Scientific Realism in Studies of Reading

Scientific Realism in Studies of Reading

I will use miscue analysis now not only to illustrate the concepts of scientific
realism but also to demonstrate why I believe miscue analysis is in fact an
example of research employing scientific realism. In deciding to study reading, I
made an ...

Author: Alan D. Flurkey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000149593

Category: Education

Page: 334

View: 914

This book provides research-based insights that deepen and broaden current understandings of the nature of reading. Informed by psycholinguistic and sociolinguistic views of reading-as-meaning-construction, the studies build on principles of scientific realism – an approach to inquiry that incorporates and values a wide variety of methods of observation to find the most inclusive, ecologically valid description of the reading process as it is observed in a variety of contexts from a wide range of perspectives. Focusing on how facts are discovered, developed, and used in the construction of knowledge about reading – a data-driven and theory-driven construction that results from observing the reading process with a variety of tools, methods, disciplines, and conceptual frameworks – scientific realism goes beyond rationalism and experimentation to include studies of events and experiences, but still satisfies even the most narrow definitions of what state and national lawmakers refer to as "reliable and replicable research on reading." Each study in this volume breaks ground for a new line of reading research underpinned by the theory of reading based in scientific realism. Scientific Realism in Studies of Reading is directed to reading researchers, teacher educators, reading specialists, special educators, graduate students, and related education professionals in the disciplines of applied psycholinguistics and sociolinguistics, and is appropriate as a text for advanced courses in these areas.
Categories: Education

Handbook of Research on Reading Comprehension

Handbook of Research on Reading Comprehension

Miscue analysis starts with real reading of a real text (not any artificially
constructed one). Miscue analysis and related research have as their underlying
paradigm, scientific realism. Unlike the experimental paradigm that relies on
statistical ...

Author: Susan E. Israel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317639671

Category: Education

Page: 712

View: 379

The Handbook of Research on Reading Comprehension assembles researchers of reading comprehension, literacy, educational psychology, psychology, and neuroscience to document the most recent research on the topic. It summarizes the current body of research on theory, methods, instruction, and assessment, including coverage of landmark studies. Designed to deepen understanding of how past research can be applied and has influenced the present and to stimulate new thinking about reading comprehension, the volume is organized around seven themes: historical perspectives on reading comprehension theoretical perspectives changing views of text elements of reading comprehension assessing and teaching reading comprehension cultural impact on reading comprehension where to from here? This is an essential reference volume for the international community of reading researchers, reading psychologists, graduate students, and professionals working in the area of reading and literacy.
Categories: Education

Making Sense of Learners Making Sense of Written Language

Making Sense of Learners Making Sense of Written Language

The purpose of science, then, is not to seek cause–effect relationships but to
build a theory of the nature of reality itself. ... now not only to illustrate the
concepts of scientific realism but also to demonstrate why I believe miscue
analysis is in fact an example of research employing scientific realism. In
deciding to study reading, I made an early decision to get as close to the reality of
reading as I could.

Author: Kenneth S. Goodman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134062584

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 256

View: 262

Ken and Yetta Goodman’s professional work has been a lifelong collaboration, informed by shared philosophical strands. An overarching goal has been to provide access for all children to literacy and learning and to inform and improve teaching and learning. Each also is recognized for specific areas of focus and is known for particular concepts. This volume brings together a thoughtfully crafted selection of their key writings, organized around five central themes: research and theory on the reading process and written language development; teaching; curriculum and evaluation; the role of language; advocacy and the political nature of schooling. In the World Library of Educationalists, international scholars themselves compile career-long collections of what they judge to be their finest pieces – extracts from books, key articles, salient research findings, major theoretical and/practical contributions – so the world can read them in a single manageable volume. Readers will be able to follow the themes and strands of their work and see their contribution to the development of a field, as well as the development of the field itself.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Studies in Scientific Realism

Studies in Scientific Realism

Here's their main example: Suppose a televangelist recommends regular reading
of scripture to induce puberty in young males. As evidence for his hypothesis (H)
that such readings are efficacious, he cites a longitudinal study of 1,000 males ...

Author: Andre Kukla

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019535334X

Category: Science

Page: 192

View: 412

This book offers a superbly clear analysis of the standard arguments for and against scientific realism. In surveying claims on both sides of the debate, Kukla organizes them in ways that expose unnoticed connections. He identifies broad patterns of error, reconciles seemingly incompatible positions, and discovers unoccupied positions with the potential to influence further debate. Kukla's overall assessment is that neither the realists nor the antirealists may claim a decisive victory.
Categories: Science

Scientific Realism

Scientific Realism

Anyone wishing to gain a deeper understanding of the state of modern science and why scientific realism is plausible, should read this book.

Author: Stathis Psillos

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134619825

Category: Philosophy

Page: 368

View: 607

Scientific realism is the optimistic view that modern science is on the right track: that the world really is the way our best scientific theories describe it . In his book, Stathis Psillos gives us a detailed and comprehensive study which restores the intuitive plausibility of scientific realism. We see that throughout the twentieth century, scientific realism has been challenged by philosophical positions from all angles: from reductive empiricism, to instrumentalism and to modern sceptical empiricism. Scientific Realism explains that the history of science does not undermine the arguments for scientific realism, but instead makes it reasonable to accept scientific realism as the best philosophical account of science, its empirical success, its progress and its practice. Anyone wishing to gain a deeper understanding of the state of modern science and why scientific realism is plausible, should read this book.
Categories: Philosophy

Philosophy and Scientific Realism

Philosophy and Scientific Realism

Though this book is addressed primarily to professional philosophers and
students of philosophy, I hope that it may appeal to readers with scientific
interests who have not had a specialised philosophical education. Some parts of
this book are ...

Author: J J C Smart

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135028022

Category: Philosophy

Page: 166

View: 879

Originally published in 1963. In an introductory chapter the author argues that philosophy ought to be more than the art of clarifying thought and that it should concern itself with outlining a scientifically plausible world view. Early chapters deal with phenomenalism and the reality of theoretical entities, and with the relation between the physical and biological sciences. Free will, issues of time and space and man’s place in nature are covered in later chapters.
Categories: Philosophy

The Science Studies Reader

The Science Studies Reader

10 Both the feminist reading of Bohr's epistemological framework that I offer and
its generalization to agential realism fall under the rubric of feminist science
studies . " l This is in part because they share a normative commitment to a ...

Author: Mario Biagioli

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415918685

Category: Science

Page: 590

View: 736

The Science Studies Reader pulls together the foundational essays in science studies by the field's key scholars, including the cultural study of science, feminism and science, the relation of technology to society and humans.
Categories: Science

56th Yearbook of the National Reading Conference

56th Yearbook of the National Reading Conference

... Purdue University Adult Literacy Research: Where Does It Appear, What
Methodologies Are Used, What Is It Saying, and ... Students, Jennifer D. Turner,
University of Maryland at College Park Scientific Realism in Studies of Reading
Chair.

Author: Deborah Wells Rowe

Publisher: Literacy Research Assoc

ISBN: UCSC:32106019834453

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 431

View: 582

Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Critically Reading the Theory and Methods of Archaeology

Critically Reading the Theory and Methods of Archaeology

141 Making sense of the archaeological record □ Two views of the structure of a
theory □ The empiricism–social constructivism–scientific realism dispute
CHAPTER 15 Which Research Program Is My Reading an Example Of? 151 ...

Author: Guy Gibbon

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780759123427

Category: Social Science

Page: 254

View: 586

Critically Reading the Theory and Methods of Archaeology stands out as the most thorough and practical guide to the essential critical reading and writing skills that all students, instructors, and practitioners should have. It provides priceless insight for the here and now of the Theory and Methods of Archaeology classes and for a lifetime of reading, learning, teaching, and writing. Chapters focus on rigorous reasoning skills, types of argument, the main research orientations in archaeology, the basic procedural framework that underlies all schools of archaeology, and issues in archaeology raised by skeptical postmodernists.
Categories: Social Science

Reading After Foucault

Reading After Foucault

The reader in turn reads reports of lawyers so as to not have to judge themselves
; excerpts and critiques so as not to have ... of science that take as given the
individual subject as the center for such histories , Kuhn remained a scientific
realist ...

Author: Robert Scott Leventhal

Publisher: Wayne State University Press

ISBN: 0814325106

Category: German literature

Page: 269

View: 103

Reading After Foucault presents new readings of German literature, letters, and culture from 1750 to 1830, based upon the pioneering work of the late Michel Foucault. Discussing the structures of historical-thought systems, the emergence of the human sciences, modern institutions of reading and writing, and technologies of self-fashioning, the authors extend Foucault's research into the system of writing technologies and power relations and reexamine the canon and the disciplines and institutions which make it possible. The book seeks to contribute to a "history of the present" by analyzing the networks in and through which literary modernity has been manufactured. New readings of Wezel, Kleist, Reinhold, Herder, Schiller, Campe, Goethe, the story of Kaspar Hauser, Hölderlin, Hamann, and Novalis are featured.
Categories: German literature

Philosophy of Language and the Challenge to Scientific Realism

Philosophy of Language and the Challenge to Scientific Realism

Through a close critical reading he shows how they fail to make adequate sense
on any rational, consistent, and scientifically ... Along the way he incorporates a
number of detailed case-studies from the history and philosophy of science.

Author: Christopher Norris

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134336609

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 371

In this book Christopher Norris develops the case for scientific realism by tackling various adversary arguments from a range of anti-realist positions. Through a close critical reading he shows how they fail to make adequate sense on any rational, consistent, and scientifically-informed survey of the evidence. Along the way he incorporates a number of detailed case-studies from the history and philosophy of science. Norris devotes much of his discussion to some of the most prominent and widely influential source-texts of anti-realism. Also included are the sophisticated versions of verificationism developed - albeit in very different ways - by thinkers such as Michael Dummett and Bas van Fraassen. Central to Norris's argument is a prolonged engagement with the once highly influential but nowadays neglected work of Norwood Russell Hanson. This book will be welcomed especially by readers who possess some knowledge of the background debate and who wish to deepen and extend their understanding of these issues beyond an introductory level.
Categories: Philosophy

Comprehension Activities for Reading in Social Studies and Science

Comprehension Activities for Reading in Social Studies and Science

establish a realistic reading plan after examining the assignments length and
difficulty through prereading . * understand the reading task and set a clear
purpose for reading . * create a productive study environment and mind - set to ...

Author: Leann Nickelsen

Publisher: Scholastic Inc.

ISBN: 0439098386

Category: Education

Page: 64

View: 737

40 engaging before, during, and after-reading activities and reproducibles that help students get the most from textbooks and other nonfiction.--[front cover].
Categories: Education

Scientific Realism and the Rationality of Science

Scientific Realism and the Rationality of Science

resolve the problem in the context of realism on the basis of a naturalistic account
of the epistemic warrant of methodological rules. In particular, I argue that what
best explains the use of the methods of science to produce successful theories is
that the methods comprise a reliable means of securing ... At the same time, the
individual chapters remain self-contained, and may be read as stand-alone
pieces.

Author: Professor Howard Sankey

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781409485810

Category: Philosophy

Page: 162

View: 947

Scientific realism is the position that the aim of science is to advance on truth and increase knowledge about observable and unobservable aspects of the mind-independent world which we inhabit. This book articulates and defends that position. In presenting a clear formulation and addressing the major arguments for scientific realism Sankey appeals to philosophers beyond the community of, typically Anglo-American, analytic philosophers of science to appreciate and understand the doctrine. The book emphasizes the epistemological aspects of scientific realism and contains an original solution to the problem of induction that rests on an appeal to the principle of uniformity of nature.
Categories: Philosophy

The Cambridge Companion to Marx

The Cambridge Companion to Marx

4 Science : Realism , criticism , history Some conjunctions – like Marx and the
critique of political economy - are entirely natural ones . They emerge , that is ,
quite naturally in the course of reading Marx's works and following his own stated
 ...

Author: Terrell Carver

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521366941

Category: Philosophy

Page: 357

View: 911

In the wake of political collapse in Eastern Europe, the intellectual influence of Marx's thought requires re-appraisal. Backed by current debate and new perspectives, this volume provides comprehensive coverage of his significant contributions.
Categories: Philosophy

Sociology in Perspective

Sociology in Perspective

... 308 , 423–4 , 512 , 514-5 Habermas on 543 rave subculture 627 reading ,
study skills 7 , 8–9 , 18 , 19 realism 344 , 510 see also scientific realism
Baudrillard on 144 , 163-5 CCTV case study 568–70 health 97-8 methodology
563-70 New ...

Author: Mark Kirby

Publisher: Heinemann

ISBN: 0435331604

Category: Sociology

Page: 831

View: 555

This text, specifically for AQA specifications, is designed to be easy and encouraging for students to use. The book contains updated material and activities together with a new chapter on study skills. It also indicates clearly where activities meet the new evidence requirements for key skills.
Categories: Sociology

Recent Themes in the Philosophy of Science

Recent Themes in the Philosophy of Science

Clarke, S.: 2001, “Defensible Territory for Entity Realism', British Journal for the
Philosophy of Science 52,701-722. ... paper read at the 1973 Australasian
Association for the History and Philosophy of Science Conference, the University
of ...

Author: S. Clarke

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401728621

Category: Science

Page: 216

View: 949

Australia and New Zealand boast an active community of scholars working in the field of history, philosophy and social studies of science. Australasian Studies in History and Philosophy of Science aims to provide a distinctive publication outlet for their work. Each volume comprises a group of thematically-connected essays edited by scholars based in Australia or New Zealand with special expertise in that particular area. In each volume, a majority ofthe contributors are from Australia or New Zealand. Contributions from elsewhere are by no means ruled out, however, and are actively encouraged wherever appropriate to the balance of the volume in question. Earlier volumes in the series have been welcomed for significantly advancing the discussion of the topics they have dealt with. I believe that the present volume will be greeted equally enthusiastically by readers in many parts of the world. R. W. Home General Editor Australasian Studies in History And Philosophy of Science viii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The majority of the papers in this collection had their origin in the 2001 Australasian Association for History, Philosophy, and Social Studies of Science annual conference, held at the University of Melbourne, where streams of papers on the themes of scientific realism and commonsense were organised.
Categories: Science

The Metaphysics of Scientific Realism

The Metaphysics of Scientific Realism

This book began life as a series of occasional essays on the metaphysics of
science, free will and the theory of moral ... But, one day, after re- reading an old
paper of mine, it occurred to me that what I had written involved the systematic ...

Author: Brian Ellis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317492207

Category: Philosophy

Page: 176

View: 315

This book presents a major statement on the dominant philosophy of science by one of the world's leading metaphysicians. Brian Ellis's new book develops the metaphysics of scientific realism to the point where it begins to take on the characteristics of a first philosophy. As most people understand it, scientific realism is not yet such a theory. It is not sufficiently general, and has no plausible applications in fields other than the well-established sciences. Nevertheless, Ellis demonstrates that the original arguments that led to scientific realism may be deployed more widely than they originally were to fill out a more complete picture of what there is. Ellis shows that realistic theories of quantum mechanics, time, causality and human freedom can all be developed satisfactorily, and moral theory can be recast to fit within this comprehensive metaphysical framework.
Categories: Philosophy

Scientific Realism

Scientific Realism

... scientific realists because realism appears to offer the only explanation for the
predictive success of science . ... old - fashioned way , the way of Nagel in The
Structure of Science : theoretical statements , read literally , possess definitive
truth ...

Author: Jarrett Leplin

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520053265

Category: Realism

Page: 266

View: 558

Categories: Realism

Correspondence Invariance and Heuristics

Correspondence  Invariance and Heuristics

Beltrametti, E.G., and Cassinelli, G. (1981), The Logic of Quantum Mechanics,
Addison-Wesley, Reading. Berry ... Proceedings of the 9th International
Congress of Logic, Mathematics, and Philosophy of Science, Uppsala, Studies in
Logic and the Foundations of Mathematics, North Holland, Amsterdam. Boyd, R. (
1973), 'Realism, Underdetermination, and a Causal Theory of Evidence', Noüs, 7,
pp. 1–12.

Author: S. French

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401711852

Category: Science

Page: 364

View: 192

This volume is presented in honour of Heinz Post, who founded a distinc tive and distinguished school of philosophy of science at Chelsea College, University of London. The 'Chelsea tradition' in philosophy of science takes the content of science seriously, as exemplified by the papers presented here. The unifying theme of this work is that of 'Correspondence, Invariance and Heuristics', after the title of a classic and seminal paper by Heinz Post, published in 1971, which is reproduced in this volume with the kind permission of the editors and publishers of Studies in History and Philosophy of Science. Described by Paul Feyerabend in Against Method as "brilliant" and " . . . a partial antidote against the view which I try to defend" (1975, p. 61, fn. 17), this paper, peppered with illustrative examples from the history of science, brings to the fore some of Heinz Post's central concerns: the heuristic criteria used by scientists in constructing their theories, the intertheoretic relationships which these criteria reflect and, in particular, the nature of the correspondence that holds between a theory and its predecessors (and its suc cessors). The appearance of this volume more than twenty years later is an indica tion of the fruitfulness of Post's contribution: philosophers of science continue to explore the issues raised in his 1971 paper.
Categories: Science

Scientific Realism and the Plasticity of Mind

Scientific Realism and the Plasticity of Mind

The present essay is addressed simultaneously to two distinct audiences.

Author: Paul M. Churchland

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521338271

Category: Philosophy

Page: 157

View: 359

A study in the philosophy of science, proposing a strong form of the doctrine of scientific realism' and developing its implications for issues in the philosophy of mind.
Categories: Philosophy