But the reality is that governments often are unable to protect their people. Communities' self-protection measures are the first line of defense from civil
conflict. When armed groups enter a village, for example, and government troops
or police ...
Author: Elizabeth G. Ferris
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
Category: Political Science
For the past decade, humanitarian actors have increasingly sought not only to assist people affected by conflicts and natural disasters, but also to protect them. At the same time, protection of civilians has become central to UN peacekeeping operations, and the UN General Assembly has endorsed the principle that the international community has the "responsibility to protect" people when their governments cannot or will not do so. Elizabeth Ferris explores the evolution of the international community's understandings of protection, with a particular emphasis on the humanitarian community. "Protection" is a noble word, with positive connotations, but what does it actually mean in practice? Does providing assistance to vulnerable people protect them, for example? Does monitoring the number of rapes protect women? Does increased engagement in protection activities by humanitarian agencies jeopardize the cornerstone humanitarian principles of neutrality and impartiality? In The Politics of Protection, Ferris examines inconsistent ways in which protection is defined and applied. For example, why do certain groups receive international protection while other equally needy groups do not? Her case studies, ranging from Iraq to Katrina, illustrate the challenges—and limitations—of protecting vulnerable populations from the ravages of war and natural disasters. Ferris argues that the protection paradigms currently in use are inadequate to meet the challenges of the future, such as climate change, protracted displacement, and the changing nature of warfare.
also signed Decree 660 in April 2018, an Integral Programme for Security and
Protection for Communities and ... Defending lands and territories: communities,
risk, and self-protection In 2019, around 139,000 people were forcibly displaced
Author: Alice M. Nah
Category: Political Science
This book assesses the construction, operation and effects of the international protection regime for human rights defenders, which has evolved significantly over the last twenty years in response to the risks people face as they promote and protect human rights. Drawing upon the experiences of human rights defenders who continue to persevere in their activism in Indonesia, Egypt, Kenya, Mexico and Colombia, this edited collection examines the ways in which formal protection mechanisms by state and civil society actors intersect with self-protection measures and informal protection initiatives by families and friends. It highlights that protection practices are most effective when they are designed to address the specific risks that human rights defenders face (which are gendered and intersectional); reflect how defenders understand ‘risk’, ‘security’ and ‘protection’; and are appropriate for the dynamic sociopolitical and legal contexts in which defenders operate. This book proposes ways in which the protection of human rights defenders at risk should be reimagined and practised. This book will be a thought-provoking guide for students and scholars of politics, international relations, law and human rights, as well as to practitioners engaged in the protection of human rights defenders at risk.
Author: Aminah Beverly McCloudPublish On: 2014-07-16
52 These "things" were an identity; a worldview resting on faith in God, not on the
inferiority or the superiority of races; and membership in a self-protected community experiencing some measure of decent living from one's own efforts.
Author: Aminah Beverly McCloud
Islam is a vital, growing religion in America. Little is known, however, about the religion except through the biased lens of media reports which brand African American Muslims as "Black Muslims" and portray their communities as places of social protest. African American Islam challenges these myths by contextualizing the experience and history of African American Islamic life. This is the first book to investigate the diverse African American Islamic community on its own terms, in its own language and through its own synthesis of Islamic history and philosophy.
Community. protection. strutegies. Understand the coping mechanisms and self- protection capabilities of protected persons and how they might best be
supported and developed. What are people doing to avoid the threats that they
Author: Hugo Slim
Category: Political Science
This guide gives essential advice and insights to humanitarian practitioners who are involved in providing safety and protecting vulnerable people in war and disaster. It provides a framework for responsibility and action, which helps clarify conceptual issues and helps humanitarian field workers position themselves vis--vis other actors who have overlapping mandates. A practical schema is also presented that gives practical advice on how to think through the various elements of protection focused programming in four clear steps: assessment; program design; implementation; and monitoring and evaluation. The guide also outlines key principles of best practice for protection-focused humanitarian work.
Towards Equity and Enhanced Conservation : Guidance on Policy and Practice
for Co-managed Protected Areas and ... Protected Area described in Chapter 5 -
is even more advanced in terms of self-determination and self-management by ...
Author: Grazia Borrini
Conventional approaches to managing protected areas have often seen people and nature as separate entities. They preclude human communities from using natural resources and assume that their concerns are incompatible with conservation. This volume explores protected area approaches and models that see conservation as compatible with human communities. The main themes are co-managed protected areas and community conserved areas. Practical guidance is offered, drawing on recent experience, reflections and advice developed at the local, national, regional and international level.
This article examines both past and present models of women's community self-
defense practices against interpersonal violence. By exploring methods women
have employed to protect themselves, their loved ones, and communities, this ...
Author: Luis Fernandez
Category: Social Science
It has become somewhat axiomatic to refer to the police as the ‘gatekeepers’ of the criminal justice system and thus as a mechanism for the provision of justice. And yet, when we conceptualize the police in this way, what is often taken for granted is the exact nature of that role and its larger social meaning. Indeed, we know that police deliver justice more efficiently to some and injustice to others. Rethinking Policing and Justice critically examines the role of policing (both state and non-state forms) in the provision of justice (and injustice). In essence, it presents work that highlights how different communities and groups have sought alternatives to policing, sometimes taking over the functions of policing. It also shows a variety of theoretical, methodology, and other approaches for the critical evaluation of law enforcement, highlighing different insights into alternative modes of policing, as we seek to understand and redraft the relationship between policing and justice. This book was originally published as a special issue of Contemporary Justice Review.
Responsibility for the realization of social self - protection , in addition to the
League of Communists , rests with the assemblies of the socio - political communities , bodies of self - management in organizations of associated labour
and other ...
Indeed, a constitutional provision giving to the great and separate interests of the community the right of self-protection, ... therefore, less necessary to be protected
by an adequate constitutional provision than where the distinct interests exist in ...
There are innumerable little rifts of agricultural or mining settlements all over the
western country which , if unmolested , will in a few years become self - protecting communities , but which , in the event of a general Indian war
occurring at the ...
The same general principles seem to apply in most situations, including community involvement in terrestrial protected areas (IUCN, ... The protected
area must itself be economically viable, either on a self-sustaining basis or
through adequate ...
Author: S. Gubbay
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Marine protected areas (MPAs) have an important role in marine conserva tion programmes around the world. Although most have been established relatively recently when compared with protected areas on land, there is considerable expertise on their identification, setting up and management. Some techniques have been adapted from those used on land. Others are novel, and unique to marine conservation. The chapters in this book give an insight into this fast developing field where experiment and innovation work alongside techniques which have been tried and tested. The guiding princi ples behind key stages in the setting up and management of MP As are described, and case studies illustrate how they have worked. While it is most encouraging to read about the successes, the case studies also point to difficulties which have been encountered. Not all of the examples are new or recent but, together, they illustrate what is happening in this field.
Neighborhood Anti - Crime Campaigns for Self - Protection Communities with
crime problems should create or implement neighborhood anti - crime
campaigns for self - protection . In doing so , residents can make efforts to reduce
the level of ...
Author: James F. Anderson
Publisher: University Press of Amer
Category: Social Science
Criminological Theories introduces criminal justice professionals and students to a general, but comprehensive look at criminological theories. Using professional jargon in an easy-to-read format, this book provides the reader with a clearer understanding of the insights provided by criminological theories.
A Resource Book for Protecting Ecosystems and Communities. Portland ... They
recognized that a natural area may be viewed as a self - sustaining area that
would not change dramatically if all human influences were removed . For this ...
At the same time , an appropriate tax regime would allow aboriginal communities
to pay the costs of self - government . ... from taxation is , therefore , an aboriginal
right protected by treaty , the Constitution Act , 1982 , and the common law .
This study examines the historical context of aboriginal (Indian, Métis, Inuit) socio-economic development in Canada, depicts current trends and future developments, offers models for the formulation of successful development strategies and looks at longterm prospects, and serves as a text for those studying the field for the purpose of professional training.
... control of the states separately , tional provision giving to the great and sepa -
to whose custody only they could be safely rate interests of the community the
right of confided . This distribution of power , settled self - protection , must appear
The powers of government , among savage tribes of men , are mainly exerted to
protect the particular community ... The individual surrenders up the natural rights
of self - protection , and , in consideration of this surrender , he receives the ...
Efforts to win similar legal protection for communities that are threatened with
economic disruption — as for example the effort ... corporation burgeons , it is at
the level of community that self - determination and security is likely to be protected .
Author: David Trend
Publisher: Psychology Press
Category: Political Science
In two volumes, presents selections representing the many aspects of work economists have done on the question of discrimination and group inequality. Volume I consists of essays and book excerpts that are primarily theoretical in intent; volume II, empirical in intent. Arrangement of 65 pieces is in sections that include racial and sexual inequality in the early years of the economics profession; neoclassical economics and the theory of discrimination; competition, culture, and alternative approaches to the economics of discrimination; indirect and direct tests of the presence of economic discrimination; identifying winners and losers from discrimination; and assessing antidiscrimination measures. Distributed by Ashgate. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
... by which the project meant practices that were financially self-supporting. A
major expectation of the project was that grantee communities would adopt some
form of protection system that would insulate the forest reserve from bush fires.
Author: Peter J. Brosius
Publisher: Rowman Altamira
The distinguished environmentalists in this collection offer an in-depth analysis and call to advocacy for community-based natural resource management (CBNRM). Their overview of this transnational movement reveals important links between environmental management and social justice agendas for sustainable use of resources by local communities. In this volume, leaders who have been instrumental in creating and shaping CBNRM describe their model programs; the countermapping movement and collective claims to land and resources; legal strategies for gaining rights to resources and territories; biodiversity conservation and land stabilization priorities; and environmental justice and minority rights. This book will be of value to instructors, practitioners and activists in anthropology, cultural geography, environmental justice, environmental policy, political ecology, indigenous rights, conservation biology, and CBNRM.
“SELF-DEFENSE” IN BURUNDI In October 1993 President Melchior Ndadaye, a
Hutu who had been freely and fairly ... to protect themselves.6 But in many communities authorities compelled local residents to engage in the nightly
1 Protecting beyond the protected Tim O'Riordan Biodiversity and the fraying web
of life This planet is unique , at least as far as we will probably ever know . It
contains life , which is maintained through self - regulating flows of energy and ...
Some upper - middleclass , one - family , suburban - like communities , such as
the Lefferts Manor , were left as idyllic ... noncommercial uses , protected it from
apartment house developers , real estate speculators and eventual oblivion .