Social Science Research for Agricultural Technology Development

Spatial and Temporal Dimensions : Proceedings of an International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA)-Rockefeller Foundation Workshop, 2-5 October 1990, Ibadan, Nigeria

Author: Karen Ann Dvorak

Publisher: IITA

ISBN: 9780851988061

Category: Science

Page: 223

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Agricultural technologies--the means employed to produce food and fiber--reflect the characteristics not only of environments but also of the people that devise and use them. The social science perspectives of variability in space and time can be used to generate comparative data which aid understanding of these issues. The studies reported in this book cross spatial and temporal boundaries in several dimensions. Scales range from farmers and herders to continents, and from seasons to centuries. Arid, semiarid, savanna, subhumid, humid and highland agroecosystems in Africa, Asia and Central and South America are included as is a wide range of commodities: sweet potato, cassava, sheep and goats, sorghum and pearl millet, as well as wheat, rice, maize and cattle. Chapters are based on papers presented at an IITA-Rockefeller Foundation Workshop held in Ibadan, Nigeria. The book is of interest to all social scientists concerned with agricultural development.
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Agricultural technology

policy issues for the international community

Author: Jock R. Anderson,C.A.B. International,World Bank

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9780851988801

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 680

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Major complex problems confront agricultural policy analysts and development specialists regarding the broad issue of 'agricultural technology.' These topics are reviewed in this volume which consists of 37 chapters, developed from papers presented at a conference held at Airlie House, Virginia, near Washington DC. The authors include leading international authorities from the academic sector, World Bank and agricultural research centers. The chapters are grouped into six parts. The first introductory part is followed by investment as the focus of Part II. In Part III a variety of conceptual and practical issues involved in the transfer of agricultural technology is considered. Part IV includes discussions of concrete technical matters ranging for example from the general to the specific, from plant to animal, and from soil management to irrigation engineering. Emphasis moves from the specifically technological to wider policy issues in Part V and this latter thrust is carried through into the final summarizing section.
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Participatory Research and Gender Analysis

New Approaches

Author: Nina Lilja,John Dixon,Deborah Eade

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317986857

Category: Social Science

Page: 232

View: 8389

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Agricultural development research aims to generate new knowledge or to retrieve and apply existing forms of knowledge in ways that can be used to improve the welfare of people who are living in poverty or are otherwise excluded, for instance by gender-based discrimination. Its effective application therefore requires ongoing dialogue with and the strong engagement of men and women from poor marginal farming communities. This book discusses opportunities afforded by effective knowledge pathways linking researchers and farmers, underpinned by participatory research and gender analysis. It sets out practices and debates in gender-sensitive participatory research and technology development, concentrating on the empirical issues of implementation, impact assessment, and institutionalisation of approaches for the wider development and research community. It includes six full-length chapters and eight brief practical notes and is enhanced by an annotated resources list of relevant publications, organisations, and websites adding to the portfolio of approaches and tools discussed by the contributors. Most of the 33 contributing authors work in the specialised agencies that form part of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR). This book was published as a special issue of Development in Practice.
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A History of Farming Systems Research

Author: Michael P. Collinson

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251043110

Category: Agricultural systems

Page: 432

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This book provides a detailed history of farming systems research (FSR). While it includes the application of FSR to developed country agriculture, its main focus is on FSR in its original role, with small scale, resource-poor farmers in less developed countries. There are some 40 contributions from nearly 50 contributors from 20 countries, illustrating both the diversity and yet the coherence of FSR. The five parts of the book cover: (1) FSR - understanding farmers and their farming (FSR origins and perspectives; understanding farming systems); (2) the applications of farming systems research (FSR in technology choice and development; FSR in extension and policy formulation); (3) institutional commitment to FSR (FSR: some institutional experiences in national agricultural research; dimensions of the organization of FSR; training for FSR); (4) FSR: the professional dimension (regional and international associations; FSR and the professional disciplines); and (5) cutting edge methods, abiding issues and the future for FSR.
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IAASTD International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development

Global Report

Author: International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science, and Technology for Development (Project)

Publisher: Island Pr

ISBN: 9781597265386

Category: Science

Page: 590

View: 6104

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The International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science, and Technology for Development (IAASTD) looks realistically at how we could effectively use agriculture/AKST to help us meet development and sustainability goals. An unprecedented three-year collaborative effort, the IAASTD involved more than 400 authors in 110 countries and cost more than $11 million. It report on the advances and setbacks of the past fifty years and offers options for the next fifty years. The results of the project are contained in seven reports: a Global Report, five regional Sub-Global Assessments, and a Synthesis Report. The Global Report gives the key findings of the Assessment, and the five Sub-Global Assessments address regional challenges. The volumes present options for action. All of the reports have been extensively peer-reviewed by governments and experts and all have been approved by a panel of participating governments. The Sub-Global Assessments all utilize a similar and consistent framework: examining and reporting on the impacts of AKST on hunger, poverty, nutrition, human health, and environmental/social sustainability. The five Sub-Global Assessments cover the following regions: Central and West Asia and North Africa (CWANA) East and South Asia and the Pacific (ESAP) Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) North America and Europe (NAE) Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)
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Agricultural Technologies and Tropical Deforestation

Author: Arild Angelsen,David Kaimowitz,Center for International Forestry Research

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9780851994512

Category: Nature

Page: 422

View: 9665

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This book includes a theoretical framework, 8 case studies from Latin America, 4 from sub-Saharan Africa and 4 from South East Asia, in addition to two studies on the historical experience of developed countries in Europe and the USA which discuss whether improvements in agricultural technology protect or endanger tropical forests. The studies address the view of many in the development, environmental and agricultural research communities that better agricultural technologies can save forests by producing more food on the existing land area vs. the premise from basic economic theory that anything which makes agriculture more profitable should stimulate land expansion and deforestation.
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