$B64245

Category:

Page:

View: 306

Categories:

Chemical Metallurgical Engineering

Chemical   Metallurgical Engineering

Those contemporary with Chute's possible in Chute's Utopia , we can cal- And if
he wasn't in Utopia , he would work in ... recovery have not been Utopia ) and 75
¢ for sulphuric ( Chute's that so many of its members are labor- demonstrated .

Author: Eugene Franz Roeber

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000091577555

Category: Chemical engineering

Page:

View: 407

Categories: Chemical engineering

Beyond Utopia

Beyond Utopia

Venus has an extremely high surface temperature ; its atmospheric pressure is
about ninety times that of Earth ; its thick cloud cover is largely sulphuric acid ;
and its surface appears to be rocky and arid like those of Mars and the moon . It
does ...

Author: John C. Honey

Publisher:

ISBN: PSU:000033725239

Category: Science

Page: 231

View: 820

How an awareness of science informs and reflects our perceptions of culture and the human condition
Categories: Science

Tropical Agriculture

Tropical Agriculture

... where the sulphuric acid plant forms a central unit , around which other
process plants , depending on the application of sulphuric acid , are conveniently
arranged . It is not necessarily a Utopian dream to visualise the central cane -
sugar ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OSU:32435022972723

Category: Agriculture

Page:

View: 813

Categories: Agriculture

Day to day with Gandhi

Day to day with Gandhi

... even to drink prophylactic doses of acid sulphuric , if given to them , is utopian .
The river often acts as the receptacle of night - soil and the source of water supply
. " Robert Mitford who served in Dacca for many years died in 1836 in Europe ...

Author: Mahadev Haribhai Desai

Publisher:

ISBN: UVA:X000983410

Category:

Page:

View: 205

Categories:

The Eugenics Review

The Eugenics Review

Even in an opposition of an unfriendly society . ... un - Utopian society an
ambitious man can There would be my horse before ... GROWTH OF PROTOZOA
IN GLASSWARE CLEANED WITH SULPHURIC ACID - POTASSIUM
BICHROMATE ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B2971100

Category: Eugenics

Page:

View: 374

Categories: Eugenics

The Market

The Market

... and sketches mounted between two sheets of glass pretends to explain the
work and explains nothing , as should be . Time always has the last word indeed
, and time cracks statues and corrodes utopias more surely than sulphuric acid .

Author: Natasha Degen

Publisher: Documents of Contemporary Art

ISBN: UCSD:31822040746711

Category: Art

Page: 239

View: 551

Part of the acclaimed 'Documents of Contemporary Art' series of anthologies . An excellent, essential anthology, which is both a good read and a useful teaching tool. - Sarah Thornton, author of Seven Days in the Art World The sway of transnational markets over contemporary culture has transformed art_s environment, blurring the previously discrete realms of price and value, capital and creativity. Uncovering the origins of these phenomena in earlier epochs, this anthology surveys the relations between art, value and price; the evolution and influence of patronage; the institutions and networks of the art world; and the diversity of artistic practices that either criticize or embrace contemporary market conditions. Artists surveyed include: Carl Andre, Michael Asher, Fia Backström, Joseph Beuys, Ian Burn, Maurizio Cattelan, Elmgreen & Dragset, Andrea Fraser, Melanie Gilligan, Dan Graham, Guerrilla Girls, Andreas Gursky, Hans Haacke, Damien Hirst, Christian Jankowski, Yves Klein, Jeff Koons, Barbara Kruger, Louise Lawler, Les Levine, Liu Ding, Lee Lozano, Takashi Murakami, Ahmet Ögüt, Tino Sehgal, Richard Serra, Nedko Solakov, Andy Warhol, Fred Wilson and Zhou Tiehai. Writers include: Theodor Adorno, Jack Bankowsky, Jean Baudrillard, Luc Boltanski, Pierre Bourdieu, Martin Braathen, Malcolm Bull, JJ Charlesworth, Eve Chiapello, Sophie Cras, Anthony Davies, Thierry de Duve, Marvin Elkoff, Simon Ford, Hal Foster, Peter Fuller, William Grampp, Josh Greenfeld, Michel Houellebecq, Miwon Kwon, Kate Linker, Lü Peng, Ursula Pasero, Scott Rothkopf, Peter Schjeldahl, Thomas Seelig, Marc Shell, Georg Simmel, Barbara Herrnstein Smith, Wolfgang Ullrich, Karen van den Berg, Thorstein Veblen, Olav Velthuis, Dorothea von Hantelmann, Tom Wolfe and Thomas Zaunschirm.
Categories: Art

Water Pollution Control

Water   Pollution Control

It is not at all Utopian to speak of such facilities ; they already exist , they are
already in service . ... with sulphuric acid , accepted for treatment are ac- ment of
standard operating condiling acids , used in stainless steel heated to the boiling
point ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112008462548

Category: Sewage disposal

Page:

View: 849

Categories: Sewage disposal

The Indian Annual Register

The Indian Annual Register

... in their quiet meadows, living by themselves and for themselves is a Utopian
vision—gone for ever and never to return. ... it consumed and he other asserted
that the industrial progress of a country was measured by the output of its
Sulphuric ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCBK:C023011775

Category: India

Page:

View: 448

Categories: India

The Electrician

The Electrician

Immerse both these electrodes in dilute sulphuric acid , to which stated . ... as the
respectable old stagers would dub them , peroxide of lead , and with a positive
element of amalgamated zinc , in the headlong , reckless and utopian innovators
.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: NYPL:33433090837240

Category:

Page:

View: 569

Categories: