Cervantes and the Material World

Author: Carroll B. Johnson

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780252025488

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 239

View: 1992


In this innovative revisiting of Don Quixote and the Novelas ejemplares, Carroll B. Johnson investigates in detail the cultural and material environment in which Cervantes placed his characters. Cervantes and the Material World reveals a recurrent preoccupation with the clash of two different economic systems: a reenergized feudalism and an incipient capitalism. Overturning the common assumption that Don Quixote, Sancho Panza, and myriad other colorful characters carry out their adventures in a timeless social milieu, Johnson demonstrates how their perspectives and experiences are shaped by the events and crises of their immediate historical context. Johnson examines how questions of the distribution of wealth, the ownership of the means of production, and membership in one or another economic order permeate Cervantes's fiction. Thoughtfully contextualizing key excerpts, he suggests how business activities, legal codes, and other materialist practices actively impinge on the lives of the characters, influencing and in some cases determining their motivations and their possibilities for action. A major study that will change the face of Cervantes scholarship, Cervantes and the Material World is also an important resource for students of the Spanish Golden Age and Renaissance and baroque literature and culture.

Material World

Author: Cat Wei

Publisher: Quarry

ISBN: 1592533582

Category: Crafts & Hobbies

Page: 160

View: 1822


A do-it-yourself guide to home sewing builds on readers' basic working knowledge of a sewing machine to provide step-by-step instructions for fifty creative and fun projects that explain how to design innovative home accessories to personalize any room in the house. Original.

Material World

A Global Family Portrait

Author: Peter Menzel,Charles C. Mann

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780871564306

Category: Photography

Page: 255

View: 2578


Photographs show the homes and possessions of average families in thirty countries around the world and document each family's lifestyle

The Silk Road in World History

Author: Xinru Liu

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199798803

Category: History

Page: 168

View: 5213


The Silk Road was the contemporary name for a complex of ancient trade routes linking East Asia with Central Asia, South Asia, and the Mediterranean world. This network of exchange emerged along the borders between agricultural China and the steppe nomads during the Han Dynasty (206BCE-220CE), in consequence of the inter-dependence and the conflicts of these two distinctive societies. In their quest for horses, fragrances, spices, gems, glassware, and other exotics from the lands to their west, the Han Empire extended its dominion over the oases around the Takla Makan Desert and sent silk all the way to the Mediterranean, either through the land routes leading to the caravan city of Palmyra in Syria desert, or by way of northwest India, the Arabian Sea and the Red Sea, landing at Alexandria. The Silk Road survived the turmoil of the demise of the Han and Roman Empires, reached its golden age during the early middle age, when the Byzantine Empire and the Tang Empire became centers of silk culture and established the models for high culture of the Eurasian world. The coming of Islam extended silk culture to an even larger area and paved the way for an expanded market for textiles and other commodities. By the 11th century, however, the Silk Road was in decline because of intense competition from the sea routes of the Indian Ocean. Using supply and demand as the framework for analyzing the formation and development of the Silk Road, the book examines the dynamics of the interactions of the nomadic pastoralists with sedentary agriculturalists, and the spread of new ideas, religions, and values into the world of commerce, thus illustrating the cultural forces underlying material transactions. This effort at tracing the interconnections of the diverse participants in the transcontinental Silk Road exchange will demonstrate that the world had been linked through economic and ideological forces long before the modern era.

The Silk Road

A New History

Author: Valerie Hansen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190218428

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 2180


The Silk Road is as iconic in world history as the Colossus of Rhodes or the Suez Canal. But what was it, exactly? It conjures up a hazy image of a caravan of camels laden with silk on a dusty desert track, reaching from China to Rome. The reality was different--and far more interesting--as revealed in this new history. In The Silk Road, Valerie Hansen describes the remarkable archeological finds that revolutionize our understanding of these trade routes. For centuries, key records remained hidden--sometimes deliberately buried by bureaucrats for safe keeping. But the sands of the Taklamakan Desert have revealed fascinating material, sometimes preserved by illiterate locals who recycled official documents to make insoles for shoes or garments for the dead. Hansen explores seven oases along the road, from Xi'an to Samarkand, where merchants, envoys, pilgrims, and travelers mixed in cosmopolitan communities, tolerant of religions from Buddhism to Zoroastrianism. There was no single, continuous road, but a chain of markets that traded between east and west. China and the Roman Empire had very little direct trade. China's main partners were the peoples of modern-day Iran, whose tombs in China reveal much about their Zoroastrian beliefs. Silk was not the most important good on the road; paper, invented in China before Julius Caesar was born, had a bigger impact in Europe, while metals, spices, and glass were just as important as silk. Perhaps most significant of all was the road's transmission of ideas, technologies, and artistic motifs. The Silk Road is a fascinating story of archeological discovery, cultural transmission, and the intricate chains across Central Asia and China.

The Age of Silver

The Rise of the Novel East and West

Author: Ning Ma

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190606568


Page: 280

View: 4280


"This book advances a "horizontal" method of comparative literature and applies this approach to analyze the multiple emergences of early realism and novelistic modernity in Eastern and Western cultural spheres from the sixteenth through the eighteenth centuries. Naming this era of economic globalization the 'Age of Silver,' this study emphasizes the bullion flow from South America and Japan to China through international commerce, and argues that the resultant transcontinental monetary and commercial co-evolutions stimulated analogous socioeconomic shifts and emergent novelistic realisms in places such as China, Japan, Spain, and England. The main texts it addresses include The Plum in the Golden Vase (anonymous, China, late sixteenth century), Don Quixote (Miguel de Cervantes, Spain, 1605 and 1615), The Life of an Amorous Man (Ihara Saikaku, Japan, 1682), and Robinson Crusoe (Daniel Defoe, England, 1719). These Eastern and Western narratives indicate from their own geographical vantage points commercial expansions' stimulation of social mobility and larger processes of cultural destabilization. Their realist tendencies are underlain with politically critical functions and connote "heteroglossic" national imaginaries. This horizontal argument realigns novelistic modernity with a multipolar global context and reestablishes commensurabilities between Eastern and Western literary histories. On a broader level, it challenges the unilateral equation between globalization and modernity with westernization, and foregrounds a polycentric mode of global early modernity for pluralizing the genealogy of 'world literature' and historical transcultural relations"

Hand Book of Silk Technology

Author: Tammanna N. Sonwalkar

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9788122404951

Category: Sericulture

Page: 310

View: 7678


This Book Presents A Comprehensive Exposition Of Silk Technology And Covers Various Aspects Of Post Cocoon Technology, Right From Cocoon Formation And Reeling Upto Fabric Finishing In Substantial Detail. The Chapter On Silk Reeling In Particular, Is Exemplary, Furnishing All The Minute Process Techniques.The Indian Standards Of Raw Silk Testing And Grading Have Been Discussed In Depth. The Chinese, Japanese And Other International Standards For Raw Silk Testing Have Also Been Included. Major Issues Like The Present Quality Of Raw Silk In India The Measures To Be Taken To Improve The Quality And The Status Of Indian Silk Industry Have Been Elaborately Described.The Chapters On Weaving And Wet Processing Of Silk Describe The Process And The Factors Involved Therein. Detailed Projects On Silk Reeling, Twisting Weaving And Wet Processing Units Have Been Included.The Original Data Several Tables Illustrations And The Detailed Analysis Of Research Data Provided, Make This A Unique Source Of Information In Silk Technology.