Sacred Repertories in Paris under Louis XIII

Sacred Repertories in Paris under Louis XIII

By re-examining one of the seventeenth-century 'treasures' of the Bibliothèque nationale (MS Vma rés. 571), Sacred Repertories in Paris under Louis XIII reveals that, far from being a transitional period in which little music of any ...

Author: Lewis Peter Bennett

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 0754668215

Category: Music

Page: 213

View: 705

The study of sacred music under Louis XIII (r.1610-43) has advanced little in the past hundred years. Despite some important recent contributions by the late Denise Launay and others, much of our current perception of the Latin sacred music of the period is still informed by the pioneering research undertaken by Henri Quittard in the early years of the twentieth century. By re-examining one of the seventeenth-century 'treasures' of the Bibliothèque nationale (MS Vma rés. 571), Sacred Repertories in Paris under Louis XIII reveals that, far from being a transitional period in which little music of any interest was produced, the reign of Louis XIII witnessed a flowering of musical activity and the development of musical techniques normally associated with the reign of Louis XIV.
Categories: Music

Music and Power at the Court of Louis XIII

Music and Power at the Court of Louis XIII

the Abbey of Montmartre, and from the cathedral of Notre-Dame, in addition to ... 571; see Peter Bennett, Sacred Repertories in Paris under Louis XIII: ...

Author: Peter Bennett

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108905077

Category: Music

Page:

View: 167

What role did sacred music play in mediating Louis XIII's grip on power in the early seventeenth century? How can a study of music as 'sounding liturgy' contribute to the wider discourse on absolutism and 'the arts' in early modern France? Taking the scholarship of the so-called 'ceremonialists' as a point of departure, Peter Bennett engages with Weber's seminal formulation of power to consider the contexts in which liturgy, music and ceremonial legitimated the power of a king almost continuously engaged in religious conflict. Numerous musical settings show that David, the psalmist, musician, king and agent of the Holy Spirit, provided the most enduring model of kingship; but in the final decade of his life, as Louis dedicated the Kingdom to the Virgin Mary, the model of 'Christ the King' became even more potent – a model reflected in a flowering of musical publication and famous paintings by Vouet and Champaigne.
Categories: Music

The Cambridge Companion to French Music

The Cambridge Companion to French Music

For a more detailed discussion of specific repertoires under Louis XIII, see Peter Bennett, Sacred Repertories in Paris under Louis XIII: Paris, ...

Author: Simon Trezise

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521877947

Category: Music

Page: 440

View: 119

This accessible Companion provides a wide-ranging and comprehensive introduction to French music from the early middle ages to the present.
Categories: Music

Music at the Maison royale de Saint Louis at Saint Cyr

Music at the Maison royale de Saint Louis at Saint Cyr

Most of the motets from this time are still composed for a single voice part, ... 2 Peter Bennett, Sacred Repertories in Paris under Louis XIII: Paris, ...

Author: Deborah Kauffman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317092100

Category: Music

Page: 332

View: 570

The history of music at the Maison royale de Saint-Louis at Saint-Cyr — the famous convent school founded by Madame de Maintenon and established by Louis XIV in 1686 as a royal foundation — is both rich and intriguing; its large repertory of music was composed expressly for young female voices by important composers working within significant contemporary musical genres: liturgical chant, sacred motets, theatrical music, and cantiques spirituels. While these genres reflect contemporary styles and trends, at the same time the works themselves were made to conform to the sensibilities and abilities of their intended performers. Even as Jean-Baptiste Moreau's music for Jean Racine’s biblical tragedies Esther and Athalie shows a number of similarities to contemporary tragédies lyriques, it departs from that more public genre in its brevity, generally simpler solo writing, and the integral use of the chorus. The musical style of the choral numbers closely parallels that of other choral music in the repertory at Saint-Cyr. The liturgical chant sung in the church was composed by Guillaume-Gabriel Nivers, and is an example of plain-chant musical, a type of new ecclesiastical composition written during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, primarily for female religious communities in France. The large repertory of petits motets (short sacred Latin pieces for solo voice), mostly composed by Nivers and Louis-Nicolas Clérambault, are simpler and more restrained than works by their contemporaries. A close study of the motets reveals much about changes to musical style and performance practices at Saint-Cyr during the eighteenth century. The cantique spirituel, a song with a spiritual text in the vernacular French language, played a significant role in both the education and recreation of the girls at Saint-Cyr. Cantiques composed for the girls vary widely in terms of their style and difficulty, ranging from simple strophic melodies to more sophisticated works in the style of contemporary airs. In all cases, the stylistic features of the music for Saint-Cyr reflect a careful consideration of the needs and capabilities of the young singers of the school, as well as an awareness of the rigorous requirements of Madame de Maintenon, who kept a close watch over the propriety of all things relating to the piety, behavior, and image of her charges.
Categories: Music

Sacred Music as Public Image for Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III

Sacred Music as Public Image for Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III

... and Music in Leipzig , 1650–1750 Tanya Kevorkian Sacred Repertories in Paris under Louis XIII Paris , Bibliothèque nationale de France , MS Vma rés .

Author: Andrew H. Weaver

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409421198

Category: Music

Page: 325

View: 678

Ferdinand III played a crucial role both in helping to end the Thirty Years' War and in re-establishing Habsburg sovereignty within his hereditary lands. Ferdinand's accomplishments came not through diplomacy or strong leadership but through a skillful manipulation of the arts. Drawing upon recent methodological approaches to the representation of other early modern monarchs as well as upon the theory of confessionalization, Andrew Weaver places the sacred vocal music composed by imperial musicians into the rich cultural, political, and religious contexts of mid-seventeenth-century Central Europe.
Categories: Music

The Polyphonic Mass in France 1600 1780

The Polyphonic Mass in France  1600   1780

The Evidence of the Printed Choirbooks Jean-Paul C. Montagnier. sacros & antiquos ritus sacro-sancta ... Sacred Repertories in Paris under Louis XIII.

Author: Jean-Paul C. Montagnier

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316833919

Category: Music

Page:

View: 901

This is the first ever book-length study of the a cappella masses which appeared in France in choirbook layout during the baroque era. Though the musical settings of the Ordinarium missæ and of the Missa pro defunctis have been the subject of countless studies, the stylistic evolution of the polyphonic masses composed in France during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries has been neglected owing to the labor involved in creating scores from the surviving individual parts. Jean-Paul C. Montagnier has examined closely the printed, engraved and stenciled choirbooks containing this repertoire, and his book focuses mainly on the music as it stands in them. After tracing the choirbooks' publishing history, the author places these mass settings in their social, liturgical and musical context. He shows that their style did not all adhere strictly to the stile antico, but could also employ the most up-to-date musical language of the period.
Categories: Music

The Lure and Legacy of Music at Versailles

The Lure and Legacy of Music at Versailles

Louis XIV and the Aix School John Hajdu Heyer ... 1842) Bennett 2009 Bennett, Peter, Sacred Repertories in Paris under Louis XIII (Farnham: Ashgate, ...

Author: John Hajdu Heyer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521519885

Category: History

Page: 277

View: 831

Taking its departure from King Louis XIV's 1660 visit to Provence, this book reveals the remarkable musical developments that followed.
Categories: History

Skryabin Philosophy and the Music of Desire

Skryabin  Philosophy and the Music of Desire

The editorial board is the Publications Committee of the Association. ... Music (2007) by Julie Brown Sacred Repertories in Paris under Louis XIII: Paris, ...

Author: Kenneth M. Smith

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317054498

Category: Music

Page: 176

View: 494

Commentary on Skryabin has struggled to situate an understanding of the composer's music within his idiosyncratic philosophical world views. Early commentators' efforts to do so failed to establish a thorough or systematic approach. And later twentieth-century studies turned away from the composer's ideology, focusing instead on 'the music itself' with an analytic approach that scrutinized Skryabin's harmonic language in isolation from his philosophy. This groundbreaking study revisits the questions surrounding the composer's music within his own philosophy, but draws on new methodological tools, casting Skryabin's music in the light not only of his own philosophy of desire, but of more refined semiotic-psychoanalytical theory and modern techniques of music analysis. An interdisciplinary methodology corrects the narrow focus of Skryabin scholarship of the last century, offering insights from New Musicology and recent music theory that lead to hermeneutical, critically informed readings of selected works.
Categories: Music

The Genesis and Development of an English Organ Sonata

The Genesis and Development of an English Organ Sonata

17: Sacred Repertories in Paris under Louis XIII: Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Vma ms rés. 571 (2009) Peter Bennett No.

Author: Iain Quinn

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781315470641

Category: Music

Page: 124

View: 408

This volume considers the influences and development of the English organ sonata tradition that began in the 1850s with compositions by W. T. Best and William Spark. With the expansion of the instrument’s capabilities came an opportunity for organist-composers to consider the repertoire anew with many factors reinforcing a desire to elevate the literature to new heights. This study begins by examining the legacy of the keyboard sonata in Britain and especially the pedagogical lineage that was to be seen through Mendelssohn and ultimately the early organ sonatas. The abiding influence of William Crotch’s lectures are studied to illuminate how a culture of conservatism emboldened the organist-composers towards compositions that were seen to represent the ideals of the Classical era but in a contemporary vein. The veneration of Bach, Mozart and Beethoven is then examined as composers wrote "portfolio" sonatas, each with a movement in a contrasting style to exhibit their compositional prowess while providing repertoire for the novice and connoisseur alike. Finally the volume considers how the British organist-composers who studied at the Leipzig Conservatorium had a direct bearing on the furtherance of an organ culture at home that in turn set the ground for the seminal work in the genre, Elgar’s Sonata of 1895.
Categories: Music

Rosa Newmarch and Russian Music in Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century England

Rosa Newmarch and Russian Music in Late Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Century England

The editorial board is the Publications Commiee of the Association. ... in Music (2007) by Julie Brown Sacred Repertories in Paris under Louis XIII: Paris, ...

Author: PhilipRoss Bullock

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351550512

Category: Music

Page: 208

View: 989

Philip Ross Bullock looks at the life and works of Rosa Newmarch (1857-1940), the leading authority on Russian music and culture in late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century England. Although Newmarch's work and influence are often acknowledged - most particularly by scholars of English poetry, and of the role of women in English music - the full range of her ideas and activities has yet to be studied. As an inveterate traveller, prolific author, and polyglot friend of some of Europe's leading musicians, such as Elgar, Sibelius and Jank, Newmarch deserves to be better appreciated. On the basis of both published and archival materials, the details of Newmarch's busy life are traced in an opening chapter, followed by an overview of English interest in Russian culture around the turn of the century, a period which saw a long-standing Russophobia (largely political and military) challenged by a more passionate and well-informed interest in the arts Three chapters then deal with the features that characterize Newmarch's engagement with Russian culture and society, and - more significantly perhaps - which she also championed in her native England; nationalism; the role of the intelligentsia; and feminism. In each case, Newmarch's interest in Russia was no mere instance of ethnographic curiosity; rather, her observations about and passion for Russia were translated into a commentary on the state of contemporary English cultural and social life. Her interest in nationalism was based on the conviction that each country deserved an art of its own. Her call for artists and intellectuals to play a vital role in the cultural and social life of the country illustrated how her Russian experiences could map onto the liberal values of Victorian England. And her feminism was linked to the idea that women could exercise roles of authority and influence in society through participation in the arts. A final chapter considers how her late interest in the music of Czechoslovakia pi
Categories: Music

The Regulation and Reform of Music Criticism in Nineteenth Century England

The Regulation and Reform of Music Criticism in Nineteenth Century England

17: Sacred Repertories in Paris under Louis XIII: Paris, Bibliotheque Nationale de France, I'ma ms res. 571 (2009) Peter Bennett No.

Author: Paul Watt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351974004

Category: Music

Page: 132

View: 971

Music criticism in England underwent profound change from the 1880s to the 1920s. It gave rise to ‘New criticism’ that aimed to be rational, impartial and intellectually authoritative. It was a break from the criticism of old: the work of the opinionated journalist who wrote descriptive concert reviews with invective, cliché, bias and bombast. Critics such as Ernest Newman (1868–1959), John F. Runciman (1866–1916) and Michel D. Calvocoressi (1877–1944) fostered this new school and wrote extensively of their aspirations for musical criticism in their own times and for the future. This book charts the genesis of this new wave of musical criticism that sought to regulate and reform the profession of music critic. Alongside the establishment of principles, training manuals and schools for critics, hundreds of journal articles and dozens of books were written that encouraged new criticism, which also had a bearing on scholarly writing in biography, aesthetics and history. The Regulation and Reform of Music Criticism in Nineteenth-Century England considers the influence and advocacy of individual critics and the role that institutions, such as the Musical Association and the Musical Times, played in this period of change. The book also explores the impact that French and German writers had on their English counterparts, demonstrating the internationalization of critical thought of the period.
Categories: Music

Heinrich Schenker and Beethoven s Hammerklavier Sonata

Heinrich Schenker and Beethoven s  Hammerklavier  Sonata

10: 11: 12: 13: 14: 15: 16: 17: 18: ROYAL MUSICAL ASSOCIATION MONOGRAPHS General Editor: Simon P. ... Sacred Repertories in Paris under Louis XIII: Paris, ...

Author: Nicholas Marston

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351563956

Category: Music

Page: 186

View: 224

In 1912 Heinrich Schenker contracted with the Viennese publisher Universal Edition to provide an 'elucidatory edition' (Erlerungsausgabe) of Beethoven's last five piano sonatas. Each publication would comprise a score, newly edited by Schenker and using the composer's autograph manuscript as principal source, together with a substantial commentary combining analytical, text-critical and performance-related matter. Four of the five editions appeared between 1913 and 1921, but that of the 'Hammerklavier' Sonata, op. 106, was never published. It has generally been assumed that this was simply because Schenker was unable to locate the autograph manuscript, which remains missing to this day. But as Nicholas Marston shows in a detailed history of the Erlerungsausgabe project, other factors were involved also, including financial considerations, Schenker's health concerns, and his broader theoretical ambitions. Moreover, despite the missing autograph he nevertheless developed a voice-leading analysis of the complete sonata during the years 1924-1926, a crucial period in the development of his mature theory of tonal music. Marston's book provides the first in-depth study of this rich analysis, which is reproduced in full in high-quality digital images. The book draws on hundreds of letters and documents from Schenker's Nachla it both adds to our biographical knowledge of Schenker and illuminates for the first time the response of this giant of music theory to one of the most significant masterworks in all music.
Categories: Music

Johann Mattheson Pi s de clavecin and Das neu er ete Orchestre

Johann Mattheson  Pi s de clavecin and Das neu er ete Orchestre

... the Body and Contradiction in Music (2007) Julie Brown Sacred Repertories in Paris under Louis XIII: Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, ...

Author: Margaret Seares

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351561600

Category: Music

Page: 136

View: 771

A prolific music theorist and critic as well as an established composer, Johannes Mattheson remains surprisingly understudied. In this important study, Margaret Seares places Mattheson?s Pi?s de clavecin (1714) in the context of his work as a public intellectual who encouraged German musicians and their musical public to eschew what he saw as the hidebound traditions of the past, and instead embrace a universalism of style and expression derived from contemporary currents in music of the leading European nations. Beginning with the early non-musical writings by Mattheson, Seares places them in the context of the cosmopolitan city-state of Hamburg, before moving to a detailed study of his first major musical treatise Das neu-er?ffnete Orchestre of 1713, in which he espoused his views about the musics of the past and present and, in particular, the characteristics of the musics of Germany, Italy, France and England. This latter section of the treatise, Part III, is edited and translated into English in the book's appendix - the first such translation available. Seares then moves on to an evaluation of the Pi?s de clavecin as a work in which Mattheson reflects in musical terms the themes of modernism (in the sense of ?a mode) and universalism that are such a strong part of his writings of the period, and a work that represents an important precursor for the keyboard suites of Johann Sebastian Bach and Georg Frideric Handel.
Categories: Music

The Politics of Plainchant in fin de si cle France

The Politics of Plainchant in fin de si  cle France

... the Body and Contradiction in Music Julie Brown Sacred Repertories in Paris under Louis XIII: Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Vma ms rés.

Author: Katharine Ellis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317020288

Category: Music

Page: 164

View: 574

This book tells three inter-related stories that radically alter our perspective on plainchant reform at the turn of the twentieth century and highlight the value of liturgical music history to our understanding of French government anticlericalism. It offers at once a new history of the rise of the Benedictines of Solesmes to official dominance over Catholic editions of plainchant worldwide, a new optic on the French liturgical publishing industry during a period of international crisis for the publication of plainchant notation, and an exploration of how, both despite and because of official hostility, French Catholics could bend Republican anticlericalism at the highest level to their own ends. The narrative relates how Auguste Pécoul, a former French diplomat and Benedictine novice, masterminded an undercover campaign to aid the Gregorian agenda of the Solesmes monks via French government intervention at the Vatican. His vehicle: trades unionists from within the book industry, whom he mobilized into nationalist protest against Vatican attempts to enshrine a single, contested, and German, version of the musical text as canon law. Yet the political scheming necessitated by Pécoul’s double involvement with Solesmes and the print unions almost spun out of control as his Benedictine contacts struggled with internal division and anticlerical persecution. The results are as musicologically significant for the study of Solesmes as they are instructive for the study of Church-State relations.
Categories: Music

Regina Mingotti Diva and Impresario at the King s Theatre London

Regina Mingotti  Diva and Impresario at the King s Theatre  London

... the Body and Contradiction in Music Julie Brown Sacred Repertories in Paris under Louis XIII: Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Vma ms rés.

Author: Michael Burden

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351551700

Category: Music

Page: 200

View: 739

Regina Mingotti was the first female impresario to run London's opera house. Born in Naples in 1722, she was the daughter of an Austrian diplomat, and had worked at Dresden under Hasse from 1747. Mingotti left Germany in 1752, and travelled to Madrid to sing at the Spanish court, where the opera was directed by the great castrato, Farinelli. It is not known quite how Francesco Vanneschi, the opera promoter, came to hire Mingotti, but in 1754 (travelling to England via Paris), she was announced as being engaged for the opera in London 'having been admired at Naples and other parts of Italy, by all the Connoisseurs, as much for the elegance of her voice as that of her features'. Michael Burden offers the first considered survey of Mingotti?s London years, including material on Mingotti's publication activities, and the identification of the characters in the key satirical print 'The Idol'. Burden makes a significant contribution to the knowledge and understanding of eighteenth-century singers' careers and status, and discusses the management, the finance, the choice of repertory, and the pasticcio practice at The King's Theatre, Haymarket during the middle of the eighteenth century. Burden also argues that Mingotti?s years with Farinelli influenced her understanding of drama, fed her appreciation of Metastasio, and were partly responsible for London labelling her a 'female Garrick'. The book includes the important publication of the complete texts of both of Mingotti's Appeals to the Publick, accounts of the squabble between Mingotti and Vanneschi, which shed light on the role a singer could play in the replacement of arias.
Categories: Music

Singing Dante The Literary Origins of Cinquecento Monody

Singing Dante  The Literary Origins of Cinquecento Monody

Sacred Repertories in Paris under Louis XIII: Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Vma ms rés. 571 (2009) Peter Bennett No. Rosa Newmarch and Russian ...

Author: Elena Abramov-van Rijk

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317054887

Category: Music

Page: 152

View: 490

This book takes its departure from an experiment presented by Vincenzo Galilei before his colleagues in the Florentine Camerata in about 1580. This event, namely the first demonstration of the stile recitativo, is known from a single later source, a letter written in 1634 by Pietro dei Bardi, son of the founder of the Camerata. In the complete absence of any further information, Bardi’s report has remained a curiosity in the history of music, and it has seemed impossible to determine the true nature and significance of Galilei's presentation. That, unfortunately, still remains true for the music, which is lost. Yet we know a crucial fact about this experiment, the poetic text chosen by Galilei: it was an excerpt from the Divine Comedy by Dante Alighieri, the Lament of Count Ugolino. Starting from this information the author examines the problem from another angle. Investigation of the perception of Dante’s poetry in the sixteenth century, as well as a deeper enquiry into cinquecento poetic theories (and especially phonetics) leads to a reconstruction of Galilei’s motives for choosing this text and sheds light on some of the features of his experiment.
Categories: Music

The Politics of Verdi s Cantica

The Politics of Verdi s Cantica

Sacred Repertories in Paris under Louis XIII: Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Vma ms rés. 571 (2009) Peter Bennett No. Rosa Newmarch and Russian ...

Author: Roberta Montemorra Marvin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351541459

Category: Music

Page: 204

View: 726

The Politics of Verdi's Cantica treats a singular case study of the use of music to resist oppression, combat evil, and fight injustice. Cantica, better known as Inno delle nazioni / Hymn of the Nations, commissioned from Italy's foremost composer to represent the newly independent nation at the 1862 London International Exhibition, served as a national voice of pride and of protest for Italy across two centuries and in two very different political situations. The book unpacks, for the first time, the full history of Verdi's composition from its creation, performance, and publication in the 1860s through its appropriation as purposeful social and political commentary and its perception by American broadcast media as a 'weapon of art' in the mid twentieth century. Based on largely untapped primary archival and other documentary sources, journalistic writings, and radio and film scripts, the project discusses the changing meanings of the composition over time. It not only unravels the complex history of the work in the nineteenth century, of greater significance it offers the first fully documented study of the performances, radio broadcast, and filming of the work by the renowned Italian conductor Arturo Toscanini during World War II. In presenting new evidence about ways in which Verdi's music was appropriated by expatriate Italians and the US government for cross-cultural propaganda in America and Italy, it addresses the intertwining of Italian and American culture with regard to art, politics, and history; and investigates the ways in which the press and broadcast media helped construct a musical weapon that traversed ethnic, aesthetic, and temporal boundaries to make a strong political statement.
Categories: Music

Brahms Beyond Mastery

Brahms Beyond Mastery

General Editor: Simon P. Keefe This series is supported by funds made ... in Music Julie Brown Sacred Repertories in Paris under Louis XIII: Paris, ...

Author: Robert Pascall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351573245

Category: Music

Page: 116

View: 250

In 1853 Robert Schumann identified fully-formed compositional mastery in the young Brahms, who nevertheless in the years following embarked on a period of intensive further study, producing, among other works, the neo-baroque Sarabande and Gavotte. These dances have not been properly recognized as constituting a distinct Brahms work before now, but manuscript evidence and their performance history indicate that Brahms and his friends thought of them as such in the mid-1850s, when they became the first music of his performed publicly in Gdansk, Vienna, Budapest and London. He later suppressed the dances, using them instead as a thematic quarry for three chamber music masterpieces, from different stages in his life and in distinctly different ways: the Second String Sextet, the First String Quintet and the Clarinet Quintet. This book gives an account of the compositional and performance history, stylistic features and re-uses of the dances, setting these in the wider context of Brahms‘s developing creative concerns and trajectory. It constitutes therefore a study of alost work, of how a fully-formed master opens himself tothe in-flowing from afar (in Martin Heidegger‘s terms), and of the transformative reach and concomitant expressive richness of Brahms‘s creative thought.
Categories: Music

Style and Performance for Bowed String Instruments in French Baroque Music

Style and Performance for Bowed String Instruments in French Baroque Music

Other titles of interest from Ashgate Essays on the Performance of Baroque ... Centuries Giulia Nuti Sacred Repertories in Paris under Louis XIII Paris, ...

Author: Professor Mary Cyr

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781409495338

Category: Music

Page: 280

View: 599

Mary Cyr addresses the needs of researchers, performers, and informed listeners who wish to apply knowledge about historically informed performance to specific pieces. Special emphasis is placed upon the period 1680 to 1760, when the viol, violin, and violoncello grew to prominence as solo instruments in France. Part I deals with the historical background to the debate between the French and Italian styles and the features that defined French style. Part II summarizes the present state of research on bowed string instruments (violin, viola, cello, contrebasse, pardessus de viole, and viol) in France, including such topics as the size and distribution of parts in ensembles and the role of the contrebasse. Part III addresses issues and conventions of interpretation such as articulation, tempo and character, inequality, ornamentation, the basse continue, pitch, temperament, and "special effects" such as tremolo and harmonics. Part IV introduces four composer profiles that examine performance issues in the music of Élisabeth Jacquet de La Guerre, Marin Marais, Jean-Baptiste Barrière, and the Forquerays (father and son). The diversity of compositional styles among this group of composers, and the virtuosity they incorporated in their music, generate a broad field for discussing issues of performance practice and offer opportunities to explore controversial themes within the context of specific pieces.
Categories: Music