Athens and Sparta

Athens and Sparta

Spartan numbers were a well-guarded secret, as Thucydides found.238 Kinadon,
a would-be revolutionary at Sparta, is reported to have tried ... The illusion of
Spartan strength, for long sustained with systematic ingenuity, was now at an end
.

Author: Anton Powell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317391388

Category: History

Page: 454

View: 571

Athens and Sparta is an essential textbook for the study of Greek history. Providing a comprehensive account of the two key Greek powers in the years after 478 BC, it charts the rise of Athens from city-state to empire after the devastation of the Persian Wars, and the increasing tensions with their rivals, Sparta, culminating in the Peloponnesian Wars. As well as the political history of the period, it also offers an insight into the radically different political systems of these two superpowers, and explores aspects of social history such as Athenian democracy, life in Sparta, and the lives of Athenian women. More than this though, it encourages students to develop their critical skills, guiding them in how to think about history, demonstrating in a lucid way the techniques used in interpreting the ancient sources. In this new third edition, Anton Powell includes discussion of the latest scholarship on this crucial period in Greek history. Its bibliography has been renewed, and for the first time it includes numerous photographs of Greek sites and archaeological objects discussed in the text. Written in an accessible style and covering the key events of the period – the rise to power of Athens, the unusual Spartan state, and their rivalry and eventual clash in all out war – this is an invaluable tool for students of the history of Greece in the fifth century BC.
Categories: History

Sparta s Kings

Sparta s Kings

'There is only one good omen, and that is to defend your country,' he said as he
marched out to meet Kleombrotos with just 6,000 troops and 1,000 cavalrymen –
a little over half the Spartan strength. Both armies met on the dry plain of Leuktra,
 ...

Author: John Carr

Publisher: Pen and Sword

ISBN: 9781783376346

Category: History

Page: 208

View: 694

In ancient Greece, Sparta was unique in having a dual kingship two kings from different clans, the Agiads and the Eurypontids, reigning simultaneously. The institution was already well-developed by the 8th century BC, when Theopompos of the Eurypontid clan emerges as the first recorded Spartan king. At least fifty-seven men held office as Spartan king between Theopompos and the Agiad Kleomenes III who died in 222 BC. For almost all this period the Spartan kingship was primarily a military office, and thus the kings embody much of the military history of Sparta. Wherever Spartas main battles took place, there the kings were. Naturally, the character of the particular king would often determine the outcome of a battle or campaign. Leonidas I at Thermopylai was one example. At the other end of the scale the young and unwar-like Pleistoanax twice declined an encounter with the Athenians when sent against that city.John Carr offers a chronological account of the kings and their accomplishments (or lack thereof), from the founding Herakleidai clan to Kleomenes III and his successor, the dictator Nabis, and the Roman conquest in the middle of the 2nd century BC. The book is not intended to be a complete history of Sparta. It will be a human interest and war story, focusing attention on the kings personal qualities as well as their (or their generals) military accomplishments and, where applicable, their politics as well.
Categories: History

Classical Sparta Routledge Revivals

Classical Sparta  Routledge Revivals

The illusion of Spartan strength, for long ingeniously sustained, was now at an
end. If the material presented above is judged to establish that Sparta tended to
deceive and to use the visual, it may be permissible now to apply our findings ...

Author: Anton Powell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317802341

Category: History

Page: 196

View: 842

This collection, first published in 1989, investigates aspects of the Spartan polity which have often been overlooked or underestimated. Viewed at least until the Renaissance as the epitome of classical virtues, Sparta has in the last two centuries suffered a rapid decline in reputation among liberal-minded scholars, repelled by many of the repressive measures employed by this remarkably successful city-state, which for centuries dominated mainland Greece. Recent studies have emphasised permanent problems which beset Sparta: the small size of her citizen body, the tensions between noble Spartiates and commoners, the ambiguous role of women, and, of course, the helots. Classical Sparta: Techniques Behind Her Success seeks to present this intriguing polis by exploring how its perennial difficulties were, for so long, ingeniously overcome. Specifically, the essays in this volume address themselves to broadly ideological issues, demonstrating how skilful propaganda and deception contributed significantly to the longevity of the Spartan state.
Categories: History

The Road to Sparta

The Road to Sparta

Even more progressive, Sparta was a place of great equality between the sexes,
and women were every bit as valued, ... A life of devoted service was what
defined a Spartanstrength and honor—and during this period of history no
other ...

Author: Dean Karnazes

Publisher: Rodale Books

ISBN: 9781609614737

Category: Sports & Recreation

Page: 304

View: 898

The Road to Sparta is the story of the 153-mile run from Athens to Sparta that inspired the marathon and saved democracy, as told--and experienced--by ultramarathoner and New York Times bestselling author Dean Karnazes. In 490 BCE, Pheidippides ran for 36 hours straight from Athens to Sparta to seek help in defending Athens from a Persian invasion in the Battle of Marathon. In doing so, he saved the development of Western civilization and inspired the birth of the marathon as we know it. Even now, some 2,500 years later, that run stands enduringly as one of greatest physical accomplishments in the history of mankind. Karnazes personally honors Pheidippides and his own Greek heritage by recreating this ancient journey in modern times. Karnazes even abstains from contemporary endurance nutrition like sports drinks and energy gels and only eats what was available in 490 BCE, such as figs, olives, and cured meats. Through vivid details and internal dialogs, The Road to Sparta offers a rare glimpse into the mindset and motivation of an extreme athlete during his most difficult and personal challenge to date. This story is sure to captivate and inspire--whether you run great distances or not at all.
Categories: Sports & Recreation

In Search of the Lost Feminine

In Search of the Lost Feminine

It was built at a time when Athens and Sparta were already engaged in a military
struggle that eventually would determine the ... Spartan strength might therefore
have been said to rely more on the training and containment of men than on the ...

Author: Craig S. Barnes

Publisher: Fulcrum Publishing

ISBN: 1555914896

Category: Social Science

Page: 286

View: 605

Here, for the first time, an author weaves together threads that explain the mysterious disappearance of ancient cultures in which women and the environment were at the center, a loss that has dramatically influenced 3,500 years of Western history.
Categories: Social Science

Sparta

Sparta

But we must not think that the Spartan strength was exclusive of the battlefield.
On the contrary: at that time some of the biggest successes were in the diplomatic
field, thank to the effort of the ruling class. In many instances the Spartans were ...

Author: Richard J. Samuelson

Publisher: LA CASE Books

ISBN: 9788868700461

Category: History

Page: 45

View: 630

There are few names able to evoke such contrasting feelings as that of Sparta. In the modern man’s mind Sparta is quite often considered the rival and for many aspects the antagonist of Athens, the cradle of western civilization. This point of view is certainly true on one end but we can’t limit ourselves to this superficial and too rush of an interpretation. Without a doubt Sparta has been a symbol of military prowess since its beginning but, as we shall see, it mostly has been a sophisticated and ambitious experiment in social engineering, at the same level as the ones we are used to study in the pages of recent history. Centuries before Pol Pot’s Cambodia or the Soviet Union, Sparta had been, as a matter of fact, a living testimony of the same ambitious ideas which are the ground of any social utopia worthy of that name. With only one difference: Sparta lived for war and did not care about anything else.
Categories: History

The Spartan and Theban Supremacies

The Spartan and Theban Supremacies

Increasing Strength of Thrasyboulos . 39 more formidable . Their numbers were
swelled partly by genuine Athenian citizens , especially from the rural democrats ,
partly by a motley crowd attracted The army of Thrasyby love of adventure , by ...

Author: Charles Sankey

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:$B416869

Category: Greece

Page: 234

View: 636

Categories: Greece

On the Strength of Nations

On the Strength of Nations

THE SPARTANS . THE Greeks , in their early and healthy state , paid the greatest
possible attention to the cultivation of bodily strength and activity , by instituting
public contests in running , leaping , wrestling , boxing , and throwing the quoit .

Author: Andrew Bisset

Publisher:

ISBN: NYPL:33433082435748

Category: Europe

Page: 300

View: 356

Categories: Europe

The Spartan Army

The Spartan Army

Plausible as this view is, however, and widely as it is held, there is one serious, if
not fatal, objection to it: it requires us to accept that the total strength of Sparta's
regular army, at the height of her imperial power, was only 3840 men (6 × 640), ...

Author: J. F. Lazenby

Publisher: Pen and Sword

ISBN: 9781848849969

Category: History

Page: 224

View: 609

For at least two centuries the Spartan army was the most formidable war machine in Greece; the purpose of this book is to show the reasons for this. Professor Lazenby looks first at the composition, training and organization of the army, tracing its roots back to the eighth century BC. The second part analyses some of the main campaigns - Thermopylae, Plataea, Sphakteria, Mantineia, The Nemea, Koroneia, Lechaion and Leuktra. The final part continues the story to the end of Greek independence. Since this book was first written over 25 years ago, novels, computer games and films such as 300 have raised interest in the Spartan military to new heights. The return to print of this excellent study is sure to interest academics and more general readers alike.
Categories: History

Digital Imaging in Popular Cinema

Digital Imaging in Popular Cinema

... too, the mental attitudes they reveal: the Spartans' repeated thrusts signal their
unfailing determination and resilience, ... the compressed shots and the
cumulative effect of a succession of views multiply the signifiers of Spartan
strength and ...

Author: Lisa Purse

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9780748675623

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 208

View: 134

Explores how film analysis can take account of the presence of digital images in cinema. Not just for digital effects enthusiasts, this book is essential for anyone interested in how to approach film critically: it is a toolbox for contemporary film analy
Categories: Performing Arts

Ancient Greece from Homer to Alexander

Ancient Greece from Homer to Alexander

The Spartan king Leonidas took with him 7,000 troops, which were sufficient to
hold the enemy off until expected Greek ... between Xerxes and the exiled
Spartan king Demaratus in which the latter describes the Spartan strength and
ethos.

Author: Joseph Roisman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118300954

Category: History

Page: 176

View: 401

With fresh, new translations and extensive introductions andannotations, this sourcebook provides an inclusive and integratedview of Greek history, from Homer to Alexander the Great. New translations of original sources are contextualized byinsightful introductions and annotations Includes a range of literary, artistic and material evidencefrom the Homeric, Archaic and Classical Ages Focuses on important developments as well as specific themes tocreate an integrated perspective on the period Links the political and social history of the Greeks to theirintellectual accomplishments Includes an up-to-date bibliography of seminal scholarship An accompanying website offers additional evidence andexplanations, as well as links to useful online resources
Categories: History

Greece in the Age of Pericles

Greece in the Age of Pericles

54 ; results of system. 58 ; few great generals, 59 ; wit, 59 ; expulsion of Hippias,
83 ; character of Spartan alliance, 247 ; congress at, 248 ; contrast between
Sparta and Athens, 248 ; declare for war, 251 ; Spartan strength and weakness,
255.

Author: Arthur James Grant

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015013538882

Category: Greece

Page: 331

View: 121

Categories: Greece

The Conquest of Persia Alexander the Strategist

The Conquest of Persia  Alexander the Strategist

Sparta had a proud history of resistance and this grew after Alexander disbanded
his fleet. The combination of Persian gold and Spartan strength and influence
was a powerful combination, which 30The constant streams of manpower limited
 ...

Author: Cían Harte

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 9781291913118

Category: History

Page: 100

View: 593

The Conquest of Persia: Alexander the Strategist is an in depth analysis of Alexander the Great's ability as an overall strategist. His military prowess, leadership qualities and his ability to win a battle has rarely been in doubt. His decision making however has been called into question and this book focuses on some of the most crucial strategic decisions he had to make. Included are analyses of his initial campaigns to secure the Balkans, his decision to siege Halicarnassus and subsequently his bold decision to de-mobilise his fleet and seek to destroy the Persian navy by land. Additionally analysed is the risky adventure of attempting to breach the seemingly impregnable island city of Tyre, his choice to annex Egypt and visit the oracle of Siwa as well as his insistence to march through the Gedrosian Desert on his return to Babylon. This book argues that at the most critical junctures of his campaign to take over the Persian Empire, Alexander's strategic decision making abilities were found wanting.
Categories: History

History of the World

History of the World

Even the ten thousand immortals, the flower of the Persian army, must yield to
Spartan strength. ... Hearing of this, Leonidas dismissed the troops of his allies ;
but he himself, with his three hundred Spartans along with seven hundred
citizens ...

Author: Georg Weber

Publisher:

ISBN: PRNC:32101068925286

Category:

Page: 427

View: 369

Categories:

The Aeroplane

The Aeroplane

541 THE SUNOWN B CIRRUS AN CEBYU SPARTAN 3 And SPEED V.
STRENGTH . Philosophers tell us that “ All life is a compromise . " So it would
appear from recent correspondents is every light aeroplane . Cost , speed ,
strength , all ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015036873282

Category: Aeronautics

Page:

View: 780

Categories: Aeronautics

Encyclopaedia Britannica

Encyclopaedia Britannica

A remark- 1 to his nephew , Labotas , king of the Spartans , he imported able bed
of Scotch coal called the “ better bed ... and and some rather delicate legal
matters , such as the bestowof thus laying the foundations of Spartan strength
and ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: IND:30000095331942

Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

Page:

View: 368

Categories: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

The Encyclopaedia Britannica

The Encyclopaedia Britannica

A remark- 1 to his nephew , Labotas , king of the Spartans , he imported able bed
of Scotch coal called the “ better bed ... and and some rather delicate legal
matters , such as the bestowof thus laying the foundations of Spartan strength
and ...

Author: Thomas Spencer Baynes

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015023135455

Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

Page:

View: 573

Categories: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

The Encyclopaedia Britannica

The Encyclopaedia Britannica

A remark to his nephew , Labotas , king of the Spartans , he imported able bed of
Scotch coal called the “ better bed " was ... such as the bestowof thus laying the
foundations of Spartan strength and ment of the hand of an orphan heiress , were
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: NYPL:33433000989321

Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

Page:

View: 673

Categories: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

The Encyclop dia Britannica

The Encyclop  dia Britannica

A remark- | to his nephew , Labotas , king of the Spartans , he imported able bed
of Scotch coal called the “ better bed ... and and some rather delicate legal
matters , such as the bestowof thus laying the foundations of Spartan strength
and ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924092498736

Category: Encyclopedias and dictionaries

Page:

View: 451

Categories: Encyclopedias and dictionaries