Strange Glow

The Story of Radiation

Author: Timothy J. Jorgensen

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691178348

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 2064

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More than ever before, radiation is a part of our modern daily lives. We own radiation-emitting phones, regularly get diagnostic x-rays, such as mammograms, and submit to full-body security scans at airports. We worry and debate about the proliferation of nuclear weapons and the safety of nuclear power plants. But how much do we really know about radiation? And what are its actual dangers? An accessible blend of narrative history and science, Strange Glow describes mankind's extraordinary, thorny relationship with radiation, including the hard-won lessons of how radiation helps and harms our health. Timothy Jorgensen explores how our knowledge of and experiences with radiation in the last century can lead us to smarter personal decisions about radiation exposures today. Jorgensen introduces key figures in the story of radiation—from Wilhelm Roentgen, the discoverer of x-rays, and pioneering radioactivity researchers Marie and Pierre Curie, to Thomas Edison and the victims of the recent Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant accident. Tracing the most important events in the evolution of radiation, Jorgensen explains exactly what radiation is, how it produces certain health consequences, and how we can protect ourselves from harm. He also considers a range of practical scenarios such as the risks of radon in our basements, radiation levels in the fish we eat, questions about cell-phone use, and radiation's link to cancer. Jorgensen empowers us to make informed choices while offering a clearer understanding of broader societal issues. Investigating radiation's benefits and risks, Strange Glow takes a remarkable look at how, for better or worse, radiation has transformed our society.
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Midnight in Chernobyl

The Untold Story of the World's Greatest Nuclear Disaster

Author: Adam Higginbotham

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1501134647

Category: History

Page: 560

View: 5359

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NEW YORK TIMES BESTSELLER Journalist Adam Higginbotham’s definitive, years-in-the-making account of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant disaster—and a powerful investigation into how propaganda, secrecy, and myth have obscured the true story of one of the twentieth century’s greatest disasters. Early in the morning of April 26, 1986, Reactor Number Four of the Chernobyl Atomic Energy Station exploded, triggering history’s worst nuclear disaster. In the thirty years since then, Chernobyl has become lodged in the collective nightmares of the world: shorthand for the spectral horrors of radiation poisoning, for a dangerous technology slipping its leash, for ecological fragility, and for what can happen when a dishonest and careless state endangers its citizens and the entire world. But the real story of the accident, clouded from the beginning by secrecy, propaganda, and misinformation, has long remained in dispute. Drawing on hundreds of hours of interviews conducted over the course of more than ten years, as well as letters, unpublished memoirs, and documents from recently-declassified archives, Adam Higginbotham has written a harrowing and compelling narrative which brings the disaster to life through the eyes of the men and women who witnessed it firsthand. The result is a masterful nonfiction thriller, and the definitive account of an event that changed history: a story that is more complex, more human, and more terrifying than the Soviet myth. Midnight in Chernobyl is an indelible portrait of one of the great disasters of the twentieth century, of human resilience and ingenuity, and the lessons learned when mankind seeks to bend the natural world to his will—lessons which, in the face of climate change and other threats, remain not just vital but necessary.
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Casarett & Doull's Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons, Ninth Edition

Author: Curtis D. Klaassen

Publisher: McGraw Hill Professional

ISBN: 1259863751

Category: Medical

Page: 1696

View: 2185

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Toxicology’s gold-standard text - completely updated to reflect the latest breakthroughs and discoveries Casarett & Doull’s Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons, Ninth Edition equips you with an unsurpassed understanding of modern toxicology, including the key principles, concepts, mechanisms, chemical-specific toxicity, and modes of thought that are the foundation of the discipline. This trusted classic not only delivers a comprehensive review of the essential components of toxicology, it offers the most up-to-date, revealing, and in-depth look at the systemic responses of toxic substance available anywhere. Casarett & Doull’s Toxicology: The Basic Science of Poisons, Ninth Edition is logically divided into seven sections:•General Principles of Toxicology•Disposition of Toxicants•Non-Organ Directed Toxicity•Target Organ Toxicity•Toxic Agents•Environmental Toxicology•Applications of Toxicology Many new contributors capture the progress made in toxicology over the past few years:This edition is markedly updated from the previous edition, with more than one-third of the chapters authored by scientists who have not made previous contributions to the book. Sharing their expertise, they deliver dynamic new coverage of the importance of apoptosis, autophagy, cytokines, growth factors, oncogenes, cell cycling, receptors, gene regulation, protective mechanisms, repair mechanisms, transcription factors, signaling pathways, transgenic mice, knock-out mice, humanized mice, polymorphisms, microarray technology, second-generation sequencing, genomics, proteomics, epigenetics, exposome, microbiota, read across, adverse outcome pathways, high-content screening, computational toxicology, innovative test methods, and organ-on-a-chip in understanding the mechanisms of toxicity and the regulation of chemicals. A true “essential”If you are in need of an up-to-date, all-in-one overview of the biomedical and environmental aspects of toxicology - written by experts, and presented in full color, your search ends here.
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Strange Chemistry

The Stories Your Chemistry Teacher Wouldn't Tell You

Author: Steven Farmer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119265282

Category: Science

Page: 364

View: 9941

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This book opens the audience’s eyes to the extraordinary scientific secrets hiding in everyday objects. Helping readers increase chemistry knowledge in a fun and entertaining way, the book is perfect as a supplementary textbook or gift to curious professionals and novices. • Appeals to a modern audience of science lovers by discussing multiple examples of chemistry in everyday life • Addresses compounds that affect everyone in one way or another: poisons, pharmaceuticals, foods, and illicit drugs; thereby evoking a powerful emotional response which increases interest in the topic at hand • Focuses on edgy types of stories that chemists generally tend to avoid so as not to paint chemistry in a bad light; however, these are the stories that people find interesting • Provides detailed and sophisticated stories that increase the reader’s fundamental scientific knowledge • Discusses complex topics in an engaging and accessible manner, providing the “how” and “why” that takes readers deeper into the stories
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His Story

The Story of Why We Are Here

Author: Stuart Hacking

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 1630875597

Category: Religion

Page: 304

View: 4969

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We all love stories--whether printed, passed down orally from generation to generation, or made into films. We love stories whether they are fictional, true, mythical, or legendary. Stories are part of our human history, and they help us understand being human. But there is one story that underpins all other stories--the story of why we exist. All great human stories must interact with this story. His Story explores this fundamental story by retelling the story of the Bible. His Story tells the Biblical story of how God has opened up a doorway into our universe and how this impacts the metanarrative of all of our lives. If you want to read the overarching story of the Bible in one short book, then His Story is for you. If you want to know the backstory of your life, His Story is for you. His Story is simply written, but doesn't oversimplify. It is a book for people who might call themselves Christians, but also for all those who are curious about the ultimate story. His Story--the story of why we are here.
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The story of radioactivity

Author: Ann Stepp

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 127

View: 9495

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A study of the use and misuses of nuclear energy contrasting its peaceful application with its devastating wartime power.
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Molecules of Death

Author: Rosemary H. Waring,Glyn B. Steventon,Steve C. Mitchell

Publisher: Imperial College Press

ISBN: 1860948146

Category: Medical

Page: 430

View: 5788

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This book has been developed over many years from several popular courses taught to students at both Birmingham and London universities. It provides an important step in introducing principles and concepts within the field of toxicology. The underlying mechanisms of toxicity are highlighted through examples taken from gases, minerals, plants, fungi, bacteria, marine creatures, industrial chemicals and pharmacological agents.In this second edition, the text has been completely revised and expanded with the addition of six new chapters ? carbon monoxide, hydrofluoric acid, lead, mushroom, toxins, paracetamol, paraquat and diquat. Each chapter is self-sufficient, enabling readers to dip into chapters of interest at random without any lack of understanding. The book is informative, with numerous clinical details, and will appeal to those who wish to delve into this fascinating subject.
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Clocks in the Sky

The Story of Pulsars

Author: Geoff McNamara

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387765624

Category: Science

Page: 190

View: 4359

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Pulsars are rapidly spinning neutron stars, the collapsed cores of once massive stars that ended their lives as supernova explosions. In this book, Geoff McNamara explores the history, subsequent discovery and contemporary research into pulsar astronomy. The story of pulsars is brought right up to date with the announcement in 2006 of a new breed of pulsar, Rotating Radio Transients (RRATs), which emit short bursts of radio signals separated by long pauses. These may outnumber conventional radio pulsars by a ratio of four to one. Geoff McNamara ends by pointing out that, despite the enormous success of pulsar research in the second half of the twentieth century, the real discoveries are yet to be made including, perhaps, the detection of the hypothetical pulsar black hole binary system by the proposed Square Kilometre Array - the largest single radio telescope in the world.
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