Scientific Method in Practice

Author: Hugh G. Gauch

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521017084

Category: Science

Page: 435

View: 9587

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This book will enable scientists to be better scientists by offering them a deeper understanding of the scientific method.
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Scientific Method in Brief

Author: Hugh G. Gauch, Jr

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107311527

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 1528

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The fundamental principles of the scientific method are essential for enhancing perspective, increasing productivity, and stimulating innovation. These principles include deductive and inductive logic, probability, parsimony and hypothesis testing, as well as science's presuppositions, limitations, ethics and bold claims of rationality and truth. The examples and case studies drawn upon in this book span the physical, biological and social sciences; include applications in agriculture, engineering and medicine; and also explore science's interrelationships with disciplines in the humanities such as philosophy and law. Informed by position papers on science from the American Association for the Advancement of Science, National Academy of Sciences and National Science Foundation, this book aligns with a distinctively mainstream vision of science. It is an ideal resource for anyone undertaking a systematic study of scientific method for the first time, from undergraduates to professionals in both the sciences and the humanities.
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Scientific Method in Ptolemy's Harmonics

Author: Andrew Barker

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521553728

Category: History

Page: 281

View: 1921

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Examines the scientific procedures devised by Ptolemy for investigating the structures underlying musical melody.
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Best Research Practices

Author: H. Charles Romesburg

Publisher: Lulu.com

ISBN: 0557017831

Category: Science

Page: 229

View: 8155

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Clearly explains how to plan and carry out reliable experiments, how to conceive and circumstantially support research hypotheses, how to test research hypotheses, how to discover cause and effect, and more. For students and practitioners in all fields of the physical, life, earth, social, and engineering sciences. Contains more than 150 illustrative research examples from all fields. Based on Professor Romesburg's examination of 5,000 top scientific articles, studying the methods used to produce reliable knowledge. See the book's first page explaining the blind peer review of the book that was commissioned and paid for by the author's academic department; see the book's back cover for peer reviewer comments. To read most of it, go to Google Book Search (http://books.google.com/) and enter this: Romesburg Best Research Practices - then click on the book.
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Research Methods in Health

Investigating Health and Health Services

Author: Ann Bowling

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)

ISBN: 0335262759

Category: Political Science

Page: 538

View: 5893

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This bestselling book provides an accessible introduction to the concepts and practicalities of research methods in health and health services.
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Scientific Literacy and the Myth of the Scientific Method

Author: Henry H. Bauer

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 9780252064364

Category: Science

Page: 180

View: 5700

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Concern has recently arisen over the quality of American education and our declining scientific and research orientation. Debates are emerging about what direction public universities should be taking as we head into the twenty-first century. Why and to what extent should society know about science? This book will help readers come to an informed understanding about the place of science and technology in today's world.
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Methods in Educational Research

From Theory to Practice

Author: Marguerite G. Lodico,Dean T. Spaulding,Katherine H. Voegtle

Publisher: Jossey-Bass

ISBN: 9780470588697

Category: Psychology

Page: 480

View: 5231

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Methods in Educational Research Methods in Educational Research is designed to prepare students for the real world of educational research. It focuses on scientifically-based methods, school accountability, and the professional demands of the twenty-first century, empowering researchers to take an active role in conducting research in their classrooms, districts, and the greater educational community. Like the first edition, this edition helps students, educators, and researchers develop a broad and deep understanding of research methodologies. It includes substantial new content on the impact of No Child Left Behind legislation, school reform, quantitative and qualitative methodologies, logic modeling, action research, and other areas. Special features to assist the teaching and learning processes include vignettes illustrating research tied to practice, suggested readings at the end of each chapter, and discussion questions to reinforce chapter content. Praise for the Previous Edition "A new attempt to make this subject more relevant and appealing to students. Most striking is how useful this book is because it is really grounded in educational research. It is very well written and quite relevant for educational researchers or for the student hoping to become one." -PsycCRITIQUES/American Psychological Association "I applaud the authors for their attempt to cover a wide range of material. The straightforward language of the book helps make the material understandable for readers." -Journal of MultiDisciplinary Evaluation
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Adaptive Knowing

Epistemology from a Realistic Standpoint

Author: J.K. Feibleman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401010323

Category: Philosophy

Page: 254

View: 8956

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The acquisition of knowledge is not a single unrelated occasion but rather an adaptive process in which past acquisitions modify present and future ones. In Part I of this essay in epistemology it is argued that coping with knowledge is not a passive affair but dynamic and active, involving its continuance into the stages of assimilation and deployment. In Part II a number of specific issues are raised and discussed in order to explore the dimensions and the depths of the workings of adaptive knowing. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS "Activity as A Source of Knowledge" first appeared in Tulane Studies in Philosophy, XII, 1963; "Knowing, Doing and Being" in Ratio, VI, 1964; "On Beliefs and Believing" in Tulane Studies, XV, 1966; "Absent Objects" in Tulane Studies, XVII, 1968; "The Reality Game" in Tulane Studies, XVIII, 1969; "Adaptive Responses and The Ecosys tem" in Tulane Studies, XVIII, 1969; "The Mind-Body Problem" in the Philosophical Journal, VII, 1970; and "The Knowledge of The Known" in the International Logic Review, I, 1970. PART I COPING WITH KNOWLEDGE CHAPTER I THE PROBLEM OF KNOWLEDGE I. THE CHOSEN APPROACH You are about to read a study of epistemology, one which has been made from a realistic standpoint. It is not the first of such interpre tations, and it will not be the last.
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Exploring the Scientific Method

Cases and Questions

Author: Steven Gimbel

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226294838

Category: Philosophy

Page: 406

View: 8307

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From their grade school classrooms forward, students of science are encouraged to memorize and adhere to the “scientific method”—a model of inquiry consisting of five to seven neatly laid-out steps, often in the form of a flowchart. But walk into the office of a theoretical physicist or the laboratory of a biochemist and ask “Which step are you on?” and you will likely receive a blank stare. This is not how science works. But science does work, and here award-winning teacher and scholar Steven Gimbel provides students the tools to answer for themselves this question: What actually is the scientific method? Exploring the Scientific Method pairs classic and contemporary readings in the philosophy of science with milestones in scientific discovery to illustrate the foundational issues underlying scientific methodology. Students are asked to select one of nine possible fields—astronomy, physics, chemistry, genetics, evolutionary biology, psychology, sociology, economics, or geology—and through carefully crafted case studies trace its historical progression, all while evaluating whether scientific practice in each case reflects the methodological claims of the philosophers. This approach allows students to see the philosophy of science in action and to determine for themselves what scientists do and how they ought to do it. Exploring the Scientific Method will be a welcome resource to introductory science courses and all courses in the history and philosophy of science.
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Meaning and Method in Information Studies

Author: Ian V. Cornelius

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9781567502275

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 238

View: 1319

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. . . frustrated philosophers everywhere-especially epistemologists-will enjoy this work. It is written by someone who appreciates the occasional nuances afforded by languages other than English. Moreover, it has a handy list of references, a serviceable back-of-the-book index, and an author index that is a veritable Who's Who of people who, like the author, have committed monography in their quest for a better understanding of our field. - "Library and Information Science Research "The focus of this volume is on the creation of meaning in the practice of library and information studies, and the need for an overall view and methodology of what the field is, how it develops, and how we identify our place within it when it is changing so rapidly. Succeeding versions of what the field is and what its practitioners do have left us unsure of where legitimacy lies- and how our own future can be reconciled to prevailing trends and impending changes. At the same time, there has been a movement to get away from positivist, or scientific, models of research practice. This book argues that those models should be rejected because they take no account of how human science's work or how people in service professions construct theory.
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