Statistics and Scientific Method

An Introduction for Students and Researchers

Author: Peter J. Diggle,Amanda G. Chetwynd

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199543186

Category: Mathematics

Page: 172

View: 8979

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An antidote to technique-orientated approaches, this text avoids the recipe-book style, giving the reader a clear understanding of how core statistical ideas of experimental design, modelling, and data analysis are integral to the scientific method. No prior knowledge of statistics is required and a range of scientific disciplines are covered.
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An Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis Using Stata®

From Research Design to Final Report

Author: Lisa Daniels,Nicholas Minot

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506371825

Category: Social Science

Page: 392

View: 1601

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An Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis Using Stata® by Lisa Daniels and Nicholas Minot provides a step-by-step introduction for statistics, data analysis, or research methods classes with Stata. Concise descriptions emphasize the concepts behind statistics for students rather than the derivations of the formulas. With real-world examples from a variety of disciplines and extensive detail on the commands in Stata, this text provides an integrated approach to research design, statistical analysis, and report writing for social science students.
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100 Questions (and Answers) About Research Methods

Author: Neil J. Salkind

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1412992036

Category: Social Science

Page: 172

View: 3110

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How do I create a good research hypothesis? How do I know when my literature review is finished? What is the difference between a sample and a population? What is power and why is it important? In an increasingly data-driven world, it is more important than ever for students as well as professionals to better understand the process of research. This invaluable guide answers the essential questions that students ask about research methods in a concise and accessible way.
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Scientific Method in Practice

Author: Hugh G. Gauch

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521017084

Category: Science

Page: 435

View: 8298

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This book will enable scientists to be better scientists by offering them a deeper understanding of the scientific method.
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Activities for Teaching Statistics and Research Methods

A Guide for Psychology Instructors

Author: Jeffrey R. Stowell,William E. Addison

Publisher: American Psychological Association (APA)

ISBN: 9781433827143

Category: Psychology

Page: 133

View: 2115

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This book offers original, classroom-tested activities to teach high school and undergraduate students essential concepts in research methods and statistics.
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Introduction to Research Methods and Data Analysis in Psychology

Author: Darren Langdridge,Gareth Hagger-Johnson

Publisher: Pearson Education

ISBN: 9780131982031

Category: Psychology

Page: 558

View: 8686

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This is a comprehensive introduction to research methods and data analysis. The book assumes no previous knowledge of research methods or psychology and provides an accessible and jargon-free way into this frequently difficult topic area.
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An Introduction to Scientific Research Methods in Geography and Environmental Studies

Author: Daniel Montello,Paul Sutton

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446291219

Category: Reference

Page: 328

View: 1523

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"Covers a broad range of subjects that undergraduates in the discipline should be familiar and comfortable with upon graduation. From chapters on the scientific method and fundamental research concepts, to experimental design, sampling and statistical analysis, the text offers an excellent introduction to the key concepts of geographical research. The content is applicable for students at the beginning of their studies right through to planning and conducting dissertations. The book has also been of particular support in designing my level 1 and 2 tutorials which cover similar ground to several of the chapters." - Joseph Mallalieu, School of Geography, Leeds University "Montello and Sutton is one of the best texts I've used in seminars on research methodology. The text offers a clear balance of quantitative vs. qualitative and physical vs. human which I've found particularly valuable. The chapters on research ethics, scientific communication, information technologies and data visualization are excellent." - Kenneth E. Foote, Department of Geography, University of Colorado at Boulder This is a broad and integrative introduction to the conduct and interpretation of scientific research, covering both geography and environmental studies. Written for undergraduate and postgraduate students, it: Explains both the conceptual and the technical aspects of research, as well as all phases of the research process Combines approaches in physical geography and environmental science, human geography and human-environment relations, and geographic and environmental information techniques (such as GIS, cartography, and remote sensing) Combines natural and social scientific approaches common to subjects in geography and environmental studies Includes case studies of actual research projects to demonstrate the breadth of approaches taken It will be core reading for students studying scientific research methods in geography, environmental studies and related disciplines such as planning and earth science.
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Introduction to the New Statistics

Estimation, Open Science, and Beyond

Author: Geoff Cumming,Robert Calin-Jageman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317483367

Category: Psychology

Page: 564

View: 7658

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This is the first introductory statistics text to use an estimation approach from the start to help readers understand effect sizes, confidence intervals (CIs), and meta-analysis (‘the new statistics’). It is also the first text to explain the new and exciting Open Science practices, which encourage replication and enhance the trustworthiness of research. In addition, the book explains NHST fully so students can understand published research. Numerous real research examples are used throughout. The book uses today’s most effective learning strategies and promotes critical thinking, comprehension, and retention, to deepen users’ understanding of statistics and modern research methods. The free ESCI (Exploratory Software for Confidence Intervals) software makes concepts visually vivid, and provides calculation and graphing facilities. The book can be used with or without ESCI. Other highlights include: - Coverage of both estimation and NHST approaches, and how to easily translate between the two. - Some exercises use ESCI to analyze data and create graphs including CIs, for best understanding of estimation methods. -Videos of the authors describing key concepts and demonstrating use of ESCI provide an engaging learning tool for traditional or flipped classrooms. -In-chapter exercises and quizzes with related commentary allow students to learn by doing, and to monitor their progress. -End-of-chapter exercises and commentary, many using real data, give practice for using the new statistics to analyze data, as well as for applying research judgment in realistic contexts. -Don’t fool yourself tips help students avoid common errors. -Red Flags highlight the meaning of "significance" and what p values actually mean. -Chapter outlines, defined key terms, sidebars of key points, and summarized take-home messages provide a study tool at exam time. -http://www.routledge.com/cw/cumming offers for students: ESCI downloads; data sets; key term flashcards; tips for using SPSS for analyzing data; and videos. For instructors it offers: tips for teaching the new statistics and Open Science; additional homework exercises; assessment items; answer keys for homework and assessment items; and downloadable text images; and PowerPoint lecture slides. Intended for introduction to statistics, data analysis, or quantitative methods courses in psychology, education, and other social and health sciences, researchers interested in understanding the new statistics will also appreciate this book. No familiarity with introductory statistics is assumed.
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Behavioral Research and Analysis

An Introduction to Statistics within the Context of Experimental Design, Fourth Edition

Author: Max Vercruyssen,Hal W. Hendrick

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439897514

Category: Mathematics

Page: 299

View: 2732

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Now in its fourth edition, Behavioral Research and Analysis: An Introduction to Statistics within the Context of Experimental Design presents an overview of statistical methods within the context of experimental design. It covers fundamental topics such as data collection, data analysis, interpretation of results, and communication of findings. New in the Fourth Edition: Extensive improvements based on suggestions from those using this book in the classroom Statistical procedures that have been developed and validated since the previous edition Each chapter in the body now contains relevant key words, chapter summaries, key word definitions, and end of chapter exercises (with answers) Revisions to include recent changes in the APA Style Manual When looking for a book for their own use, the authors found none that were totally suitable. They found books that either reviewed the basics of behavioral research and experimental design but provided only cursory coverage of statistical methods or they provided coverage of statistical methods with very little coverage of the research context within which these methods are used. No single resource provided coverage of methodology, statistics, and communication skills. In a classic example of necessity being the mother of invention, the authors created their own. This text is ideal for a single course that reviews research methods, essential statistics through multi-factor analysis of variance, and thesis (or major project) preparation without discussion of derivation of equations, probability theory, or mathematic proofs. It focuses on essential information for getting a research project completed without prerequisite math or statistics training. It has been revised many times to help students at a variety of academic levels (exceptional high school students, undergraduate honors students, masters students, doctoral students, and post-doctoral fellows) across varied academic disciplines (e.g., human factors and ergonomics, behavioral and social sciences, natural sciences, engineering, exercise and sport sciences, business and management, industrial hygiene and safety science, health and medical sciences, and more). Illustrating how to plan, prepare, conduct, and analyze an experimental or research report, the book emphasizes explaining statistical procedures and interpreting obtained results without discussing the derivation of equations or history of the method. Destined to spend more time on your desk than on the shelf, the book will become the single resource you reach for again and again when conducting scientific research and reporting it to the scientific community.
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Statistics for Sport and Exercise Studies

An Introduction

Author: Peter O'Donoghue

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136479287

Category: Mathematics

Page: 416

View: 4483

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Statistics for Sport and Exercise Studies guides the student through the full research process, from selecting the most appropriate statistical procedure, to analysing data, to the presentation of results, illustrating every key step in the process with clear examples, case-studies and data taken from real sport and exercise settings. Every chapter includes a range of features designed to help the student grasp the underlying concepts and relate each statistical procedure to their own research project, including definitions of key terms, practical exercises, worked examples and clear summaries. The book also offers an in-depth and practical guide to using SPSS in sport and exercise research, the most commonly used data analysis software in sport and exercise departments. In addition, a companion website includes more than 100 downloadable data sets and work sheets for use in or out of the classroom, full solutions to exercises contained in the book, plus over 1,300 PowerPoint slides for use by tutors and lecturers. Statistics for Sport and Exercise Studies is a complete, user-friendly introduction to the use of statistical tests, techniques and procedures in sport, exercise and related subjects. Visit the companion website at: www.routledge.com/cw/odonoghue
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