Something New Under the Sun: An Environmental History of the Twentieth-Century World (The Global Century Series)

Author: J. R. McNeill

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 9780393075892

Category: Science

Page: 416

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"Refreshingly unpolemical and at times even witty, McNeill's book brims with carefully sifted statistics and brilliant details."—Washington Post Book World The history of the twentieth century is most often told through its world wars, the rise and fall of communism, or its economic upheavals. In his startling new book, J. R. McNeill gives us our first general account of what may prove to be the most significant dimension of the twentieth century: its environmental history. To a degree unprecedented in human history, we have refashioned the earth's air, water, and soil, and the biosphere of which we are a part. Based on exhaustive research, McNeill's story—a compelling blend of anecdotes, data, and shrewd analysis—never preaches: it is our definitive account. This is a volume in The Global Century Series (general editor, Paul Kennedy).
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Something New Under the Sun

An Environmental History of the Twentieth-century World

Author: John Robert McNeill

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780140295092

Category: Human ecology

Page: 421

View: 7977

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In the course of the 20th century the human race, without intending anything of the sort, undertook a giant, uncontrolled experiment on the earth. In time, according to John McNeill in his new book, the environmental dimension of 20th century history will overshadow the importance of its world wars, the rise and fall of communism, and the spread of mass literacy. Contrary to the wisdom of Ecclesiastes that there is nothing new under the sun, McNeill sets out to show that the massive change we have wrought in our physical world has indeed created something new. To a degree unprecedented in human history, we have refashioned the earth's air, water and soil, and the biosphere of which we are a part.
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Cultures of Energy

Power, Practices, Technologies

Author: Sarah Strauss,Stephanie Rupp,Thomas Love

Publisher: Left Coast Press

ISBN: 1611321662

Category: Nature

Page: 360

View: 2780

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This path-breaking volume explores cultures of energy, the underlying but under-appreciated dimensions of both crisis and innovation in resource use around the globe. Theoretical chapters situate pressing energy issues in larger conceptual frames, and ethnographic case studies reveal energy as it is imagined, used, and contested in a variety of cultural contexts. Contributors address issues including the connection between resource flows and social relationships in energy systems; cultural transformation and notions of progress and collapse; the blurring of technology and magic; social tensions that accompany energy contraction; and sociocultural changes required in affluent societies to reduce dependence on fossil fuels. Each of five thematic sections concludes with an integrative and provocative conversation among the authors. The volume is an ideal tool for teaching unique, contemporary, and comparative perspectives on social theories of science and technology in undergraduate and graduate courses.
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The Human Journey

A Concise Introduction to World History

Author: Kevin Reilly

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 1442213892

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 3005

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The Human Journey offers a truly concise yet satisfyingly full history of the world from ancient times to the present. The book’s scope, as the title implies, is the whole story of humanity, in planetary context. Its themes include not only the great questions of the humanities—nature versus nurture, the history and meaning of human variation, the sources of wealth and causes of revolution—but also the major transformations in human history: agriculture, cities, iron, writing, universal religions, global trade, industrialization, popular government, justice, and equality. In each conceptually rich chapter, leading historian Kevin Reilly concentrates on a single important period and theme, sustaining a focused narrative and analytical perspective. Chapter 2, for example, discusses the significance of bronze-age urbanization and the advent of the Iron Age. Chapter 3 examines the meaning and significance of the age of “classical” civilizations. Chapter 4 explains the spread of universal religions and new technologies in the postclassical age of Eurasian integration. But these examples also reveal a range of approaches to world history. The first chapter is an example of current “Big History,” the second of history as technological transformations, the third of comparative history, the fourth the history of connections that dominates, and thus narrows, so many texts. Free of either a confined, limiting focus or a mandatory laundry list of topics, this book begins with our most important questions and searches all of our past for answers. Well-grounded in the latest scholarship, this is not a fill-in-the-blanks text, but world history in a grand humanistic tradition.
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Study Guide to accompany Environment, 4th Edition

Author: Peter H. Raven,Linda R. Berg,John Aliff

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471444947

Category: Science

Page: 451

View: 3543

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Work more effectively and gauge your progress as you go along! This Study Guide that is designed to accompany Raven’s Environment, 4th Edition includes study outlines, key terms, and practice questions in a variety of formats (multiple choice, matching, short answer, and discussion/critical thinking). The key to a sustainable future lies with the students. It is their passion, their understanding of the issues, and most of all their choices that will shape the future of our planet. As it has through three previous editions, Peter Raven and Linda Berg’s Environment gives students all the skills and tools they need to make the right choices for a sustainable environment! Covering the enormous environmental challenges facing our world today, this Fourth Edition helps readers think critically about these challenges and understand the concepts that underlie environmental problems.
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Ecological revolution

the political origins of environmental degradation and environmental amelioration : patterns, processes, outcomes; a comparative study of Japan, China, and Europe

Author: Mark Douglas Whitaker

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: 530

View: 8853

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A History of the World

Author: Andrew Marr

Publisher: Pan Macmillan

ISBN: 0230767532

Category: History

Page: 500

View: 3585

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Fresh, exciting and vividly readable, this is popular history at its very best. Our understanding of world history is changing, as new discoveries are made on all the continents and old prejudices are being challenged. In this truly global journey Andrew Marr revisits some of the traditional epic stories, from classical Greece and Rome to the rise of Napoleon, but surrounds them with less familiar material, from Peru to the Ukraine, China to the Caribbean. He looks at cultures that have failed and vanished, as well as the origins of today’s superpowers, and finds surprising echoes and parallels across vast distances and epochs. A History of the World is a book about the great change-makers of history and their times, people such as Cleopatra, Genghis Khan, Galileo and Mao, but it is also a book about us. For ‘the better we understand how rulers lose touch with reality, or why revolutions produce dictators more often than they produce happiness, or why some parts of the world are richer than others, the easier it is to understand our own times.’
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Socioecological Transitions and Global Change

Trajectories of Social Metabolism and Land Use

Author: Marina Fischer-Kowalski,Helmut Haberl

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 263

View: 9231

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This significant new book analyses fundamental changes in society-nature interaction: the socioeconomic use of materials, energy and land. The volume presents a number of case studies addressing transitions from an agrarian to an industrial socioecological regime, analysed within the materials and energy flow accounting (MEFA) framework. It is argued that by concentrating on the biophysical dimensions of change in the course of industrialization, social development issues can be explicitly linked to changes in the natural environment. From the historical transition in Europe, to current transitions in developing countries, the book offers a broad and comprehensive analysis of transition processes across scales, from local to national. The comparison of historical and current assessments allows a theory of the underlying patterns of the agrarian-industrial transition to emerge. On this basis, future trends and possible pathways towards (or indeed further departures from) sustainability are discussed.Empirical in character and cautious in its assumptions, this insightful book provides rich and in-depth material for further studies in socioecological research. It will be essential reading for students and researchers of ecological economics, industrial ecology, human ecology, environmental sociology, environmental history, geography as well as land, energy and development studies.
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Global Environmental History

An Introductory Reader

Author: John Robert McNeill,Alan Roe

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780415520539

Category: History

Page: 449

View: 6957

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Global Environmental History introduces this rapidly developing field through a broad and thought-provoking range of expert contributions. Environmental history is a subject especially suited to global and transnational approaches and, over the course of the present generation, an increasing number of scholars have taken up the challenge that it presents. The collection begins with a series of chapters offering truly global visions; they range from reflections on the role of animals in environmental history to an overview of environmental change over the past ten millennia. Part Two switches to a sharper focus, featuring essays that characterize the distinctiveness of certain key regions such as China, Russia, West Africa, South Asia, Europe, and Latin America. The final part of the book examines different forms of modern environmentalism, ranging from the U.S. and its fascination with wilderness, to Japanese concern with human health, and on to Peru and India, where the environmental debate centres on access to resources. Global Environmental History will be an essential resource for students of Environmental History and Global History.
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Choice

Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 3696

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