Secret Societies Reconsidered Perspectives on the Social History of Early Modern South China and Southeast Asia

Secret Societies Reconsidered  Perspectives on the Social History of Early Modern South China and Southeast Asia

Secret. Societies. Reconsidered. David Ownby Why another book about Chinese secret societies? Scores of Chinese scholars have written thousands of pages on ...

Author: David Ownby

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781315288031

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 788

A discussion of the development of secret societies within China and among Chinese communities in colonial Southeast Asia in the late 18th and 19th centuries.
Categories: Social Science

New Terrains in Southeast Asian History

New Terrains in Southeast Asian History

Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society: “Chinese Secret Societies,” 3 (1879): ... ed., “Secret SocietiesReconsidered: Perspectives on the Social History of ...

Author: Abu Talib Ahmad

Publisher: Ohio University Press

ISBN: 9780896802285

Category: History

Page: 393

View: 130

Annotation Southeast Asian scholars may have special insights into their respective countries, but they are just as easily infected by political and didactic functions of their national histories as any historian. The editors (a professor and former professor with the School of Humanities, U. Sains Malaysia) present 15 papers in which Southeast Asian scholars turn a critical eye on their national historiographies. Five of the papers explore broad methodological issues, while others examine particular historiographic traditions from Burma (Myanmar), Singapore, Malaysia, and Thailand. The final group consists of case studies of the application of new methodologies and understandings to particular historical events or periods. Annotation (c)2003 Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (
Categories: History

Peasants without the Party Grassroots Movements in Twentieth Century China

Peasants without the Party  Grassroots Movements in Twentieth Century China

On Chesneaux's interpretations, see David Ownby, “Secret Societies Reconsidered,” in “Secret Societies” Reconsidered: Perspectives on the SocialHistory of ...

Author: Lucien Bianco

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317463092

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 595

Exploring one of the most dynamic and contested regions of the world, this series includes works on political, economic, cultural, and social changes in modern and contemporary Asia and the Pacific. The leading specialist on China's twentieth century peasant resistance reexamines, in bold and original ways, the question: Was the Chinese peasantry a revolutionary force? Where most scholarly attention has focused on Communist-led peasant movements, Bianco's story is one of peasant thought and action largely unmediated by modern political parties. This volume pays particular attention to the first half of the twentieth century when peasant-based conflict, ranging from tax and food protests to secret society conflicts, opium struggles, inter-communal conflicts, and tenant protests over rent, was central to nationwide revolutionary processes.
Categories: History

Triad Societies Selected writings

Triad Societies  Selected writings

Mesny , William ( 1896a ) ' The secret societies once more ' , Mesny's Chinese ... Mary Somers ( eds ) ( 1993 ) ' Secret Societies ' Reconsidered .

Author: Kingsley Bolton

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0415243939

Category: Social Science

Page: 517

View: 690

This set comprises a comprehensive selection of colonial Western scholarly texts on Chinese secret societies from the early nineteenth century to the mid-twentieth century. It includes a selection of important papers on Chinese secret societies by a variety of scholars, missionaries, and colonial officials.
Categories: Social Science

Crime and Justice Volume 49

Crime and Justice  Volume 49

Triad Societies in Hong Kong . ... In “ Secret SocietiesReconsidered : Perspectives on the Social History of Modern South China ...

Author: Michael Tonry

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226708423

Category: Social Science

Page: 512

View: 251

For most Americans, The Godfather, The Sopranos, and the Cosa Nostra exemplify organized crime. In Asia the term conjures up images of Japanese yakuza and Chinese triads, in Italy the Cosa Nostra and ‘Ndrangheta, in Latin America Mexican narco-gangs and Colombian drug cartels, in the Netherlands transnational drug and human trafficking, and in Scandinavia outlaw motorcycle gangs. Some but not all those organizations are “mafias” with centuries-long histories, distinctive cultures, and complicated relationships with local communities and governments. Others are new, large but transitory and with no purpose other than maximizing profits from illegal markets. Organized crime organizations have existed for centuries. Serious scholarly, as opposed to journalistic or law enforcement, efforts to understand them, however, date back only a few decades. Authoritative overviews were, until very recently, impossible. Rigorous, analytically acute, and methodologically sophisticated literatures did not exist. They have begun to emerge. They have developed in many countries, involve work in different languages and disciplines, and deploy a wide range of methods. Organizing Crime: Mafias, Markets, and Networks provides the most exhaustive overview ever published of knowledge about organized crime. It provides intensive accounts of American, Italian, and Dutch developments, covers both national mafias and transnational criminality, and delves in depth into gender, human capital, and money laundering issues. The writers are based in seven countries. To a person they are, or are among, the world’s most distinguished specialists in their subjects. At last, credible explanations and testable hypotheses are available concerning when, why, and under what circumstances mafias and other organized crime organizations come into being, what makes them distinctive, what they do and with what effects, and how to contain them.
Categories: Social Science

Charles Ives Reconsidered

Charles Ives Reconsidered

Jerome Karabel, The Chosen: The Hidden History of Admission and Exclusion at Harvard, Yale, ... Regarding the criteria of the secret societies, see 19–20.

Author: Gayle Sherwood Magee

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780252033261

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 231

View: 262

Charles Ives Reconsidered re-examines a number of critical assumptions about the life and works of this significant American composer, drawing on many new sources to explore Ives's creative activities within broader historical, social, cultural, and musical perspectives. Gayle Sherwood Magee portrays Ives's life, career and posthumous legacy against the backdrop of his musical and social environments from the Gilded Age to the present. The book includes contemporary portraits of the composer, his peers, and his teachers, as seen through archival materials, published reviews, and both historical and modern critical assessments. Magee offers the first large-scale rethinking of Ives's musical development based on the controversial revised chronology of his music. Using Ives's own dictum that "the fabric of existence weaves itself whole" as a guide, Charles Ives Reconsidered offers several new paths to understanding all of Ives's music as the integrated and cohesive work of a controversial composer who was very much a product of his time and place.
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

Distant Shores

Distant Shores

In “Secret SocietiesReconsidered, edited by David Ownby and Mary Somers Heidhues, 3–33. Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe. — — —. 1996. Brotherhoods and Secret ...

Author: Melissa Macauley

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691213484

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 376

View: 857

A pioneering history that transforms our understanding of the colonial era and China's place in it China has conventionally been considered a land empire whose lack of maritime and colonial reach contributed to its economic decline after the mid-eighteenth century. Distant Shores challenges this view, showing that the economic expansion of southeastern Chinese rivaled the colonial ambitions of Europeans overseas. In a story that dawns with the Industrial Revolution and culminates in the Great Depression, Melissa Macauley explains how sojourners from an ungovernable corner of China emerged among the commercial masters of the South China Sea. She focuses on Chaozhou, a region in the great maritime province of Guangdong, whose people shared a repertoire of ritual, cultural, and economic practices. Macauley traces how Chaozhouese at home and abroad reaped many of the benefits of an overseas colonial system without establishing formal governing authority. Their power was sustained instead through a mosaic of familial, fraternal, and commercial relationships spread across the ports of Bangkok, Singapore, Saigon, Hong Kong, Shanghai, and Swatow. The picture that emerges is not one of Chinese divergence from European modernity but rather of a convergence in colonial sites that were critical to modern development and accelerating levels of capital accumulation. A magisterial work of scholarship, Distant Shores reveals how the transoceanic migration of Chaozhouese laborers and merchants across a far-flung maritime world linked the Chinese homeland to an ever-expanding frontier of settlement and economic extraction.
Categories: Business & Economics

Lost Nationalism

Lost Nationalism

The book appears as a user's manual on secret societies. ... Secret Societies Reconsidered: Perspectives on the Social History of Modern South China and ...

Author: Elena Vezzadini

Publisher: Boydell & Brewer

ISBN: 9781847011152

Category: History

Page: 317

View: 123

Winner of the African Studies Association 2016 Bethwell A. Ogot Book Prize A lively account of the 1924 Revolution in Sudan and the way in which the colonial situation has affected its representation, a case in point in the histories of nationalist anti-colonial movements in Africa and the Middle East.
Categories: History

Martial Arts Cinema and Hong Kong Modernity

Martial Arts Cinema and Hong Kong Modernity

According to some researchers, secret societies first emerged in China during ... See also Ownby, “Introduction: Secret Societies Reconsidered,” in “Secret ...

Author: Man-Fung Yip

Publisher: Hong Kong University Press

ISBN: 9789888390717

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 240

View: 484

At the core of Martial Arts Cinema and Hong Kong Modernity: Aesthetics, Representation, Circulation is a fascinating paradox: the martial arts film, long regarded as a vehicle of Chinese cultural nationalism, can also be understood as a mass cultural expression of Hong Kong’s modern urban-industrial society. This important and popular genre, Man-Fung Yip argues, articulates the experiential qualities, the competing social subjectivities and gender discourses, as well as the heightened circulation of capital, people, goods, information, and technologies in Hong Kong of the 1960s and 1970s. In addition to providing a novel conceptual framework for the study of Hong Kong martial arts cinema and shedding light on the nexus between social change and cultural/aesthetic form, this book offers perceptive analyses of individual films, including not only the canonical works of King Hu, Chang Cheh, and Bruce Lee, but also many lesser-known ones by Lau Kar-leung and Chor Yuen, among others, that have not been adequately discussed before. Thoroughly researched and lucidly written, Yip’s stimulating study will ignite debates in new directions for both scholars and fans of Chinese-language martial arts cinema. “Yip subjects critical clichés to rigorous examination, moving beyond generalized notions of martial arts cinema’s appeal and offering up informed scrutiny of every facet of the genre. He has the ability to encapsulate these films’ particularities with cogent examples and, at the same time, demonstrate a thorough familiarity with the historical context in which this endlessly fascinating genre arose.” —David Desser, professor emeritus, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign “Eschewing a reductive chronology, Yip offers a persuasive, detailed, and sophisticated excavation of martial arts cinema which is read through and in relation to rapid transformation of Hong Kong in the 1960s and 1970s. An exemplar of critical genre study, this book represents a significant contribution to the discipline.” —Yvonne Tasker, professor of film studies and dean of the Faculty of Arts and Humanities, University of East Anglia
Categories: Performing Arts

Ambition and Identity

Ambition and Identity

In David Own by and Mary Somers Heidhues, eds., Secret Societies Reconsidered: Perspectives on the Social History of Modern South China and Southeast Asia, ...

Author: Andrew R. Wilson

Publisher: University of Hawaii Press

ISBN: 0824826507

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 463

What binds overseas Chinese communities together? Traditionally scholars have stressed the interplay of external factors (discrimination, local hostility) and internal forces (shared language, native-place ties, family) to account for the cohesion and "Chineseness" of these overseas groups. Andrew Wilson challenges this Manichean explanation of identity by introducing a third factor: the ambitions of the Chinese merchant elite, which played an equal, if not greater, role in the formation of ethnic identity among the Chinese in colonial Manila. Drawing on Chinese, Spanish, and American sources and applying a broad range of historiographical approaches, this volume dissects the structures of authority and identity within Manila’s Chinese community over a period of dramatic socioeconomic change and political upheaval. It reveals the ways in which wealthy Chinese merchants dealt in not only goods and services, but also political influence and the movement of human talent from China to the Philippines. Their influence and status extended across the physical and political divide between China and the Philippines, from the villages of southern China to the streets of Manila, making them a truly transnational elite. Control of community institutions and especially migration networks accounts for the cohesiveness of Manila’s Chinese enclave, argues Wilson, and the most successful members of the elite self-consciously chose to identify themselves and their protégés as Chinese.
Categories: History

The Nanyang Revolution

The Nanyang Revolution

Like other Chinese organizations, the MCP was affected by the economic downturn ... 8 David Ownby, “Introduction: Secret Societies Reconsidered,” and Dian ...

Author: Anna Belogurova

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108471657

Category: History

Page: 270

View: 997

A ground-breaking analysis of how the Malayan Communist Party helped forge a Malayan national identity, while promoting Chinese nationalism.
Categories: History

Voluntary Organizations in the Chinese Diaspora

Voluntary Organizations in the Chinese Diaspora

... “ Secret SocietiesReconsidered : Perspectives on the Social History of Early Modern South China and Southeast Asia . Armonk , NY : M.E. Sharpe , pp .

Author: Khun Eng Kuah-Pearce

Publisher: Hong Kong University Press

ISBN: 9622097766

Category: Social Science

Page: 308

View: 559

Do Chinese voluntary organizations continue to have a role in modern societies enmeshed in a globalizing world that questions continuation of the nation-state and ethnic identity? This book argues that Chinese voluntary organizations continue to play a significant role in both the established and new Chinese communities in the Diaspora. They are able to do so because of their ability to transform their organizational structure and functions. At the same time, they are able to reinvent their own images to suit their co-ethnic community and the wider polity. The uniqueness of this volume lies in its integration of historical and contemporary approaches to the study of traditional Chinese voluntary organizations in the Diaspora. The chapters explore how the Chinese voluntary organizations continue to fulfil the needs of the Chinese community in different parts of the world, and do this by both localizing and globalizing their functions and roles in the countries where they have established roots. The contributors cover traditional Chinese voluntary organizations from Asia to Australia, North America and Europe examining not only their activities in established Chinese communities such as Singapore and Malaysia, but also in the new emerging Chinese communities in Canada and Eastern Europe. This allows the readers to compare and contrast the voluntary organizations across countries and across time. Readership for this book includes scholars and students of Chinese Studies, Asian Studies, Anthropology, Sociology, Diaspora Studies, History, Social Organizations and the general educated Chinese population.
Categories: Social Science

Gods Guns and Globalization

Gods  Guns  and Globalization

“ Introduction : Secret Societies Reconsidered . ” In “ Secret Societies ” Reconsidered : Perspectives on the Social History of Modern South China and ...

Author: Mary Ann Tétreault

Publisher: Lynne Rienner Publishers

ISBN: 1588262537

Category: Religion

Page: 344

View: 483

"Is it accurate to equate "fundamentalism" with antimodernism? What explains the growing importance of religious activists in world politics? Guns, Gods, and Globalization explores the multifaceted phenomenon of religious resurgence, ranging from the Christian right in the United States to ethnonationalist movements across North Africa and Asia. The authors' focus on the complex relationship between religious revivalism and globalization results in a nuanced study of religious political movements as they emerge in the context of rapid socioeconomic change."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Categories: Religion

Historical Dictionary of Modern China 1800 1949

Historical Dictionary of Modern China  1800 1949

Secret Societies in China in the [9th and 20th Centuries. ... Ownby, David, and Mary F. Somers Heidhues, “Secret SocietiesReconsidered: Perspectives on ...

Author: James Z. Gao

Publisher: Scarecrow Press

ISBN: 0810863081

Category: History

Page: 584

View: 915

The Historical Dictionary of Modern China (1800-1949) offers a concise but comprehensive examination of the political, military, economic, social, and cultural development of modern China. Instead of focusing merely on the political elites of China, this reference covers a variety of significant persons, including women and ethnic minorities; new historical concepts; cultural and educational institutions; and economic activities. Drawing on newly-available records, including a large mass of governmental and family archives, the narratives presented reveal new facts, offer a new interpretation in accordance with China's modernization process during the late Qing period, and a revisionist perspective on the Republican history. The chronology records not only political and military events but also other experiences of the Chinese people. The bibliography gives prominence to current literature on China's drive towards modernization and appendixes provide the reader with detailed information on China's cultural and economic transformation.
Categories: History

Golddiggers Farmers and Traders in the Chinese Districts of West Kalimantan Indonesia

Golddiggers  Farmers  and Traders in the  Chinese Districts  of West Kalimantan  Indonesia

SOCIETIES AND KONGSIS De Groot” has pointed out that “secret societies" ... eds, “Secret Societies" Reconsidered: Perspectives on the Social History of ...

Author: Mary Somers Heidhues

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9781501719240

Category: History

Page: 309

View: 879

This study examines the changing role of the Chinese community of West Kalimantan, particularly its economic and social relationships. Heidhues explores the history of the community from the early nineteenth century establishment of the kongsis to the "Dayak Raids," which uprooted the rural Chinese population in the 1960s.
Categories: History

Immigration Reconsidered

Immigration Reconsidered

... employers additional opportunities to stigmatize such organizations as "un-American," ... forming secret societies like those they had known in Ireland, ...

Author: Virginia Yans-McLaughlin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019536368X

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 749

Providing an interdisciplinary and global perspective on immigration to the United States, this collection of essays brings together the work of leading scholars in the field--including the work of such distinguished historians, sociologists, and political scientists as Charles Tilly, Philip Curtin, Kirby Miller, Sucheng Chan, Alejandro Portes, Lawrence Fuchs, and Aristide Zolberg--and represents an important step forward in the development of immigration studies. The book helps redirect thinking on the subject by giving a summary of the current state of immigration studies and a coherent new perspective that emphasizes the international dimensions of the immigrant experience from the time of the slave trade to present-day movements of Asian and Latin American peoples. Immigration Reconsidered challenges ethnocentric American or European perspectives on immigration, disputes the classical assimilation model of a linear progression of immigrant cultures toward a dominant American national character, questions human capital theory as an explanation of ethnic group achievement, reveals conflicting ethnic and racial attitudes toward immigration restriction, and examines the revival of interest in oral history, immigrant autobiographies, and other subjective documents. Offering a new approach to immigration studies for the 1990s, Immigration Reconsidered is important reading for anyone who wants to know how the America came to be as it is today.
Categories: History

Martial Arts of the World

Martial Arts of the World

Swords of Silence: Chinese Secret Societies, Past and Present. ... “Secret SocietiesReconsidered: Perspectives on the Social History of Modern South China ...

Author: Thomas A. Green

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781598842432

Category: Reference

Page: 663

View: 497

This book is the most comprehensive and authoritative reference ever published on the wide range of martial arts disciplines practiced in cultures around the world. * Includes the scholarship of 67 expert, international contributors * Presents 30 images of martial arts in practice * Offers bibliographic lists at the end of each section pointing to further reading in print and online * Includes a comprehensive index in each volume
Categories: Reference