Russia’s Agro-Food Sector

Towards Truly Functioning Markets

Author: Peter Wehrheim,Klaus Frohberg,Eugenia Serova,Joachim von Braun

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461545315

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 541

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This book analyzes the transition of Russia's agro-food sector from a centrally planned system to a market-oriented one. The chapters set out to explain the initial conditions of transition, describe the measures undertaken, survey the current situation, and offer perspectives on how best to continue with the reform. Hence, the book not only provides insights into Russia's food economy, it also gives very valuable information about the process of transition and the question: What next? Within the Russian context, the food economy is of special importance, due to the relatively high share it represents in the economy and its importance for employment. Furthermore, the privatization and the restructuring of the country's agro-food sector is one of the most controversial issues in the ongoing domestic political debate about the reform process. Russia is also important in that its reintegration into the world economy is at stake. Russia's Agro-Food Sector: Towards Truly Functioning Markets should increase the understanding of the issues causing the cumbersome implementation of reform measures and, in so doing, might provide scholars and policymakers with advice on how to improve the transition process. In fact, one of the most important lessons from the book is that markets will continue to malfunction as long as institutions are not functioning properly.
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Russia's Uncertain Economic Future

Author: John P. Hardt,Robert F. Bennett

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317460316

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 504

View: 8472

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The contributors to this volume analyze the present state of the Russian economy and its future prospects - which now seem brighter than at any previous time in the country's history. The Russian economy is now showing positive GDP growth and a positive balance of payments, portending a trend of sustained growth. The record of the Putin presidency with respect to the establishment of market-friendly legal and administrative environments is substantially positive. On the other side of the ledger, the contributors identify the persistence of monopolies in energy, transportation, and agriculture; distortions resulting from corruption, infrastructural inadequacies, and the maldistribution of political power and decision-making authority; demographic decline and the erosion of human capital as manifested in the health, education, and welfare of the population. Russia's successful development as a democratic society with a market economy is of great importance to its neighbors and to the global economy, and specifically to the United States, which is why the U.S. Congress commissioned these studies by expert analysts. This edition includes a comprehensive subject index, making the volume user-friendly.
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Agrarian Reform in Russia

The Road from Serfdom

Author: Carol S. Leonard

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139491385

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 4896

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This book examines the history of reforms and major state interventions affecting Russian agriculture: the abolition of serfdom in 1861, the Stolypin reforms, the NEP, the Collectivization, Khrushchev reforms, and finally farm enterprise privatization in the early 1990s. It shows a pattern emerging from a political imperative in imperial, Soviet, and post-Soviet regimes, and it describes how these reforms were justified in the name of the national interest during severe crises - rapid inflation, military defeat, mass strikes, rural unrest, and/or political turmoil. It looks at the consequences of adversity in the economic environment for rural behavior after reform and at long-run trends. It has chapters on property rights, rural organization, and technological change. It provides a new database for measuring agricultural productivity from 1861 to 1913 and updates these estimates to the present. This book is a study of the policies aimed at reorganizing rural production and their effectiveness in transforming institutions.
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Urban Agriculture and Food Systems: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice

Breakthroughs in Research and Practice

Author: Management Association, Information Resources

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1522580646

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 592

View: 7412

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In recent years, the global economy has struggled to meet the nutritional needs of a growing populace. In an effort to circumvent a deepening food crisis, it is pertinent to develop new sustainability strategies and practices to provide a stable supply of food resources. Urban Agriculture and Food Systems: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice is an authoritative resource on the latest technological developments in urban agriculture and its ability to supplement current food systems. The content within this publication represents the work of topics such as sustainable production in urban spaces, farming practices, and urban distribution methods. This publication is an ideal reference source for students, professionals, policymakers, researchers, and practitioners interested in recent developments in the areas of agriculture in urban spaces.
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Russia's uncertain economic future

compendium of papers submitted to the Joint Economic Committee, Congress of the United States

Author: United States. Congress. Joint Economic Committee,Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 463

View: 5258

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Modeling Russia's Economy in Transition

Author: Peter Wehrheim

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 200

View: 7448

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To facilitate the analysis an economy-wide model of Russia's economy is developed. The model is a computable general equilibrium model and as such is the economist's version of a laboratory in which it is possible to conduct policy experiments. Due to the transitory stage of the Russian economy the model is different from other such models for industrialized countries. It takes into account some specific circumstances of the transition process which are elaborated in detail: parts of the informal or hidden economy are represented; market imperfections which are the result of institutional constraints are taken into consideration as are structural rigidities such as immobile capital and disequilibria in labour markets. The model has a high level of sectoral desegregation and therefore can serve for a wide range of macro-economic and sectoral questions. The model is the first one of its kind for the Russian Federation and is designed to be a tool for the quantitative analysis of economic policies in contemporary Russia. Hence, it could be used as a blueprint for other countries in the Former Soviet Union and should be of interest to academics and policy-makers alike.
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