Reducing the Seismic Vulnerability of Existing Buildings Assessment and Retrofit

Reducing the Seismic Vulnerability of Existing Buildings Assessment and Retrofit

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue Reducing the Seismic Vulnerability of Existing Buildings: Assessment and Retrofit that was published in Buildings

Author: Tiago Miguel Ferreira

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783039212576

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 182

View: 743

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue Reducing the Seismic Vulnerability of Existing Buildings: Assessment and Retrofit that was published in Buildings
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Seismic Vulnerability of Existing Buildings

Seismic Vulnerability of Existing Buildings

The objective of this work is the evaluation of the seismic vulnerability of existing buildings with a focus on the residential building stock in the city of Basel.

Author: Kerstin Lang

Publisher: vdf Hochschulverlag AG

ISBN: 3728128406

Category: Buildings

Page: 188

View: 635

In order to assess the seismic risk for Switzerland, and particularly for the city of Basel, a joint project on the subject of "Earthquake Scenarios for Switzerland" was launched by the Swiss Seismological Service (SED) and the Institute of Structural Engineering (IBK) at the ETH Zurich. The goals of the study are to improve the assessment of seismic hazard, to investigate the vulnerability of the built environment and finally, to combine the results to elaborate risk scenarios as the first fundamental step in the mitigation process. The objective of this work is the evaluation of the seismic vulnerability of existing buildings with a focus on the residential building stock in the city of Basel. Since no major damaging earthquake has occurred in Switzerland in recent times, vulnerability functions from observed damage patterns are not available. A simple evaluation method based on engineering models of the building structures suitable for the evaluation of a larger number of buildings is therefore proposed ...
Categories: Buildings

Seismic Vulnerability of Existing Buildings with Steel Reinforced Concrete SRC Composite Columns

Seismic Vulnerability of Existing Buildings with Steel Reinforced Concrete  SRC  Composite Columns

Prior to enforcing seismic details in the 1980s, older-type full encased steel-concrete composite columns (SCR) were utilized in many buildings and bridges constructed in active seismic regions.

Author: Catalina del Pilar González Dueñas

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1158008832

Category:

Page:

View: 102

Prior to enforcing seismic details in the 1980s, older-type full encased steel-concrete composite columns (SCR) were utilized in many buildings and bridges constructed in active seismic regions. However, there is a lack of knowledge in the literature on the behavior of SRC composite columns and a small number of tests available to derive seismic backbone curves for macro-modeling or retrofitting purposes. This research demonstrates that the ASCE 41-17 criteria underestimates the structural capacity of the system, via comparing the vulnerability curves obtained following the ASCE 41-17 requirements with the ones derived from the test results of six specimens of SRC columns tested in The American University in Cairo. First, the force-displacement curves for the specimens are developed, then, the design and non-linear characteristics of the two models are presented, and finally, the vulnerability curves are developed. The results show that the ASCE 41-17 criteria underestimates the capacity of the system.
Categories:

Seismic Vulnerability of Structures

Seismic Vulnerability of Structures

This book is focused on the seismic vulnerability assessment methods, applied to existing buildings, describing several behaviors and new approaches for assessment on a large scale (urban area).

Author: Philippe Gueguen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118604007

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 368

View: 363

This book is focused on the seismic vulnerability assessmentmethods, applied to existing buildings, describing severalbehaviors and new approaches for assessment on a large scale (urbanarea). It is clear that the majority of urban centers are composed of oldbuildings, designed according to concepts and rules that areinadequate to the seismic context. How to assess the vulnerabilityof existing buildings is an essential step to improve themanagement of seismic risk and its prevention policy. After somekey reminders, this book describes seismic vulnerability methodsapplied to a large number of structures (buildings and bridges) inmoderate (France, Switzerland) and strong seismic prone regions(Italy, Greece). Contents 1. Seismic Vulnerability of Existing Buildings: Observationaland Mechanical Approaches for Application in Urban Areas, SergioLagomarsino and Serena Cattari. 2. Mechanical Methods: Fragility Curves and Pushover Analysis,Caterina Negulescu and Pierre Gehl. 3. Seismic Vulnerability and Loss Assessment for Buildings inGreece, Andreas J. Kappos. 4. Experimental Method: Contribution of Ambient VibrationRecordings to the Vulnerability Assessment, Clotaire Michel andPhilippe Guéguen. 5. Numerical Model: Simplified Strategies for Vulnerability SeismicAssessment of Existing Structures, Cédric Desprez, PanagiotisKotronis and Stéphane Grange. 6. Approach Based on the Risk Used in Switzerland, PierinoLestuzzi. 7. Preliminary Evaluation of the Seismic Vulnerability of ExistingBridges, Denis Davi. About the Authors Philippe Guéguen is a Senior IFSTTAR Researcher at ISTerre,Joseph Fourier University Grenoble 1, France
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Seismic Risk Assessment and Retrofitting

Seismic Risk Assessment and Retrofitting

The book covers all the areas involved in this complex issue, from the prevention of total building collapse, through improvement techniques, to legal, financial, taxation and social issues.

Author: Alper Ilki

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9048126819

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 495

View: 330

Many more people are coming to live in earthquake-prone areas, especially urban ones. Many such areas contain low-rise, low-cost housing, while little money is available to retrofit the buildings to avoid total collapse and thus potentially save lives. The lack of money, especially in developing countries, is exacerbated by difficulties with administration, implementation and public awareness. The future of modern earthquake engineering will come to be dominated by new kinds of measuring technologies, new materials developed especially for low-rise, low-cost buildings, simpler and thus lower cost options for retrofitting, cost cutting and raising public awareness. The book covers all the areas involved in this complex issue, from the prevention of total building collapse, through improvement techniques, to legal, financial, taxation and social issues. The contributors have all made valuable contributions in their own particular fields; all of them are or have been closely involved with the issues that can arise in seismic zones in any country. The recent research results published here offer invaluable pointers to practicing engineers and administrators, as well as other scientists whose work involves saving the lives and property of the many millions of people who live and work in hazardous buildings.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Seismic Assessment and Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings

Seismic Assessment and Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings

The present volume contains a total of 23 papers centred on the research area of Seismic Assessment and Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings.

Author: S. Tanvir Wasti

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401000215

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 546

View: 223

The present volume contains a total of 23 papers centred on the research area of Seismic Assessment and Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings. This subject also forms the core of Project SfP977231, sponsored by the NATO Science for Peace Office and supported by the Scientific and Technical Research Council of Turkey [ TUBIT AK ]. Most of these papers were presented by the authors at a NATO Science for Peace Workshop held in Izmir on 13 - 14 May, 2003 and reflect a part of their latest work conducted within the general confines of the title of the NATO Project. Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey serves as the hub of Project SfP977231 and coordinates research under the project with universities within Turkey, e. g. Istanbul Technical University and Kocaeli University, and with partner institutions in Greece and the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: A few articles have also been contributed by invited experts, who are all noted researchers in the field. Altogether, the contents of the volume deal with a vast array of problems in Seismic Assessment and Rehabilitation and cover a wide range of possible solutions, techniques and proposals. It is intended to touch upon many of these aspects separately below. Earthquakes constitute possibly the most widely spread and also the most feared of natural hazards. Recent earthquakes within the first six months of 2003, such as the Bingol Earthquake in Turkey and the Algerian earthquake, have caused both loss of life and severe damage to property.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Probabilistic Seismic Vulnerability Assessment of Concrete Frames

Probabilistic Seismic Vulnerability Assessment of Concrete Frames

This book presents a set of probability-based tools for efficient uncertainty analysis and for seismic vulnerability and risk assessment of structures, and illustrates the use of these tools in evaluating the potential impact of future ...

Author: Ozan Cem Celik

Publisher: VDM Publishing

ISBN: 3836464152

Category: Architecture

Page: 152

View: 259

This book presents a set of probability-based tools for efficient uncertainty analysis and for seismic vulnerability and risk assessment of structures, and illustrates the use of these tools in evaluating the potential impact of future earthquakes that may occur in the New Madrid Seismic Zone on reinforced concrete frames in the Central and Eastern United States. Due to the lack of natural strong motion records in this low-to-moderate seismic region, synthetic earthquake ground motions developed in recent seismological research are used in nonlinear finite element-based time history analyses to determine the seismic demand on the gravity load designed (GLD) frames. Seismic fragilities that incorporate various sources of uncertainty are formulated for low-, mid-, and high-rise GLD frames, and are used in the performance appraisal of the building frame inventory in Memphis, TN. This fragility assessment indicates that traditional GLD reinforced concrete frames may not meet the life safety and collapse prevention performance objectives that are stipulated in recent building codes and guidelines for performance-based earthquake engineering. The intended audience of this book is researchers and professional engineers involved with the performance assessment of existing buildings for upgraded seismic resistance.
Categories: Architecture

Seismic Assessment and Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings

Seismic Assessment and Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings

This book will appeal to specialist engineers with enquiring minds and, in a broader sense, to all who live in buildings, especially those in a seismically active region.

Author: Syed Tanvir Wasti

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: UCSD:31822035300292

Category: Science

Page: 546

View: 603

This book will appeal to specialist engineers with enquiring minds and, in a broader sense, to all who live in buildings, especially those in a seismically active region. While the continual development of building codes permits the design of new construction to resist earthquake loads more effectively, a major problem is that buildings which may once have conformed to past seismic codes become structurally unacceptable according to today's codes and need upgrading or `retrofitting'. Poor construction methods also result in buildings that do not conform to any codes. Existing `vulnerable' buildings that require strengthening in earthquake-prone countries immensely outnumber all recent construction. The `health' of buildings thus requires assessment and rehabilitation. Seismic assessment ranges from the cataloguing of `danger symptoms' in individual buildings to structural analyses involving finite element procedures and refined statistical analyses incorporating expert systems, stochastic processes and predictions from available databases. Structures have to be rendered fit for earthquakes, and this book goes a long way towards showing why and how, offering the results of cutting-edge research in the area and presenting innovative methods that enable system improvement while the structure remains in use.
Categories: Science

Handbook of Research on Seismic Assessment and Rehabilitation of Historic Structures

Handbook of Research on Seismic Assessment and Rehabilitation of Historic Structures

This book is a vital reference source for professionals, researchers, students, and engineers active in the field of earthquake engineering who are interested in the emergent developments and research available in the preservation and ...

Author: Asteris, Panagiotis G.

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781466682870

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 867

View: 844

Rehabilitation of heritage monuments provides sustainable development and cultural significance to a region. The most sensitive aspect of the refurbishment of existing buildings lies in the renovation and recovery of structural integrity and public safety. The Handbook of Research on Seismic Assessment and Rehabilitation of Historic Structures evaluates developing contributions in the field of earthquake engineering with regards to the analysis and treatment of structural damage inflicted by seismic activity. This book is a vital reference source for professionals, researchers, students, and engineers active in the field of earthquake engineering who are interested in the emergent developments and research available in the preservation and rehabilitation of heritage buildings following seismic activity.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Managing Safety Challenges Ahead 2 Vols Set

Managing Safety  Challenges Ahead  2 Vols  Set

earthquake . The above study prompts the researchers to carry out such study to
other urban centers of India , so as to ... Seismic Vulnerability of Buildings for
Jabalpur The seismic vulnerability study comprise mainly review of the existing ...

Author: Pradeep Chaturvedi

Publisher: Concept Publishing Company

ISBN: 8180692302

Category: Industrial accidents

Page: 496

View: 190

Papers presented at the Safety Conference: Managing Safety : Challenges Ahead, held at New Delhi during 14-16 February 2005.
Categories: Industrial accidents

Techniques for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings

Techniques for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Existing Buildings

Existing Buildings: FEMA 547 Chapter 2 – Seismic Vulnerability system, by age,
by location, or by a combination of these risk factors. Seismic evaluations may
also be required 1) by local building officials when alterations are made to a ...

Author: Federal Emergency Management Agency

Publisher: FEMA

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 572

View: 805

Illustrated in full color throughout. The primary purpose of this document is to provide a selected compilation of seismic rehabilitation techniques that are practical and effective. The descriptions of techniques include detailing and constructability tips that might not be otherwise available to engineering offices or individual structural engineers who have limited experience in seismic rehabilitation of existing buildings. A secondary purpose is to provide guidance on which techniques are commonly used to mitigate specific seismic deficiencies in various model building types.
Categories: Science

PRO 3 International RILEM Workshop on Evaluation and Strengthening of Existing Masonry Structures

PRO 3  International RILEM Workshop on Evaluation and Strengthening of Existing Masonry Structures

Since the number of seismically vulnerable existing buildings in most earthquake
- prone countries is still large , adequate measures to reduce their seismic
vulnerability should be provided in time in order to avoid loss of life and
excessive ...

Author: Luigia Binda

Publisher: RILEM Publications

ISBN: 2912143020

Category: Masonry

Page: 222

View: 446

Categories: Masonry

Structural Rehabilitation of Old Buildings

Structural Rehabilitation of Old Buildings

This present book describes the different construction systems and structural materials and elements within the main buildings typologies, and it analyses the particularities of each of them, including, at the end, general aspects ...

Author: Aníbal Costa

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642396861

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 348

View: 488

This present book describes the different construction systems and structural materials and elements within the main buildings typologies, and it analyses the particularities of each of them, including, at the end, general aspects concerning laboratory and in-situ testing, numerical modeling, vulnerability assessment and construction maintenance.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Post Earthquake Rehabilitation and Reconstruction

Post Earthquake Rehabilitation and Reconstruction

STRENGTHENING OF OLD MASONRY HOUSES FOR SEISMIC LOADS M.
TOMAZEVIC National Building and Civil ... of reduction of seismic vulnerability of
existing buildings, "old" by the standards of earthquake-resistant design, and not
 ...

Author: F.Y. Cheng

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080539300

Category: Science

Page: 483

View: 187

Damage assessment, rehabilitation, decision-making, social consequences, repair and reconstruction; these are all critical factors for considerations following natural disasters such as earthquakes. In order to address these issues, the United States of America and the Peoples Republic of China regularly organize bilateral symposia/workshops to investigate multiple hazard mitigation, particularly with respect to earthquake engineering. This book contains state-of-the-art reports presented by world-renowned researchers at the US/PRC Sympsosium Workshop on Post-Earthquake Rehabilitation and Reconstruction held in Kunming, Yunnan, China, May 1995. The following key areas are addressed: damage assessment of structures after earthquakes; lessons of post-earthquake recovery, rehabilitation and reconstruction, including public policy, land use options, urban planning, and design; issues in and examples of decision-making, and implementation of rehabilitation and reconstruction plans and policies; repair, strengthening, retrofit and control of structures and lifeline systems, post-earthquake socio-economic problems covering issues of relief and recovery; human and organizational behavior during emergency response, and strategies for improvement; real-time monitoring of earthquake response and damage.
Categories: Science

Earthquake Engineering Invited Papers

Earthquake Engineering   Invited Papers

This text details the findings of the 11th European Conference on Earthquake Engineering.

Author: Philippe Bisch

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9058090272

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 368

View: 954

This text details the findings of the 11th European Conference on Earthquake Engineering. Contents: Performance-based approaches for seismic assessment of existing structures; French advanced research on structural walls: An overview on recent seismic programs; Seismic microzonation of some municipalities of the Rubicone area (Emilia-Romagna region); Seismic hazards of the Mediterranean area; Value of earthquake field missions; Development and application of strong ground-motions in Europe; Seismic testing of structures; Soil and site characterization for seismic response analysis; Stabilized mixed finite elements for soil dynamics problems; The numerical simulation of buildings subjected to seismic loading: Application of an integrated modelling strategy; Seismic resistance experience in application to equipment of critical facilities; Seismic assessment and retrofit of R/C structures; Multiple earthquake event loss estimation methodology; Assessment of seismic structural vulnerability as a low-cycle fatigue process; Models for vulnerability analysis of monuments and strengthening criteria; Spatial variability of seismic ground motions: Stochastic techniques and physical patterns; Trends in seismic design and performance evaluation approaches; Seismic codes and new trends; The seismic design: State of practice; Capacity design principles for shallow foundations.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Educational Facilities and Risk Management Natural Disasters

Educational Facilities and Risk Management Natural Disasters

References Arya, A.S. (1987), “Protection of Educational Buildings against
Earthquakes”, UNESCO, Bangkok. Benedetti, D. and M. Parisi (1988), “Seismic
Vulnerability and Risk Evaluation for Old Urban Nuclei”, Earthquake Engineering
and ...

Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789264028340

Category:

Page: 120

View: 390

Earthquakes and other natural disasters are unpredictable, and often deadly. In developed and developing countries alike, the cost in human life and infrastructure is very high. The danger to schools is of particular concern, given the concentration ...
Categories: