Suffering and Evil

The Durkheimian Legacy : Essays in Commemoration of the 90th Anniversary of Durkheim's Death

Author: W. S. F. Pickering,Massimo Rosati

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 0857456458

Category: Social Science

Page: 195

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Until recently the subject of suffering and evil was neglected in the sociological world and was almost absent in Durkheimian studies as well. This book aims to fill the gap, with particular reference to the Durkheimian tradition, by exploring the different meanings that the concepts of evil and suffering have in Durkheim's works, together with the general role they play in his sociology. It also examines the meanings and roles of these concepts in relation to suffering and evil in the work of other authors within the group of the Annee sociologique up until the beginning of World War II. Finally, the Durkheimian legacy in its wider aspects is assessed, with particular reference to the importance of the Durkheimian categories in understanding and conceptualizing contemporary forms of evil and suffering.
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Sociological Noir

Irruptions and the Darkness of Modernity

Author: Kieran Flanagan

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1315463644

Category: Social Science

Page: 352

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Contrary to secular claims regarding the expulsion of religion, modernity does in fact produce unprecedented forms whose understanding re-casts the relationships between sociology and theology. This book explores ‘irruptions’ which disturb modernity from without: fragments or deposits of history that have spectral – or ‘noir’ – properties, whether ruins, collective memories, or the dark Gothic or the Satanic as manifested in culture. The study investigates what irrupts from these depths to unsettle our understanding of modernity so as to reveal its theological roots. A ground-breaking and extensive work, Sociological Noir explores literature, history and theology to re-cast the sociological imagination in ways that inspire reflection on new configurations in modernity. As such, it will have wide-spread appeal to sociologists and social theorists with interests in religion, theology and debates on postsecularism and culture.
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Durkheim, the Durkheimians, and the Arts

Author: Alexander Tristan Riley,William Watts Miller,W.S.F. Pickering

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 085745918X

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

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Using a broad definition of the Durkheimian tradition, this book offers the first systematic attempt to explore the Durkheimians' engagement with art. It focuses on both Durkheim and his contemporaries as well as later thinkers influenced by his work. The first five chapters consider Durkheim's own exploration of art; the remaining six look at other Durkheimian thinkers, including Marcel Mauss, Henri Hubert, Maurice Halbwachs, Claude Lévi-Strauss, Michel Leiris, and Georges Bataille. The contributors-scholars from a range of theoretical orientations and disciplinary perspectives-are known for having already produced significant contributions to the study of Durkheim. This book will interest not only scholars of Durkheim and his tradition but also those concerned with aesthetic theory and the sociology and history of art.
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The New Durkheim

Author: Ivan Strenski

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 0813538947

Category: Religion

Page: 376

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–1917) is considered to be a founding father of several academic disciplines: sociology, anthropology, and religious studies. His books, The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life, Suicide, The Rules of Sociological Method, and The Division of Labor in Society are still required reading for any serious student in these fields. Religion as the objectification of social ties, ritual as a source of "collective effervescence," anomie as a force shaping modern suicide—all these are ideas derived from Durkheim. While commonly recognized for these fundamental concepts, however, Durkheim is becoming increasingly known for far more. In recent years, social theorists have begun looking at his work in new ways, situating him in the social, intellectual, and cultural context of his time. This approach offers a new basis for social theory and for the teaching of Durkheim's classic original texts. Ivan Strenski, a leading figure in this reexamination, brings together a collection of his own essays to demonstrate the fruitful ways that Durkheimian perspectives can be applied to contemporary issues. Chapters focus on a wide range of topics, including sacrifice, religion, animal rights, and terrorism. Strenski concludes with a forward-looking essay that links the revitalization of Durkheimian social theory with an exciting new approach to teaching his texts and ideas. This book will be essential reading for scholars in religious studies, anthropology, and sociology.Ivan Strenski is Holstein Family Community Professor of Religious Studies at the University of California, Riverside, and the former editor of the journal Religion.
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The Cambridge Companion to Durkheim

Author: Jeffrey C. Alexander,Philip Smith

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521806725

Category: Political Science

Page: 426

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An authoritative and comprehensive collection of essays redefining the relevance of Durkheim to the human sciences in the twenty-first century.
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Bauman's Challenge

Sociological Issues for the 21st Century

Author: Mark E Davis,Keith Tester

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 213

View: 2757

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This unique and original collection by internationally renowned scholars uses critical engagements with Baumans sociology to identify and better understand the challenges that face globalized human societies at the start of the twenty-first century.
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The Making of a Postsecular Society

A Durkheimian Approach to Memory, Pluralism and Religion in Turkey

Author: Massimo Rosati

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317024915

Category: Social Science

Page: 318

View: 889

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Drawing on the thought of Durkheim, this volume focuses on societal changes at the symbolic level to develop a new conceptualisation of the emergence of postsecular societies. Neo-Durkheimian categories are applied to the case of Turkey, which in recent years has shifted from a strong Republican and Kemalist view of secularism to a more Anglo-Saxon perspective. Turkish society thus constitutes an interesting case that blurs modernist distinctions between the secular and the religious and which could be described as ’postsecular’. Presenting three symbolic case studies - the enduring image of the founder of the Republic Atatürk, the contested site of Ayasofia, and the remembering and commemoration of the murdered journalist Hrant Dink - The Making of a Postsecular Society analyses the cultural relationship that the modern Republic has always had with Europe, considering the possible implications of the Turkish model of secularism for a specifically European self-understanding of modernity. Based on a rigorous construction of theoretical categories and on a close scrutiny of the common challenges confronting Europe and its Turkish neighbour long considered ’other’ with regard to the accommodation of religious difference, this book sheds light on the possibilities for Europe to find new ways of arranging the relationship between the secular and the religious. As such, it will appeal to scholars of social theory, the sociology of religion, secularisation and religious difference, and social change.
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The Mirror of the Self

Sexuality, Self-Knowledge, and the Gaze in the Early Roman Empire

Author: Shadi Bartsch,Professor of Classical Languages and Literatures Shadi Bartsch

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226038351

Category: History

Page: 325

View: 3712

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People in the ancient world thought of vision as both an ethical tool and a tactile sense, akin to touch. Gazing upon someone—or oneself—was treated as a path to philosophical self-knowledge, but the question of tactility introduced an erotic element as well. In The Mirror of the Self, Shadi Bartsch asserts that these links among vision, sexuality, and self-knowledge are key to the classical understanding of the self. Weaving together literary theory, philosophy, and social history, Bartsch traces this complex notion of self from Plato’s Greece to Seneca’s Rome. She starts by showing how ancient authors envisioned the mirror as both a tool for ethical self-improvement and, paradoxically, a sign of erotic self-indulgence. Her reading of the Phaedrus, for example, demonstrates that the mirroring gaze in Plato, because of its sexual possibilities, could not be adopted by Roman philosophers and their students. Bartsch goes on to examine the Roman treatment of the ethical and sexual gaze, and she traces how self-knowledge, the philosopher’s body, and the performance of virtue all played a role in shaping the Roman understanding of the nature of selfhood. Culminating in a profoundly original reading of Medea, The Mirror of the Self illustrates how Seneca, in his Stoic quest for self-knowledge, embodies the Roman view, marking a new point in human thought about self-perception. Bartsch leads readers on a journey that unveils divided selves, moral hypocrisy, and lustful Stoics—and offers fresh insights about seminal works. At once sexy and philosophical, The Mirror of the Self will be required reading for classicists, philosophers, and anthropologists alike.
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French Sacrifice

Violence and the Sacred in the Thought of Emile Durkheim and Georges Bataille

Author: Melissa Mary Ptacek

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 712

View: 5906

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Focusing on the work of Emile Durkheim and Georges Bataille, this dissertation explores the appeal in France from the late-nineteenth through the mid-twentieth century of the notion of ritual blood sacrifice for discussions of community formation and renewal. During this time period, and especially during the interwar years, interest in sacrifice spread from ethnographic and social scientific circles to the artistic and literary avant-garde, a process that allowed for some surprising and often paradoxical paths of influence. While Durkheim found in ritual sacrifice (which he associated with "primitive" societies) the active representation of mental processes that work to produce collective ideals and communal bonds, entailing for him that collective unity and rejuvenation within contemporary Western societies must occur through a specifically sacrificial---albeit symbolic, non-bloody---process, Bataille tended to draw a very different conclusion. Through an examination of monographs, essays, lectures, novels, notes, and correspondence, however, I demonstrate that Bataille, not widely known for his works of sociological analysis, adopted and adapted aspects of Durkheim's understanding of sacrifice. Indeed, despite his reputation as a conservative positivist---as a "watchdog" of the bourgeois republic---Durkheim's analysis of sacrifice contained elements that would prove fruitful for someone like Bataille who was very much opposed to the established order. I show that this influence was not confined to the period, short-lived as it was, when Bataille helped found, and formed the principal leader of, the College de Sociologie, which was explicitly inspired by Durkheimian sociology, but continued, and in fact was enhanced to some extent, in the years subsequent to the dissolution of the College. Though there are numerous and fundamental differences between Durkheim and Bataille, I argue that the affinities of their theories of sacrifice spring largely from a common concern, integral to these theories but producing very distinct effects, with social outsiders.
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