Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

Soil Ecology and Ecosystem Services

The provision of ecosystem services in this context (crop or timber production,
reduction in erosion, retention of nutrients, economic and cultural livelihoods, etc.
) is frequently linked to the ecology of soils, diversity of soil communities, and ...

Author: Diana H. Wall

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199688166

Category: Science

Page: 424

View: 209

This multi-contributor, international volume synthesizes contributions from the world's leading soil scientists and ecologists, describing cutting-edge research that provides a basis for the maintenance of soil health and sustainability. The book covers these advances from a unique perspective of examining the ecosystem services produced by soil biota across different scales - from biotic interactions at microscales to communities functioning at regional and global scales. The book leads the user towards an understanding of how the sustainability of soils, biodiversity, and ecosystem services can be maintained and how humans, other animals, and ecosystems are dependent on living soils and ecosystem services. This is a valuable reference book for academic libraries and professional ecologists worldwide as a statement of progress in the broad field of soil ecology. It will also be of interest to both upper level undergraduate and graduate students taking courses in soil ecology, as well as academic researchers and professionals in the field requiring an authoritative, balanced, and up-to-date overview of this fast expanding topic.
Categories: Science

Ecosystem Service Potentials and Their Indicators in Postglacial Landscapes

Ecosystem Service Potentials and Their Indicators in Postglacial Landscapes

Spatial quantification and valuation of cultural ecosystem services in an
agricultural landscape. Ecological Indicators 37 (Part A), 163e174. van Reeuwijk,
L.P., 2002. Procedures for Soil Analysis. Technical Paper no. 9. International Soil
and ...

Author: Ewa Roo-Zielinska

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780128161340

Category:

Page: 392

View: 467

Ecosystem Service Potentials and Their Indicators in Postglacial Landscapes: Assessment and Mapping provides valuable guidance for anyone involved with ecosystem service potential monitoring, use and management--from landscape ecologists and environmental managers, to policymakers and environmental economists. The book highlights effective measurement tools for evaluating the overall potential of ecosystem services from multiple perspectives. Beginning with an introduction to ecosystem services and the theoretical assumptions and objectives associated with their assessment, the book goes on to outline interdisciplinary methods of evaluation and analysis that are fully supported and illustrated throughout using an insightful case study focused on Wigry National Park. A range of different spatial reference units are also discussed, followed by chapters on both analytical and synthetic approaches to identifying service supply potential. In addition, the use of services and the impact of these uses on the assessment of potential is included, along with a discussion of the future shape of ecosystem service assessment. Outlines a transdisciplinary, holistic approach to assessing the overall potential of ecosystems and landscapes to support different ecosystem services Proposes a range of direct, indirect, simple and complex measurement indicators for multifaceted estimation and mapping Presents tools and guidelines to help shape effective decision-making processes in nature conservation and environmental planning
Categories:

Soil Ecology and Management

Soil Ecology and Management

Also conveys an understanding of how human activities impact upon soil ecology in a section on ecosystem management and its effects on soil biota.

Author: Joann K. Whalen

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9781845935634

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 296

View: 622

Describes the organisms inhabiting the soil, their functions and interactions and the dimensions of human impact on the activity of soil organisms and soil ecological function; and discusses basic soil characteristics and biogeochemical cycling, key soil flora and fauna, community-level dynamics (soil food webs) and the ecological and pedological functions of soil organisms. Also conveys an understanding of how human activities impact upon soil ecology in a section on ecosystem management and its effects on soil biota.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Sustaining Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in Soils and Sediments

Sustaining Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in Soils and Sediments

The book is an important new synthesis for scientists and researchers studying a range of topics, including global sustainability, conservation biology, taxonomy, erosion, extreme systems, food production, and related fields.

Author: Diana H. Wall

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781597267854

Category: Nature

Page: 275

View: 421

Sustaining Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services in Soils and Sediments brings together the world's leading ecologists, systematists, and evolutionary biologists to present scientific information that integrates soil and sediment disciplines across terrestrial, marine, and freshwater ecosystems. It offers a framework for a new discipline, one that will allow future scientists to consider the linkages of biodiversity below-surface, and how biota interact to provide the essential ecosystemservices needed for sustainable soils and sediments. Contributors consider key-questions regarding soils and sediments and the relationship between soil- and sediment- dwelling organisms and overall ecosystem functioning. The book is an important new synthesis for scientists and researchers studying a range of topics, including global sustainability, conservation biology, taxonomy, erosion, extreme systems, food production, and related fields. In addition, it provides new insight and understanding for managers, policymakers, and others concerned with global environmental sustainability and global change issues.
Categories: Nature

Ecosystem Services and Global Ecology

Ecosystem Services and Global Ecology

The aim of Ecosystem Services and Global Ecology is to give an overview and report from the frontiers of research of this important and interesting multidisciplinary area.

Author: Levente Hufnagel

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9781789237382

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 523

The aim of Ecosystem Services and Global Ecology is to give an overview and report from the frontiers of research of this important and interesting multidisciplinary area. Ecosystem services as a concept plays a key role in solving global environmental and human ecological crises and associated other problems, especially today when the sixth major extinction event of the history of the biosphere is in progress, and humanity can easily become a victim of it. Human activity is rapidly transforming the surface of the Earth, its biosphere, atmosphere, soil, and water resources. Ecological processes happen over a long time scale, thus damage caused by human activity will be perceptible after decades or even centuries. We hope that our book will be interesting and useful for researchers, lecturers, students, and anyone interested in this field.
Categories: Science

Grassland Productivity and Ecosystem Services

Grassland Productivity and Ecosystem Services

This authoritative volume expertly highlights the need for an immediate balance between agriculture and ecological management for sustainability in the futu.

Author: Gilles Lemaire

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 184593900X

Category: Electronic books

Page: 287

View: 582

Grassland ecosystems are deeply affected by human activities and need appropriate management to optimise trade-offs between ecosystem functions and services. Until now they have mainly been analysed as agro-ecosystems for animal production but this book looks beyond the role of grassland as a feeding ground, and evaluates other important processes such as carbon sequestration in soils, greenhouse gas regulation and biodiversity protection. This authoritative volume expertly highlights the need for an immediate balance between agriculture and ecological management for sustainability in the futu.
Categories: Electronic books

Fundamentals of Soil Ecology

Fundamentals of Soil Ecology

Publisher Description

Author: David C. Coleman

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0121797260

Category: Science

Page: 386

View: 725

Historical overview of soils and the fitness of soil environment. Primary production processes in soils: roots and rhizosphere associates. Secondary production: activities of heterotrophic organisms-microbes. Secondary production: activities of heterotrophic organisms-the soil fauna. Decomposition and nutrient cycling. Soil food webs: Detritivory and microbivory in soils. Soil biodiversity and linkages to soil processes. Future developments in soil ecology. Laboratory and field exercises in soil ecology.
Categories: Science

Climate Change Resilient Agriculture and Agroforestry

Climate Change Resilient Agriculture and Agroforestry

This book collects wide-ranging contributions such as case studies, reviews, reports on technological developments, outputs of research/studies, and examples of successful projects, presenting current knowledge and raising awareness to help ...

Author: Paula Cristina Castro

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319750038

Category: Science

Page:

View: 171

This book collects wide-ranging contributions such as case studies, reviews, reports on technological developments, outputs of research/studies, and examples of successful projects, presenting current knowledge and raising awareness to help the agriculture and forestry sectors find solutions for mitigating climate variability and adapting to change. It brings the topic of ecosystem services closer to education and learning, as targeted by the Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Paris Agreement, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020. Climate change and its impacts on agriculture and agroforestry have been observed across the world during the last 50 years. Increasing temperatures, droughts, biotic stresses and the impacts of extreme events have continuously decreased agroforestry systems’ resilience to the effects of climate change. As such, there is a need to adapt farming and agroforestry systems so as to make them better able to handle ever-changing climate conditions, and to preserve habitats and ecosystems services.
Categories: Science

Soils as a Key Component of the Critical Zone 6

Soils as a Key Component of the Critical Zone 6

Soils as a Key Component of the Critical Zone 6 presents an updated vision of knowledge and research in soil ecology as a complex system from the best French specialists.

Author: Philippe Lemanceau

Publisher: Wiley-ISTE

ISBN: 9781786302182

Category: Science

Page: 196

View: 464

Soils are environments where a myriad of different organisms evolve, determining a series of functions which translate into ecosystem services that are essential for humanity. Improving our understanding of these organisms, their biodiversity and their interactions with each other, as well as with the environment, represents a major challenge. Soil ecology has its roots in natural history. The ecological approach focused on soils is notable for integrating, at least partially, the contributions of soil sciences (physics, chemistry, biochemistry). By renewing methods of observation and analysis (especially molecular ones) and through the development of experimental approaches and modeling, an ecology connected with other soil-based disciplines emerges and begins to influence aboveground ecology. Soils as a Key Component of the Critical Zone 6 presents an updated vision of knowledge and research in soil ecology as a complex system from the best French specialists.
Categories: Science

30 Second Ecology

30 Second Ecology

ECOSYSTEM SERVICES the 30-second treatment RELATED TOPICS See also
VALUING BIODIVERSITY 3-SECOND ... We rely upon plants for breathable air,
pollinators and productive soils for our food and drinking water, and forests for ...

Author: Becky Thomas

Publisher: 30 Second

ISBN: 9781782409809

Category: Ecology

Page: 160

View: 381

30 Second Ecology explores how the life of organisms on Earth is interdependent and finely tuned to exist as a whole.
Categories: Ecology

Soil Ecology

Soil Ecology

This book first synthesises in a complete, accessible way all the basic knowledge provided by the different disciplines of Soil Science.

Author: P. Lavelle

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792371232

Category: Nature

Page: 654

View: 823

This work synthesises the basic knowledge provided by the different disciplines of soil science. It then proposes integrative concepts and models that organise this knowledge, taking into account the multiple interactions that exist at a number of different scales among the living and inanimate components.
Categories: Nature

Big Ecology

Big Ecology

In Big Ecology, David C. Coleman documents his historically fruitful ecological collaborations in the early years of studying large ecosystems in the United States.

Author: David C. Coleman

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520945739

Category: Nature

Page: 248

View: 228

In Big Ecology, David C. Coleman documents his historically fruitful ecological collaborations in the early years of studying large ecosystems in the United States. As Coleman explains, the concept of the ecosystem—a local biological community and its interactions with its environment—has given rise to many institutions and research programs, like the National Science Foundation’s program for Long Term Ecological Research. Coleman’s insider account of this important and fascinating trend toward big science takes us from the paradigm of collaborative interdisciplinary research, starting with the International Geophysical Year (IGY) of 1957, through the International Biological Program (IBP) of the late 1960s and early 1970s, to the Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) programs of the 1980s.
Categories: Nature

The Biology of Soil

The Biology of Soil

Soil science has undergone a renaissance with increasing awareness of the importance of soil organisms and below-ground biotic interactions as drivers of community and ecosystem properties.

Author: Richard Bardgett

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198525036

Category: Science

Page: 242

View: 798

Soil science has undergone a renaissance with increasing awareness of the importance of soil organisms and below-ground biotic interactions as drivers of community and ecosystem properties.
Categories: Science

Ecosystem Services in Agricultural and Urban Landscapes

Ecosystem Services in Agricultural and Urban Landscapes

This book will be useful to students and researchers from a variety of fields, including applied ecology, environmental and ecological economics, agriculture and forestry, sustainability science, and also to local and regional planners and ...

Author: Stephen Wratten

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118506240

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 715

Ecosystem services are the resources and processes supplied by natural ecosystems which benefit humankind (for example, pollination of crops by insects, or water filtration by wetlands). They underpin life on earth, provide major inputs to many economic sectors and support our lifestyles. Agricultural and urban areas are by far the largest users of ecosystems and their services and (for the first time) this book explores the role that ecosystem services play in these managed environments. The book also explores methods of evaluating ecosystem services, and discusses how these services can be maintained and enhanced in our farmlands and cities. This book will be useful to students and researchers from a variety of fields, including applied ecology, environmental economics, agriculture and forestry, and also to local and regional planners and policy makers.
Categories: Science

Principles of Ecological Landscape Design

Principles of Ecological Landscape Design

It requires integrating the landscapes we design with ecological systems. With Principles of Ecological Landscape Design, Travis Beck gives professionals and students the first book to translate the science of ecology into design practice.

Author: Travis Beck

Publisher: Island Press

ISBN: 9781610911993

Category: Architecture

Page: 296

View: 267

Today, there is a growing demand for designed landscapes—from public parks to backyards—to be not only beautiful and functional, but also sustainable. Sustainability means more than just saving energy and resources. It requires integrating the landscapes we design with ecological systems. With Principles of Ecological Landscape Design, Travis Beck gives professionals and students the first book to translate the science of ecology into design practice. This groundbreaking work explains key ecological concepts and their application to the design and management of sustainable landscapes. It covers biogeography and plant selection, assembling plant communities, competition and coexistence, designing ecosystems, materials cycling and soil ecology, plant-animal interactions, biodiversity and stability, disturbance and succession, landscape ecology, and global change. Beck draws on real world cases where professionals have put ecological principles to use in the built landscape. The demand for this information is rising as professional associations like the American Society of Landscape Architects adopt new sustainability guidelines (SITES). But the need goes beyond certifications and rules. For constructed landscapes to perform as we need them to, we must get their underlying ecology right. Principles of Ecological Landscape Design provides the tools to do just that.
Categories: Architecture

Fungi in Ecosystem Processes

Fungi in Ecosystem Processes

Adopting the novel approach of viewing the role of fungi from the perspective of ecosystem functions, this book examines the importance of fungi in soil formation, plant primary production, sustenance of secondary producers, and regulation ...

Author: John Dighton

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 020391144X

Category: Nature

Page: 424

View: 714

Adopting the novel approach of viewing the role of fungi from the perspective of ecosystem functions, this book examines the importance of fungi in soil formation, plant primary production, sustenance of secondary producers, and regulation of plant and animal populations and communities. This volume emphasizes the idea that fungi are not alone in the regulation of these processes. It addresses the main processes occurring in ecosystems and showing where and how fungi are critical, and enables readers to gain a better understanding of the role of fungi in shaping ecosystems. "Fungi in Ecosystem Processes" considers the negative impact of fungi on faunal productivity and includes more than 1200 citations.
Categories: Nature

Microbial Ecology in Sustainable Agroecosystems

Microbial Ecology in Sustainable Agroecosystems

While soil ecologists continue to be on the forefront of research on biodiversity
and ecosystem function, there are few ... land management practices: agriculture,
biodiversity, ecosystem services, integrated soil ecology research, and policy.

Author: Tanya E. Cheeke

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439852972

Category: Nature

Page: 308

View: 848

While soil ecologists continue to be on the forefront of research on biodiversity and ecosystem function, there are few interdisciplinary studies that incorporate ecological knowledge into sustainable land management practices. Conventional, high fossil-fuel input-based agricultural systems can reduce soil biodiversity, alter soil community structu
Categories: Nature

Valuing Ecosystem Services

Valuing Ecosystem Services

This thought provoking book draws together prominent international authorities to discuss the key methodological issues and challenges in valuing ecosystem services.

Author: K N Ninan

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781781955161

Category: Nature

Page: 464

View: 597

This thought provoking book draws together prominent international authorities to discuss the key methodological issues and challenges in valuing ecosystem services. Covering a cross-section of ecosystems and services in different sites, countries and
Categories: Nature

Ecological Engineering Design

Ecological Engineering Design

This book will include a novel collection of design methods for the non-built and built environments, linking landscape design explicitly to ecosystem services. the single-source guide to sustainable ecosystem design for the twenty-first ...

Author: Marty D. Matlock

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470345146

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 384

View: 970

Ecologically-sensitive building and landscape design is a broad, intrinsically interdisciplinary field. Existing books independently cover narrow aspects of ecological design in depth (hydrology, ecosystems, soils, flora and fauna, etc.), but none of these books can boast of the integrated approach taken by this one. Drawing on the experience of the authors, this book begins to define explicit design methods for integrating consideration of ecosystem processes and services into every facet of land use design, management, and policy. The approach is to provide a prescriptive approach to ecosystem design based upon ecological engineering principles and practices. This book will include a novel collection of design methods for the non-built and built environments, linking landscape design explicitly to ecosystem services.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Ecosystem Services From Biodiversity to Society

Ecosystem Services  From Biodiversity to Society

Topics in this invaluable series include the physiology, populations, and communities of plants and animals, as well as landscape and ecosystem ecology.

Author:

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128039335

Category: Science

Page: 358

View: 423

Advances in Ecological Research is one of the most successful series in the highly competitive field of ecology. Each volume publishes topical and important reviews, interpreting ecology as widely as in the past, to include all material that contributes to our understanding of the field. Topics in this invaluable series include the physiology, populations, and communities of plants and animals, as well as landscape and ecosystem ecology. Presents the most updated information on the field of ecology, publishing topical and important reviews Provides all information that relates to a thorough understanding of the field Includes data on physiology, populations, and communities of plants and animals New ideas on ES Integrative approach working across a variety of levels of biological organization and spatial and temporal scales Diversity of relevant subjects covered
Categories: Science