Social Determinants Approaches to Public Health

Social Determinants Approaches to Public Health

This publication complements the previous publication by the Department of Ethics, Equity, Trade and Human Rights entitled "Equity, social determinants and public health programmes", which analysed social determinants and health equity ...

Author: Erik Blas

Publisher:

ISBN: 924156413X

Category: Medical

Page: 209

View: 573

The thirteen case studies contained in this publication were commissioned by the research node of the Knowledge Network on Priority Public Health Conditions (PPHC-KN), a WHO-based interdepartmental working group associated with the WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health. The publication is a joint product of the Department of Ethics, Equity, Trade and Human Rights (ETH), Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR), Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction (HRP), and Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research (AHPSR). The case studies describe a wealth of experiences with implementing public health programmes that intend to address social determinants and to have a great impact on health equity. They also document the real-life challenges in implementing such programmes, including the challenges in scaling up, managing policy changes, managing intersectoral processes, adjusting design and ensuring sustainability. This publication complements the previous publication by the Department of Ethics, Equity, Trade and Human Rights entitled Equity, social determinants and public health programmes, which analysed social determinants and health equity issues in 13 public health programmes, and identified possible entry points for interventions to address those social determinants and inequities at the levels of socioeconomic context, exposure, vulnerability, health outcomes and health consequences.
Categories: Medical

Understanding Health

Understanding Health

This work introduces students to the variety of approaches to old and new public health, by placing them in the broader context of conditions and structures in society.

Author: Helen Keleher

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195516613

Category: Medical

Page: 361

View: 705

This work introduces students to the variety of approaches to old and new public health, by placing them in the broader context of conditions and structures in society. Practical in its approach, this introductory text features a wide range of examples and case studies.
Categories: Medical

Public Health Approaches to Non Communicable Diseases

Public Health Approaches to Non   Communicable Diseases

Social determinants approaches to public health from concept to practice.
Geneva: WHO; 2011. World Health Organization. Closing the gap in generation:
health equality through action on the social determinants of health. Final report of
the ...

Author: JS Thakur

Publisher: Wolters kluwer india Pvt Ltd

ISBN: 9789351294412

Category: Medical

Page: 448

View: 744

A comprehensive text book by Wolters Kluwer Lippincott covering all key features that are very helpful for the medical students.
Categories: Medical

African Health Leaders

African Health Leaders

Social Determinants Approaches to Public Health: from Concept to Practice, pp.
101–2, 2011. 17 WHO. Social Determinants Approaches to Public Health: from
Concept to Practice, pp.101–2, 2011. 18 Leppo K (ed). 2013. Health in All
Policies.

Author: Francis Omaswa

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191008412

Category: Medical

Page: 368

View: 227

Most accounts of health and healthcare in Africa are written by foreigners. African Health Leaders: Making Change and Claiming the Future redresses the balance. Written by Africans, who have themselves led improvements in their own countries, the book discusses the creativity, innovation and leadership that has been involved tackling everything from HIV/AIDs, to maternal, and child mortality and neglected tropical diseases. It celebrates their achievements and shows how, over three generations, African health leaders are creating a distinctively African vision of health and health systems. The book reveals how African Health Leaders are claiming the future - in Africa, but also by sharing their insights and knowledge globally and contributing fully to improving health throughout the world. It illustrates how African leadership can enable foreign agencies and individuals working in Africa to avoid all those misunderstandings and misinterpretations of culture and context which lead to wasted efforts and frustrated hopes. African Health Leaders challenges Africans to do more for themselves; build on success; tackle weak governance, corrupt systems and low expectations and claim the future. It sets out what Africa needs from the rest of the world in the spirit of global solidarity - not primarily in aid, but through investment, collaboration, partnership and co-development. It concludes with a vision for improvement based on three foundations: an understanding that 'health is made at home'; the determination to offer access to health services for everyone; and an insistence on the pursuit of quality.
Categories: Medical

Social Determinants of Health

Social Determinants of Health

"The second edition of Social Determinants of Health: A Comparative Approach is an accessible and engaging introduction to the various social factors that determine the health status of individuals and communities.

Author: Alan Davidson

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199032203

Category: Medical

Page: 384

View: 772

The only text that accessibly examines the social determinants of health from a Canadian, contemporary, and comparative perspective Featuring thought-provoking Canadian and international examples throughout, this text takes a macro-level look at the many ways in which social factors - such as income, education, employment, gender, and support systems - interact to determine health across the lifespan.
Categories: Medical

Structural Approaches in Public Health

Structural Approaches in Public Health

This comprehensive text brings together a selection of internationally-recognised authors to provide an overview for students and practitioners working in or concerned with public health around the globe.

Author: Marni Sommer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136766190

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 746

A CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title 2014! That health has many social determinants is well established and a myriad range of structural factors – social, cultural, political, economic, and environmental – are now known to impact on population well-being. Public health practice has started exploring and responding to a range of health-related challenges from a structural paradigm, including individual and population vulnerability to infection with HIV and AIDS, injury-prevention, obesity, and smoking cessation. Recognising the inadequacy of public health responses that focus solely on individual behaviour change to improve population health outcomes, this text promotes a more holistic approach. Discussing the structural factors related to health and well-being that are both within and outside of an individual’s control, it explores what form structural approaches can take, the underlying theory of structure as a risk factor and the local realities, environments, and priorities that public health practitioners need to take into consideration. Anchored in empirical evidence, the book provides case studies of innovative and influential interventions – from the 100% condom program, to urban planning, injury prevention, and the provision of adequate clean drinking water and sanitation systems – and concludes with a section on implementing and evaluating structural public health programs. This comprehensive text brings together a selection of internationally-recognised authors to provide an overview for students and practitioners working in or concerned with public health around the globe.
Categories: Medical

Equity Social Determinants and Public Health Programmes

Equity  Social Determinants and Public Health Programmes

Restructuring for social determinants. Few health programmes and organizations
are currently structured, informed and tooled to support social determinant
approaches to population health, limiting the potential for internal cross-
programme ...

Author: Erik Blas

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9789241563970

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 291

View: 751

This book is a collection of analyses of the social determinants of health that impact on specific health conditions. Stemming from the recommendations of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health, promising interventions to improve health equity are presented for the areas of: alcohol-related disorders, cardiovascular diseases, child health and nutrition, diabetes, food safety, maternal health, mental health, neglected tropical diseases, oral health, pregnancy outcomes, tobacco and health, tuberculosis, and violence and injuries. The book was commissioned by the Department of Ethics, Equity, Trade and Human Rights as part of the work undertaken by the Priority Public Health Conditions Knowledge Network of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health, in collaboration with 16 of the major public health programmes of WHO. In addition to this, through collaboration with the Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases, and the Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research, 13 case studies were commissioned to examine the implementation challenges in addressing social determinants of health in low-and middle-income settings.
Categories: Health & Fitness

Community Based Participatory Health Research Second Edition

Community Based Participatory Health Research  Second Edition

(Eds.) Public health ethics: Theory, policy, and practice. New York: ... American
Journal of Public Health, 87(11), 1773–1776. Gamble ... Translating research
evidence into practice to reduce health disparities: A social determinants
approach.

Author: Daniel S. Blumenthal, MD, MPH

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826193971

Category: Medical

Page: 296

View: 227

ìCommunity-Based Participatory Research (CBPR) has become the preferred model for conducting research in communities. Most scientists who conduct such research now recognize that working in partnership with the community is preferable, and more ethical, than conducting research on a communityÖ. As Surgeon General of the United States, I direct a number of programs aimed at encouraging Americans to avoid tobacco, engage in physical activity, consume more nutritious diets, and protect their health in other ways. We need more effective methods to persuade, motivate, and enable individuals and communities to adopt these healthier lifestyles, and it is through CBPR that we will be able to discover these methods.î From the Foreword by Regina M. Benjamin, MD, MBA, U.S. Surgeon General ìThe editors of this book bring together in one place both a description of epidemiological methods and a discussion of community-level issues. It is a volume that will prove useful to those who wish to conduct contemporary community-based research.î ñ Praise for the First Edition from the Foreword David Satcher, Former Surgeon General of the United States This second edition of a highly regarded textbook on the foundations of and strategies for achieving fertile community-based health care research has been completely revised and updated. It now includes new chapters on translating research into practice, evaluating research, and applying community-based participatory research (CBPR) principles to service, education, and evaluation. The book also updates a crucial chapter on the voices of community stakeholders and an important study of the ethical issues surrounding the Tuskegee Syphilis Study. Edited by renowned professors of community-based research, the text is distinguished by its how-to approach and focus on practical research methods. The text discusses the unique challenges of conducting CBPR and addresses ways to build and sustain community partnerships. It explores ethical issues regarding health care research, includes input from community stakeholders, and describes national and international support for CBPR. Research methods covered include qualitative studies, surveys, and intervention trials. Applications of CBPR illustrate how to translate research into practice and community-based participatory approaches to service, education, and evaluation. The second edition includes new chapters on: Building and sustaining researcher/community partnerships National and international investments in and support for CBPR Surveys and methods for conducting CBPR Translating research into practice Community-based participatory approaches to service, education, and evaluation
Categories: Medical

Public Health Evaluation and the Social Determinants of Health

Public Health Evaluation and the Social Determinants of Health

This book introduces these social determinants of health (SDOH), discusses how they relate to public health programs, and explains how to design and evaluate interventions bearing them in mind.

Author: Allyson Kelley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000071719

Category: Medical

Page: 178

View: 471

Compelling evidence shows health disparities are the result of inequalities in income, education, limited access to medical care, substandard social environments, and poor economic conditions. This book introduces these social determinants of health (SDOH), discusses how they relate to public health programs, and explains how to design and evaluate interventions bearing them in mind. Arguing that many public health programs fail to be as effective as they could be, because they ignore the underlying causes of health disparities, this important reference gives concrete examples of how evaluations focusing on the social determinants of health can alleviate health inequalities, as well as step-by-step guidance to undertaking them. This resource blends current research, existing data, and participatory evaluation methods. It is designed for teachers, students, practitioners, and policymakers interested in public health programming and evaluation.
Categories: Medical

Religion as a Social Determinant of Public Health

Religion as a Social Determinant of Public Health

This has been an essential aspect of the social determinants approach—to
understand the way in which the (unequal) social and economic conditions of
early life shape human health across the life course. The life course approach to
 ...

Author: Ellen L. Idler

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199389865

Category: Religion

Page: 448

View: 623

Frequently in partnership, but sometimes at odds, religious institutions and public health institutions work to improve the well-being of their communities. There is increasing awareness among public health professionals and the general public that the social conditions of poverty, lack of education, income inequality, poor working conditions, and experiences of discrimination play a dominant role in determining health status. But this broad view of the social determinants of health has largely ignored the role of religious practices and institutions in shaping the life conditions of billions around the globe. In Religion as a Social Determinant of Public Health, leading scholars in the social sciences, public health, and religion address this omission by examining the embodied sacred practices of the world's religions, the history of alignment and tension between religious and public health institutions, the research on the health impact of religious practice throughout the life course, and the role of religious institutions in health and development efforts around the globe. In addition, the volume explores religion's role in the ongoing epidemics of HIV/AIDS and Alzheimer's disease, as well as preparations for an influenza pandemic. Together, these groundbreaking essays help complete the picture of the social determinants of health by including religion, which has until now been an invisible determinant.
Categories: Religion

Tackling Health Inequalities

Tackling Health Inequalities

Author: Helen McAvoy

Publisher: Combat Poverty Agency

ISBN: 9781905485635

Category: Health services accessibility

Page: 64

View: 696

Categories: Health services accessibility

A Sociological Approach to Health Determinants

A Sociological Approach to Health Determinants

This book is a comprehensive resource that provides a new perspective on the influence of social structures on health.

Author: Toni Schofield

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107689411

Category: Medical

Page: 272

View: 610

This book is a comprehensive resource that provides a new perspective on the influence of social structures on health.
Categories: Medical

Social Determinants of Health in Countries in Conflict

Social Determinants of Health in Countries in Conflict

Social inequality is widely recognized as an important cause of conflict and the social determinants of health in conflict settings reflect and reinforce these inequalities.

Author:

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9789290216315

Category: Medical

Page: 68

View: 318

Social inequality is widely recognized as an important cause of conflict and the social determinants of health in conflict settings reflect and reinforce these inequalities. This publication explores the impact of conflict and occupation on the health of people in six countries of the region, identifying loss of human rights, breaches of medical neutrality and psychosocial distress as key determinants that affect people's health in crisis settings. The publication also identifies some examples of activities and interventions that may help to mitigate the impact of these conflicts on the health and well-being of affected populations, as well as policy implications for all concerned parties.
Categories: Medical

The Economics of Social Determinants of Health and Health Inequalities

The Economics of Social Determinants of Health and Health Inequalities

"This resource book discusses the economic arguments that could (and could not) be put forth to support the case for investing in the social determinants of health on average and in the reduction in socially determined health inequalities.

Author: World Health Organization

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9789241548625

Category: Social Science

Page: 124

View: 246

"This resource book discusses the economic arguments that could (and could not) be put forth to support the case for investing in the social determinants of health on average and in the reduction in socially determined health inequalities. It provides an overview and introduction into how economists would approach the assessment of the economic motivation to invest in the social determinants of health and socially determined health inequities, including what the major challenges are in this assessment. It illustrates the extent to which an economic argument can be made in favour of investment in 3 major social determinants of health areas: education, social protection, and urban development and infrastructure. It describes whether education policy, social protection, and urban development, housing and transport policy can act as health policy"--
Categories: Social Science

Cancer Disparities

Cancer Disparities

Translating research evidence into practice to reduce health disparities: A social
determinants approach. American Journal of Public Health, 100(Suppl. 1), S72–
S80. Kumanyika, S. K., Obarzanek, E., Stettler, N., Bell, R., Field, A. E., Fortmann,
 ...

Author: Holly Matto, PhD

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 9780826108838

Category: Medical

Page: 580

View: 433

"The volume sheds new light on reducing disparities by complementing currentlyavailable monographs, through the provision of solutions that are not onlytheoretically innovative but also empirically effective. Indeed, Cancer Disparities: Causesand Evidence-Based Solutions admirably achieves two key objectives that are crucial foradvances in the field: (a) providing an up-to-date overview of cancer-related disparities and(b) describing evidence-based interventional approaches to close the cancer-relateddisparities gap. The implicit promise is that these approaches will enable public health practitioners,cancer control workers, and community members to use or adapt them in their owncommunities. This volume is essential to help make that promise a reality."--PsycCRITIQUES Cancer is not randomly distributed in the United States. Its incidence varies by race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and other geographic and demographic factors. This volume, co-published with the American Cancer Society, is the first to examine the biological, racial, and socioeconomic factors that influence cancer incidence and survival. In addition, it presents 15 previously unpublished, evidence-based interventions to reduce and eliminate cancer disparities. The book explains the nature, scope, and causes of cancer disparities across different populations and then presents unique programs proven to reduce such inequalities in the areas of cancer prevention, screening and early detection, treatment, and survivorship. They represent a variety of cancers, populations, and communities across the U.S. Descriptions of each intervention include tests of effectiveness and are written in sufficient detail for readers to replicate them within their own communities. Key Features: Offers an in-depth look at the latest research behind cancer disparities Written by highly respected and published cancer researchers Includes 15 never-before published, evidence-based interventions that readers can replicate Discusses breast, colorectal, cervical, and other pernicious cancers Includes interventions for African-American, Hispanic, Native American, and other populations
Categories: Medical

Social Determinants of Health

Social Determinants of Health

The social determinants of health provide the answer: these are the socio-economic conditions that shape the health of individuals, communities, and jurisdictions as a whole.

Author: Dennis Raphael

Publisher: Canadian Scholars’ Press

ISBN: 9781551303505

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 475

View: 891

Genetics and traditional risk factors such as activity, diet, and tobacco use cannot reliably predict whether we stay healthy or become ill. What then are the primary predictors of adult-onset diabetes, heart attacks, stroke, and many other diseases? The social determinants of health provide the answer: these are the socio-economic conditions that shape the health of individuals, communities, and jurisdictions as a whole. Social determinants establish the extent to which Canadians possess the resources to identify and achieve personal aspirations, satisfy needs, and cope with the environment. This perspective is the key to understanding patterns of health and illness in Canada today. Uniting top academics and high profile experts from across the country, this contributed volume is a unique undertaking that combines analysis of the current state of the social determinants of health, with explication of their effects. The contributions take a public policy approach that sees the mainsprings of health emerging from the social distribution of resources. The collection as a whole integrates insights from the health sciences, the sociology of health, and the political economy of health. Critical areas of investigation: Aboriginal status early life, education, and literacy work and unemployment food security gender health care services housing income and its distribution social safety net social exclusion
Categories: Health & Fitness

Public Health Ethics and the Social Determinants of Health

Public Health Ethics and the Social Determinants of Health

Readers are challenged to recognize the critical role of social determinants to their perception of health issues, controversies, and possibilities as the book: · Details the epidemiologic evidence regarding social determinants of health. ...

Author: Daniel S. Goldberg

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319513478

Category: Medical

Page: 56

View: 809

This progressive resource places concepts of social determinants of health in the larger contexts of contemporary health ethics and the evolution of social reform. It provides needed analysis of the larger causes behind the immediate causes of illness and epidemics, particularly injustice, systemic inequities, and the cumulative effect of compound disadvantages. This moral approach to collective and individual responsibilities—on the part of practitioners as well as the public—supports a sound blueprint for finding answers to longstanding global and local concerns. Readers are challenged to recognize the critical role of social determinants to their perception of health issues, controversies, and possibilities as the book: · Details the epidemiologic evidence regarding social determinants of health. · Key ethical implications of the evidence regarding social determinants of health. · Considers the role of risky health behaviors in determining population health outcomes. · Addresses ethical questions of priority-setting at the policy and practice levels. · Translates social determinants of health into health policy goals. Half textbook, half monograph, Public Health Ethics and the Social Determinants of Health Is geared toward students in MPH programs as well as public health professionals in diverse contexts such as local health departments and non-profit organizations. It informs public health scientists and scholars, and can also serve as an introductory text for students in public health ethics, or as part of a general applied ethics course.
Categories: Medical

Social Determinants of Health

Social Determinants of Health

The field of the social determinants of health is perhaps the most complex and
challenging of all. ... languages and used by decisionmakers at all levels, public
health professionals and academics throughout the European Region and
beyond.

Author: WHO Healthy Cities Project

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9789289013710

Category: Medical

Page: 31

View: 372

Poorer people live shorter lives and suffer higher levels of ill health than the more affluent in society, and this disparity highlights the sensitivity of human health to socio-economic factors. This booklet examines this social gradient in health and explains how psychological and social influences affect physical health and longevity. It also considers the role of public policy in promoting a social environment that is more conducive to better health. Topics discussed include: stress, early childhood health, social exclusion, work, unemployment and job insecurity, social support networks, the effects of alcohol and other drug addictions, food and nutrition, and healthier transport systems.
Categories: Medical