The Science of Ethics

The Science of Ethics

Author: Leslie Stephen

Publisher:

ISBN: OXFORD:N11314969

Category: Ethics

Page: 462

View: 889

Categories: Ethics

Ethical Judgment

Ethical Judgment

In "Ethical Judgment, "Abraham Edel makes clear the part played by biological and social scientific information in ethical judgment and moral action using psychological, anthropological, and economic materials as well as historical studies.

Author: Abraham Edel

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 1412822823

Category: Philosophy

Page: 348

View: 258

In "Ethical Judgment, "Abraham Edel makes clear the part played by biological and social scientific information in ethical judgment and moral action using psychological, anthropological, and economic materials as well as historical studies. Edel suggests that many controversies in ethical theory have emerged because different ethical theories made different scientific assumptions. In the almost forty years since his book was first published, life has become more complex and technological change has accelerated, bringing changes to our morality and ethical theory as well as our conduct. If anything, his observations are even more pertinent, compelling us to examine the empirical core of ethical statements. Edel maintains that since our knowledge of social life and history is constantly growing, moral theories and ethical judgments ought to embody the best knowledge available at any point in tune. However, because all knowledge and belief is only probable, there is never absolute certainty but only what Edel calls "residual indeterminacy "in human life and knowledge due to complexity and change. Edel lists four factors that form the basis for moral decisions: universal needs (food); perennial aspirations (friendships); central necessary conditions (job security); and critical contingent factors under special circumstances (land reform in a landholder-ruled society). In his new introduction, Edel applies those factors to the present day, discussing societal changes over the past forty years, such as the number of women in the workforce, the impact of the civil rights movement, and the fact that isolationism as a national policy is no longer feasible. "Ethical Judgment "is a recognized classic hi the modern study of ethical theory. It will be valuable reading for sociologists, historians, and all scholars interested in the study of ethics and American culture.
Categories: Philosophy

On the Dual Uses of Science and Ethics

On the Dual Uses of Science and Ethics

This book remedies this situation by bringing together contributors from a broad range of backgrounds to address a highly important ethical issue confronting humanity during the 21st century.

Author: Michael J. Selgelid

Publisher: ANU E Press

ISBN: 9781925021349

Category: Philosophy

Page: 390

View: 485

Claims about the transformations enabled by modern science and medicine have been accompanied by an unsettling question in recent years: might the knowledge being produced undermine – rather than further – human and animal well being? On the Dual Uses of Science and Ethics examines the potential for the skills, know-how, information, and techniques associated with modern biology to serve contrasting ends. In recognition of the moral ambiguity of science and technology, each chapter considers steps that might be undertaken to prevent the deliberate spread of disease. Central to achieving this aim is the consideration of what role ethics might serve. To date, the ethical analysis of the themes of this volume has been limited. This book remedies this situation by bringing together contributors from a broad range of backgrounds to address a highly important ethical issue confronting humanity during the 21st century.
Categories: Philosophy

Ethics and Science

Ethics and Science

This book explores ethical issues at the interfaces of science, policy, religion and technology, cultivating the skills for critical analysis.

Author: Adam Briggle

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521878418

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 388

View: 771

This book explores ethical issues at the interfaces of science, policy, religion and technology, cultivating the skills for critical analysis.
Categories: Business & Economics

Science and Ethics

Science and Ethics

Author: Keith Lehrer

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9062036708

Category: Philosophy

Page: 160

View: 655

Categories: Philosophy

Stem Cells

Stem Cells

Each development and innovation throws up new challenges. This is the case even where new developments initially seem to solve old dilemmas.

Author: Muireann Quigley

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814458085

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 807

Fast-moving and ever-changing, stem cell science and research presents ongoing ethical and legal challenges in many countries. Each development and innovation throws up new challenges. This is the case even where new developments initially seem to solve old dilemmas. Sometimes it becomes evident that new science does not in fact solve old problems and, for that reason, the ethical issues remain. In recognition of this, this book presents innovative and creative analyses of a range of ethical and legal challenges raised by stem cell research and its potential and actual application. The editors of this collection have brought together experts from ethics and law to bring fresh perspectives on the use of and research on stem cells. The chapters in this collection range across a number of different issues in the debate on stem cells, from the ethical dilemmas of conducting stem cell research to those of the clinical application of stem cell technology. Each chapter gives an in-depth and comprehensive analysis of the ethical or legal issues at stake. The early chapters give engaging new expositions on the permissibility of using embryos in stem cell research, in particular challenging our views about how we view and ‘construct’ the embryo in debates regarding stem cells. Later chapters move on to actual and potential clinical uses of stem cells and present novel arguments about these. Contents:New Frontiers in Stem Cell Science & Ethics: Current Technology & Future Challenges (Muireann Quigley, Sarah Chan and John Harris)The Monopoly of Moral Status in Debate on Embryonic Stem Cell Research (Sorcha Uí Chonnachtaigh)The Construction of the Embryo and Implications for Law (Sheelagh McGuinness)Legal Regulation of Human Stem Cell Technology (Loane Skene)Human Embryos in Stem Cell Research: Property and Recompense (Sarah Devaney)Against the Discarded–Created Distinction in Embryonic Stem Cell Research (Katrien Devolder)Stem Cell Therapies & Benefiting from the Fruits of Banned Research (Muireann Quigley)Who Do You Call a Hypocrite? Stem Cells and Comparative Hypocritology (Søren Holm)Stem Cell Research and Same-Sex Reproduction (Thomas Douglas, Catherine Harding, Hannah Bourne and Julian Savulescu)The Permissibility of Recruiting Patients with Spinal Cord Injury for Clinical Stem Cell Trials (Anna Pacholczyk and John Harris) Readership: Researchers and academics in bioethics, healthcare professionals, policy makers. Keywords:Stem Cells;Ethics;Bioethics;Stem Cell Law;Regulation;PolicyKey Features:Includes innovative and creative analyses of a range of ethical and legal challenges raised by stem cell research and its clinical applicationWill appeal to a diverse range of audiences concerned with how to address ethical, legal and policy issues regarding stem cells. It will be of particular interest to those who want to get a deeper and more nuanced understanding of some of the ethical and legal arguments since the chapters in this book present more than a mere overview of key issuesSeeks to combine a range of perspectives to dealing with the implications of a fast-moving stem cell science; in particular, bioethics and law. The ethical issues inherent in stem cell research are universal; as such, the book will appeal to readers (policy-makers, healthcare professionals, academics etc.) beyond the UK
Categories: Science

The Science of Ethics

The Science of Ethics

This 1882 publication sets out the arguments of evolutionary ethics, which were inspired by Darwin's ideas on natural selection.

Author: Leslie Stephen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108040426

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 496

View: 867

This 1882 publication sets out the arguments of evolutionary ethics, which were inspired by Darwin's ideas on natural selection.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Science and Ethics

Science and Ethics

Author: David Ben-Gurion

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:$B92646

Category: Civilization

Page: 24

View: 923

Categories: Civilization

The Environment

The Environment

The resulting inquiry spans different areas of contemporary philosophy, many of which are represented by the fifteen original essays in this volume.

Author: William P. Kabasenche

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262301022

Category: Science

Page: 316

View: 912

Original essays by leading scholars consider the environment from biological and ethical perspectives. Philosophical reflections on the environment began with early philosophers' invocation of a cosmology that mixed natural and supernatural phenomena. Today, the central philosophical problem posed by the environment involves not what it can teach us about ourselves and our place in the cosmic order but rather how we can understand its workings in order to make better decisions about our own conduct regarding it. The resulting inquiry spans different areas of contemporary philosophy, many of which are represented by the fifteen original essays in this volume. The contributors first consider conceptual problems generated by rapid advances in biology and ecology, examining such topics as ecological communities, adaptation, and scientific consensus. The contributors then turn to epistemic and axiological issues, first considering philosophical aspects of environmental decision making and then assessing particular environmental policies (largely relating to climate change), including reparations, remediation, and nuclear power, from a normative perspective. Contributors Katie McShane, Robert Brandon, Rachel Bryant, Michael Trestman, Brian Steverson, Denis Walsh, Lorraine Code, Jay Odenbaugh, Joseph Cannon, Mariam Thalos, Chrisoula Andreou, Clare Palmer, Ben Hale, Kristin Shrader-Frechette, Andrew Light
Categories: Science

Encyclopedia of Science Technology and Ethics

Encyclopedia of Science  Technology  and Ethics

This encyclopedia considers both the professional ethics of science and technology, and the social, ethical, and political issues raised by science and technology.

Author: Carl Mitcham

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:49015003043271

Category: Science

Page: 2378

View: 664

This encyclopedia considers both the professional ethics of science and technology, and the social, ethical, and political issues raised by science and technology.
Categories: Science

Stem Cells

Stem Cells

Fiction. LGBT Studies. Finalist for the American Library Association GLBT Fiction Award.

Author: Sarah Chan

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814374248

Category: Medical

Page: 282

View: 979

Fiction. LGBT Studies. Finalist for the American Library Association GLBT Fiction Award. "Guess deftly performs the parlor trick of handling several different voices, switching fluidly from perceptive Caddie to the clipped cadence of masculine Jo to jaded Selena. This Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore for the 1990s celebrates the differences between people without fudging the loneliness that these entail. Guess's attempts to put a Midwestern spin on magical realism are blessedly rare: in a book loaded with so many natural surprises, any supernatural extras would be gilt on the lily"—Publishers Weekly.
Categories: Medical

Science and Ethics

Science and Ethics

In Science and Ethics, Bernard Rollin examines the ideology that denies the relevance of ethics to science.

Author: Bernard E. Rollin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139455046

Category: Science

Page:

View: 965

In Science and Ethics, Bernard Rollin examines the ideology that denies the relevance of ethics to science. Providing an introduction to basic ethical concepts, he discusses a variety of ethical issues that are relevant to science and how they are ignored, to the detriment of both science and society. These include research on human subjects, animal research, genetic engineering, biotechnology, cloning, xenotransplantation, and stem cell research. Rollin also explores the ideological agnosticism that scientists have displayed regarding subjective experience in humans and animals, and its pernicious effect on pain management. Finally, he articulates the implications of the ideological denial of ethics for the practice of science itself in terms of fraud, plagiarism, and data falsification. In engaging prose and with philosophical sophistication, Rollin cogently argues in favor of making education in ethics part and parcel of scientific training.
Categories: Science

What Is Nanotechnology and Why Does It Matter

What Is Nanotechnology and Why Does It Matter

Nanotechnology is crucial for the next generation of industries, financial markets, research labs, and our everyday lives; this book provides an informed and balanced look at nanotechnology and its social impact Offers a comprehensive ...

Author: Fritz Allhoff

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444318004

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 684

Ongoing research in nanotechnology promises both innovations andrisks, potentially and profoundly changing the world. This bookhelps to promote a balanced understanding of this importantemerging technology, offering an informed and impartial look at thetechnology, its science, and its social impact and ethics. Nanotechnology is crucial for the next generation ofindustries, financial markets, research labs, and our everydaylives; this book provides an informed and balanced look atnanotechnology and its social impact Offers a comprehensive background discussion on nanotechnologyitself, including its history, its science, and its tools, creatinga clear understanding of the technology needed to evaluate ethicsand social issues Authored by a nanoscientist and philosophers, offers anaccurate and accessible look at the science while providing anideal text for ethics and philosophy courses Explores the most immediate and urgent areas of social impactof nanotechnology
Categories: Philosophy

The Ethics of Science

The Ethics of Science

The book covers: * Science and Ethics * Ethical Theory and Applications * Science as a Profession * Standards of Ethical Conduct in Science * Objectivity in Research * Ethical Issues in the Laboratory * The Scientist in Society * Toward a ...

Author: David B. Resnik

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134705849

Category: Philosophy

Page: 232

View: 997

Ethics of Science is a comprehensive and student-friendly introduction to the study of ethics in science and scientific research. The book covers: * Science and Ethics * Ethical Theory and Applications * Science as a Profession * Standards of Ethical Conduct in Science * Objectivity in Research * Ethical Issues in the Laboratory * The Scientist in Society * Toward a More Ethical Science * Actual case studies include: Baltimore Affair * cold fusion * Milikan's oil drop experiments * human and animal cloning * Cold War experiments * Strategic Defence Initiative * the Challenger accident * Tobacco Research.
Categories: Philosophy

An Ethics of Science Communication

An Ethics of Science Communication

This book presents the first comprehensive set of principles for an ethics of science communication.

Author: Fabien Medvecky

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030321161

Category: Social Science

Page: 123

View: 963

This book presents the first comprehensive set of principles for an ethics of science communication. We all want to communicate science ethically, but how do we do so? What does being ethical when communicating science even mean? The authors argue that ethical reasoning is essential training for science communicators. The book provides an overview of the relationship between values, science, and communication. Ethical problems are examined to consider how to create an ethics of science communication. These issues range from the timing of communication, narratives, accuracy and persuasion, to funding and the client-public tension. The book offers a tailor-made ethics of science communication based on principlism. Case studies are used to demonstrate how this tailor-made ethics can be applied in practice.
Categories: Social Science

Children As Research Subjects Science Ethics and Law

Children As Research Subjects   Science  Ethics  and Law

This book adopts an integrated multidisciplinary approach which uses science, ethics, and law as guides for exploring these most difficult issues.

Author: Program in Medical Ethics Michael A. Grodin Director

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199771421

Category: Medical

Page: 272

View: 678

Is using children as research subjects ever justified? Are there limits to such use? Does the fact that children are medically and psychosocially different from adults have implications for research? What can we learn from the history of the use and abuse of children as research subjects? Do parents have the authority to volunteer their children for research projects? How should children participate in the decision to be involved in research? How should research risks be assessed and balanced? These perplexing questions and others are addressed by a distinguished group of experts in the field of biomedical and behavioral research with children. This book adopts an integrated multidisciplinary approach which uses science, ethics, and law as guides for exploring these most difficult issues. The tension between acquiring important new knowledge and fulfilling the obligation to protect children from exploitation and harm is a recurring theme. As the first book to be devoted solely to the science, ethics, and law of research with children, it is an indispensable resource to physicians, psychologists, educators, lawyers, ethicists, Institutional Review Board members, child advocates and others involved in performing or reviewing research with children.
Categories: Medical

Ethics of Scientific Research

Ethics of Scientific Research

Challenging long-held theories of scientific rationality and remoteness, Kristin Shrader-Frechette argues that research cannot be 'value free.

Author: Kristin Dr. Shrader-Frechette

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 9780585165295

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 306

Challenging long-held theories of scientific rationality and remoteness, Kristin Shrader-Frechette argues that research cannot be 'value free.' Rather, any research will raise important moral issues for those involved, issues not only of truthfulness but of risk to research subjects, third parties, and the general public.
Categories: Social Science

Life Science Ethics

Life Science Ethics

This revised edition of "Life Science Ethics" introduces these questions using narrative case studies on genetically modified foods, use of animals in research, nanotechnology, and global climate change, and then explores them in detail ...

Author: Gary L. Comstock

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9048187923

Category: Philosophy

Page: 482

View: 234

Does nature have intrinsic value? Should we be doing more to save wilderness and ocean ecosystems? What are our duties to future generations of humans? Do animals have rights? This revised edition of "Life Science Ethics" introduces these questions using narrative case studies on genetically modified foods, use of animals in research, nanotechnology, and global climate change, and then explores them in detail using essays written by nationally-recognized experts in the ethics field. Part I introduces ethics, the relationship of religion to ethics, how we assess ethical arguments, and a method ethicists use to reason about ethical theories. Part II demonstrates the relevance of ethical reasoning to the environment, land, farms, food, biotechnology, genetically modified foods, animals in agriculture and research, climate change, and nanotechnology. Part III presents case studies for the topics found in Part II.
Categories: Philosophy

Ethics in Science

Ethics in Science

This book is an excellent template for those attempting to teach science and ethics.” —Bernard.E.Rollin, University Distinguished Professor, Colorado State University, Colorado, USA “This book by Dr Astha Saxena, a well-qualified ...

Author: Astha Saxena

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789813290099

Category: Science

Page: 265

View: 802

The book approaches the subject of ethics in science from a pedagogical and pragmatic viewpoint and addresses the need to effectively deal with these issues in science classrooms at the K-12 and undergraduate levels, drawing on real-world cases to do so. The book also explores ethical issues in connection with recent biotechnological advances and urges the reader to move beyond a disciplinary understanding and adopt an interdisciplinary view of the entire issue. Intended to initiate a process of reflecting on and investigating these ethical issues related to biotechnologies, and to enable the reader to take a personal stance on these issues rather than being led by outside agencies, the book offers a source of in-depth study material for researchers working in this area, as well as a training manual for teachers at both in-service & pre-service level, teacher educators, curriculum designers and professionals working in the field. Combining theory and practice, and including teachers’ reflections on their own pedagogic practice, it offers a valuable resource to help teaching professionals conduct experiments and achieve pedagogic innovations in their own work. “‘Ethics in Science- Pedagogic Issues & Concerns’ is an excellent textbook for high school and college students that provides an overview of the ethical issues in science and technology and includes useful cases studies and questions for discussion. I recommend it highly.” —David B. Resnik, JD, PhD, Bioethicist and IRB Chair, National Institute for Environmental Health Sciences, National Institutes of Health, USA “Given the recent proliferation of biological and biomedical knowledge, the need for education in the relationship between science and ethics has become ever increasingly essential. The book by Dr. Saxena provides a valuable introduction on how to inaugurate such an education. This book is an excellent template for those attempting to teach science and ethics.” —Bernard.E.Rollin, University Distinguished Professor, Colorado State University, Colorado, USA “This book by Dr Astha Saxena, a well-qualified educationist, fulfils a need for such a book for students of Science and Technology stream. The coverage is comprehensive and the writing is lucid. I endorse this book as it will bring a criticality of thinking among Indian students.” —Kambadur Muralidhar PhD, FASc, FNASc, FNA, University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad “Science without ethics can lead to false scientific claims as well as unbridled technological growth. The present book conceptualizes this integration of ethics and science beautifully with academic rigour.” —Alka Behari, Professor, Department of Education, University of Delhi, New Delhi, India
Categories: Science

Science and Technology Ethics

Science and Technology Ethics

This text re-examines and assesses the ethical systems in place and proposes new approaches. It will be of interest to all students of science and technology and all professionals involved with administrating laws in these fields.

Author: Dr Raymond E.Spier

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 020344096X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 256

View: 704

This text re-examines and assesses the ethical systems in place and proposes new approaches. It will be of interest to all students of science and technology and all professionals involved with administrating laws in these fields.
Categories: Philosophy