Spatial Evolutionary Modeling

Author: Roman Krzanowski,Jonathan Raper

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0195135687

Category: Computers

Page: 244

View: 5350

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Evolutionary models (e.g., genetic algorithms, artificial life), explored in other fields for the past two decades, are now emerging as an important new tool in GIS for a number of reasons. First, they are highly appropriate for modeling geographic phenomena. Secondly, geographical problems are often spatially separate (broken down into local or regional problems) and evolutionary algorithms can exploit this structure. Finally, the ability to store, manipulate, and visualize spatial data has increased to the point that space-time-attribute databases can be easily handled.
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Advanced Spatial Analysis

The CASA Book of GIS

Author: Paul Longley,Michael Batty,University College, London. Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis

Publisher: ESRI, Inc.

ISBN: 9781589480735

Category: Science

Page: 463

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Advanced work on GIS applications in such fields as urban planning, transportation, and economic development
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Computational Approaches for Urban Environments

Author: Marco Helbich,Jamal Jokar Arsanjani,Michael Leitner

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319114697

Category: Political Science

Page: 395

View: 643

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This book aims to promote the synergistic usage of advanced computational methodologies in close relationship to geospatial information across cities of different scales. A rich collection of chapters subsumes current research frontiers originating from disciplines such as geography, urban planning, computer science, statistics, geographic information science and remote sensing. The topics covered in the book are of interest to researchers, postgraduates, practitioners and professionals. The editors hope that the scientific outcome of this book will stimulate future urban-related international and interdisciplinary research, bringing us closer to the vision of a “new science of cities.”
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Natural Hazard Zonation of Bihar (India) Using Geoinformatics

A Schematic Approach

Author: Tuhin Ghosh,Anirban Mukhopadhyay

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319044389

Category: Nature

Page: 93

View: 577

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With increased climate variability, aggravated natural hazards in the form of extreme events are affecting the lives and livelihoods of many people. This work serves as a basis for formulating a ‘preparedness plan’ to ensure the effective policy formulation for planned development. Increased demand and competition with a high degree of variability have forced people to struggle in order to prosper. Good governance and innovative policy formulation are necessary to create a resilient society. This may promote a paradigm shift in the mindset on and perceptions of natural hazards and their impacts on development and growth. This new perspective will make people more concerned about minimizing the loss of life, property, and environmental damage and directly safeguard the development process. This book presents a detailed methodological approach to monitoring meteorological, hydrological, and climate change aspects to help resolve issues related to our environment, resources, and economies in the changing climate situation.
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Fundamentals of Spatial Information Systems

Author: Robert Laurini,Derek Thompson

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080924204

Category: Computers

Page: 680

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The study and application of spatial information systems have been developed primarily from the use of computers in the geosciences. These systems have the principle functions of capturing, storing, representing, manipulating, and displaying data in 2-D and 3-D worlds. This book approaches its subject from the perspectives of informatics and geography, presenting methods of conceptual modeling developed in computer science that provide valuable aids for resolving spatial problems. This book is an essential textbook for both students and practitioners. It is indispensable for academic geographers, computer scientists, and the GIS professional. Key Features * Serves as the first comprehensive textbook on the field of Spatial Information Systems (also known as Geographic Information Systems) * Contains extensive illustrations * Presents numerous detailed examples
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Creating Spatial Information Infrastructures

Towards the Spatial Semantic Web

Author: Peter van Oosterom,Sisi Zlatanova

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420070729

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 216

View: 5899

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Initiatives, such as INSPIRE and the US DHS Geospatial Data Model, are working to develop a rich set of standards that will create harmonized models and themes for the spatial information infrastructure. However, this is only the first step. Semantically meaningful models must still be developed in order to stimulate interoperability. Creating Spatial Information Infrastructures (SII) presents solutions to the problems preventing the launch of a truly effective SII. Leading experts in SII development present a complete overview of SII, including user and application needs, theoretical and technological foundations, and examples of realized working SII’s. The book includes semantic applications in each discussion and explains their importance to the future of geo-information standardization. Offering practical solutions to technical and nontechnical obstacles, this book provides the tools needed to take the next step toward a working semantic web—one that will revolutionize the way the world accesses and utilizes spatial information.
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Spatial Modeling in Natural Sciences and Engineering

Software Development and Implementation

Author: Jürgen Friedrich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364218877X

Category: Computers

Page: 305

View: 7331

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The author introduces the reader to the creation and implementation of space-related models by applying a learning-by-doing and problem-oriented approach. The required procedural skills are rarely taught at universities and many scientists and engineers struggle to transfer a model into a computer program. The purpose of this book is to fill this gap. It moves from simple to more complex applications, covering various important topics in the sequence: dynamic matrix processing, 2D and 3D graphics, databases, Java applets and parallel computing. A file (SMOP.zip) with all examples can be downloaded free of charge from the Internet at http://de.geocities.com/bsttc2/book.
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Spatial Information Theory

9th International Conference, COSIT 2009, Aber Wrac'h, France, September 21-25, 2009, Proceedings

Author: Kathleen Stewart Hornsby,Christophe Claramunt,Michel Denis,Gérard Ligozat

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 364203831X

Category: Computers

Page: 505

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Spatial Information Theory, COSIT 2009 held in Aber Wrac'h, France in September 2009. The 30 revised full papers were carefully reviewed from 70 submissions. They are organized in topical sections on cognitive processing and models for spatial cognition, semantic modeling, spatial reasoning, spatial cognition, spatial knowledge, scene and visibility modeling, spatial modeling, events and processes, and route planning.
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Spatial Models and GIS

New and Potential Models

Author: Stewart Fotheringham,Michael Wegener

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780748408467

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 312

View: 6941

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Spatial models have been in existence in the environmental and social sciences for a long time. More recently, specialised software for the capture, manipulation and presentation of spatial data, which can be referred to as `Geographical Information Systems' (GIS), have vastly increased the range of possibilities of organising spatial data by new and efficient ways of spatial integration and spatial interpolation. Coupled with the improvements in data availability and increases in computer memory and speed, these novel techniques give rise to new types of spatial models which exploit the technological potential now available, make better use of existing data, stimulate the collection of new data and open up new ways of working with geographic information. This book explores the potential and impact of GIS on spatial modelling.
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Modelling Urban Development with Geographical Information Systems and Cellular Automata

Author: Yan Liu

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420059908

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 186

View: 7811

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Urban development and migration from rural to urban areas are impacting prime agricultural land and natural landscapes, particularly in the less developed countries. These phenomena will persist and require serious study by those monitoring global environmental change. To address this need, various models have been devised to analyze urbanization and the physical, socioeconomic, and institutional factors impacting urban development. The most promising and rapidly developing of these paradigms take advantage of new Geographical Information System (GIS) technology. Modelling Urban Development with Geographical Information Systems and Cellular Automata presents one such cutting-edge model that is more than just predictive. It describes how the model simulates the urbanization process, and it provides theoretical context to promote understanding. Starting with a practical overview of the modelling techniques used in urban development research, the author focuses on the cellular automata model and its greatest strength – the incorporation of fuzzy set and fuzzy logic approaches through which urban development can be viewed as a spatially and temporally continuous process. Real-Life Application to Develop Future Planning Methods The text describes a landmark study underway, in which the fuzzy constrained cellular automata model has been implemented in a GIS environment to simulate urban development in Sydney, Australia. Featuring a survey of associated research and a geographical database for the Sydney simulation, this book answers many general "what if" questions for urban planners and details a new approach that they can adapt to their own testing and evaluation needs. This modeling method will provide researchers and planners with the means to not just predict population trends, but to better prepare for their consequences.
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