Street Gang Patterns and Policies

Street Gang Patterns and Policies

This text provides a crucial update and critical examination of our understanding of gangs and major gang-control programs across the nation.

Author: Malcolm W. Klein

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199742899

Category: Law

Page: 320

View: 538

Street Gang Patterns and Policies provides a crucial update and critical examination of knowledge about gangs and major gang control programs across the nation. Filling an important gap in the literature on street gangs and social control, this book is a must-read for criminologists, social workers, policy makers, and criminal justice practitioners.
Categories: Law

Multiple Marginality and Gangs

Multiple Marginality and Gangs

In Drugs and the Criminal Justice System: Evaluating Public Policy Initiatives, ed.
D. MacKensie and C. Uchida. pp. 136–148. Newbury Park, CA: Sage. Klein, M.
and Maxson, C. 2006. Street Gang Patterns and Policies. New York: Oxford ...

Author: James Diego Vigil

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9781793613325

Category: Social Science

Page: 140

View: 680

Multiple Marginality and Gangs: Through a Prism Darkly unravels the youth gang problem in a multidimensional approach that encompasses the place, status, social control, subcultural, and identity facets of urban street gangs. The power of place and the status of persons and groups are the major forces that generate the many situations and conditions that give rise to gangs. In its simplest trajectory, Multiple Marginality can be modeled as follows: place/status to street socialization to street subculture to street identity. It is the actions and reactions among them that we fathom. As we witness detrimental or absent family influence, we also observe weaker, underfunded schools that limit educators’ reach. At the same time, there has been an increase in the militarization of law enforcement to deal with the youth street populations, the heaviest hand is that of the police. There is a causal relationship between social marginalization factors and gang membership. A psychological analysis also entails how street socialization leads to a street identity. In a place and status group, the cascading effects of marginalization have certainly affected—and mostly thwarted—social control institutions.
Categories: Social Science

Handbook on Crime and Deviance

Handbook on Crime and Deviance

Disputes involving youth street gang members: Micro-social contexts. ... In M. W.
Klein, H. -J. Kerner, C. L. Maxson, & E. G. M. Weitekamp (Eds.), The Eurogang
paradox: Street gangs and youth groups in the ... Street gang patterns and
policies.

Author: Marvin D. Krohn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441902450

Category: Social Science

Page: 602

View: 424

Categories: Social Science

Post ghetto

Post ghetto

Klein and Maxson , Street Gang Patterns and Policies ; Advancement Project ,
Citywide Gang Activity Reduction Strategy : Phase III . For more on empirical
problems with the broad inclusion of risk factors in risk assessments in the area of
 ...

Author: Josh Sides

Publisher: Huntington Library Press

ISBN: UCSD:31822038909099

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 232

View: 446

In this collection of provocative essays, the contributing authors shed light on a number of initiatives and projects addressing the challenges faced by South Los Angeles. Is South Los Angeles on the mend? How is it combatting the blight of crime, gang violence, high unemployment, and dire poverty? In provocative essays, the contributing authors to Post-Ghetto address these questions by pointing out robust signs of hope for the area's residents--an increase in corporate retail investment, a decrease in homicides, a proliferation of nonprofit service providers, a paradigm shift in violence- and gang-prevention programs, and progress toward a strengthened, more racially integrated labor movement. By charting the connections between public property and the health of a community, the authors offer innovative ideas and visionary strategies for further urban renewal and remediation. Essay authors are Jake Alimahomed-Wilson, Andrea Asuma, Edna Bonacich, Robert Gottlieb, Karen M. Hennigan, Jorge N. Leal, Jill Leovy, Cheryl Maxson, Scott Saul, David C. Sloane, Mark Vallianatos, Danny Widener, and Natale Zappia. Josh Sides is the Whitsett Chair of California History and the Director for the Center for Southern California Studies at California State University. Northridge. He is the author of numerous articles and two books, L.A. City Limits: African American Los Angeles from the Great Depression to the Present and Erotic City: Sexual Revolutions and the Making of Modern San Francisco.
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

21st Century Criminology A Reference Handbook

21st Century Criminology  A Reference Handbook

Street gang patterns and policies . New York : Oxford University Press . McKay ,
H. D. ( 1969 ) . Rates of delinquents and commitments : Discussion and
conclusions . In C. R. Shaw & H. D. McKay ( Eds . ) , Juvenile delinquency and
urban ...

Author: J. Mitchell Miller

Publisher: SAGE Publications, Incorporated

ISBN: PSU:000067840304

Category: Social Science

Page: 960

View: 141

Criminology has experienced tremendous growth over the last few decades, evident, in part, by the widespread popularity and increased enrollment in criminology and criminal justice departments at the undergraduate and graduate levels across the U.S. and internationally. Evolutionary paradigmatic shift has accompanied this surge in definitional, disciplinary and pragmatic terms. Though long identified as a leading sociological specialty area, criminology has emerged as a stand-alone discipline in its own right, one that continues to grow and is clearly here to stay. Criminology, today, remains inherently theoretical but is also far more applied in focus and thus more connected to the academic and practitioner concerns of criminal justice and related professional service fields. Contemporary criminology is also increasingly interdisciplinary and thus features a broad variety of ideological orientations to and perspectives on the causes, effects and responses to crime. 21st Century Criminology: A Reference Handbook provides straightforward and definitive overviews of 100 key topics comprising traditional criminology and its modern outgrowths. The individual chapters have been designed to serve as a "first-look" reference source for most criminological inquires. Both connected to the sociological origins of criminology (i.e., theory and research methods) and the justice systems' response to crime and related social problems, as well as coverage of major crime types, this two-volume set offers a comprehensive overview of the current state of criminology. From student term papers and masters theses to researchers commencing literature reviews, 21st Century Criminology is a ready source from which to quickly access authoritative knowledge on a range of key issues and topics central to contemporary criminology. This two-volume set in the SAGE 21st Century Reference Series is intended to provide undergraduate majors with an authoritative reference source that will serve their research needs with more detailed information than encyclopedia entries but not so much jargon, detail, or density as a journal article or research handbook chapter. 100 entries or "mini-chapters" highlight the most important topics, issues, questions, and debates any student obtaining a degree in this field ought to have mastered for effectiveness in the 21st century. Curricular-driven, chapters provide students with initial footholds on topics of interest in researching term papers, in preparing for GREs, in consulting to determine directions to take in pursuing a senior thesis, graduate degree, career, etc. Comprehensive in coverage, major sections include The Discipline of Criminology, Correlates of Crime, Theories of Crime & Justice, Measurement & Research, Types of Crime, and Crime & the Justice System. The contributor group is comprised of well-known figures and emerging young scholars who provide authoritative overviews coupled with insightful discussion that will quickly familiarize researchers, students, and general readers alike with fundamental and detailed information for each topic. Uniform chapter structure makes it easy for students to locate key information, with most chapters following a format of Introduction, Theory, Methods, Applications, Comparison, Future Directions, Summary, Bibliography & Suggestions for Further Reading, and Cross References. Availability in print and electronic formats provides students with convenient, easy access wherever they may be.
Categories: Social Science

Crime and Public Policy

Crime and Public Policy

The Eurogang Paradox: Street Gangs and Youth Groups in the U.S. and Europe.
Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Klein, Malcolm W., and Cheryl L.
Maxson. 2006. Street Gang Patterns and Policies. New York: Oxford University
Press.

Author: James Q. Wilson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199315048

Category: Law

Page: 656

View: 447

Crime in the United States has fluctuated considerably over the past thirty years, as have the policy approaches to deal with it. During this time criminologists and other scholars have helped to shed light on the role of incarceration, prevention, drugs, guns, policing, and numerous other aspects to crime control. Yet the latest research is rarely heard in public discussions and is often missing from the desks of policymakers. This book accessibly summarizes the latest scientific information on the causes of crime and evidence about what does and does not work to control it. Thoroughly revised and updated, this new version of Crime and Public Policy will include twenty chapters and five new substantial entries. As with previous editions, each essay reviews the existing literature, discusses the methodological rigor of the studies, identifies what policies and programs the studies suggest, and then points to policies now implemented that fail to reflect the evidence. The chapters cover the principle institutions of the criminal justice system (juvenile justice, police, prisons, probation and parole, sentencing), how broader aspects of social life inhibit or encourage crime (biology, schools, families, communities), and topics currently generating a great deal of attention (criminal activities of gangs, sex offenders, prisoner reentry, changing crime rates). With contributions from trusted, leading scholars, Crime and Public Policy offers the most comprehensive and balanced guide to how the latest and best social science research informs the understanding of crime and its control for policymakers, community leaders, and students of crime and criminal justice.
Categories: Law

Symposium

Symposium

Prison gangs were formed mostly by members of street gangs who were locked
up and continued their illegal group activities behind bars . 48 Prison ... CHERYL
L . MAXSON , STREET GANG PATTERNS AND POLICIES 4 ( 2006 ) . 51 Id . 78 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105063786318

Category: Constitutional law

Page: 280

View: 964

Categories: Constitutional law

The Modern Gang Reader

The Modern Gang Reader

American gang policies are still based on a gross , generalized ( and usually
erroneous ) conception . ... and residence patterns that are groups , but not gangs
as described in the five scenarios or discussed in The American Street Gang .

Author: Jody Miller

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015054167914

Category: Social Science

Page: 346

View: 982

Categories: Social Science

The Youth Gang Problem

The Youth Gang Problem

Gang Member Demographics and Gang Subcultures This chapter continues the
discussion of the gang problem , but in specific sociodemographic ... Race /
ethnicity or minority status is a key dimension that conditions gang patterns and
the policy responses developed , but race ... Many of these units have been
transformed into gang , street - gang , or organized crime units over the last
decade or two .

Author: Irving A. Spergel

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: UOM:39015034280506

Category: History

Page: 346

View: 836

Every day there are new stories of gang-related crime: from the proliferation of illegal weapons in the streets and children dealing drugs in their schools, to innocent bystanders caught in the crossfire of never-ending gang wars. Once considered an urban phenomenon, gang violence is permeating American life, spreading to the suburbs and bringing the problem closer to home for much of America. The government, schools, social agencies, and the justice system are conspicuous by their sporadic interest in the subject and have failed to develop effective policies and programs. Existing social support mechanisms and strategies for suppressing violence have often been unsuccessful. And, state and federal policy is largely nonexistent.In The Youth Gang Problem: A Community Approach, Irving Spergel provides a systematic analysis of youth gangs in the United States. Based on research, historical and comparative analysis, and agency documents and the author's extensive first-hand experience, the work explores the gang problem from the perspective of community disorganization, especially population movement, and the plight of the underclass. It examines the factors of gang member personality, gang dynamics, criminal organization, and the influence of family, school, prisons, and politics, as well as the response of criminal justice agencies and community groups. Spergel describes techniques used by social agencies, schools, employment programs, criminal justice agencies, and grass-roots organizations for dealing with gangs, and recommends strategies that emphasize the use of local resources, planning, and collaborative procedures.There is no single strategy and no easy solution to the youth gang problem in the United States. There are, however, substantial steps we can take, and they must be honestly and systematically tested. Offering a practical and alternative approach to a serious social problem, The Youth Gang Problem: A Community Approach is a major and long-awaited contribution to this dilemma. It is required reading for criminal justice personnel, school staff, social workers, policy makers, students and scholars of urban and organizational sociology, and the general reader concerned with the youth gang problem and how to control, intervene, and prevent it.
Categories: History

Urban Street Gang Enforcement

Urban Street Gang Enforcement

Presents strategies to enhance prosecution of gang-related crimes, focusing exclusively on enforcement and prosecution strategies against urban street gangs.

Author: Edward Connors

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 0788172557

Category:

Page: 126

View: 122

Presents strategies to enhance prosecution of gang-related crimes, focusing exclusively on enforcement and prosecution strategies against urban street gangs. Includes a step-by-step guide for designing and implementing a program based on the Model Strategies for Urban Street Enforcement, a demonstration program designed to establish model approaches to prevent and suppress gang violence. Contents: key elements of the gang suppression prototype, planning and analysis, gang info. and intelligence systems, gang suppression operations and tactics, interagency cooperation and collaboration, legal issues, and process and impact evaluation.
Categories:

Violence and Gender

Violence and Gender

that conditions gang patterns and the policy responses developed, but race/
ethnicity per se does not generate gang ... Many of these units have been
transformed into gang, street-gang, or organized crime units over the last decade
or two.

Author: Paula Ruth Gilbert

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 0131116312

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 99

Using different disciplinary approaches, this collection of thoughtful and timely selections focuses on integrating issues related to violence and gender. Violence and Gender enables readers to learn about these complex issues so they can work to lessen the occurrence of violence in their personal and professional lives. The introductory section presents a number of theories of violence that ground readers in different theories and reasons for violent behavior. The subsequent sections deal with the topics of gender, youth violence, domestic violence, sexual assault, child abuse, violence and sports, and media representation of violence. Because of its comprehensive coverage of many issues, this book can serve as an excellent resource for sociologists, criminologists, justice administrators, psychologists, therapists, and those involved in social work.
Categories: Social Science

European Street Gangs and Troublesome Youth Groups

European Street Gangs and Troublesome Youth Groups

I believe many such agencies can appreciate basing policy on valid research
more than on untested conventional wisdoms . NOTES 1 . Now at the ... The
reader may also wish to examine a complete , worldwide review of streetgang
descriptions recently provided by Covey ( 2004 ) . ... Streetgang Patterns and
Policies .

Author: Scott H. Decker

Publisher: Altamira Press

ISBN: STANFORD:36105114450336

Category: Social Science

Page: 338

View: 990

Street gangs and other violent criminal groups, including racist groups, exist in European and US cities alike. This volume presents new data on European youth gangs, describing important characteristics of these groups, and their similarities and differences to American gangs.
Categories: Social Science

American Street Gangs

American Street Gangs

position to define certain behaviors as criminal have the power to translate their
interests into public policy . ... Behavior patterns are structured in segmentally
organized society in relation to criminal definitions , and within this context
persons ...

Author: Tim Delaney

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: UOM:39015061206184

Category: Social Science

Page: 334

View: 784

This book provides a comprehensive review of all the critical elements relevant to the growing phenomenon of gang life. It is designed to provide the necessary background material of gangs so that readers gain a clear idea of the cultural and structural components of gang activity. This book provides an examination of the history of gangs, socio-psychological aspects of individual and group behavior, the major theories and socio-economic reasons as to why gangs exist, descriptions of all types of gangs, as well as law enforcement techniques. For those in law enforcement and criminal justice careers as well as the sociology field.
Categories: Social Science

Social Policy and Its Administration

Social Policy and Its Administration

Compares current policies and programmes of the Y.M.C.A. in Australia with
changing demographic patterns and makes ... Council's streetwork programme ,
together with an appendix on the legal and ethical problems of street gang work .

Author: Joanna Monie

Publisher: Pergamon

ISBN: UOM:39015034712458

Category: Australia

Page: 594

View: 471

Categories: Australia

Justice quarterly

Justice quarterly

Exploring race and ethnic differences in a sample of middle school gang
members . In F. A. Esbensen , L. Gaines , & S. G. Tibbetts ( Eds . ) , American
youth gangs at the millennium ( pp . 142-162 ) . ... Street gang patterns and
policies .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B5115079

Category:

Page:

View: 152

Categories:

The American Street Gang

The American Street Gang

But the equation of these groups with street gangs and the suggestion of their
national franchising operations on the basis of interviews with a few dozen
convicted felons are not a good basis for establishing general facts or public
policies . ... with thirty - nine inmates at four California correctional institutions and
with forty - two police , narcotics , and correctional officials revealed different
patterns .

Author: Malcolm W. Klein

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: UTEXAS:059173001752833

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 270

View: 461

Shows the difference between street gangs and drug gangs and offers insights into the relationship between gangs and crime and shows how popular perceptions are often wrong
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Sociological Abstracts

Sociological Abstracts

... SA13100 TALK OF LOVE : HOW CULTURE MATTERS ; SA12601 Calvinists
The Role of Religion in the Postwar Settlement Patterns of ... Canada , 1871 and
1901 ; SA14135 Human Trafficking : Canadian Government Policy and Practice ;
SA12544 An Introduction to ... South Africa Of Drug Dealers and Street Gangs :
Power , Mobility , and Violence on the Cape Flats ; SA14619 Capital Dead
Capital ...

Author: Leo P. Chall

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105111273210

Category: Sociology

Page:

View: 903

CSA Sociological Abstracts abstracts and indexes the international literature in sociology and related disciplines in the social and behavioral sciences. The database provides abstracts of journal articles and citations to book reviews drawn from over 1,800+ serials publications, and also provides abstracts of books, book chapters, dissertations, and conference papers.
Categories: Sociology

Patterns and consequences of drug use v 2 Social responses to drug use v 3 The legal system and drug control v 4 Treatment and rehabilitation

Patterns and consequences of drug use   v 2  Social responses to drug use   v 3  The legal system and drug control   v 4  Treatment and rehabilitation

... that “street gangs” did not necessarily resort to widespread drug use, but
apparently satisfied needs of gang members ... The addict experienced no clear
pattern of parental involvement in setting disciplinary policies during
adolescence; 17.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: MSU:31293100978133

Category: Drug abuse

Page:

View: 348

Categories: Drug abuse

Understanding Contemporary Gangs in America

Understanding Contemporary Gangs in America

Both charge that the Triads in Asia , the tongs in Chinatowns , and the Chinese
youth gangs are in close contact and ... Chinese secret societies , the
development of Chinese gangs nationally , Chinese gang patterns and
characteristics , and ... Joe refutes the theory , supported by journalistic accounts ,
that Asian street gangs are part of a larger conspiracy of an ... and policies , in
particular , the link between Chinese youth gangs and the Chinese Triads in
Hong Kong and Taiwan .

Author: Rebecca D. Petersen

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: IND:30000087931436

Category: Social Science

Page: 382

View: 872

This unique book provides readers with a comprehensive and contemporary perspective on gangs in America. Its current articles, written by national experts in the field, contain a variety of diverse viewpoints and contribute to a well-rounded understanding of gangs and their broad societal implications. KEY TOPICS A seven-part organization covers 1) understanding and defining gangs; 2) gender issues; 3) race and ethnicity; 4) gangs in prisons and schools; 5) violence and drugs; 6) gang victimization; and 7) gang prevention and intervention. For law enforcement, police, court personnel, prosecutors, public defenders, attorneys, lawyers, judges, prison/correction staff, social workers, educators, and government workers.
Categories: Social Science