Sovereignty or Security?

Government Policy in the Canadian North, 1936-1950

Author: Shelagh Grant

Publisher: UBC Press

ISBN: 077484311X

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 8974

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Sovereignty or Security? explores the numerous and diverse influences responsible for the dramatic change in northern policies during the 1940s and their subsequent impact on the Yukon and Northwest Territories. Apart from concern for the social, economic, and political development of the North, two major issues emerged which became central to the policy initiatives in the war and postwar years -- the question of maintaining optimum sovereign control and of providing adequate defence against possible enemy attack. As a result, Ottawa abandoned its former laissez-faire approach to northern affairs and adopted an active interventionist role, accompanied by unprecedented financial support.
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Evolution and Devolution

The Dynamics of Sovereignty and Security in Post-Cold War Europe

Author: Tom Lansford

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351768719

Category: Political Science

Page: 242

View: 4208

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This title was first published in 2000: This study bridges the gap in the otherwise rich literature on European security through its analysis of past and present efforts at military integration. Previous works have concentrated on the transatlantic relationship or the intra-European dimension of the effort to create autonomous defense capabilities or even on the ramifications of the changed defense market. Evolution and Devolution combines these themes and subjects. The work integrates these topics against the backdrop of the current scholarly debate over international relations by examining the changing nature of sovereignty and the evolution of the nation state. In the end, the course toward more integration and yet continued participation of the U.S., is shown to be the optimum course for EU member states in light of the security threats and constraints facing national governments.
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Arctic Security in an Age of Climate Change

Author: James Kraska

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139499335

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 5116

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This book examines Arctic defense policy and military security from the perspective of all eight Arctic states. In light of climate change and melting ice in the Arctic Ocean, Canada, Russia, Denmark (Greenland), Norway and the United States, as well as Iceland, Sweden and Finland, are grappling with an emerging Arctic security paradigm. This volume brings together the world's most seasoned Arctic political-military experts from Europe and North America to analyze how Arctic nations are adapting their security postures to accommodate increased shipping, expanding naval presence, and energy and mineral development in the polar region. The book analyzes the ascent of Russia as the first 'Arctic superpower', the growing importance of polar security for NATO and the Nordic states, and the increasing role of Canada and the United States in the region.
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Law, Power, and the Sovereign State

The Evolution and Application of the Concept of Sovereignty

Author: Michael Ross Fowler,Julie Marie Bunck

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 9780271039114

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 6983

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In the wake of the collapse of the Soviet bloc, it is timely to ask what continuing role, if any, the concept of sovereignty can and should play in the emerging &"new world order.&" The aim of Law, Power, and the Sovereign State is both to counter the argument that the end of the sovereign state is close at hand and to bring scholarship on sovereignty into the post-Cold War era. The study assesses sovereignty as status and as power and examines the issue of what precisely constitutes a sovereign state. In determining how a political entity gains sovereignty, the authors introduce the requirements of de facto independence and de jure independence and explore the ambiguities inherent in each. They also examine the political process by which the international community formally confers sovereign status. Fowler and Bunck trace the continuing tension of the &"chunk and basket&" theories of sovereignty through the history of international sovereignty disputes and conclude by considering the usefulness of sovereignty as a concept in the future study and conduct of international affairs. They find that, despite frequent predictions of its imminent demise, the concept of sovereignty is alive and well as the twentieth century draws to a close.
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Towards Global Justice: Sovereignty in an Interdependent World

Author: Simona Ţuţuianu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9067048917

Category: Law

Page: 278

View: 9428

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With Forewords by Geoffrey Robertson QC, Doughty Street Chambers, London, UK and Professor Mihail E. Ionescu, Bucharest, Romania Simona Ţuţuianu describes a new model of sovereignty which is fast replacing the traditional Westphalian model embodied in Article 2 of the UN Charter and rigorously followed throughout the Cold War. The scholarly basis for this new model draws upon developments in international criminal law which first emerged from the Nuremberg trials and upon more recent interstate economic cooperation which has turned sovereign independence into interdependence across a range of state functions. Does this mean that traditional Westphalian concepts of sovereignty should be abandoned in constructing a new theory of world governance for the twenty-first century? Not at all. A new model, which can be called the pattern of interdependence-based sovereignty, serves to explain contemporary events that puzzle traditional theorists, such as the war over Kosovo, the invasions of Iraq and Libya, the emergence of a “Responsibility to protect” doctrine and its recent validation in Security Council Resolutions 1970 and 1973. We are witnessing the emergence of a new philosophy of action, which is in the process of producing a 21st century system of international relations. The Book will appeal to academics, students and postgraduates studying international affairs, politics, international law, diplomatic history, or war and/or peace studies. It is particularly of interest for NATO establishments and national military schools, while experts and scholars will value its theory of what sovereignty means today. The Book offers a multidisciplinary approach which underpins a new theory of how human rights can be better protected in a better world. There is a unique case study of cooperative security in the Greater Black Sea Area, by one of the few experts on the politics of this region. It will be read and appreciated by those who need to understand how modern international law and diplomacy really work. Journalists, media commentators, human rights NGOs, aid agencies, diplomats and government officials need the information in this Book.
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International Relations Theory and the Politics of European Integration

Power, Security, and Community

Author: Morten Kelstrup,Michael Charles Williams

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415214179

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 9669

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Indhold: Introduction: integration and the politics of community in the New Europe by Morteh Kelstrup and Michael C. Williams; 1. Europe is not where it is supposed to be by R.B.J. Walker; 2. International theory and European integration by Steve Smith; 3. European communities in a neo-medieval global polity: the dilemmas of fairyland? by N.J. Rennger; 4. The art of war and the construction of peace: toward a virtual theory of international relations by James der Derian; 5. Sovereignty, anarchy and law in Europe: when legal norms turn into political facts by Marlene Wind; 6. Gendered communities: the ambiguuous attraction of Europe by Lene Hansen; 7. Contested community: migration and the question of the political in the EU by Jef Huysmans; 8. When two becom one: interneal and external securitisations in Europe by Didier Bigo; 9. The European Central Bank and the problem of authority by Randall D. Germain; 10. "And never the twain shall meet?" The EU's quest for legitimacy and enlargement by Lykke Friis and Anna Murphy; 11. The EU as a security actor: reflections from a pessimistic constructivist on post-sovereign security orders by Ole Wæver
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State Sovereignty

Change and Persistence in International Relations

Author: Sohail H. Hashmi

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 9780271041162

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

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In what ways is the concept of sovereignty changing today? Where is this change leading us - toward further international integration or toward greater subnational fragmentation? What will be the implications of this change for international security, peace, and justice? Will the emergence of new sovereign states for old ethnic groups lead the world toward greater order and justice or, rather, toward greater anarchy, violence, and repression? The seven essays in this volume address these issues from historical, political, legal, ethical, and sociological perspectives. Moreover, they survey applications of sovereignty in the West European, post-Communist, Islamic, and East Asian contexts.
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Seed Sovereignty, Food Security

Women in the Vanguard of the Fight against GMOs and Corporate Agriculture

Author: Vandana Shiva

Publisher: North Atlantic Books

ISBN: 162317029X

Category: Social Science

Page: 424

View: 3726

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In this unique anthology, women from around the world write about the movement to change the current, industrial paradigm of how we grow our food. As seed keepers and food producers, as scientists, activists, and scholars, they are dedicated to renewing a food system that is better aligned with ecological processes as well as human health and global social justice. Seed Sovereignty, Food Security is an argument for just that--a reclaiming of traditional methods of agricultural practice in order to secure a healthy, nourishing future for all of us. Whether tackling the thorny question of GMO safety or criticizing the impact of big agribusiness on traditional communities, these women are in the vanguard of defending the right of people everywhere to practice local, biodiverse, and organic farming as an alternative to industrial agriculture. Contents • Seed Sovereignty, Food Security VANDANA SHIVA • Fields of Hope and Power FRANCES MOORE LAPPÉ & ANNA LAPPÉ • The Ethics of Agricultural Biotechnology BETH BURROWS • Food Politics, the Food Movement and Public Health MARION NESTLE • Autism and Glyphosate: Connecting the Dots STEPHANIE SENEFF • The New Genetics and Dangers of GMOs MAE-WAN HO • Seed Emergency: Germany SUSANNE GURA • GM Soy as Feed for Animals Affects Posterity IRINA ERMAKOVA & ALEXANDER BARANOFF • Seeds in France TIPHAINE BURBAN • Kokopelli vs. Graines Baumaux BLANCHE MAGARINOS-REY • If People Are Asked, They Say NO to GMOs FLORIANNE KOECHLIN • The Italian Context MARIA GRAZIA MAMMUCINI • The Untold American Revolution: Seed in the US DEBBIE BARKER • Reviving Native Sioux Agriculture Systems SUZANNE FOOTE • In Praise of the Leadership of Indigenous Women WINONA LADUKE • Moms Across America: Shaking up the System ZEN HONEYCUTT • Seed Freedom and Seed Sovereignty: Bangladesh Today FARIDA AKHTER • Monsanto and Biosafety in Nepal KUSUM HACHHETHU • Sowing Seeds of Freedom VANDANA SHIVA • The Loss of Crop Genetic Diversity in the Changing World TEWOLDE BERHAN GEBRE EGZIABHER & SUE EDWARDS • Seed Sovereignty and Ecological Integrity in Africa MARIAM MAYET • Conserving the Diversity of Peasant Seeds ANA DE ITA • Celebrating the Chile Nativo ISAURA ANDALUZ • Seed Saving and Women in Peru PATRICIA FLORES • The Seeds of Liberation in Latin America SANDRA BAQUEDANO & SARA LARRAÍN • The Other Mothers and the Fight against GMOs in Argentina ANA BROCCOLI • Seeding Knowledge: Australia SUSAN HAWTHORNE
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Security and Sovereignty in the North Atlantic

Author: L. Heininen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137470720

Category: Political Science

Page: 126

View: 8516

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The North Atlantic continues to be an area of international strategic significance regionally and globally. This study explores the strong processes of sovereignty, as well as new independent states and micro-proto-states that are forming in the region.
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