Spatial Evolutionary Modeling

Author: Roman M. Krzanowski,Jonathan Raper

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198031017

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 8951


Evolutionary models (e.g., genetic algorithms, artificial life), explored in other fields for the past two decades, are now emerging as an important new tool in GIS for a number of reasons. First, they are highly appropriate for modeling geographic phenomena. Secondly, geographical problems are often spatially separate (broken down into local or regional problems) and evolutionary algorithms can exploit this structure. Finally, the ability to store, manipulate, and visualize spatial data has increased to the point that space-time-attribute databases can be easily handled.

Advanced Spatial Analysis

The CASA Book of GIS

Author: Paul Longley,Michael Batty,University College, London. Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis

Publisher: ESRI, Inc.

ISBN: 9781589480735

Category: Science

Page: 463

View: 2379


Advanced work on GIS applications in such fields as urban planning, transportation, and economic development

Computational Approaches for Urban Environments

Author: Marco Helbich,Jamal Jokar Arsanjani,Michael Leitner

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319114697

Category: Political Science

Page: 395

View: 5590


This book aims to promote the synergistic usage of advanced computational methodologies in close relationship to geospatial information across cities of different scales. A rich collection of chapters subsumes current research frontiers originating from disciplines such as geography, urban planning, computer science, statistics, geographic information science and remote sensing. The topics covered in the book are of interest to researchers, postgraduates, practitioners and professionals. The editors hope that the scientific outcome of this book will stimulate future urban-related international and interdisciplinary research, bringing us closer to the vision of a “new science of cities.”

Natural Hazard Zonation of Bihar (India) Using Geoinformatics

A Schematic Approach

Author: Tuhin Ghosh,Anirban Mukhopadhyay

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319044389

Category: Nature

Page: 93

View: 549


With increased climate variability, aggravated natural hazards in the form of extreme events are affecting the lives and livelihoods of many people. This work serves as a basis for formulating a ‘preparedness plan’ to ensure the effective policy formulation for planned development. Increased demand and competition with a high degree of variability have forced people to struggle in order to prosper. Good governance and innovative policy formulation are necessary to create a resilient society. This may promote a paradigm shift in the mindset on and perceptions of natural hazards and their impacts on development and growth. This new perspective will make people more concerned about minimizing the loss of life, property, and environmental damage and directly safeguard the development process. This book presents a detailed methodological approach to monitoring meteorological, hydrological, and climate change aspects to help resolve issues related to our environment, resources, and economies in the changing climate situation.

Integrating Geographic Information Systems and Agent-Based Modeling Techniques for Simulating Social and Ecological Processes

Author: H. Randy Gimblett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780198032748

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 6399


This volume presents a set of coherent, cross-referenced perspectives on incorporating the spatial representation andanalytical power of GIS with agent-based modelling of evolutionary and non-linear processes and phenomena. Many recent advances in software algorithms for incorporating geographic data in modeling social and ecological behaviors, and successes in applying such algorithms, had not been adequately reported in the literature. This book seeks to serve as the standard guide to this broad area.

Fundamentals of Spatial Information Systems

Author: Robert Laurini,Derek Thompson

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080924204

Category: Computers

Page: 680

View: 3084


The study and application of spatial information systems have been developed primarily from the use of computers in the geosciences. These systems have the principle functions of capturing, storing, representing, manipulating, and displaying data in 2-D and 3-D worlds. This book approaches its subject from the perspectives of informatics and geography, presenting methods of conceptual modeling developed in computer science that provide valuable aids for resolving spatial problems. This book is an essential textbook for both students and practitioners. It is indispensable for academic geographers, computer scientists, and the GIS professional. Key Features * Serves as the first comprehensive textbook on the field of Spatial Information Systems (also known as Geographic Information Systems) * Contains extensive illustrations * Presents numerous detailed examples

Emerging Spatial Information Systems and Applications

Author: Hilton, Brian

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781599040776

Category: Computers

Page: 418

View: 8825


Several emerging phenomena and technologies, such as the increasing availability of open source software and the continuing evolution of distributed computing, are introducing a new dynamic into information system development. Emerging Spatial Information Systems and Applications presents innovative spatial information systems that have been developed for a specific problem or decision-making situation and discusses key concepts and theories underlying current spatial information systems, as well as technology trends and emerging concepts that may impact spatial information system development and applications.

Creating Spatial Information Infrastructures

Towards the Spatial Semantic Web

Author: Peter van Oosterom,Sisi Zlatanova

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420070729

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 216

View: 2498


Initiatives, such as INSPIRE and the US DHS Geospatial Data Model, are working to develop a rich set of standards that will create harmonized models and themes for the spatial information infrastructure. However, this is only the first step. Semantically meaningful models must still be developed in order to stimulate interoperability. Creating Spatial Information Infrastructures (SII) presents solutions to the problems preventing the launch of a truly effective SII. Leading experts in SII development present a complete overview of SII, including user and application needs, theoretical and technological foundations, and examples of realized working SII’s. The book includes semantic applications in each discussion and explains their importance to the future of geo-information standardization. Offering practical solutions to technical and nontechnical obstacles, this book provides the tools needed to take the next step toward a working semantic web—one that will revolutionize the way the world accesses and utilizes spatial information.

Spatial Analysis and Modeling in Geographical Transformation Process

GIS-based Applications

Author: Yuji Murayama,Rajesh Bahadur Thapa

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400706712

Category: Science

Page: 302

View: 4534


Currently, spatial analysis is becoming more important than ever because enormous volumes of spatial data are available from different sources, such as GPS, Remote Sensing, and others. This book deals with spatial analysis and modelling. It provides a comprehensive discussion of spatial analysis, methods, and approaches related to human settlements and associated environment. Key contributions with empirical case studies from Iran, Philippines, Vietnam, Thailand, Nepal, and Japan that apply spatial analysis including autocorrelation, fuzzy, voronoi, cellular automata, analytic hierarchy process, artificial neural network, spatial metrics, spatial statistics, regression, and remote sensing mapping techniques are compiled comprehensively. The core value of this book is a wide variety of results with state of the art discussion including empirical case studies. It provides a milestone reference to students, researchers, planners, and other practitioners dealing the spatial problems on urban and regional issues. We are pleased to announce that this book has been presented with the 2011 publishing award from the GIS Association of Japan. We would like to congratulate the authors!

Spatial Information Theory

9th International Conference, COSIT 2009, Aber Wrac'h, France, September 21-25, 2009, Proceedings

Author: Kathleen Stewart Hornsby,Christophe Claramunt,Michel Denis,Gérard Ligozat

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364203831X

Category: Computers

Page: 505

View: 4128


This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Spatial Information Theory, COSIT 2009 held in Aber Wrac'h, France in September 2009. The 30 revised full papers were carefully reviewed from 70 submissions. They are organized in topical sections on cognitive processing and models for spatial cognition, semantic modeling, spatial reasoning, spatial cognition, spatial knowledge, scene and visibility modeling, spatial modeling, events and processes, and route planning.