Social, Ecological and Environmental Theories of Crime

Author: JefferyT. Walker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351548387

Category: Social Science

Page: 560

View: 2451

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One of the oldest and most extensive forms of criminology falls within what is referred to, among other names, as social ecology. Beginning with the work of Guerry and Quetelet, this theory became the dominate paradigm in explaining crime with the work of the Chicago School in the early 1900s, social disorganization theory, and neighborhood research attempting to deal with crime in deteriorating cities. Social ecology is also the basis for the research being conducted in environmental criminology. This volume offers a selection of the most influential works in social ecology and environmental criminology. It begins with research from human ecology and the Chicago School, extending through some of the research in social disorganization theory. It encompasses some of the major journal articles from the 1980s and 1990s in neighborhoods and crime, and then addresses some of the quintessential works in environmental criminology. It ends with groundbreaking work in this area that may indicate the future direction of the field. This valuable collection includes an excellent introduction by Jeff Walker.
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Social Control and Self-Control Theories of Crime and Deviance

Author: L.Edward Wells

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351548506

Category: Social Science

Page: 550

View: 3607

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Control theories have dominated criminological theory and research since the 1969 publication of Hirschi's seminal work on the social bond. Social control and self-control theorists are unique in suggesting that patterns in criminal behaviors are better explained by variations in social constraints rather than by individual motivational impulses, thus indicating that their main concerns are the explication and clarification of the techniques, processes, and institutions of informal social control. The four major sections of this volume focus on: the similarities and differences among the major contributors to the early developmental stage of social control theory; the central importance of parents, peers, and schools in the creation of informal control mechanisms and their link to crime and delinquency; the theoretical underpinnings of self-control theory, including empirical tests and criticisms; and theoretical integrations of social control and self-control theories with various motivational theories of crime and delinquency.
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Feminist Theories of Crime

Author: Merry Morash

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351567136

Category: Social Science

Page: 592

View: 1661

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This collection re-imagines the field of criminology with insights gleaned from feminist theory. Works included here illustrate that gender is a key organizing principle of social life. This means that men and women have gender, that patriarchy as well as gender must be theorized, and that other systems of oppression such as race and class must also be studied to fully understand the crime problem and the criminal justice system. Finally, the articles collected here exemplify the feminist concern for thinking consciously about how and why we do our research with the crucial goal of producing knowledge that will promote social justice.
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Social Constructionist Theories of Crime

Author: Stuart Henry,Ross L. Matsueda

Publisher: Lund Humphries Publishers

ISBN: 9781409419617

Category: Law

Page: 390

View: 400

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This volume applies social constructionist theory to crime and justice and allows us to see how crime, justice and penalty emerge as anchoring concepts, while also showing the arbitrary nature of social formations that have such an important impact on everyday people's lives. Selected articles examine the classical roots of constructionist theory; its applications to the sociology of deviance; important deviations into the methodology; and reflections on its current standing in criminological theory.
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Encyclopedia of Criminological Theory

Author: Francis T. Cullen,Pamela Wilcox

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412959187

Category: Social Science

Page: 1176

View: 2746

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For a free 30-day online trial to this title, visit www.sagepub.com/freetrial This two-volume set is designed to serve as a reference source for anyone interested in the roots of contemporary criminological theory. Drawing together a team of international scholars, it examines the global landscape of all the key theories and the theorists behind them, presenting them in a context needed to understand their strengths and weaknesses. The work provides essays on cutting-edge research as well as concise, to-the-point definitions of key concepts, ideas, schools, and figures. Topics include contexts and concepts in criminological theory, the social construction of crime, policy implications of theory, diversity and intercultural contexts, conflict theory, rational choice theories, conservative criminology, feminist theory, and more. Key ThemesThe Classical School of CriminologyThe Positivist School of CriminologyEarly American Theories of CrimeBiological and Biosocial Theories of CrimePsychological Theories of CrimeThe Chicago School of CriminologyCultural and Learning Theories of CrimeAnomie and Strain Theories of Crime and DevianceControl Theories of CrimeLabeling and Interactionist Theories of CrimeTheories of the Criminal SanctionConflict, Radical, and Critical Theories of CrimeFeminist and Gender-Specific Theories of CrimeChoice and Opportunity Theories of CrimeMacro-Level/ Community Theories of CrimeLife-Course and Developmental Theories of CrimeIntegrated Theories of CrimeTheories of White-Collar and Corporate CrimeContemporary Gang TheoriesTheories of Prison Behavior and InsurgencyTheories of Fear and Concern About Crime
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The Handbook of Deviance

Author: Erich Goode

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118701429

Category: Social Science

Page: 656

View: 3895

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The Handbook of Deviance is a definitive reference for professionals, researchers, and students that provides a comprehensive and engaging introduction to the sociology of deviance. Composed of over 30 essays written by an international array of scholars and meticulously edited by one of the best known authorities on the study of deviance Features chapters on cutting-edge topics, such as terrorism and environmental degradation as forms of deviance Each chapter includes a critical review of what is known about the topic, the current status of the topic, and insights about the future of the topic Covers recent theoretical innovations in the field, including the distinction between positivist and constructionist perspectives on deviance, and the incorporation of physical appearance as a form of deviance
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Choice

Publication of the Association of College and Research Libraries, a Division of the American Library Association

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Academic libraries

Page: N.A

View: 6103

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Criminology

an interdisciplinary approach

Author: Clarence Ray Jeffery

Publisher: Bookmantraa.com

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 482

View: 3280

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Full coverage of all the major schools of thought Biological, Social, Physchological, Economic, etc. While other texts focus primarily sociological causation of crime, Jeffery takes - an interdisciplinary approach.
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Violence

Author: Elizabeth Anne Stanko

Publisher: Ashgate Pub Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 642

View: 7729

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Violence is a collection, in a conveniently accessible form, of the most influential articles by leading authorities in the study of violence. It is organised in a unique way that enables readers to conceptualise violence and its explanations in a manner that itself interrogates the theme of the book, what is violence and how might it be understood. It provides an international reference work, combined with an authoritative introduction by the editor.
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