Spatiotemporal Processes of Plant Phenology

Spatiotemporal Processes of Plant Phenology

This book deals with phenology, the study of recurring biological life cycle stages, and especially their timing and relationships with biotic and abiotic forces.

Author: Xiaoqiu Chen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783662498392

Category: Science

Page: 98

View: 906

This book deals with phenology, the study of recurring biological life cycle stages, and especially their timing and relationships with biotic and abiotic forces. Given the theoretical and methodological innovations involved, the chapters on defining spatiotemporal patterns of plant phenology and constructing daily temperature-based temporal/spatial models and process-based regional unified models will be of particular interest. Helping readers discover and explore plant phenology’s perspectives in terms of spatiotemporal patterns, processes and mechanisms, the book will also equip young scientists and graduate students to understand the causes of spatiotemporal variation in vegetation seasonality.
Categories: Science

Mosaic Landscapes and Ecological Processes

Mosaic Landscapes and Ecological Processes

Spatio - temporal landscape pattern affects resource tracking and population
dynamics , which in turn affect genetic processes . Similar species will use ...
spatio - temporal dynamics of plant phenology determine pollinator survival .
Effects of ...

Author: L. Hansson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0412454602

Category: Science

Page: 356

View: 570

This series presents studies that have used the paradigm of landscape ecology. Other approaches, both to landscape and landscape ecology are common, but in the last decade landscape ecology has become distinct from its predecessors and its contemporaries. Landscape ecology addresses the relationships among spatial patterns, temporal patterns and ecological processes. The effect of spatial configurations on ecological processes is fundamental. When human activity is an important variable affecting those relationships, landscape ecology includes it. Spatial and temporal scales are as large as needed for comprehension of system processes and the mosaic included may be very heterogeneous. Intellec tual utility and applicability of results are valued equally. The Inter national Association for Landscape Ecology sponsors this series of studies in order to introduce and disseminate some of the new knowledge that is being produced by this exciting new environmental science. Gray Merriam Ottawa, Canada Foreword This is a book about real nature, or as close to real as we know - a nature of heterogeneous landscapes, wild and humanized, fine-grained and coarse-grained, wet and dry, hilly and flat, temperate and not so temper ate. Real nature is never uniform. At whatever spatial scale we examine nature, we encounter patchiness. If we were to look down from high above at a landscape of millions of hectares, using a zoom lens to move in and out from broad overview to detailed inspection of a square meter we would see that patterns visible at different scales overlay one another.
Categories: Science

Current Trends of Insect Physiology and Population Dynamics Modeling Insect Phenology Demography and Circadian Rhythms in Variable Environments

Current Trends of Insect Physiology and Population Dynamics  Modeling Insect Phenology  Demography  and Circadian Rhythms in Variable Environments

Through inclusion of the site-specific spatiotemporal features, such models could
serve as a “virtual farm” emulating the key processes determining ... Such
individual- and/or agent-based models, enacting complex processes by the
actions of their key “virtual actors,” offer ... by set of grids, with quantified sectors,
which values fluctuate during the season, according to plant phenology, IPM
treatments etc.

Author: Petros T. Damos

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889454891

Category:

Page:

View: 931

The current eBook collection includes substantial scientific work in describing how insect species are responding to abiotic factors and recent climatic trends on the basis of insect physiology and population dynamics. The contributions can be broadly split into four chapters: the first chapter focuses on the function of environmental and mostly temperature driven models, to identify the seasonal emergence and population dynamics of insects, including some important pests. The second chapter provides additional examples on how such models can be used to simulate the effect of climate change on insect phenology and population dynamics. The third chapter focuses on describing the effects of nutrition, gene expression and phototaxis in relation to insect demography, growth and development, whilst the fourth chapter provides a short description on the functioning of circadian systems as well as on the evolutionary dynamics of circadian clocks.
Categories:

Geospatial Technology for Water Resource Applications

Geospatial Technology for Water Resource Applications

It may damage leaves and fruit and have significant impact on plants' health (
even destroy it). ... also affects most biotic processes such as plant phenology,
growth, evapotranspiration, moisture requirements, carbon fixation ... Spatio-
temporal.

Author: Prashant K. Srivastava

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781315353821

Category: Nature

Page: 326

View: 302

This book advances the scientific understanding, development, and application of geospatial technologies related to water resource management. It presents recent developments and applications specifically by utilizing new earth observation datasets such as TRMM/GPM, AMSR E/2, SMOS, SMAP and GCOM in combination with GIS, artificial intelligence, and hybrid techniques. By linking geospatial techniques with new satellite missions for earth and environmental science, the book promotes the synergistic and multidisciplinary activities of scientists and users working in the field of hydrological sciences.
Categories: Nature

Insects plants 89

Insects plants  89

Displacement in the field is a spatio - temporal process linked to the
heterogeneity of flowering , in terms of function of host plant density . The
displacements of B . rufimanus are reduced in high flower density areas , since
insects consume ...

Author: Árpád Szentesi

Publisher: Akademiai Kiado

ISBN: UOM:39015029164426

Category: Nature

Page: 576

View: 948

Categories: Nature

Phenological Research

Phenological Research

Clim Change 33:409–445 Menzel A (2003) Plant phenology “Fingerprints”. ... (
2007) Comment on “spatio-temporal filling of missing points in geophysical data
sets” by D Kondrashov and M Ghil, Nonlin Processes Geophys 13, 151–159,
2006.

Author: Irene L. Hudson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9048133351

Category: Science

Page: 521

View: 135

As climate change continues to dominate the international environmental agenda, phenology – the study of the timing of recurring biological events – has received increasing research attention, leading to an emerging consensus that phenology can be viewed as an ‘early warning system’ for climate change impact. A multidisciplinary science involving many branches of ecology, geography and remote sensing, phenology to date has lacked a coherent methodological text. This new synthesis, including contributions from many of the world’s leading phenologists, therefore fills a critical gap in the current biological literature. Providing critiques of current methods, as well as detailing novel and emerging methodologies, the book, with its extensive suite of references, provides readers with an understanding of both the theoretical basis and the potential applications required to adopt and adapt new analytical and design methods. An invaluable source book for researchers and students in ecology and climate change science, the book also provides a useful reference for practitioners in a range of sectors, including human health, fisheries, forestry, agriculture and natural resource management.
Categories: Science

Plant Mites and Sociality

Plant Mites and Sociality

... life history diversity is created not only by the effects of host spatiotemporal
stability but also by predator–prey interactions in the same habitat. ... for an
alternate explanation for such diversity in overwintering because there is no way
to adapt the host plant phenology hypothesis (Sect. ... studying evolutionary
processes solely by between-species comparisons without accurate
phylogenetic information.

Author: Yutaka Saito

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9784431994565

Category: Science

Page: 187

View: 313

Mites are very small animals, characterized by wingless and eyeless bodies, in which sociality has been discovered. This book offers detailed descriptions of the diverse social systems and the social evolution of mites, ranging from genetic to ecological aspects. Through a broad spectrum of studies including traditional natural history, taxonomy, modern evolutionary and behavioral ecology, and theoretical models as well, the book addresses a number of important findings on plant mite evolution and species radiation, with the author succeeding in combining theoretical and practical approaches in behavioral ecology by proposing a new game theory. These findings reflect the complex evolutionary history of these taxa and also help to point out clearly what is known and what is not yet known to date. Mites have been considered a minor animal group, but the author shows that mites actually possess great diversity and therefore make unique materials for evolutionary and behavioral studies.
Categories: Science

Plant animal Interactions in the Marine Benthos

Plant animal Interactions in the Marine Benthos

Biotic processes such as microhabitat shifts ( e.g. , migrations ) and predation by
species active at several levels of the ... Spatio - temporal variations linked to
seasonal phenomena ( environmental variability , plant phenology , animal life ...

Author: D. M. John

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: UCSD:31822007475692

Category: Science

Page: 570

View: 868

It is becoming increasingly apparent that the interaction between plants and animals is one of the principal factors governing the composition, structure and abundance of marine benthic communities. The study of this subject in turn has contributed greatly to our understanding of coastal ecosystems and to general ecological concepts. In this volume, well-known authorities present a much-needed up-to-date review of the subject. Both regional and global perspectives are offered, with an emphasis on the relationship between herbivores and their food plants. Special consideration is given to the topics of bioerosion caused by interactions and to endosymbiosis involving algae and cnidarians. The research presented here represents the most authoritative coverage available. It will be consulted as a standard reference by marine ecologists, and used as a text by advanced students and teachers in the fields of oceanography, aquatic biology, co-evolution, malacology, and animal behavior. oceanologists
Categories: Science

Temporal Dynamics and Ecological Process

Temporal Dynamics and Ecological Process

Temporal Dynamics and Ecological Process brings together studies that have met this challenge and present two specific aspects of temporal processes: reproductive scheduling and the stable coexistence of similar species.

Author: Colleen K. Kelly

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107728844

Category: Science

Page: 347

View: 704

In contrast with the fundamental ecological expectation that similarity induces competition and loss of species, temporal dynamics allows similar species to co-occur. In fact, the coexistence of similar species contributes significantly to species diversity and could affect ecosystem response to climate change. However, because temporal processes take place over time, they have often been a challenge to document or even to identify. Temporal Dynamics and Ecological Process brings together studies that have met this challenge and present two specific aspects of temporal processes: reproductive scheduling and the stable coexistence of similar species. By using plants to extract general principles, these studies uncover deep ties between temporal niche dynamics and the above central ecological issues, thereby providing a better understanding of what drives temporal processes in nature. Written by leading scientists in the field, this title will be a valuable source of reference to research ecologists and those interested in temporal ecology.
Categories: Science

Remote Sensing of Land Use and Land Cover

Remote Sensing of Land Use and Land Cover

... which is not surprising as the AO is not known to be a driver of precipitation
and thus plant growth variability in these regions. ... Investigations focused on
monitoring and modeling biospheric processes require accurate information
about spatiotemporal dynamics in ecosystem properties. Because vegetation
phenology affects terrestrial carbon cycling across a wide range of ecosystem
and climate ...

Author: Chandra P. Giri

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420070743

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 477

View: 789

Filling the need for a comprehensive book that covers both theory and application, Remote Sensing of Land Use and Land Cover: Principles and Applications provides a synopsis of how remote sensing can be used for land-cover characterization, mapping, and monitoring from the local to the global scale. With contributions by leading scientists from around the world, this well-structured volume offers an international perspective on the science, technologies, applications, and future needs of remote sensing of land cover and land use. After an overview of the key concepts and history of land-use and land-cover mapping, the book discusses the relationship between land cover and land use and addresses the land-cover classification system. It then presents state-of-the-art methods and techniques in data acquisition, preprocessing, image interpretation, and accuracy assessment for land-use and land-cover characterization and mapping. Case studies from around the world illustrate land-cover applications at global, continental, and national scales. These examples use multiple data sources and provide in-depth understanding of land cover and land-cover dynamics in multiple spatial, thematic, and temporal resolutions. Looking to the future, the book also identifies new frontiers in land-cover mapping and forecasting. The availability and accessibility of accurate and timely land-cover data sets play an important role in many global change studies, highlighting the need for better land-use and land-cover change information at multiple scales. A synthesis of current knowledge in remote sensing of land-use and land-cover science, this book promotes more effective use of Earth observation data and technology to assess, monitor, and manage land resources.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Spatiotemporal Variation in Seedling Dynamics and the Maintenance of Diversity in an Amazonian Forest

Spatiotemporal Variation in Seedling Dynamics and the Maintenance of Diversity in an Amazonian Forest

Plant strategies and vegetation processes . John Wiley & Sons , Ltd. ...
Disturbance , phenology and life - history characteristics : factors influencing
distance / density - dependent attack on tropical seeds and seedlings . Pages 51-
78 in D. M. ...

Author: Margaret Rowan Metz

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:C3510744

Category:

Page: 386

View: 329

Categories:

Annales zoologici Fennici

Annales zoologici Fennici

Perhaps , she argues , individual variation in plant phenology is the key
dimension that insects adapt to . This emphasis on variation ... ( 2005 ) , they
show how the relative strength of different processes varies in space in this case
with the spatial scale examined . As scale increases ... Harrison et al . ( 2005 )
model spatiotemporal patterns in the outbreaks of two insect species sharing the
same host plant .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822009355868

Category: Animals

Page:

View: 287

Categories: Animals

Proceedings

Proceedings

Such changes in foraging behaviour with landscape structure may enable seed
set of isolated plant populations but , in the long run , a higher ... Ehrlén , J. 1996
Spatiotemporal variation in predispersal seed predation intensity . ... Petterson ,
M. W. 1991 Flower herbivory and seed predation in Silene vulgaris (
Caryophyllaceae ) : effects of pollination and phenology . ... ecological processes
( ed .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822021454038

Category: Biology

Page:

View: 242

Categories: Biology

South African Journal of Science

South African Journal of Science

Rainfall patterns as background to plant phenology in northern Tanzania . ...
Spatio - temporal rainfall variation and stock management in arid Namibia . ...
Rainfall modelling using Poisson - cluster processes : a review of developments .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSC:32106018048543

Category: Science

Page:

View: 732

Categories: Science

Population Dynamics and Oviposition of the Northern Corn Rootworm Diabrotica Barberi

Population Dynamics and Oviposition of the Northern Corn Rootworm  Diabrotica Barberi

Significance of Host Plant Phenology Steven Edward Naranjo ... Temperature
dependence of plant and crop processes . Ann . Botany 55 : 1 ... Simulating the
spatiotemporal dynamics of the cereal leaf beetle in a regional crop system . Ecol
.

Author: Steven Edward Naranjo

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924050263049

Category: Insect populations

Page: 548

View: 121

Categories: Insect populations

2009 Joint Assembly Abstracts 24 27 May 2009 Toronto Ontario Canada

2009 Joint Assembly Abstracts  24 27 May 2009  Toronto  Ontario  Canada

... CO2 assimilation rates and may need further adjustment on a daily timescale
to accommodate changes in plant phenology ... А continuous spatiotemporal Cab
record ( spanning the period from 3 weeks after leaf emergence through corn ...
Extreme environmental conditions imposed highly variable degrees of plant
stress across the field due to spatial ... temporal decorrelation of soil moisture
anomalies over time , space and depth , and relate these differences to process
controls .

Author: American Geophysical Union. Joint Assembly

Publisher:

ISBN: CHI:82820895

Category: Geophysics

Page: 513

View: 932

Categories: Geophysics

Competition and Coexistence

Competition and Coexistence

Temperate grasslands often have clear phenological distinctions between cool
season species and warm season species . ... In addition , increases in
atmospheric CO2 can favor Cz plants , due to reductions in C3 photorespiration (
reviewed in Collatz et al . ... One such study documented the spatiotemporal
partitioning of 15 N in six common prairie species ( Fig . ... This process can , in
theory , be ...

Author: Ulrich Sommer

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540433112

Category: Science

Page: 221

View: 170

The global loss of biodiversity has led to a renewed interest in the underlying mechanisms that explain spatial differences and temporal change of diversity. This book synthesises recent advances in our understanding of interactions that enhance or diminish coexistence among competing species. It features a spatial view of competition and coexistence. The chapters are logically grouped and stitched together by the central organizing principle of spatial distribution and mobility of competing species and their resources. The text also covers ecological modelling and experimental evidence in the search for general principles across ecosystems, from lake plankton and rocky shore benthos to grasslands and insects.
Categories: Science

Principles and Methods in Landscape Ecology

Principles and Methods in Landscape Ecology

PROCESSES. ACROSS. LANDSCAPES. 3.1 INTRODUCTION In cartography,
scale represents the level of reduction of the ... in ecological research, a special
emphasis has been devoted by the plant ecologists (Cain 1943; Cain & Castro
1959; ... recently, the concept of spatio-temporal scale has been used as a
discriminatory element of complicated processes as ... the phenological
dynamics of organisms that flow in the atmosphere like viruses, bacteria, pollen,
spores, weed seeds, ...

Author: Almo Farina

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402055355

Category: Science

Page: 412

View: 682

Landscape ecology is an integrative and multi-disciplinary science and Principles and Methods in Landscape Ecology reconciles the geological, botanical, zoological and human perspectives. In particular ,new paradigms and theories such as percolation, metapopulation, hierarchies, source-sink models have been integrated in this last edition with the recent theories on bio-complexity, information and cognitive sciences. Methods for studying landscape ecology are covered including spatial geometry models and remote sensing in order to create confidence toward techniques and approaches that require a high experience and long-time dedication. Principles and Methods in Landscape Ecology is a textbook useful to present the landscape in a multi-vision perspective for undergraduate and graduate students of biology, ecology, geography, forestry, agronomy, landscape architecture and planning. Sociology, economics, history, archaeology, anthropology, ecological psychology are some sciences that can benefit of the holistic vision offered by this texbook.
Categories: Science