Solution Chemistry

Minerals and Reagents

Author: P. Somasundaran,Dianzuo Wang

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080465074

Category: Science

Page: 228

View: 8269

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Surfactants have been used for many industrial processes such as flotation, enhanced oil recovery, soil remediation and cleansing. Flotation technology itself has been used in industry since the end of the 19th century, and even today it is an important method for mineral processing and its application range is expanding to other areas. This technology has been used in the treatment of wastewater, industrial waste materials, separation and recycling of municipal waste, and some unit processes of chemical engineering. The efficiency of all these operations depends primarily on the interactions among surfactants, solids and media. In this book, the fundamentals of solution chemistry of mineral/surfactant systems are discussed, as well as the important calculations involved. The influence of relevant physico-chemical conditions are also presented in detail. * Introduces the fundamentals of solution chemistry of mineral/surfactant systems and important calculations involved * Discusses the influence of relevant physico-chemical conditions * Presents the relationship between the molecular structure of the flotation regents of solution chemistry and its characteristics
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Encyclopedia of Soil Science

Author: Rattan Lal

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780849350542

Category: Nature

Page: 1923

View: 7064

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Presents the research and practices with sections on ISTIC-World Soil Information, root growth and agricultural management, nitrate leaching management, podzols, paramos soils, water repellant soils, and rare earth elements. This book includes entries that cover tillage, irrigation, erosion control, and ground water, and soil degradation.
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Carbon Dioxide Equilibria and Their Applications

Author: James N. Butler

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780873716246

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 2492

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Carbon dioxide, bicarbonate ion, and carbonate ion comprise the most important acid-base system in natural waters, and the equilibria between them regulate the pH of seawater, as well as most rainwater, stream water, river water, and groundwater. Carbon Dioxide Equilibria and Their Applications provides a clear, compact presentation of this topic, which is central to geochemistry and environmental engineering. It emphasizes a rigorous mathematical and thermodynamic basis for calculations and their application to realistic problems. The book's first four chapters present the basic equations, mathematical techniques for visualizing and manipulating them, and data on equilibrium constants and activity coefficients. These are presented in the general context of acid-base titration and solubility of CaCO3. The remaining chapters show how these concepts and techniques are applied to geochemistry and oceanography, in addition to their applications to water conditioning. Specific topics discussed include acid rain, freshwater, seawater, carbonate sediments in the deep oceans, the effects of increased atmospheric CO2 on the oceans, estuarine waters, brines, hydrothermal solutions, pH adjustment, prediction of calcium carbonate saturation, corrosion inhibition, and water softening.
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Geochemistry and Mineral Formation in the Earth Surface

Proceedings of the International Meeting "Geochemistry of the Earth Surface and Processes of Mineral Formation", Held in Granada (Spain), 16-22 March, 1986

Author: Rafael Rodríguez-Clemente,Yves Tardy

Publisher: Editorial CSIC - CSIC Press

ISBN: 9788400066833

Category: Biogeochemistry

Page: 893

View: 7947

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Origin and Mineralogy of Clays

Clays and the Environment

Author: Bruce Velde

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662126486

Category: Science

Page: 335

View: 5147

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Origin and Mineralogy of Clays, the first of two volumes, lays the groundwork for a thorough study of clays in the environment. The second volume will deal with environmental interaction. Going from soils to sediments to diagenesis and hydrothermal alteration, the book covers the whole spectrum of clays. The chapters on surface environments are of great relevance in regard to environmental problems in soils, rivers and lake-ocean situations, showing the greatest interaction between living species and the chemicals in their habitat. The book is of interest to scientists and students working on environmental issues.
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Sediments, Diagenesis, and Sedimentary Rocks

Treatise on Geochemistry, Second Edition

Author: F.T. Mackenzie

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080525228

Category: Science

Page: 446

View: 3394

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This volume covers the formation and biogeochemistry of a variety of important sediment types from their initial formation through their conversion (diagenesis) to sedimentary rocks. The volume deals with the chemical, mineralogical, and isotopic properties of sediments and sedimentary rocks and their use in interpreting the environment of formation and subsequent events in the history of sediments, and the nature of the ocean-atmosphere system through geological time. Reprinted individual volume from the acclaimed Treatise on Geochemistry, (10 Volume Set, ISBN 0-08-043751-6, published in 2003). Comprehensive and authoritative scope and focus Reviews from renowned scientists across a range of subjects, providing both overviews and new data, supplemented by extensive bibliographies Extensive illustrations and examples from the field
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