Stream Restoration in Dynamic Fluvial Systems

Scientific Approaches, Analyses, and Tools

Author: Andrew Simon,Sean J. Bennett,Janine M. Castro

Publisher: American Geophysical Union

ISBN: 9780875904832

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 3968

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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 194. Stream Restoration in Dynamic Fluvial Systems: Scientific Approaches, Analyses, and Tools brings together leading contributors in stream restoration science to provide comprehensive consideration of process-based approaches, tools, and applications of techniques useful for the implementation of sustainable restoration strategies. Stream restoration is a catchall term for modifications to streams and adjacent riparian zones undertaken to improve geomorphic and/or ecologic function, structure, and integrity of river corridors, and it has become a multibillion dollar industry. A vigorous debate currently exists in research and professional communities regarding the approaches, applications, and tools most effective in designing, implementing, and assessing stream restoration strategies given a multitude of goals, objectives, stakeholders, and boundary conditions. More importantly, stream restoration as a research-oriented academic discipline is, at present, lagging stream restoration as a rapidly evolving, practitioner-centric endeavor. The volume addresses these main areas: concepts in stream restoration, river mechanics and the use of hydraulic structures, modeling in restoration design, ecology, ecologic indices, and habitat, geomorphic approaches to stream and watershed management, and sediment considerations in stream restoration. Stream Restoration in Dynamic Fluvial Systems will appeal to scholars, professionals, and government agency and institute researchers involved in examining river flow processes, river channel changes and improvements, watershed processes, and landscape systematics.
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Tools in Fluvial Geomorphology

Author: G. Mathias Kondolf,Hervé Piégay

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470684054

Category: Science

Page: 560

View: 4740

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Fluvial Geomorphology studies the biophysical processes acting in rivers, and the sediment patterns and landforms resulting from them. It is a discipline of synthesis, with roots in geology, geography, and river engineering, and with strong interactions with allied fields such as ecology, engineering and landscape architecture. This book comprehensively reviews tools used in fluvial geomorphology, at a level suitable to guide the selection of research methods for a given question. Presenting an integrated approach to the interdisciplinary nature of the subject, it provides guidance for researchers and professionals on the tools available to answer questions on river restoration and management. Thoroughly updated since the first edition in 2003 by experts in their subfields, the book presents state-of-the-art tools that have revolutionized fluvial geomorphology in recent decades, such as physical and numerical modelling, remote sensing and GIS, new field techniques, advances in dating, tracking and sourcing, statistical approaches as well as more traditional methods such as the systems framework, stratigraphic analysis, form and flow characterisation and historical analysis. This book: Covers five main types of geomorphological questions and their associated tools: historical framework; spatial framework; chemical, physical and biological methods; analysis of processes and forms; and future understanding framework. Provides guidance on advantages and limitations of different tools for different applications, data sources, equipment and supplies needed, and case studies illustrating their application in an integrated perspective. It is an essential resource for researchers and professional geomorphologists, hydrologists, geologists, engineers, planners, and ecologists concerned with river management, conservation and restoration. It is a useful supplementary textbook for upper level undergraduate and graduate courses in Geography, Geology, Environmental Science, Civil and Environmental Engineering, and interdisciplinary courses in river management and restoration.
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Geomorphic Approaches to Integrated Floodplain Management of Lowland Fluvial Systems in North America and Europe

Author: Paul F. Hudson,Hans Middelkoop

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1493923803

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 356

View: 4188

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This volume provides a comprehensive perspective on geomorphic approaches to management of lowland alluvial rivers in North America and Europe. Many lowland rivers have been heavily managed for flood control and navigation for decades or centuries, resulting in engineered channels and embanked floodplains with substantially altered sediment loads and geomorphic processes. Over the past decade, floodplain management of many lowland rivers has taken on new importance because of concerns about the potential for global environmental change to alter floodplain processes, necessitating revised management strategies that minimize flood risk while enhancing environmental attributes of floodplains influenced by local embankments and upstream dams. Recognition of the failure of old perspectives on river management and the need to enhance environmental sustainability has stimulated a new approach to river management. The manner that river restoration and integrated management are implemented, however, requires a case study approach that takes into account the impact of historic human impacts to the system, especially engineering. The river basins examined in this volume provide a representative coverage of the drainage of North America and Europe, taking into account a range of climatic and physiographic provinces. They include the 1) Sacramento (California, USA), 2) San Joaquin (California), 3) Missouri (Missouri, USA), 4) Red (Manitoba, Canada and Minnesota, USA), 5) Mississippi (Louisiana, USA), 6) Kissimmee (Florida, USA), 7) Ebro (Spain), 8) Rhone (France), 9) Rhine (Netherlands), 10) Danube (Romania), and 11) Volga (Russian Federation) Rivers. The case studies covered in these chapters span a range of fluvial modes of adjustment, including sediment, channel, hydrologic regime, floodplains, as well as ecosystem and environmental associations.
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The Handbook of Groundwater Engineering

Author: John H. Cushman,Daniel M. Tartakovsky

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1498703054

Category: Science

Page: 1074

View: 5607

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This new edition adds several new chapters and is thoroughly updated to include data on new topics such as hydraulic fracturing, CO2 sequestration, sustainable groundwater management, and more. Providing a complete treatment of the theory and practice of groundwater engineering, this new handbook also presents a current and detailed review of how to model the flow of water and the transport of contaminants both in the unsaturated and saturated zones, covers the protection of groundwater, and the remediation of contaminated groundwater.
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Magnetotails in the Solar System

Author: Andreas Keiling,Caitríona Jackman,Peter Delamere

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118842294

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 7100

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All magnetized planets in our solar system (Mercury, Earth,Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune) interact strongly with thesolar wind and possess well developed magnetotails. It is not onlythe strongly magnetized planets that have magnetotails. Mars andVenus have no global intrinsic magnetic field, yet they possessinduced magnetotails. Comets have magnetotails that are formed bythe draping of the interplanetary magnetic field. In the case ofplanetary satellites (moons), the magnetotail refers to thewake region behind the satellite in the flow of either the solarwind or the magnetosphere of its parent planet. The largestmagnetotail of all in our solar system is the heliotail, the “magnetotail” of the heliosphere. The variety of solar wind conditions,planetary rotation rates, ionospheric conductivity, and physicaldimensions provide an outstanding opportunity to extend ourunderstanding of the influence of these factors on magnetotailprocesses and structures. Volume highlights include: Discussion on why a magnetotail is a fundamental problemof magnetospheric physics Unique collection of tutorials on a large range of magnetotailsin our solar system In-depth reviews comparing magnetotail processes at Earth withother magnetotail structures found throughout the heliosphere Collectively, Magnetotails in the Solar System bringstogether for the first time in one book a collection of tutorialsand current developments addressing different types ofmagnetotails. As a result, this book should appeal to a broadcommunity of space scientists, and it should also be of interest toastronomers who are looking at tail-like structures beyond oursolar system.
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Remote Sensing of the Terrestrial Water Cycle

Author: Venkataraman Lakshmi

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118872266

Category: Science

Page: 576

View: 1276

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Remote Sensing of the Terrestrial Water Cycle isan outcome of the AGU Chapman Conference held in February2012. This is a comprehensive volume that examines the use ofavailable remote sensing satellite data as well as data fromfuture missions that can be used to expand our knowledge inquantifying the spatial and temporal variations in the terrestrialwater cycle. Volume highlights include: - An in-depth discussion of the global watercycle - Approaches to various problems in climate, weather,hydrology, and agriculture - Applications of satellite remote sensing in measuringprecipitation, surface water, snow, soilmoisture, groundwater, modeling, and dataassimilation - A description of the use of satellite data for accuratelyestimating and monitoring the components of the hydrologicalcycle - Discussion of the measurement of multiple geophysical variablesand properties over different landscapes on a temporal and aregional scale Remote Sensing of the Terrestrial Water Cycle is a valuableresource for students and research professionals in thehydrology, ecology, atmospheric sciences, geography, andgeological sciences communities.
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Modeling Atmospheric and Oceanic Flows

Insights from Laboratory Experiments and Numerical Simulations

Author: Thomas von Larcher,Paul D. Williams

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118855922

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 9544

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Modeling Atmospheric and Oceanic Flows: Insights from LaboratoryExperiments and Numerical Simulations provides a broad overview ofrecent progress in using laboratory experiments and numericalsimulations to model atmospheric and oceanic fluid motions. Thisvolume not only surveys novel research topics in laboratoryexperimentation, but also highlights recent developments in thecorresponding computational simulations. As computing power growsexponentially and better numerical codes are developed, theinterplay between numerical simulations and laboratory experimentsis gaining paramount importance within the scientific community.The lessons learnt from the laboratory–model comparisons inthis volume will act as a source of inspiration for the nextgeneration of experiments and simulations. Volume highlightsinclude: Topics pertaining to atmospheric science, climatephysics, physical oceanography, marine geology and geophysics Overview of the most advanced experimental andcomputational research in geophysics Recent developments in numerical simulations ofatmospheric and oceanic fluid motion Unique comparative analysis of the experimentaland numerical approaches to modeling fluid flow Modeling Atmospheric and Oceanic Flows will be a valuableresource for graduate students, researchers, and professionals inthe fields of geophysics, atmospheric sciences, oceanography,climate science, hydrology, and experimental geosciences.
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The Galapagos

A Natural Laboratory for the Earth Sciences

Author: Karen S. Harpp,Eric Mittelstaedt,Noémi d'Ozouville,David W. Graham

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118852680

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 6858

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The Galápagos Islands are renown for their unique flora and fauna, inspiring Charles Darwin in the elaboration of his theory of evolution. Yet in his Voyage of the Beagle, published in 1839, Darwin also remarked on the fascinating geology and volcanic origin of these enchanted Islands. Since then, the Galápagos continue to provide scientists with inspiration and invaluable information about ocean island formation and evolution, mantle plumes, and the deep Earth. Motivated by an interdisciplinary Chapman Conference held in the Islands, this AGU volume provides cross-disciplinary collection of recent research into the origin and nature of ocean islands, from their deepest roots in Earth's mantle, to volcanism, surface processes, and the interface between geology and biodiversity. Volume highlights include: Case studies in biogeographical, hydrological, and chronological perspective Understanding the connection between geological processes and biodiversity Synthesis of decades of interdisciplinary research in physical processes from surface to deep interior of the earth In-depth discussion of the concept of the island acting as a natural laboratory for earth scientists Integrated understanding of the Galápagos region from a geological perspective Collectively, The Galápagos presents case studies illustrating the Galápagos Archipelago as a dynamic natural laboratory for the earth sciences. This book would be of special interest to a multidisciplinary audience in earth sciences, including petrologists, volcanologists, geochronologists, geochemists, and geobiologists.
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Dynamics of the Earth's Radiation Belts and Inner Magnetosphere

Author: Danny Summers,I. R. Mann,D. N. Baker,Max-Gotthard Schulz

Publisher: American Geophysical Union

ISBN: 9780875904894

Category: Science

Page: 431

View: 4881

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Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 199. Dynamics of the Earth's Radiation Belts and Inner Magnetosphere draws together current knowledge of the radiation belts prior to the launch of Radiation Belt Storm Probes (RPSP) and other imminent space missions, making this volume timely and unique. The volume will serve as a useful benchmark at this exciting and pivotal period in radiation belt research in advance of the new discoveries that the RPSP mission will surely bring. Highlights include the following: a review of the current state of the art of radiation belt science; a complete and up-to-date account of the wave-particle interactions that control the dynamical acceleration and loss processes of particles in the Earth's radiation belts and inner magnetosphere; a discussion emphasizing the importance of the cross-energy coupling of the particle populations of the radiation belts, ring current, and plasmasphere in controlling the dynamics of the inner magnetosphere; an outline of the design and operation of future satellite missions whose objectives are to discover the dominant physical processes that control the dynamics of the Earth's radiation belts and to advance our level of understanding of radiation belt dynamics ideally to the point of predictability; and an examination of the current state of knowledge of Earth's radiation belts from past and current spacecraft missions to the inner magnetosphere. Dynamics of the Earth's Radiation Belts and Inner Magnetosphere will be a useful reference work for the specialist researcher, the student, and the general reader. In addition, the volume could be used as a supplementary text in any graduate-level course in space physics in which radiation belt physics is featured.
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