Culture and Conquest

Author: Dirk Booms,Peter Higgs

Publisher: British museum Press

ISBN: 9780714122892

Category: Sicily (Italy)

Page: 288

View: 4508


Sicily's central location and natural resources have meant that various peoples have sought to conquer, control and settle on the island throughout its 3000-year history. Its Italian identity, with which we are familiar today, emerges only comparatively recently. It was under the rule of the ancient Greeks and medieval Normans that Sicily really flourished - golden eras when it became a serious political player and one of the wealthiest and most culturally prosperous places in Europe. Through an engaging text, exploring themes such as art, architecture and culture, and a remarkable selection of objects, from monumental metopes and beautiful mosaics to reliquary pendants and chess pieces (many revealing a distinct Sicilian character and style), this book provides a visually stunning insight into the key periods of Sicily's extraordinary past.


Heritage of the World

Author: Dirk Booms,Peter John Higgs

Publisher: British Museum Research Public

ISBN: 9780861592227

Category: Art

Page: 200

View: 3818


The island of Sicily is at the heart of the Mediterranean and from ancient times to the present day it has been a hub of migration and settlement. Following on from the British Museum's critically acclaimed 2016 exhibition Sicily: culture and conquest, this volume considers the history and material culture of the different peoples occupying Sicily at key points in the island's history. Part I concentrates on ancient Sicily during the time of Greek settlement, exploring themes such as the creation of urban centers during this period and the production of Sicilian terracotta between the 5th and 4th centuries BC. In Part II, the focus shifts to the Middle Ages, Sicily's period of enlightenment under Muslim and Norman rules, with key themes including Norman identity and the use of the Norman legacy in the 19th century. With contributions from international experts in the field, the volume presents new insights into the economy, architecture and social identity of the island, including research on recently excavated sites. The result is a rich collection of essays that provides a comprehensive overview of this cosmopolitan island's unique identity and its significance in a wider Mediterranean context.

The Norman Conquest of Southern Italy and Sicily

Author: Gordon S. Brown

Publisher: McFarland


Category: History

Page: 222

View: 7765


"This book is not an effort to tell the whole story of the Normans in Italy. It attempts, instead, to follow the main threads of the early period: how these interlopers from northern Europe managed to find their historical role in the Italian provinces of the Byzantine Empire, how they succeeded in replacing the Byzantine and local rulers, and then how they drove the Arab rulers out of Sicily. In focusing on the protracted period of the conquest, that is, the second half of the eleventh century, this book sets out in particular an account of the achievements of that remarkable set of brothers, the sons of Tancred of Hauteville, who spearheaded the effort"--Preface.

Norman Tradition and Transcultural Heritage

Exchange of Cultures in the ‘Norman’ Peripheries of Medieval Europe

Author: Dr Stefan Burkhardt,Dr Thomas Foerster

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 140946332X

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 617


The Normans have long been recognised as one of the most dynamic forces within medieval western Europe. With a reputation for aggression and conquest, they rapidly expanded their powerbase from Normandy, and by the end of the twelfth century had established themselves in positions of strength from England to Sicily, Antioch to Dublin. Yet, despite this success recent scholarship has begun to question the ‘Norman Achievement’ and look again at the degree to which a single Norman cultural identity existed across so diverse a territory. To explore this idea further, all the essays in this volume look at questions of Norman traditions in some of the peripheral Norman dominions. In response to recent developments in cultural studies the volume uses the concepts of ‘tradition’ and ‘heritage’ to question the notion of a stable pan-European Norman culture or identity, and instead reveals the degrees to which Normans adopted and adapted to local conditions, customs and requirements in order to form their own localised cultural heritage. Divided into two sections, the volume begins with eight chapters focusing on Norman Sicily. These essays demonstrate both the degree of cultural intermingling that made this kingdom an extraordinary paradigm in this regard, and how the Normans began to develop their own distinct origin myths that diverged from those of Norman France and England. The second section of the volume provides four essays that explore Norman ethnicity and identity more broadly, including two looking at Norman communities on the opposite side of Europe to the Kingdom of Sicily: Ireland and the Scandinavian settlements in the Kievan Rus. Taken as a whole the volume provides a fascinating assessment of the construction and malleability of Norman identities in transcultural settings. By exploring these issues through the tradition and heritage of the Norman’s ‘peripheral’ dominions, a much more sophisticated understanding can be gained, not only of the Normans but of the wider cultural forces at work with the medieval west.

A History of Muslim Sicily

Author: Leonard C. Chiarelli

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9789993273530

Category: Arabs

Page: 417

View: 594


"A study of the period of Muslim Arab rule on the island from A.D. 827 to the Norman conquest in A.D. 1070"--P. [4] of cover.

Muslims and Christians in Norman Sicily

Arabic-Speakers and the End of Islam

Author: Dr Alexander Metcalfe,Alex Metcalfe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317829247

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 9424


The social and linguistic history of medieval Sicily is both intriguing and complex. Before the Muslim invasion of 827, the islanders spoke dialects of either Greek or Latin or both. On the arrival of the Normans around 1060 Arabic was the dominant language, but by 1250 Sicily was an almost exclusively Christian island, with Romance dialects in evidence everywhere. Of particular importance to the development of Sicily was the formative period of Norman rule (1061 1194), when most of the key transitions from an Arabic-speaking Muslim island to a 'Latin'-speaking Christian one were made. This work sets out the evidence for those changes and provides an authoritative approach that re-defines the conventional thinking on the subject.

The Society of Norman Italy

Author: Graham A. Loud,Alex Metcalfe

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004125414

Category: Religion

Page: 381

View: 8098


Betrifft die Handschrift Cod. 120.II der Burgerbibliothek Bern. - Abb. auf Umschlag: f. 101r.