Stop and Frisk

The Use and Abuse of a Controversial Policing Tactic

Author: Michael D. White,Henry F. Fradella

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 1479835889

Category: Law

Page: 256

View: 6987

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No policing tactic has been more controversial than “stop and frisk,” whereby police officers stop, question and frisk ordinary citizens, who they may view as potential suspects, on the streets. As Michael White and Hank Fradella show in Stop and Frisk, the first authoritative history and analysis of this tactic, there is a disconnect between our everyday understanding and the historical and legal foundations for this policing strategy. First ruled constitutional in 1968, stop and frisk would go on to become a central tactic of modern day policing, particularly by the New York City Police Department. By 2011 the NYPD recorded 685,000 ‘stop-question-and-frisk’ interactions with citizens; yet, in 2013, a landmark decision ruled that the police had over- and mis-used this tactic. Stop and Frisk tells the story of how and why this happened, and offers ways that police departments can better serve their citizens. They also offer a convincing argument that stop and frisk did not contribute as greatly to the drop in New York’s crime rates as many proponents, like former NYPD Police Commissioner Ray Kelly and Mayor Michael Bloomberg, have argued. While much of the book focuses on the NYPD’s use of stop and frisk, examples are also shown from police departments around the country, including Philadelphia, Baltimore, Chicago, Newark and Detroit. White and Fradella argue that not only does stop and frisk have a legal place in 21st-century policing but also that it can be judiciously used to help deter crime in a way that respects the rights and needs of citizens. They also offer insight into the history of racial injustice that has all too often been a feature of American policing’s history and propose concrete strategies that every police department can follow to improve the way they police. A hard-hitting yet nuanced analysis, Stop and Frisk shows how the tactic can be a just act of policing and, in turn, shows how to police in the best interest of citizens.
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The New World of Police Accountability

Author: Samuel E. Walker,Carol A. Archbold

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1544339194

Category: Social Science

Page: 360

View: 9261

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Completely revised to cover recent events and research, the Third Edition of The New World of Police Accountability provides an original and comprehensive analysis of some of the most important developments in police accountability and reform strategies. With a keen and incisive perspective, esteemed authors and policing researchers, Samuel Walker and Carol Archbold, address the most recent developments and provide an analysis of what works, what reforms are promising, and what has proven unsuccessful. The book’s analysis draws on current research, as well as the President's Task Force on 21st Century Policing and the reforms embodied in Justice Department consent decrees. New to the Third Edition: The national crisis over police legitimacy and use of force is put into context through extensive discussions of recent police shootings and the response to this national crisis, providing readers a valuable perspective on the positive steps that have been taken and the limits of those steps. Coverage of the issues related to police officer uses of force is now the prevailing topic in Chapter 3 and includes detailed discussion of the topic, including de-escalation, tactical decision making, and the important changes in training related to these issues. An updated examination of the impact of technology on policing, including citizens’ use of recording devices, body-worn cameras, open data provided by police agencies, and use of social media, explores how technology contributes to police accountability in the United States. A complete, up-to-date discussion of citizen oversight of the police provides details on the work of selected oversight agencies, including the positive developments and their limitations, enabling readers to have an informed discussion of the subject. Detailed coverage of routine police activities that often generate public controversy now includes such topics as responding to mental health calls, domestic violence calls, and police "stop and frisk" practices. Issues related to policing and race relations are addressed head-on through a careful examination of the data, as well as the impact of recent reforms that have attempted to achieve professional, bias-free policing.
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Criminal Procedure

Author: Matthew Lippman

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 154433477X

Category: Social Science

Page: 704

View: 9120

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This contemporary, comprehensive, case-driven book from award-winning teacher Matthew Lippman covers the constitutional foundation of criminal procedure and includes numerous cases selected for their appeal to today’s students. Organized around the challenge of striking a balance between rights and liberties, Criminal Procedure, Fourth Edition emphasizes diversity and its impact on how laws are enforced. Built-in learning aids, including You Decide scenarios, Legal Equations, and Criminal Procedure in the News features, engage students and help them master key concepts. Fully updated throughout, the Fourth Edition includes today’s most recent legal developments and decisions. Features and Benefits A chapter-opening vignette drawn from a case in the chapter gets students immediately involved in the content that follows. Test Your Knowledge questions at the beginning of each chapter help students activate prior knowledge read with purpose for topics they don't yet know. Edited cases introduced by clear and accessible descriptions provide students with concrete examples and illustrations and expose them to the actual documents that have shaped the American criminal justice system. Additional edited cases are available on the student study website. Legal Equations offer visual overviews of the laws and concepts discussed in the text. Questions after each case reinforce learning and help students uncover the key points. Criminal Procedure in the News excerpts expose students to contemporary developments in the law through current events. Chapter Summaries and Chapter Review Questions help students prepare for exams. A chapter-ending Legal Terminology section with corresponding Glossary helps students master the vocabulary of the criminal justice system. New to this Edition A number of significant, new U.S. Supreme Court decisions are now cases discussed in the book, such as United States v. Carpenter, which raised important questions around police use of new technology. Other new cases address important issues including privacy, racial discrimination, and effective assistance of counsel, search and seizure, juries, plea bargaining, the exclusionary rule, pretrial motions, and habeas corpus. Features. The content includes a new Test Your Knowledge feature and a number of new You Decide and Criminal Procedure in the News features that explore crucial topics such as police use of deadly force, the second amendment and gun control, a defendant’s right to a bail, racial bias in jury deliberations, searches of electronic devices, and much more. Topics. Several new topics have been added or expanded to reflect their growing impact on criminal procedure. These topics include technology and the home, police use of cell-site location information and body cameras, patterns and trends of Terry stops in major cities across the US, individuals being arrested for “Walking While Black,” racial bias in the judiciary, and the impact of the policies of the Trump administration on the use of drones, the detention of undocumented immigrants, and the continued operation of the detention facilities at Guantanamo.
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Latina Rights and Justice in the United States

Author: José Luis Morín

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781594604065

Category: Political Science

Page: 358

View: 5720

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A much-needed and thought-provoking examination of a significant and growing population within the United States, Latino/a Rights and Justice in the United States explores the inequalities and injustices that Latino/a communities confront in the United States. Author Jos Luis Morn provides a deeper understanding of the historical and contemporary Latino/a experience of discrimination and economic and social injustice and presents insights into the elusiveness of equality and fairness for Latinos/as in the United States. Offering ideas on how to reduce bias and other inequities within the justice system and the greater society, Morn calls for alternative approaches to working with Latino/a youths and families and a broadening of existing concepts of rights and justice in the United States. Drawing the link between the international and domestic dimensions of the Latino/a presence in the United States, Morn incorporates international human rights norms and principles of economic, social, and cultural rights to address the persistent inequalities and injustices that Latino/a communities confront in the United States. The second edition provides new and expanded coverage about racial and ethnic bias in law enforcement and the criminal justice system, citizenship rights, immigration and crime, Latinos/as and U.S. prisons, the contemporary street gang phenomenon, and Latinos/as in the post-9/11 era. Meticulous in presenting facts and research, Latino/a Rights and Justice in the United States often challenges conventional ideas and popular myths about Latinos/as on these and other topics.
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Criminal justice

Author: Joel Samaha

Publisher: Wadsworth Pub Co

ISBN: 9780534522643

Category: Law

Page: 554

View: 9840

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With substance and style, Samaha helps students master the complexities of the criminal justice system and the law. His presentation engages students in active learning and encourages them to understand, rather than memorize. That students truly enjoy reading CRIMINAL JUSTICE is a testament to Samaha's skill as a teacher, writer, and scholar. Featuring a critical-thinking approach that encourages students to explore all sides of the criminal justice system, this thorough introduction draws students in and encourages them to learn more. Samaha provides students with an important and realistic understanding of the formal and informal dimensions of criminal justice: from there, they have the ideal framework to learn about the sociology, politics, economics, and law of the discipline.
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Video Sourcebook

A Guide to Programs Currently Available on Video in the Areas Of: Movies/entertainment, General Interest/education, Sports/recreation, Fine Arts, Heal

Author: Thomson Gale

Publisher: Gale Cengage

ISBN: 9781414400990

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 4000

View: 7979

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From classroom aids to corporate training programs, technical resources to self-help guides, children's features to documentaries, theatrical releases to straight-to-video movies, The Video Source Book continues its comprehensive coverage of the wide universe of video offerings with more than 130,000 complete program listings, encompassing more than 160,000 videos. All listings are arranged alphabetically by title. Each entry provides a description of the program and information on obtaining the title. Six indexes -- alternate title, subject, credits, awards, special formats and program distributors -- help speed research.
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