Public Health Ethics and the Social Determinants of Health

Public Health Ethics and the Social Determinants of Health

Readers are challenged to recognize the critical role of social determinants to their perception of health issues, controversies, and possibilities as the book: · Details the epidemiologic evidence regarding social determinants of health. ...

Author: Daniel S. Goldberg

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319513478

Category: Medical

Page: 56

View: 767

This progressive resource places concepts of social determinants of health in the larger contexts of contemporary health ethics and the evolution of social reform. It provides needed analysis of the larger causes behind the immediate causes of illness and epidemics, particularly injustice, systemic inequities, and the cumulative effect of compound disadvantages. This moral approach to collective and individual responsibilities—on the part of practitioners as well as the public—supports a sound blueprint for finding answers to longstanding global and local concerns. Readers are challenged to recognize the critical role of social determinants to their perception of health issues, controversies, and possibilities as the book: · Details the epidemiologic evidence regarding social determinants of health. · Key ethical implications of the evidence regarding social determinants of health. · Considers the role of risky health behaviors in determining population health outcomes. · Addresses ethical questions of priority-setting at the policy and practice levels. · Translates social determinants of health into health policy goals. Half textbook, half monograph, Public Health Ethics and the Social Determinants of Health Is geared toward students in MPH programs as well as public health professionals in diverse contexts such as local health departments and non-profit organizations. It informs public health scientists and scholars, and can also serve as an introductory text for students in public health ethics, or as part of a general applied ethics course.
Categories: Medical

Structural Approaches in Public Health

Structural Approaches in Public Health

This comprehensive text brings together a selection of internationally-recognised authors to provide an overview for students and practitioners working in or concerned with public health around the globe.

Author: Marni Sommer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136766190

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 999

A CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title 2014! That health has many social determinants is well established and a myriad range of structural factors – social, cultural, political, economic, and environmental – are now known to impact on population well-being. Public health practice has started exploring and responding to a range of health-related challenges from a structural paradigm, including individual and population vulnerability to infection with HIV and AIDS, injury-prevention, obesity, and smoking cessation. Recognising the inadequacy of public health responses that focus solely on individual behaviour change to improve population health outcomes, this text promotes a more holistic approach. Discussing the structural factors related to health and well-being that are both within and outside of an individual’s control, it explores what form structural approaches can take, the underlying theory of structure as a risk factor and the local realities, environments, and priorities that public health practitioners need to take into consideration. Anchored in empirical evidence, the book provides case studies of innovative and influential interventions – from the 100% condom program, to urban planning, injury prevention, and the provision of adequate clean drinking water and sanitation systems – and concludes with a section on implementing and evaluating structural public health programs. This comprehensive text brings together a selection of internationally-recognised authors to provide an overview for students and practitioners working in or concerned with public health around the globe.
Categories: Medical

Equity Social Determinants and Public Health Programmes

Equity  Social Determinants and Public Health Programmes

Social determinants approaches in public health: real world case studies. Geneva, World Health Organization, forthcoming (http://www.

Author: Erik Blas

Publisher: World Health Organization

ISBN: 9789241563970

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 291

View: 810

This book is a collection of analyses of the social determinants of health that impact on specific health conditions. Stemming from the recommendations of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health, promising interventions to improve health equity are presented for the areas of: alcohol-related disorders, cardiovascular diseases, child health and nutrition, diabetes, food safety, maternal health, mental health, neglected tropical diseases, oral health, pregnancy outcomes, tobacco and health, tuberculosis, and violence and injuries. The book was commissioned by the Department of Ethics, Equity, Trade and Human Rights as part of the work undertaken by the Priority Public Health Conditions Knowledge Network of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health, in collaboration with 16 of the major public health programmes of WHO. In addition to this, through collaboration with the Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction, the Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases, and the Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research, 13 case studies were commissioned to examine the implementation challenges in addressing social determinants of health in low-and middle-income settings.
Categories: Health & Fitness

Social Determinants Approaches to Public Health

Social Determinants Approaches to Public Health

This publication complements the previous publication by the Department of Ethics, Equity, Trade and Human Rights entitled "Equity, social determinants and public health programmes", which analysed social determinants and health equity ...

Author: Erik Blas

Publisher:

ISBN: 924156413X

Category: Medical

Page: 209

View: 540

The thirteen case studies contained in this publication were commissioned by the research node of the Knowledge Network on Priority Public Health Conditions (PPHC-KN), a WHO-based interdepartmental working group associated with the WHO Commission on Social Determinants of Health. The publication is a joint product of the Department of Ethics, Equity, Trade and Human Rights (ETH), Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR), Special Programme of Research, Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction (HRP), and Alliance for Health Policy and Systems Research (AHPSR). The case studies describe a wealth of experiences with implementing public health programmes that intend to address social determinants and to have a great impact on health equity. They also document the real-life challenges in implementing such programmes, including the challenges in scaling up, managing policy changes, managing intersectoral processes, adjusting design and ensuring sustainability. This publication complements the previous publication by the Department of Ethics, Equity, Trade and Human Rights entitled Equity, social determinants and public health programmes, which analysed social determinants and health equity issues in 13 public health programmes, and identified possible entry points for interventions to address those social determinants and inequities at the levels of socioeconomic context, exposure, vulnerability, health outcomes and health consequences.
Categories: Medical

Public Health Evaluation and the Social Determinants of Health

Public Health Evaluation and the Social Determinants of Health

This book introduces these social determinants of health (SDOH), discusses how they relate to public health programs, and explains how to design and evaluate interventions bearing them in mind.

Author: Allyson Kelley

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000071719

Category: Medical

Page: 178

View: 876

Compelling evidence shows health disparities are the result of inequalities in income, education, limited access to medical care, substandard social environments, and poor economic conditions. This book introduces these social determinants of health (SDOH), discusses how they relate to public health programs, and explains how to design and evaluate interventions bearing them in mind. Arguing that many public health programs fail to be as effective as they could be, because they ignore the underlying causes of health disparities, this important reference gives concrete examples of how evaluations focusing on the social determinants of health can alleviate health inequalities, as well as step-by-step guidance to undertaking them. This resource blends current research, existing data, and participatory evaluation methods. It is designed for teachers, students, practitioners, and policymakers interested in public health programming and evaluation.
Categories: Medical

Social Determinants of Health

Social Determinants of Health

This book takes an interdisciplinary approach to understanding the social determinants of health, analyzing the spectrum of socioeconomic and cultural factors that play a role in health outcomes.

Author: Adrian Bonner

Publisher: Policy Press

ISBN: 9781447336853

Category: Medical

Page: 376

View: 390

Based on the ‘rainbow model’ of the social determinants of health, this book examines the key factors which can lead to poor quality of life, homelessness and reduced mortality.
Categories: Medical

Tackling Health Inequalities

Tackling Health Inequalities

Author: Helen McAvoy

Publisher: Combat Poverty Agency

ISBN: 9781905485635

Category: Health services accessibility

Page: 64

View: 896

Categories: Health services accessibility

Public Health

Public Health

"From Sure Start to healthy workplaces, health action zones to community regeneration, this volume makes the leap from research to action.

Author: Angela Scriven

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 9780335233922

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 110

"From Sure Start to healthy workplaces, health action zones to community regeneration, this volume makes the leap from research to action." Professor Richard Parish, Chief Executive, The Royal Society for the Promotion of Health What is public health and how has it changed over time? What is the social context of public health and what are the dominant 21st centuryissues? What strategies are in place to address population health? This important book makes a significant contribution to the emergent body of public health knowledge by examining debates around the social context of health, including key socio-economic, environmental and cultural factors. In doing so, the text locates within a social context the theoretical debates and problems surrounding public health, and analyzes the practical public health strategies and solutions that have been developed to address them. The book moves beyond traditional theoretical discourse to include coverage of: The thinking, frameworks and processes that are actively shaping public health in the 21st century Provides tangible examples of public health strategies that have recently been introduced to tackle the social determinants of health The use of media strategies to promote health Public Health is key reading for students undertaking courses in health studies, health promotion, nursing, public health, social policy, social work and sociology. In addition to a wide student readership, the book's focus on public health action and current practice also makes it highly relevant to professionals. The text brings together a distinguished group of practitioners, social scientists and public health experts who contribute their ideas and research. Contributors: Amanda Amos, Mel Bartley, Linda Bauld, Hannah Bradby, Tarani Chandola, Jeff Collin, Paul Fleming, Colin Fudge, Sebastian Garman, Ben Gidley, Jenny Head, David Hunter, Martin King, Roderick Lawrence, Kelley Lee, Yaojun Li, Mhairi Mackenzie, Alex Marsh, Antony Morgan, Jennie Popay, Graham Scambler, Sasha Scambler, Angela Scriven, Nick Watson.
Categories: Political Science

Structural Approaches in Public Health

Structural Approaches in Public Health

with other sectors for health promotion (for example, risk reduction in ... The social determinants approach to health goes beyond considering how to ...

Author: Marni Sommer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136766121

Category: Medical

Page: 266

View: 528

A CHOICE Outstanding Academic Title 2014! That health has many social determinants is well established and a myriad range of structural factors – social, cultural, political, economic, and environmental – are now known to impact on population well-being. Public health practice has started exploring and responding to a range of health-related challenges from a structural paradigm, including individual and population vulnerability to infection with HIV and AIDS, injury-prevention, obesity, and smoking cessation. Recognising the inadequacy of public health responses that focus solely on individual behaviour change to improve population health outcomes, this text promotes a more holistic approach. Discussing the structural factors related to health and well-being that are both within and outside of an individual’s control, it explores what form structural approaches can take, the underlying theory of structure as a risk factor and the local realities, environments, and priorities that public health practitioners need to take into consideration. Anchored in empirical evidence, the book provides case studies of innovative and influential interventions – from the 100% condom program, to urban planning, injury prevention, and the provision of adequate clean drinking water and sanitation systems – and concludes with a section on implementing and evaluating structural public health programs. This comprehensive text brings together a selection of internationally-recognised authors to provide an overview for students and practitioners working in or concerned with public health around the globe.
Categories: Medical

New Horizons in Modeling and Simulation for Social Epidemiology and Public Health

New Horizons in Modeling and Simulation for Social Epidemiology and Public Health

Specifically, this book: Provides an overview of the social determinants of health and the public health significance of addressing the social determinants of health Gives a conceptual foundation for the application of ABM and MSM to study ...

Author: Daniel Kim

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118589304

Category: Medical

Page: 208

View: 275

An introduction to state-of-the-art modeling and simulation approaches for social and economic determinants of population health New Horizons in Modeling and Simulation for Social Epidemiology and Public Health offers a comprehensive introduction to modeling and simulation that addresses the many complex research questions in social epidemiology and public health. This book highlights a variety of practical applications and illustrative examples with a focus on modeling and simulation approaches for the social and economic determinants of population health. The book contains classic case examples in agent-based modeling (ABM) as well as essential information on ABM applications to public health including for infectious disease modeling, obesity, and tobacco control. This book also surveys applications of microsimulation (MSM) including of tax-benefit policies to project impacts of the social determinants of health. Specifically, this book: Provides an overview of the social determinants of health and the public health significance of addressing the social determinants of health Gives a conceptual foundation for the application of ABM and MSM to study the social determinants of health Offers methodological introductions to both ABM and MSM approaches with illustrative examples Includes cutting-edge systematic reviews of empirical applications of ABM and MSM in the social sciences, social epidemiology, and public health Discusses future directions for empirical research using ABM and MSM, including integrating aspects of both ABM and MSM and implications for public health policies Written for a broad audience of policy analysts, public planners, and researchers and practitioners in public health and public policy including social epidemiologists, New Horizons in Modeling and Simulation for Social Epidemiology and Public Health offers a fundamental guide to the social determinants of health and state-of-the-art applications of ABM and MSM to studying the social and economic determinants of population health.
Categories: Medical

Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health

Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health

New topics in this edition include: Climate change, genetic testing and epidemiology; new methods for measuring the burden of disease; life course approaches to epidemiology, behavioural economics; and physical activity, health and ...

Author: Roger Detels

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192534347

Category: Medical

Page:

View: 845

The Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health is the ultimate resource on the subject of public health and epidemiology. The sixth edition has been thoroughly revised and updated, offering a global and comprehensive perspective on wide ranging public health needs and priorities in modern health care. The sixth edition retains its approach of dividing the complex, dynamic subject of public health into three topics. 'The Scope of Public Health' discusses the development of the discipline, determinants of health and disease, public health policies, and law and ethics. Next, the textbook focuses on 'The Methods of Public Health', including the main science behind the discipline - epidemiology. Finally, 'The Practice of Public Health', examines specific public health problems and the options for prevention and control. As well as identifying these issues by system or disease, there is also an awareness of the unique needs of particular population groups. New topics in this edition include: Climate change, genetic testing and epidemiology; new methods for measuring the burden of disease; life course approaches to epidemiology, behavioural economics; and physical activity, health and wellbeing. Two new editors, Quarraisha Abdool Karim (South Africa) and Chorh Chuan Tan (Singapore), join the established editor team of Roger Detels (USA), and Martin Gulliford (UK), representing a truly global outlook. The contributors are experts who have been drawn from around the world, offering perspectives from vastly different health systems with ranging public health needs and priorities. The Oxford Textbook of Global Public Health remains the most comprehensive, accessible text in the field, and is an essential reference for students and practitioners in public health and epidemiology.
Categories: Medical

Social Determinants of Hypertension in Jordan

Social Determinants of Hypertension in Jordan

Hence, the objective of this book is to investigate public health risk factors of hypertension in Jordan.

Author: Tamara Alsa'ad

Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing

ISBN: 3659316172

Category:

Page: 116

View: 762

Hypertension is an important public health concern, yet previously published research about hypertension risk factors have undertaken a medical approach rather than an integrated social determinants approach especially in Jordan. Such an approach left a gap in the knowledge base of the intersectoral distribution and risk factors for this public health priority area. Hence, the objective of this book is to investigate public health risk factors of hypertension in Jordan. The comprehensive literature review and the secondary data analysis observed that the distribution of hypertension prevalence is affected by social determinants and risk factors. Adapting an integrated social determinants approach to investigate hypertension prevalence and distribution may be beneficial in guiding healthcare providers and policy makers to address more efficiently the burden of hypertension. Further this analysis should be especially useful to professionals in public health, or anyone who maybe considering integrating social determinants approach for complicated medical conditions distribution with multiple risk factors that are relevant and interact as in hypertension.
Categories:

Public Health Approaches to Non Communicable Diseases

Public Health Approaches to Non   Communicable Diseases

Social determinants approaches to public health from concept to practice. Geneva: WHO; 2011. World Health Organization. Closing the gap in generation: ...

Author: JS Thakur

Publisher: Wolters kluwer india Pvt Ltd

ISBN: 9789351294412

Category: Medical

Page: 448

View: 298

A comprehensive text book by Wolters Kluwer Lippincott covering all key features that are very helpful for the medical students.
Categories: Medical

Understanding Health

Understanding Health

This work introduces students to the variety of approaches to old and new public health, by placing them in the broader context of conditions and structures in society.

Author: Helen Keleher

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0195516613

Category: Medical

Page: 361

View: 709

This work introduces students to the variety of approaches to old and new public health, by placing them in the broader context of conditions and structures in society. Practical in its approach, this introductory text features a wide range of examples and case studies.
Categories: Medical

Rural Health Disparities

Rural Health Disparities

The book provides tools in the public health, policy, and planning disciplines to help resolve significant differences in life expectancy and quality of life in these communities, concluding with a progressive vision for alleviating ...

Author: Monica M. Taylor

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030114671

Category: Medical

Page: 60

View: 886

This innovative resource offers a unique, multidisciplinary approach for the utilization of planning theory to eliminate health disparities in rural communities. The book provides tools in the public health, policy, and planning disciplines to help resolve significant differences in life expectancy and quality of life in these communities, concluding with a progressive vision for alleviating geographical health disparities on a local, national, and global scale. Chapters highlight models and approaches best suited to addressing this public health concern, suggesting action strategies focused around each of the three focus areas: 1. Public health: Elucidation of the contextual factors impacting the health of rural communities by: reporting statistical updates on a range of chronic and infectious diseases that disproportionately affect rural populations both globally and in the U.S.; providing discourse on the importance of addressing critical social determinants (global and national) that impede optimal health outcomes among rural populations; and, acknowledging the compositional factors of individuals who reside in rural spaces. 2. Public policy: Application of specific policy models to garner both public and political will towards sustainable policy change to improve healthy living in rural spaces. 3. Rural planning: Identification of national and international planning models that can be used to design strategic plans targeted to improve quality of life, create sustainable development, and establish economic well-being and growth in rural communities. Rural Health Disparities: Public Health, Policy, and Planning Approaches will find an engaged audience among non-profit organizations, planners, public health practitioners, policy analysts, and public interest groups, as well as rural health advocates and students enrolled in planning, public policy, and/or public health courses.
Categories: Medical

Structural Competency in Mental Health and Medicine

Structural Competency in Mental Health and Medicine

This book documents the ways that clinical practitioners and trainees have used the “structural competency” framework to reduce inequalities in health.

Author: Helena Hansen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030105259

Category: Medical

Page: 230

View: 907

This book documents the ways that clinical practitioners and trainees have used the “structural competency” framework to reduce inequalities in health. The essays describe on-the-ground ways that clinicians, educators, and activists craft structural interventions to enhance health outcomes, student learning, and community organizing around issues of social justice in health and healthcare. Each chapter of the book begins with a case study that illuminates a competency in reorienting clinical and public health practice toward community, institutional and policy level intervention based on alliances with social agencies, community organizations and policy makers. Written by authors who are trained in both clinical and social sciences, the chapters cover pedagogy in classrooms and clinics, community collaboration, innovative health promotion approaches in non-health sectors and in public policies, offering a view of effective care as structural intervention and a road map toward its implementation. Structural Competency in Mental Health and Medicine is a cutting-edge resource for psychiatrists, primary care physicians, addiction medicine specialists, emergency medicine specialists, nurses, social workers, public health practitioners, and other clinicians working toward equality in health.
Categories: Medical

The New Public Health and STD HIV Prevention

The New Public Health and STD HIV Prevention

Focusing on social determinants of sexual health, at-risk populations, critical factors in approaches to prevention, and reviews of new research, this authoritative volume explores areas as varied as HPV prevention, technology-based ...

Author: Sevgi O. Aral

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461445265

Category: Medical

Page: 439

View: 354

Despite effective approaches to prevention, STD and HIV infection rates remain fairly constant. Targeting, implementation, and monitoring of interventions have posed widespread problems, and the recent spate of cuts to prevention budgets has made these roadblocks even more challenging. It is clear that working in sexual health requires both a deeper understanding of STI/HIV epidemiology and an ongoing quest for up-to-date, realistic prevention strategies. The New Public Health and STD/HIV Prevention offers readers leading-edge access to both. Focusing on social determinants of sexual health, at-risk populations, critical factors in approaches to prevention, and reviews of new research, this authoritative volume explores areas as varied as HPV prevention, technology-based interventions, migration as a factor in disease transmission, and competencies key to effective leadership in the field. Dispatches from the frontlines of theory, research, and practice in the U.S. and abroad include: Personal risk, public impact: balancing individual rights and STD/HIV prevention. Distribution of prevention resources and its impact on sexual health. Prevention measures in diverse populations of women. Toward a better approach to preventive interventions with men who have sex with men. Adolescent sexual health and STIs. Reducing disparities in sexual health: lessons from the campaign to eliminate infectious syphilis. Public health professionals of all backgrounds interested in or working in improving sexual health will find The New Public Health and STD/HIV Prevention an indispensable guide to conceptualizing the problems and clarifying possible solutions.
Categories: Medical

Social Determinants of Health

Social Determinants of Health

The second edition of Social Determinants of Health: A Comparative Approach is an accessible and engaging introduction to the various social factors that determine the health status of individuals and communities.

Author: Alan Davidson

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199032203

Category: Medical

Page: 384

View: 606

The only text that accessibly examines the social determinants of health from a Canadian, contemporary, and comparative perspective Featuring thought-provoking Canadian and international examples throughout, this text takes a macro-level look at the many ways in which social factors - such as income, education, employment, gender, and support systems - interact to determine health across the lifespan.
Categories: Medical