This book, first published in 1990, brings together descriptive, comparative, and theoretical materials on cults and sects in Western culture, focusing on literature published since 1970.
Author: John A. Saliba
Category: Social Science
This book, first published in 1990, brings together descriptive, comparative, and theoretical materials on cults and sects in Western culture, focusing on literature published since 1970. A historical section links the rise of the new movements to similar past phenomena in Western culture. Other sections examine the methodology of studying religious movements and the various theories which have been brought to explain them, current studies on traditional sects that are sometimes compared to the new religions, and many studies of individual contemporary cults.
Politically Speaking: Cross Cultural Studies of Rhetoric Social and Economic Papers no. ... James T., 'An Oppositional and General Conceptualization of Cult', Annual Review of the Social Science of Religion (The Hague: Mouton, ...
Author: A. Mooney
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
The Rhetoric of Religious Cults takes as its departure point the notion that 'cults' have a distinctive language and way of recruiting members. First outlining a rhetorical framework, which encompasses contemporary discourse analysis, the persuasive texts of three movements - Scientology, Jehovah's Witnesses and Children of God - are analysed in detail and their discourse compared with other kinds of recruitment literature. Cults' distinctive negative profile in society is not matched by a linguistic typology. Indeed, this negative profile seems to rest on the semantics and application of the term 'cult' itself.
It offers only modest improvement on conventional social science treatments of revolutionary processes and does not pretend to capture the multifaceted ... Pavlos's book The Cult Experience is a further addition to this unhappy genre .
And, just as importantly, on what matters must we be wary to acknowledge “that whereof we may not speak” — not, that is, as persons claiming to speak as social scientists?... Primary and Secondary Constructions of Social Reality For the ...
Author: Lorne Dawson
In the face of the increasingly variegated ideological landscape of contemporary America, cults have become the focus of public controversy. The growth of new religions has been matched by the development of an organized and vocal opposition, the anti-cult movement. This in turn has prompted an extensive investigation of new religious movements (NRMs) by sociologists and psychologists of religion, as well as historians and religious studies scholars. The readings collected here contribute to the debate about cults by sampling some of the best and most accessible publications from the academic study of NRMs.The contributors address the questions most commonly asked about cults, such as: What brought about the emergence of new religious movements? What is a cult or new religious movement? Who joins new religious movements and why? Are converts to new religious movements brainwashed? Why did the Jonestown and Waco tragedies happen? Are cults inclined to be violent? What does the emergence of so many new religious movements say about our society? What does it say about the future of religion?Cults in Context surveys the descriptive typologies, theories, and data accumulated by sociologists and psychologists studying new religious movements over the last twenty years. It serves to defuse many popular fears and misconceptions about cults, allowing the reader to develop a more reasonable and tolerant understanding of the people who join new religious movements and the functions of these movements in contemporary society.
Notes See H. Becker's remark that cult is a " less useful " as well as a less used concept in sociology ( T.F. O'Dea in the International Encyclopedia of the Social Sciences ) . 2 John Lofland , Doomsday Cult , Prentice Hall , Englewood ...
Author: Jeffrey Kaplan
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
In 1972--a period of social upheaval much like today--sociologist Colin Campbell posited a 'cultic milieu': An underground region where true seekers test hidden, forgotten, and forbidden knowledge. Ideas and allegiances within the milieu change as individuals move between loosely organized groups, but the larger milieu persists in opposition to the dominant culture. Jeffrey Kaplan and Helene Loow find Campbell's theory especially useful in coming to grips with the varied oppositional groups of today.
Author: Elisabeth (University of Warwick Arweck, UK)Publish On: 2006
In Krishna Consciousness in the West . D. G. Bromley and L.D. Shinn , Eds . Lewisburg ; London : Bucknell UP ; Associated UP , 1989 : 219-237 . Saliba , John A. ' Introduction : Social Science and the Cults : An Overview and Evaluation ...
Author: Elisabeth (University of Warwick Arweck, UK)
Publisher: Psychology Press
This cutting-edge analysis of American and European new religious movements explores the controversies between religious groups and the majority interests which oppose them. It asks how modern societies can best respond to new religious movements,
These tribes were anti-roman and practiced druid cults that were proscribed by rome. The second group of people, the hellenizing inhabitants of the plains cities located in the southern region of the province, is the most relevant to ...
Author: Anthony J. Blasi
Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers
Sociologist Anthony Blasi analyzes early Christianity using multiple social scientific theories, including those of Max Weber, Georg Simmel, Karl Marx, Antonio Gramsci, Max Scheler, Alfred Schutz, and contemporary theorists. He investigates the canonical New Testament books as representative of early Christianity, a sample based on usage, and he takes the books in the chronological order in which they were written. The result is a series of "stills" that depict the movement at different stages in its development. His approaches, often neglected in New Testament studies, include such sociological subfields as sect theory, the routinization of charisma, conflict, stratification theory, stigma, the sociology of knowledge, new religions, the sociology of secrecy, marginality, liminality, syncretism, the social role of intellectuals, the poor person as a type, the sick role, degradation ceremonies, populism, the sociology of migration, the sociology of time, mergers, the sociology of law, and the sociology of written communication. Needing to treat the New Testament text as social data, Blasi uses his background in biblical studies and a review of a vast literature to establish the chronology of the compositions of the New Testament books and to present the "data" in a new translation that is accessible to non-specialists.
The purpose of the chapter is to illustrate, through description, the social science definition of a cult. We hope the chapter is as interesting as the other eight. ABOUT THE AUTHORS Who are these social scientists so interested in the ...
Author: W. W. Zellner
Illustrates the cultural diversity of American society by analyzing nine nontraditional groups.
Author: University of East Africa. Social Science CouncilPublish On: 1968
University of East Africa. Social Science Council. THE UDUK GURUNYA CULT : BACK DOOR INTO SOCIETY Miss W. R. JAMES Department of Anthropology and Sociology , University of Khartoum “ Gurunya babies are different from ordinary babies .
Author: University of East Africa. Social Science Council
Cults, Culture und the Law: Perspectives on the New Religious Movements. AAR Studies in Religion 36. Chico, CA: Scholars Press, 1985. ... Social Science and the Cults: An Annotated Bibliography. NewYork: Garland Publishing, 1990.
Author: J. Gordon Melton
First Published in 1993. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Author: Michelle InderbitzinPublish On: 2016-06-20
Co-optation of the researcher can be a major problem for the unwary researcher, because he or she can become, without intent, a “counter” in the ongoing stigma contest between cult and anticult. Openness to social scientists (with their ...
Author: Michelle Inderbitzin
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Category: Social Science
Deviance and Social Control: A Sociological Perspective, Second Edition serves as a guide to students delving into the fascinating world of deviance for the first time. Authors Michelle Inderbitzin, Kristin A. Bates, and Randy Gainey offer a clear overview of issues and perspectives in the field, including introductions to classic and current sociological theories as well as research on definitions and causes of deviance and reactions to deviant behavior. The unique text/reader format provides the best of both worlds, offering both substantial original chapters that clearly explain and outline the sociological perspectives on deviance, along with carefully selected articles on deviance and social control taken directly from leading academic journals and books.
Limitations of the Social Science Perspective A. Sociology is descriptive, not prescriptive. 1. Sociology (and the social sciences generally) is designed to describe patterns of behavior and belief, not to say whether those behaviors ...
Author: Alan W. Gomes
In this introduction to the Zondervan Guide to Cults and Religious Movements, Dr. Gomes defines the characteristics of a "cult of Christianity" and why such a group subverts the search for spiritual truth. He explains the emotional and spiritual appeal of cults, who is susceptible, and the techniques cult leaders use to attract members. This book, in dealing with a wide range of issues relating to cults and religious movements in general, complements the other books in the series, all of which focus on specific religious groups. -- Why this series? This is an age when countless groups and movements, old and new, mark the religious landscape in our culture, leaving many people confused or uncertain in their search for spiritual truth and meaning. Because few people have the time or opportunity to research these movements fully, these books provide essential information and insights for their spiritual journeys. Except for this book, each book in the series has five sections: - A concise introduction to the group - An overview of the group's theology -- in its own words - Tips for witnessing effectively to members of the group - A bibliography with sources for further study - A comparison chart that shows the essential differences between biblical Christianity and the group -- The writers of these volumes are well qualified to present clear and reliable information and help us discern religious truth from falsehood.
“Law, Social Science and the 'Brainwashing' Exception in the First Amendment.” Behavioral Sciences & Law 10 (1992): 5–30. ... Barrett, David B. The New Believers: Sects, “Cults,” & Alternative Religions: A World Survey and Sourcebook.
Author: James Ciment
Category: Business & Economics
Truly comprehensive in scope - and arranged in A-Z format for quick access - this eight-volume set is a one-source reference for anyone researching the historical and contemporary details of more than 170 major issues confronting American society. Entries cover the full range of hotly contested social issues - including economic, scientific, environmental, criminal, legal, security, health, and media topics. Each entry discusses the historical origins of the problem or debate; past means used to deal with the issue; the current controversy surrounding the issue from all perspectives; and the near-term and future implications for society. In addition, each entry includes a chronology, a bibliography, and a directory of Internet resources for further research as well as primary documents and statistical tables highlighting the debates.
The goal of establishing scientific disinterest will require the repositioning of the concept more fully in the domain of behavioural and social science rather than in its present domain , which is largely that of civil and criminal ...
Author: Thomas Robbins
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
Misunderstanding Cults provides a uniquely balanced contribution to what has become a highly polarized area of study. Working towards a moderate "third path" in the heated debate over new religious movements or cults, this collection includes contributions from both scholars who have been characterized as "anticult" and those characterized as "cult-apologists." The study incorporates multiple viewpoints as well as a variety of theoretical and methodological perspectives, with the stated goal of depolarizing the discussion over alternative religious movements. A prominent section within the book focuses explicitly on the issue of scholarly objectivity and the danger of partisanship in the study of cults. The collection also includes contributions on the controversial and much misunderstood topic of brainwashing, as well as discussions of cult violence, children brought up in unconventional religious movements, and the conflicts between alternative religious movements and their critics. Unique in its breadth, this is the first study of new religious movements to address the main points of controversy within the field while attempting to find a middle ground between opposing camps of scholarship.
Deprogramming, Pseudo-Science, and the American Anticult Movement Susan E. Darnell. 30. Doug Adam, John D. McCarthy, and Mayer N. Zald, 1988. “Social Movements.” in Neil J. Smelser, ed., Handbook of Sociology. Newbury Park, CA: Sage, ...
Author: Susan E. Darnell
"It is widely acknowledged that the United States has always provided fertile ground for the growth of new religious movements and cults, but modern organized efforts to oppose and restrict them have been less well understood. In Agents of Discord, Anson Shupe and Susan E. Darnell offer a groundbreaking analysis of the operations and motives of these oppositional groups, which they generally group under the umbrella term of the anticult movement.Historically there have always been parallel groups opposed to certain religious movements, whether these be anti-Quaker, anti-Roman Catholic, or anti-Mormon. The authors establish the cultural context of such movements in the nineteenth century. They point out the link between modern anticult movements and nativist movements in American history. Turning to the postwar era, the authors discuss the rise of anticult movements and focus specifically on one of the most prominent, the Cult Awareness Network (CAN). CAN was a two-tiered organization. Partly composed of volunteers, donors, and families affected by cult movements, it also included what the authors call an ""inner sanctum"" of behavioral science professionals, attorneys, and deprogrammers. Using never-before-reported data on CAN's activities, the authors cite an extensive history of financial impropriety that finally led to the organization's bankruptcy. They offer a pointed critique, informed by current scholarship, of the ""brainwashing"" model of mental enslavement presented by the anticult movement that has been a central assumption undergirding its activities. At the same time, they show how increasing professionalization has gradually begun a shift of such movements to a therapeutic model of exit counseling that rejects the crude methods of earlier intervention strategies.In their analysis of the anticult movement nationally and internationally, Shupe and Darnell merge sociological concepts and social history to make unique sense of a hereto"
Social Science and the Cults: An Annotated Bibliography. New York: Garland Publishers: 618–652. Shinn, Larry D. 1987. The Dark Lord: Cult Images and the Hare Krishnas in America. Philadelphia: Westminster Press.
Author: James R. Lewis
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Scientology is arguably the most persistently controversial of all contemporary New Religious Movements. James R. Lewis has assembled an unusually comprehensive anthology, incorporating a wide range of different approaches. In this book, a group of well-known scholars of New Religious Movements offers an extensive and evenhanded overview and analysis of all of these aspects of Scientology, including the controversies to which it continues to give rise.
Beckford, James (1977), 'The Explanation of Religious Movements', International Social Science Journal, vol 29, no. 2, pp.235–49. Beckford, James (1978), 'Through the Looking Glass and out the other side. Withdrawal from Reverend Moon's ...
Author: Geoffrey Nelson
Category: Social Science
The twentieth century has been marked by an unprecedented outburst of religious activity on a world-wide scale, and in particular by a mushrooming of numerous religious movements. This work, first published in 1987, takes a fresh approach to the understanding of this phenomenon, an approach which takes into account new concepts of human nature and of religion.