Secret History

The Story of Cryptology

Author: Craig P. Bauer

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466561874

Category: Computers

Page: 620

View: 4445

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Winner of an Outstanding Academic Title Award from CHOICE Magazine Most available cryptology books primarily focus on either mathematics or history. Breaking this mold, Secret History: The Story of Cryptology gives a thorough yet accessible treatment of both the mathematics and history of cryptology. Requiring minimal mathematical prerequisites, the book presents the mathematics in sufficient detail and weaves the history throughout the chapters. In addition to the fascinating historical and political sides of cryptology, the author—a former Scholar-in-Residence at the U.S. National Security Agency (NSA) Center for Cryptologic History—includes interesting instances of codes and ciphers in crime, literature, music, and art. Following a mainly chronological development of concepts, the book focuses on classical cryptology in the first part. It covers Greek and Viking cryptography, the Vigenère cipher, the one-time pad, transposition ciphers, Jefferson’s cipher wheel, the Playfair cipher, ADFGX, matrix encryption, World War II cipher systems (including a detailed examination of Enigma), and many other classical methods introduced before World War II. The second part of the book examines modern cryptology. The author looks at the work of Claude Shannon and the origin and current status of the NSA, including some of its Suite B algorithms such as elliptic curve cryptography and the Advanced Encryption Standard. He also details the controversy that surrounded the Data Encryption Standard and the early years of public key cryptography. The book not only provides the how-to of the Diffie-Hellman key exchange and RSA algorithm, but also covers many attacks on the latter. Additionally, it discusses Elgamal, digital signatures, PGP, and stream ciphers and explores future directions such as quantum cryptography and DNA computing. With numerous real-world examples and extensive references, this book skillfully balances the historical aspects of cryptology with its mathematical details. It provides readers with a sound foundation in this dynamic field.
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An Introduction to Cryptography

Author: Richard A. Mollin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781584881278

Category: Mathematics

Page: 392

View: 9204

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INTRODUCTION FOR THE UNINITIATED Heretofore, there has been no suitable introductory book that provides a solid mathematical treatment of cryptography for students with little or no background in number theory. By presenting the necessary mathematics as needed, An Introduction to Cryptography superbly fills that void. Although it is intended for the undergraduate student needing an introduction to the subject of cryptography, it contains enough optional, advanced material to challenge even the most informed reader, and provides the basis for a second course on the subject. Beginning with an overview of the history of cryptography, the material covers the basics of computer arithmetic and explores complexity issues. The author then presents three comprehensive chapters on symmetric-key cryptosystems, public-key cryptosystems, and primality testing. There is an optional chapter on four factoring methods: Pollard's p-1 method, the continued fraction algorithm, the quadratic sieve, and the number field sieve. Another optional chapter contains detailed development of elliptic curve cryptosystems, zero-knowledge, and quantum cryptography. He illustrates all methods with worked examples and includes a full, but uncluttered description of the numerous cryptographic applications. SUSTAINS INTEREST WITH ENGAGING MATERIAL Throughout the book, the author gives a human face to cryptography by including more than 50 biographies of the individuals who helped develop cryptographic concepts. He includes a number of illustrative and motivating examples, as well as optional topics that go beyond the basics presented in the core data. With an extensive index and a list of symbols for easy reference, An Introduction to Cryptography is the essential fundamental text on cryptography.
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Handbook of Discrete and Combinatorial Mathematics

Author: Kenneth H. Rosen

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 135164405X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 1612

View: 7626

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Handbook of Discrete and Combinatorial Mathematics provides a comprehensive reference volume for mathematicians, computer scientists, engineers, as well as students and reference librarians. The material is presented so that key information can be located and used quickly and easily. Each chapter includes a glossary. Individual topics are covered in sections and subsections within chapters, each of which is organized into clearly identifiable parts: definitions, facts, and examples. Examples are provided to illustrate some of the key definitions, facts, and algorithms. Some curious and entertaining facts and puzzles are also included. Readers will also find an extensive collection of biographies. This second edition is a major revision. It includes extensive additions and updates. Since the first edition appeared in 1999, many new discoveries have been made and new areas have grown in importance, which are covered in this edition.
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Graph Polynomials

Author: Yongtang Shi,Matthias Dehmer,Xueliang Li,Ivan Gutman

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315350963

Category: Mathematics

Page: 252

View: 533

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This book covers both theoretical and practical results for graph polynomials. Graph polynomials have been developed for measuring combinatorial graph invariants and for characterizing graphs. Various problems in pure and applied graph theory or discrete mathematics can be treated and solved efficiently by using graph polynomials. Graph polynomials have been proven useful areas such as discrete mathematics, engineering, information sciences, mathematical chemistry and related disciplines.
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Guide to Discrete Mathematics

An Accessible Introduction to the History, Theory, Logic and Applications

Author: Gerard O'Regan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319445618

Category: Computers

Page: 368

View: 7128

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This stimulating textbook presents a broad and accessible guide to the fundamentals of discrete mathematics, highlighting how the techniques may be applied to various exciting areas in computing. The text is designed to motivate and inspire the reader, encouraging further study in this important skill. Features: provides an introduction to the building blocks of discrete mathematics, including sets, relations and functions; describes the basics of number theory, the techniques of induction and recursion, and the applications of mathematical sequences, series, permutations, and combinations; presents the essentials of algebra; explains the fundamentals of automata theory, matrices, graph theory, cryptography, coding theory, language theory, and the concepts of computability and decidability; reviews the history of logic, discussing propositional and predicate logic, as well as advanced topics; examines the field of software engineering, describing formal methods; investigates probability and statistics.
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Cryptography and Lattices

International Conference, CaLC 2001, Providence, RI, USA, March 29-30, 2001. Revised Papers

Author: Joseph H. Silverman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540424881

Category: Computers

Page: 217

View: 9046

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This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed post-proceedings of the International Conference on Cryptography and Lattices, CaLC 2001, held in Providence, RI, USA in March 2001. The 14 revised full papers presented together with an overview paper were carefully reviewed and selected for inclusion in the book. All current aspects of lattices and lattice reduction in cryptography, both for cryptographic construction and cryptographic analysis, are addressed.
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Advanced Number Theory with Applications

Author: Richard A. Mollin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420083293

Category: Mathematics

Page: 440

View: 7402

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Exploring one of the most dynamic areas of mathematics, Advanced Number Theory with Applications covers a wide range of algebraic, analytic, combinatorial, cryptographic, and geometric aspects of number theory. Written by a recognized leader in algebra and number theory, the book includes a page reference for every citing in the bibliography and more than 1,500 entries in the index so that students can easily cross-reference and find the appropriate data. With numerous examples throughout, the text begins with coverage of algebraic number theory, binary quadratic forms, Diophantine approximation, arithmetic functions, p-adic analysis, Dirichlet characters, density, and primes in arithmetic progression. It then applies these tools to Diophantine equations, before developing elliptic curves and modular forms. The text also presents an overview of Fermat’s Last Theorem (FLT) and numerous consequences of the ABC conjecture, including Thue–Siegel–Roth theorem, Hall’s conjecture, the Erdös–Mollin-–Walsh conjecture, and the Granville–Langevin Conjecture. In the appendix, the author reviews sieve methods, such as Eratothesenes’, Selberg’s, Linnik’s, and Bombieri’s sieves. He also discusses recent results on gaps between primes and the use of sieves in factoring. By focusing on salient techniques in number theory, this textbook provides the most up-to-date and comprehensive material for a second course in this field. It prepares students for future study at the graduate level.
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Algorithmic Number Theory

4th International Symposium, ANTS-IV Leiden, The Netherlands, July 2-7, 2000 Proceedings

Author: Wieb Bosma

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540676953

Category: Computers

Page: 613

View: 5782

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 4th International Algorithmic Number Theory Symposium, ANTS-IV, held in Leiden, The Netherlands, in July 2000. The book presents 36 contributed papers which have gone through a thorough round of reviewing, selection and revision. Also included are 4 invited survey papers. Among the topics addressed are gcd algorithms, primality, factoring, sieve methods, cryptography, linear algebra, lattices, algebraic number fields, class groups and fields, elliptic curves, polynomials, function fields, and power sums.
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Handbook of Finite Fields

Author: Gary L. Mullen,Daniel Panario

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439873828

Category: Computers

Page: 1068

View: 5762

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Poised to become the leading reference in the field, the Handbook of Finite Fields is exclusively devoted to the theory and applications of finite fields. More than 80 international contributors compile state-of-the-art research in this definitive handbook. Edited by two renowned researchers, the book uses a uniform style and format throughout and each chapter is self contained and peer reviewed. The first part of the book traces the history of finite fields through the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The second part presents theoretical properties of finite fields, covering polynomials, special functions, sequences, algorithms, curves, and related computational aspects. The final part describes various mathematical and practical applications of finite fields in combinatorics, algebraic coding theory, cryptographic systems, biology, quantum information theory, engineering, and other areas. The book provides a comprehensive index and easy access to over 3,000 references, enabling you to quickly locate up-to-date facts and results regarding finite fields.
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Mathematics in Computing

An Accessible Guide to Historical, Foundational and Application Contexts

Author: Gerard O’Regan

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 3030342093

Category: Computers

Page: 458

View: 8459

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This illuminating textbook provides a concise review of the core concepts in mathematics essential to computer scientists. Emphasis is placed on the practical computing applications enabled by seemingly abstract mathematical ideas, presented within their historical context. The text spans a broad selection of key topics, ranging from the use of finite field theory to correct code and the role of number theory in cryptography, to the value of graph theory when modelling networks and the importance of formal methods for safety critical systems. This fully updated new edition has been expanded with a more comprehensive treatment of algorithms, logic, automata theory, model checking, software reliability and dependability, algebra, sequences and series, and mathematical induction. Topics and features: includes numerous pedagogical features, such as chapter-opening key topics, chapter introductions and summaries, review questions, and a glossary; describes the historical contributions of such prominent figures as Leibniz, Babbage, Boole, and von Neumann; introduces the fundamental mathematical concepts of sets, relations and functions, along with the basics of number theory, algebra, algorithms, and matrices; explores arithmetic and geometric sequences and series, mathematical induction and recursion, graph theory, computability and decidability, and automata theory; reviews the core issues of coding theory, language theory, software engineering, and software reliability, as well as formal methods and model checking; covers key topics on logic, from ancient Greek contributions to modern applications in AI, and discusses the nature of mathematical proof and theorem proving; presents a short introduction to probability and statistics, complex numbers and quaternions, and calculus. This engaging and easy-to-understand book will appeal to students of computer science wishing for an overview of the mathematics used in computing, and to mathematicians curious about how their subject is applied in the field of computer science. The book will also capture the interest of the motivated general reader.
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