Author: William H. MoorcroftPublish On: 2006-09-04
Anthropologists tell us that sleep and its dreams have been a central focus of
many ancient cultures. In some cultures, sleep was seen as a time for the soul to
occupy another world (see Chapter 6). Perhaps more common in the history of
Author: William H. Moorcroft
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Designed primarily as a text this volume is an up-to-date and integrated overview of physiological sleep mechanisms, brain function, psychological ramifications of sleep, dimensions of dreaming, and clinical disorders associated with sleep. It is accessibly written with specially boxed material that enhances the text. Authored by a researcher/clinician/professor with more than 25 years of experience in sleep studies, Understanding Sleep and Dreaming provides a solid basis for those who are not expert in this area. It offers a good foundation for those who will continue sleep studies, while at the same time offering enough information for those who will apply this knowledge in other ways such as clinicians in their individual practices or researchers for whom sleep may be part of a specific study. It is an excellent text for courses on sleep at the undergraduate and graduate levels.
Variations of dream explanations Since antiquity, dreams have been viewed as a
source of divination, as a form of reality, ... Dreaming and sleep research Dreaming and sleep research, the study of the brain and other physiological
activity of ...
Author: Rosalind D. CartwrightPublish On: 2012-08-16
In The Twenty-four Hour Mind, sleep researcher Rosalind Cartwright brings together decades of research into the bizarre sleep disorders known as 'parasomnias' to propose a new theory of how the human brain works consistently throughout ...
Author: Rosalind D. Cartwright
Publisher: Oxford University Press
In The Twenty-four Hour Mind, sleep researcher Rosalind Cartwright brings together decades of research into the bizarre sleep disorders known as 'parasomnias' to propose a new theory of how the human brain works consistently throughout waking and sleeping hours, based upon research showing that one of the primary purposes of sleep is to aid in regulating emotions and processing experiences that occur during waking hours.
... National Institute of Mental Health devoted about ten percent of its research
budget to research on sleep and dreaming. Much of the credit for developing this
exciting new field goes to William Dement, Allan Rechtshaffen, and David
Author: John S. Antrobus
Publisher: Psychology Press
This volume describes how the conceptual and technical sophistication of contemporary cognitive and neuroscientific fields has enhanced the neurocognitive understanding of dreaming sleep. Because it is the only naturally-occurring state in which the active brain produces elaborate cognitive processes in the absence of sensory input, the study of dreaming offers a unique cognitive and neurophysiological view of the production of higher cognitive processes. The theory and research included is driven by the search for the most direct relationships linking the neurophysiological characteristics of sleepers to their concurrent cognitive experiences. The search is organized around three sets of theoretical models and the three classes of neurocognitive relationships upon which they are based. The contributions to this volume demonstrate that the field has begun to move in new directions opened up by the rapid advances in contemporary cognitive science, neuropsychology, and neurophysiology.
while we are sleeping and dreaming that the unconscious finds its most direct
expression—a vast everything-and-nothingness, which we can reach only with
difficulty in our waking lives. When somebody tells us about a dream, he always
Author: Dalai Lama
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
This is an absorbing account of a dialogue between leading Western scientists and the foremost representative of Buddhism today, the Dalai Lama of Tibet. For modern science, the transitional states of consciousness lie at the forefront of research in many fields. For a Buddhist practitioner these same states present crucial opportunities to explore and transform consciousness itself. This book is the account of a historic dialogue between leading Western scientists and the Dalai Lama of Tibet. Revolving around three key moments of consciousness--sleep, dreams, and death--the conversations recorded here are both engrossing and highly readable. Whether the topic is lucid dreaming, near-death experiences, or the very structure of consciousness itself, the reader is continually surprised and delighted. Narrated by Francisco Varela, an internationally recognized neuroscientist, the book begins with insightful remarks on the notion of personal identity by noted philosopher Charles Taylor, author of the acclaimed Sources of Self. This sets the stage for Dr. Jerome Engel, Dr. Joyce MacDougal, and others to engage in extraordinary exchanges with the Dalai Lama on topics ranging from the neurology of sleep to the yoga of dreams. Remarkable convergences between the Western scientific tradition and the Buddhist contemplative sciences are revealed. Dr. Jayne Gackenbach's discussion of lucid dreaming, for example, prompts a detailed and fascinating response from the Dalai Lama on the manipulation of dreams by Buddhist meditators. The conversations also reveal provocative divergences of opinion, as when the Dalai Lama expresses skepticism about "Near-Death Experiences" as presented by Joan Halifax. The conversations are engrossing and highly readable. Any reader interested in psychology, neuroscience, Buddhism, or the alternative worlds of dreams will surely enjoy Sleeping, Dreaming, and Dying.
In fact , we now know that dream reports are obtainable from as many as 50 to 70
per cent of awakenings during the sleep onset phase - that is , in the first few
minutes after falling asleep . " This is a far higher rate than at any other point
Author: Nadine Käthe Monem
Publisher: Black Dog Pub Limited
Encompassing work by scientists, writers, filmmakers, artists, philosophers and historians, Sleeping and Dreaming is a look at what happens to our mind and body when we drift off into nightly unconsciousness.
Mrs. Milios is the author of I Am in the Rookie Reader series and Sleeping and Dreaming in the New True Book series . CHILDRENS PRESS REINFORCED
BINDING. Kekulé , August , 37 kings , queens , as dream symbols , 30 light sleep
, 10 ...
Author: Rita Milios
Publisher: Children's Press(CT)
A brief discussion of what we have learned about sleep and dreams from research.
Sleep and Dream - Ambiguity of anteodai ( Correlated Fragments : 26 , 99 , 55 ) .
FINK : We move into a ... HEIDEGGER : A second difficulty is expressed with the
question whether all sleeping is also dreaming . Is sleeping to be identified with ...
Author: Martin Heidegger
Publisher: Northwestern University Press
In 1966-67 Martin Heidegger and Eugen Fink conducted an extraordinary seminar on the fragments of Heraclitus. Heraclitus Seminar records those conversations, documenting the imaginative and experimental character of the multiplicity of interpretations offered and providing an invaluable portrait of Heidegger involved in active discussion and explication. Heidegger's remarks in this seminar illuminate his interpretations not only of pre-Socratic philosophy, but also of figures such as Hegel and Holderllin. At the same time, Heidegger clarifies many late developments in his own understanding of truth, Being, and understanding. Heidegger and Fink, both deeply rooted in the Freiburg phenomenological tradition, offer two competing approaches to the phenomenological reading of the ancient text-a kind of reading that, as Fink says, is "not so much concerned with the philological problematic ... as with advancing into the matter itself, that is, toward the matter that must have stood before Heraclitus's spiritual view."
Imagine that there is no such thing as sleepless dreaming— that daydreams are
not real dreams or, to put it differently, that there is no such thing as dreaming
when one is not asleep. Imagine, further, that sleeping and dreaming invariably ...
Author: Owen Flanagan
Publisher: Oxford University Press
What, if anything, do dreams tell us about ourselves? What is the relationship between types of sleep and types of dreams? Does dreaming serve any purpose? Or are dreams simply meaningless mental noise--"unmusical fingers wandering over the piano keys"? With expertise in philosophy, psychology, and neuroscience, Owen Flanagan is uniquely qualified to answer these questions. And in Dreaming Souls he provides both an accessible survey of the latest research on sleep and dreams and a compelling new theory about the nature and function of dreaming. Flanagan argues that while sleep has a clear biological function and adaptive value, dreams are merely side effects, "free riders," irrelevant from an evolutionary point of view. But dreams are hardly unimportant. Indeed, Flanagan argues that dreams are self-expressive, the result of our need to find or to create meaning, even when we're sleeping. Rejecting Freud's theory of manifest and latent content--of repressed wishes appearing in disguised form--Flanagan shows how brainstem activity during sleep generates a jumbled profusion of memories, images, thoughts, emotions, and desires, which the cerebral cortex then attempts to shape into a more or less coherent story. Such dream-narratives range from the relatively mundane worries of non REM sleep to the fantastic confabulations of deep REM that resemble psychotic episodes in their strangeness. But however bizarre these narratives may be, they can shed light on our mental life, our well being, and our sense of self. Written with clarity, lively wit, and remarkable insight, Dreaming Souls offers a fascinating new way of apprehending one of the oldest mysteries of mental life.
It is clear that dreaming is associated with a basic biologic state , here called the
D - state . ... However , Freud ' s theory that the function of the dream is the
preservation of sleep is open to question , since in fact stimuli threatening to
Finally, Section V explores how these disparate lines of evidence converge on
new predictions about dreaming. II. Sleep and Memory: The Case for
Consolidation A. STAGES OF SLEEP There are two main types of sleep. The first,
rapid eye ...
Publisher: Academic Press
With recent advances of modern medicine more people reach the 'elderly age' around the globe and the number of dementia cases are ever increasing. This book is about various aspects of dementia and provides its readers with a wide range of thought-provoking sub-topics in the field of dementia. The ultimate goal of this monograph is to stimulate other physicians' and neuroscientists' interest to carry out more research projects into pathogenesis of this devastating group of diseases.
the time course of recovery of normal sleep after drug overdoses and drug
withdrawal , and other brain insults such as intensive ECT . He found that all
these traumatic insults to the central nervous system were followed , in the
patients who ...
Hence, this means there is no term of sleeping and dreaming in the first world
that is referred to the seventh sky, but the two terminologies only existed when we
had agreed with the agreement with God to go for the test of the life journey. Then
Revealing a controversial novel about Tun Dr. Mahathir Bin Mohamad. Find out untold story that hidden through breaking the secret code set in it. Within each story there is a thread of truth, something to be drawn out and learned. In this profound tale, a spiritual young man searches for the meaning of love, and through his journey we see a truth of the world laid out before us. What is true love? What is God’s real message? The unique approach of this heavy storyline, adapted from a true story, gradually brings us to a change of perception. By doling out insights and winding a compelling parable, it reveals humanity’s path into a golden age. World doesn't know exactly before who's Dzulkarnain or Alexander the Great that mentioned in the Qur’an and the Bible. Careful study has revealed matching clues in both the Bible and the Qur’an that set in this novel. Unfolds the mystery that will become clear, learn with confident and strong. Together, we can connects the truth from the past to the present for the future world. The author donate this work to the world’s top 100’s of public Universities, media, TV and news, members of government authorities particularly the leaders of the Arab and OIC countries, Muslim’s scholars and Bishop of Rome at Vatican City, with regard to making an assessment and post-mortem on the facts that we disclose in this work, especially regarding Dzulqarnain or Alexander the Great and its relationship to The Strong Barrier Gog and Magog that we ‘found’ very clear. I urge this work to be facilitate and further investigation to ensure this findings and to prevent any parties that may tries to cover up the discovery that will change the world’s perspective and prove to the world that the promises of God was imminent and is known throughout the world without any doubt.
Examines all aspects of sleep and dreaming. Includes articles on: adolescence and sleep, aging and sleep, all-nighters, animals' dreams, apnea, bedwetting, chemistry of sleep, cultural aspects of sleep and dreams, dreaming, jet lag, light and dark cycles, psychological theories of dreams, REM sleep, sleep deprivation, temperature effects on sleep, and yawning.
Chapter 1 Sleep ( as indicated by Electrical Recordings ) Sleep Stage Criteria
One definition states that " sleep is a reversible behavioral state of perceptual
disengagement from and unresponsiveness to the environment " ( Carskadon ...
Author: William H. Moorcroft
Publisher: University Press of America
This is a comprehensive review of sleep (measurement, homeostatic, rhythmic, physiology, sleep in animals), dreaming (the nature of dreams, dream theories, dream interpretation), sleep disorders, and functions of sleep and dreams. It is an ideal text for undergraduates in Psychology, Biology, Nursing, and related areas.
Author: Rosalind Dymond CartwrightPublish On: 1978
And what are the relations of sleep variables to dream variables ? In short , when
we take the 24hour perspective , what are the continuities that are stable across
the three states of waking , sleeping , and dreaming , and what things appear to ...
dreams may be appropriate for literary studies, it is inadequate for defining and
classifying the wide range of dream reports ... into ἐνύπνια (those caused by the
day's residue) and φάντασματα (distorted visions between sleeping and waking).
Author: Juliette Harrisson
Publisher: A&C Black
The history and literature of the Roman Empire is full of reports of dream prophecies, dream ghosts and dream gods. This volume offers a fresh approach to the study of ancient dreams by asking not what the ancients dreamed or how they experienced dreaming, but why the Romans considered dreams to be important and worthy of recording. Dream reports from historical and imaginative literature from the high point of the Roman Empire (the first two centuries AD) are analysed as objects of cultural memory, records of events of cultural significance that contribute to the formation of a group's cultural identity. The book also introduces the term 'cultural imagination', as a tool for thinking about ancient myth and religion, and avoiding the question of 'belief', which arises mainly from creed-based religions. The book's conclusion compares dream reports in the Classical world with modern attitudes towards dreams and dreaming, identifying distinctive features of both the world of the Romans and our own culture.
4.3 Alternative Formulations of the Dream Hypothesis This naturally leads to
another question. ... on the DH, would be sleeping and dreaming but, rather, the
human being that would be the subject of the dream (the one at the center).
Consider that a person who lives 70 years will spend about 27 of them asleep,
and at least 5-6 of these will include vivid dreaming experiences. Can it be that
nature has played some kind of malicious trick by periodically requiring
Author: D. Cohen
Sleep and dreaming are manifestations in higher organisms of a fundamental 'circadian rhythm' of inactivity-activity. During the past thirty years, research has provided a great deal of new information about the phenomenom and phenomenology of sleep, and the relationship between sleep and wakefulness. This book aims to describe, organise and interpret some of this new knowledge in order to stimulate a greater appreciation of the role of sleep and dreaming in human adaptation. The study of sleep and dreaming provides a very special perspective on human functioning. It stands in direct contrast to more traditional paradigms utilised in psychology that place the locus of explanation of human behaviour in the 'external environment'