Routledge Handbook of Ethics and War

Just War Theory in the 21st Century

Author: Fritz Allhoff,Nicholas G. Evans,Adam Henschke

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136260994

Category: Philosophy

Page: 432

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This new Handbook offers a comprehensive overview of contemporary extensions and alternatives to the just war tradition in the field of the ethics of war. The modern history of just war has typically assumed the primacy of four particular elements: jus ad bellum, jus in bello, the state actor, and the solider. This book will put these four elements under close scrutiny, and will explore how they fare given the following challenges: • What role do the traditional elements of jus ad bellum and jus in bello—and the constituent principles that follow from this distinction—play in modern warfare? Do they adequately account for a normative theory of war? • What is the role of the state in warfare? Is it or should it be the primary actor in just war theory? • Can a just war be understood simply as a response to territorial aggression between state actors, or should other actions be accommodated under legitimate recourse to armed conflict? • Is the idea of combatant qua state-employed soldier a valid ethical characterization of actors in modern warfare? • What role does the technological backdrop of modern warfare play in understanding and realizing just war theories? Over the course of three key sections, the contributors examine these challenges to the just war tradition in a way that invigorates existing discussions and generates new debate on topical and prospective issues in just war theory. This book will be of great interest to students of just war theory, war and ethics, peace and conflict studies, philosophy and security studies.
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Routledge Handbook of Ethics and International Relations

Author: Brent J. Steele,Eric Heinze

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429761872

Category: Political Science

Page: 602

View: 7809

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Ethics and International Relations (IR), once considered along the margins of the IR field, has emerged as one of the most eclectic and interdisciplinary research areas today. Yet the same diversity that enriches this field also makes it a difficult one to characterize. Is it, or should it only be, the social-scientific pursuit of explaining and understanding how ethics influences the behaviours of actors in international relations? Or, should it be a field characterized by what the world should be like, based on philosophical, normative and policy-based arguments? This Handbook suggests that it can actually be both, as the contributions contained therein demonstrate how those two conceptions of Ethics and International Relations are inherently linked. Seeking to both provide an overview of the field and to drive debates forward, this Handbook is framed by an opening chapter providing a concise and accessible overview of the complex history of the field of Ethics and IR, and a conclusion that discusses how the field may progress in the future and what subjects are likely to rise to prominence. Within are 44 distinct and original contributions from scholars teaching and researching in the field, which are structured around 8 key thematic sections: Philosophical Resources International Relations Theory Religious Traditions International Security and Just War Justice, Rights and Global Governance International Intervention Global Economics Environment, Health and Migration Drawing together a diverse range of scholars, the Routledge Handbook of Ethics and International Relations provides a cutting-edge overview of the field by bringing together these eclectic, albeit dynamic, themes and topics. It will be an essential resource for students and scholars alike.
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Theory of International Law

Author: Robert Kolb

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1782258833

Category: Law

Page: 512

View: 5755

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This book seeks to analyse various aspects of international law, the link being how they structure and marshal the different forces in the international legal order. It takes the following approaches to the matter. First, an attempt is made to determine the fundamental characteristics of international law, the forces that delineate and permeate its applications. Secondly, the multiple relations between law and policy are analysed. Politics are a highly relevant factor in the implementation of every legal order (and also a threat to it); this is all the more true in international law, where the two forces, law and politics, have significant links. Thirdly, the discussion focuses on a series of fundamental socio-legal notions: the common good, justice, legal security, reciprocity (plus equality and proportionality), liberty, ethics and social morality, and reason.
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Who Should Die?

The Ethics of Killing in War

Author: Ryan Jenkins

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190495650

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 911

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This volume collects the most influential and groundbreaking philosophical work being done on the question of killing in war, offering a "who's who" of contemporary scholars debating the foundational ethical questions surrounding liability to harm. In ten essays, it expands upon and provides new and updated analyses that have yet to be captured in a single work. Essays explore questions such as: Are some soldiers more deserving of death than others? Should states allow soldiers to conscientiously object (to opt out of war) on a case-by-case basis? Can a theory of rights best explain when it is permissible to kill in war? When are we allowed to violently resist oppression that is itself nonviolent? Is there anything wrong with targeting people with autonomous weapons?
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The Routledge Handbook of Pacifism and Nonviolence

Author: Andrew Fiala

Publisher: Routledge Handbooks in Philosophy

ISBN: 9781138194663

Category: Nonviolence

Page: 402

View: 343

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A history of the idea of pacifism and nonviolence : ancient to modern / Duane L. Cady -- Nonviolence and pacifism in the long 19th century / Michael Allan Fox -- Pacifism in the twentieth century and beyond / Andrew Fiala -- Christian pacifism / Daniel A. Dombrowski -- Peace and nonviolence in Islam / Ramin Jahanbegloo -- Philosophy of nonviolence in Africa / Gail M. Presbey -- Nonviolence in the Dharma traditions : Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism / Veena R. Howard -- The Gandhi-King tradition and satyagraha / Barry L. Gan -- Pacifism and the concept of morality / Robert L. Holmes -- Peace : negative and positive / David Boersema -- The pacifist critique of the just war tradition / Cheyney Ryan -- Contingent pacifism / Paul Morrow -- Humanitarian intervention and the problem of genocide and atrocity / Jennifer Kling -- Virtue ethics and nonviolence / David K. Chan -- Personal pacifism and conscientious objection / Eric Reitan -- Pacifism : does it make moral sense? / Jan Narveson -- Pacifism as pathology / José-Antonio Orosco -- The triumph of the liberal democratic peace and the dangers of its success / Fuat Gursozlu -- Human rights and international law / Robert Paul Churchill -- Hospitality, identity, and cosmopolitanism : antidotes to the violence of otherness / Eddy M. Souffrant -- Warism and the dominant worldview / Duane L. Cady -- The military-industrial complex / William Gay -- Feminism and nonviolent activism / Danielle Poe -- Queer oppression and pacifism / Blake Hereth -- Care theory, peace making, and education / Nel Noddings -- Becoming nonviolent : sociobiological, neurophysiological, and spiritual perspectives / Andrew Fitz-Gibbon -- The death penalty and nonviolence : justice beyond empathy / Lloyd Steffen -- Ecology and pacifism / Mark Woods -- Animals, vegetarianism, and nonviolence / Christopher Chapple -- Children, violence, and nonviolence / Jane Hall Fitz-Gibbon -- Peace pedagogy from the borderlines / Renee Bricker, Yi Deng, Donna Gessell, and Michael Proulx -- Afterword : nonviolence and the non-existent country / James M. Lawson, Jr
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Key texts of peace studies

Author: Wolfgang Dietrich

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783825897314

Category: Political Science

Page: 455

View: 2188

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The Key Texts of Peace Studies are a collection of articles of special relevance for the current debate on concepts like development, security, nonviolent conflict transformation, and different ways of thinking peace. To give those literarily and politically precious texts a platform, from which they can be thought and discussed anew under current conditions, is one of the concerns of this volume.
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