Structures and Norms in Science

Structures and Norms in Science

This book gives a state-of-the-art survey of current research in logic and philosophy of science, as viewed by invited speakers selected by the most prestigious international organization in the field.

Author: Maria Luisa Dalla Chiara

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401705387

Category: Science

Page: 494

View: 114

This book gives a state-of-the-art survey of current research in logic and philosophy of science, as viewed by invited speakers selected by the most prestigious international organization in the field. In particular, it gives a coherent picture of foundational research into the various sciences, both natural and social. In addition, it has special interest items such as symposia on interfaces between logic and methodology, semantics and semiotics, as well as updates on the current state of the field in Eastern Europe and the Far East.
Categories: Science

Structures and Norms in Science

Structures and Norms in Science

This book gives a state-of-the-art survey of current research in logic and philosophy of science, as viewed by invited speakers selected by the most prestigious international organization in the field.

Author: Maria Luisa Dalla Chiara

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0792343859

Category: Science

Page: 1064

View: 931

This book gives a state-of-the-art survey of current research in logic and philosophy of science, as viewed by invited speakers selected by the most prestigious international organization in the field. In particular, it gives a coherent picture of foundational research into the various sciences, both natural and social. In addition, it has special interest items such as symposia on interfaces between logic and methodology, semantics and semiotics, as well as updates on the current state of the field in Eastern Europe and the Far East.
Categories: Science

Structures and Norms in Science

Structures and Norms in Science

This book gives a state-of-the-art survey of current research in logic and philosophy of science, as viewed by invited speakers selected by the most prestigious international organization in the field.

Author: Maria Luisa Dalla Chiara

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0792343840

Category: Science

Page: 494

View: 122

This book gives a state-of-the-art survey of current research in logic and philosophy of science, as viewed by invited speakers selected by the most prestigious international organization in the field. In particular, it gives a coherent picture of foundational research into the various sciences, both natural and social. In addition, it has special interest items such as symposia on interfaces between logic and methodology, semantics and semiotics, as well as updates on the current state of the field in Eastern Europe and the Far East.
Categories: Science

The Sociology of Science

The Sociology of Science

The social structure of an institution and the general orientations that characterize its participants, after all, ... In this paper appeared the comprehensive statement of ideal norms to which scientists are oriented in their relations ...

Author: Robert K. Merton

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226520926

Category: Social Science

Page: 605

View: 371

"The exploration of the social conditions that facilitate or retard the search for scientific knowledge has been the major theme of Robert K. Merton's work for forty years. This collection of papers [is] a fascinating overview of this sustained inquiry. . . . There are very few other books in sociology . . . with such meticulous scholarship, or so elegant a style. This collection of papers is, and is likely to remain for a long time, one of the most important books in sociology."—Joseph Ben-David, New York Times Book Review "The novelty of the approach, the erudition and elegance, and the unusual breadth of vision make this volume one of the most important contributions to sociology in general and to the sociology of science in particular. . . . Merton's Sociology of Science is a magisterial summary of the field."—Yehuda Elkana, American Journal of Sociology "Merton's work provides a rich feast for any scientist concerned for a genuine understanding of his own professional self. And Merton's industry, integrity, and humility are permanent witnesses to that ethos which he has done so much to define and support."—J. R. Ravetz, American Scientist "The essays not only exhibit a diverse and penetrating analysis and a deal of historical and contemporary examples, with concrete numerical data, but also make genuinely good reading because of the wit, the liveliness and the rich learning with which Merton writes."—Philip Morrison, Scientific American "Merton's impact on sociology as a whole has been large, and his impact on the sociology of science has been so momentous that the title of the book is apt, because Merton's writings represent modern sociology of science more than any other single writer."—Richard McClintock, Contemporary Sociology
Categories: Social Science

Logic and Scientific Methods

Logic and Scientific Methods

Also of Interest STRUCTURES AND NORMS IN SCIENCE Volume Two of the Tenth International Congress of Logic , Methodology and Philosophy of Science , Florence , August 1995 Edited by MARIA LUISA DALLA CHIARA University of Florence KEES ...

Author: Maria Luisa Dalla Chiara

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792343832

Category: Science

Page: 534

View: 251

This is the first of two volumes comprising the papers submitted for publication by the invited participants to the Tenth International Congress of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, held in Florence, August 1995. The Congress was held under the auspices of the International Union of History and Philosophy of Science, Division of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science. The invited lectures published in the two volumes demonstrate much of what goes on in the fields of the Congress and give the state of the art of current research. The two volumes cover the traditional subdisciplines of mathematical logic and philosophical logic, as well as their interfaces with computer science, linguistics and philosophy. Philosophy of science is broadly represented, too, including general issues of natural sciences, social sciences and humanities. The papers in Volume One are concerned with logic, mathematical logic, the philosophy of logic and mathematics, and computer science.
Categories: Science

Paraconsistency

Paraconsistency

In Maria Luisa Dalla Chiara , Kees Doets , Daniele Mundici , and Johan van Benthem , editors , Structures and Norms in Science , pages 35–52 . Kluwer , 1997 . [ 6 ] Otávio Bueno . Empirical Adequacy : A Partial Structures Approach .

Author: Walter Alexandr Carnielli

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0203910133

Category: Mathematics

Page: 376

View: 715

This book presents a study on the foundations of a large class of paraconsistent logics from the point of view of the logics of formal inconsistency. It also presents several systems of non-standard logics with paraconsistent features.
Categories: Mathematics

Investigating Participant Structures in the Context of Science Instruction

Investigating Participant Structures in the Context of Science Instruction

In the mentor participant structure, the teacher tries to help the students aligntheir thinking and actions with scientific norms without dictating actions or explanations. Thisis achieved through the initiation turns,which aresimilar ...

Author: Richard Lehrer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135479299

Category: Education

Page: 112

View: 937

First Published in 2004. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Categories: Education

Action Theory and Social Science

Action Theory and Social Science

A third example is the norm which says that any person under the age of fourteen years is to be qualified as a child. ... More precisely, by a role structure we shall understand a set of at least two norms such that (i) all but one ...

Author: I. Pörn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401012683

Category: Philosophy

Page: 138

View: 190

This book is intended as a contribution to the foundations of the sciences of man, especially the social sciences. It has been argued with increasing frequency in recent years that the vocabulary of social science is to a large extent an action vocabulary and that any attempt to systematize concepts and establish bases for understanding in the field cannot, therefore, succeed unless it is firmly built on action theory. I think that these claims are sub stantially correct, but at the same time it seems to me that action theory, as it is relevant to social science, still awaits vital contributions from logic and philosophy. For example, it has often been said, rightly I believe, that situa tions in which two or more agents interact constitute the subject-matter of social science. But have we got an action theory which is rich enough or com prehensive enough to allow us to characterize the interaction situation? I think not. Once we have such a theory, however, we should be able to give an accurate account of central social phenomena and to articulate our concep tions about the nature of social reality. The conceptual scheme advanced in this book consists, in the first instance, of solutions to a number of characterization problems, i. e. problems which may be expressed by questions of the form "What is the nature of . . .
Categories: Philosophy

The Structure of Values and Norms

The Structure of Values and Norms

A unified formal representation of values and norms reflecting both their static and their dynamic properties.

Author: Sven Ove Hansson

Publisher:

ISBN: 0521792045

Category: Philosophy

Page: 314

View: 530

A unified formal representation of values and norms reflecting both their static and their dynamic properties.
Categories: Philosophy

On Social Structure and Science

On Social Structure and Science

This definitive compilation encompasses the breadth and brilliance of his works, from the earliest to the most recent.

Author: Robert K. Merton

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226520711

Category: Science

Page: 386

View: 947

Robert K. Merton is unarguably one of the most influential sociologists of his time. A figure whose wide-ranging theoretical and methodological contributions have become fundamental to the field, Merton is best known for introducing such concepts and procedures as unanticipated consequences, self-fulfilling prophecies, focused group interviews, middle-range theory, opportunity structure, and analytic paradigms. This definitive compilation encompasses the breadth and brilliance of his works, from the earliest to the most recent. Merton's foundational writings on social structure and process, on the sociology of science and knowledge, and on the discipline and trajectory of sociology itself are all powerfully represented, as are his autobiographical insights in a fascinating coda. Anchored by Piotr Sztompka's contextualizing introduction, Merton's vast oeuvre emerges as a dynamic and profoundly coherent system of thought, a constant source of vitality and renewal for present and future sociology.
Categories: Science

International Encyclopedia of Political Science

International Encyclopedia of Political Science

Conventions—just like rules, norms, identities, cultures, or languages—are intersubjective structures, that is, objectified sets of meanings that order social configurations irrespective of what the specific agents that take part in ...

Author: Bertrand Badie

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 9781483305394

Category: Political Science

Page: 4032

View: 495

Request a FREE 30-day online trial to this title at www.sagepub.com/freetrial With entries from leading international scholars from around the world, this eight-volume encyclopedia offers the widest possible coverage of key areas both regionally and globally. The International Encyclopedia of Political Science provides a definitive, comprehensive picture of all aspects of political life, recognizing the theoretical and cultural pluralism of our approaches and including findings from the far corners of the world. The eight volumes cover every field of politics, from political theory and methodology to political sociology, comparative politics, public policies, and international relations. Entries are arranged in alphabetical order, and a list of entries by subject area appears in the front of each volume for ease of use. The encyclopedia contains a detailed index as well as extensive bibliographical references. Filling the need for an exhaustive overview of the empirical findings and reflections on politics, this reference resource is suited for undergraduate or graduate students who wish to be informed effectively and quickly on their field of study, for scholars seeking information on relevant research findings in their area of specialization or in related fields, and for lay readers who may lack a formal background in political science but have an interest in the field nonetheless. The International Encyclopedia of Political Science provides an essential, authoritative guide to the state of political science at the start of the 21st century and for decades to come, making it an invaluable resource for a global readership, including researchers, students, citizens, and policy makers. The encyclopedia was developed in partnership with the International Political Science Association. Key Themes: Case and Area Studies Comparative Politics, Theory, and Methods Democracy and Democratization Economics Epistemological Foundations Equality and Inequality Gender and Race/Ethnicity International Relations Local Government Peace, War, and Conflict Resolution People and Organizations Political Economy Political Parties Political Sociology Public Policy and Administration Qualitative Methods Quantitative Methods Religion
Categories: Political Science

Global Population Policy

Global Population Policy

... the agent-structure debate33 and demonstrated how international organizations act as teachers of norms. Finnemore demonstrates how an international organization, UNESCO, “taught” states the value and utility of establishing science ...

Author: Paige Whaley Eager

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781351933292

Category:

Page:

View: 987

The general assumption throughout history has been that a growing population is beneficial for societies. By the mid-1960s, however, the United States and other developed countries became convinced that population control was an absolute necessity, especially in the developing world. This absorbing study explains why population control is no longer the focus of global population policy and why reproductive rights and health have become the major focus. The book highlights the role that the US and other developed countries play in affecting global population policy, looking in particular at the stance of the George W. Bush administration since taking office. It also studies the influence of the UN as an international forum and explores how civil society questioned the ethics of population control. Global Population Policy will appeal to a wide audience, including readers in the fields of women's studies, development politics and international relations.
Categories:

Nico Stehr Pioneer in the Theory of Society and Knowledge

Nico Stehr  Pioneer in the Theory of Society and Knowledge

The acquisition of social norms is seen as mediated by the conceptual structure of science (Kuhn 1962:46; Downey 1967:251). Obviously, such considerations have implications for a theory of the social relations of science.

Author: Marian T. Adolf

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319769950

Category: Social Science

Page: 379

View: 370

This unique volume brings together a selection of the most important texts of Nico Stehr for the first time and puts them in dialogue with original research that draws on his prolific work. Covering five decades of pioneering sociological research on the theory of society and knowledge, the book introduces the reader to Stehr’s seminal inquiries into the economic, political and social role of knowledge. Original concepts, such as his groundbreaking studies on the Knowledge Society, are introduced as the volume traces Stehr’s pursuit of social scientific research as a source of practical knowledge for modern society. The book comprises three parts devoted to the many facets and the remarkable range of Nico Stehr’s oeuvre. Part 1 provides an introduction to the significance of his pioneering work and career. Part 2 demonstrates the practical application of Nico Stehr’s research as seen through the eyes of eminent scholars. Part 3 presents a selection of the milestones of his publications.
Categories: Social Science

Interpersonal Relations and Social Patterns in Communication Technologies Discourse Norms Language Structures and Cultural Variables

Interpersonal Relations and Social Patterns in Communication Technologies  Discourse Norms  Language Structures and Cultural Variables

Discourse Norms, Language Structures and Cultural Variables Park, Jung-ran, Abels, Eileen ... yet the way repairis deployed is necessarily shaped by the structure of the chat environment. ... Social Science Computer Review, 23, ...

Author: Park, Jung-ran

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781615208289

Category: Computers

Page: 522

View: 407

"This book provides interdisciplinary perspectives utilizing a variety of research methods to uncover the fundamental components of computer-mediated communication (i.e., language, interpersonal relations/communication and information technology) which will be discussed in the following section"--Provided by publisher.
Categories: Computers

E Research

E Research

The scientific community is older and more institutionally invested, with an organizational structure not present in open ... Science is also arguably a more diverse community; the norms of sociology are not necessarily the norms of ...

Author: Nicholas W. Jankowski

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135855079

Category: Computers

Page: 366

View: 697

No less than a revolutionary transformation of the research enterprise is underway. This transformation extends beyond the natural sciences, where 'e-research' has become the modus operandi, and is penetrating the social sciences and humanities, sometimes with differences in accent and label. Many suggest that the very essence of scholarship in these areas is changing. The everyday procedures and practices of traditional forms of scholarship are affected by these and other features of e-research. This volume, which features renowned scholars from across the globe who are active in the social sciences and humanities, provides critical reflection on the overall emergence of e-research, particularly on its adoption and adaptation by the social sciences and humanities.
Categories: Computers

Meeting the Challenges of Existential Threats through Educational Innovation

Meeting the Challenges of Existential Threats through Educational Innovation

We need “first movers” while also recognising the structural barriers to transformation and engaging students as ... and norms in science and education that promote competition and specialisation rather than cooperation and breadth, ...

Author: Herner Saeverot

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000467833

Category: Education

Page: 244

View: 322

Meeting the Challenges of Existential Threats through Educational Innovation is the first book of its kind to provide an educational and systematic analysis of problems and solutions regarding the most pressing threats that humankind is facing. The book makes a case for the importance of education responding to significant threats; including climate change, pandemics, decline in global biodiversity, overpopulation, egoism, ideologies, nuclear, biological and chemical warfare, inequality, artificial intelligence, and ignorance and the distortion of truth. Written by leading experts in their field based on cutting-edge research, the chapters explore these issues and offer suggestions for how education can address these problems in the future. This groundbreaking and highly topical book will be an essential reading for academics, researchers and post-graduate students in the fields of education research, environmental studies, educational politics and organizational management.
Categories: Education

Psychology of Science

Psychology of Science

R. K. MERTON AND T. C. CHAMBERLIN Sociologist Robert K. Merton's essay, “The Normative Structure of Science” (Merton, 1973) identified the “ethos” of science with four norms, which he identified as universalism, communism, ...

Author: Robert W. Proctor

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199753628

Category: Medical

Page: 523

View: 174

Symposium held at Purdue Univ. in June 4-5, 2010.
Categories: Medical

Symmetries of Nature

Symmetries of Nature

Today , rather , behind this norm stands a complex logical - mathematical structure theory that is understood to be the core of mathematical - scientific theory formation . The next section will discuss the framework and network of ...

Author: Klaus Mainzer

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110129906

Category: Science

Page: 681

View: 749

Categories: Science

The System of the Sciences According to Objects and Methods

The System of the Sciences According to Objects and Methods

The structural forms are the bearers as well as the limits of possible meaning - fulfillment . From this one might conclude that every positing of a norm would have to consider the structural limits of the spirit - bearing gestalt and ...

Author: Paul Tillich

Publisher: Associated University Presse

ISBN: 0838750133

Category: Science

Page: 233

View: 555

Categories: Science