RF and Microwave Radiation Safety

RF and Microwave Radiation Safety

The leading professional guide to RF and microwave safety issues.

Author: Ronald Kitchen

Publisher: Newnes

ISBN: 0750643552

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 433

View: 257

The leading professional guide to RF and microwave safety issues. A practical handbook for all involved in electronic design and safety assessment, RF and Microwave Radiation Safety covers the problems of RF safety management, including the use of measuring instruments and methods, radiation hazards and risks resulting from electromagnetic interference, as well as reviewing current safety standards and the implications for RF design. The second edition takes into account a wide range of technical and legislative changes, and has been revised in line with the latest EU and international standards. Issues raised by increasing levels of microwave pollution from mobile phones and other sources are also confronted. New material covers: International Radiological Protection Commission (IRPC): new recommendations published in 1998 European Broadcasting Union (EBU)'s new guide EU Physical Agents Directive and Machines Directive (both of which cover radio transmitters) UK National Radiological Protection Board (UKNRPB) new guidance on safety levels Covers radiation hazards and risks resulting from electromagnetic interference Leading professional guide to RF and microwave safety issues Revised in line with the latest the EU and international standards
Categories: Technology & Engineering

RF and Microwave Radiation Safety 2nd Edition

RF and Microwave Radiation Safety  2nd Edition

The leading professional guide to RF and microwave safety issues.

Author: Ronald Kitchen

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1151009186

Category:

Page: 448

View: 601

The leading professional guide to RF and microwave safety issues. A practical handbook for all involved in electronic design and safety assessment, RF and Microwave Radiation Safety covers the problems of RF safety management, including the use of measuring instruments and methods, radiation hazards and risks resulting from electromagnetic interference, as well as reviewing current safety standards and the implications for RF design. The second edition takes into account a wide range of technical and legislative changes, and has been revised in line with the latest EU and international standards. Issues raised by increasing levels of microwave pollution from mobile phones and other sources are also confronted. New material covers: International Radiological Protection Commission (IRPC): new recommendations published in 1998 European Broadcasting Union (EBU)'s new guide EU Physical Agents Directive and Machines Directive (both of which cover radio transmitters) UK National Radiological Protection Board (UKNRPB) new guidance on safety levels Covers radiation hazards and risks resulting from electromagnetic interference Leading professional guide to RF and microwave safety issues Revised in line with the latest the EU and international standards.
Categories:

Radio frequency and Microwave Radiation

Radio frequency and Microwave Radiation

This third edition of Radio-Frequency and Microwave Radiation Guide provides the most current and authoritative information on the physical characteristics of radio-frequency radiation (RF) and microwave radiation, its interactions with ...

Author: R. Timothy Hitchcock

Publisher: AIHA

ISBN: 9781931504553

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 51

View: 274

This third edition of Radio-Frequency and Microwave Radiation Guide provides the most current and authoritative information on the physical characteristics of radio-frequency radiation (RF) and microwave radiation, its interactions with matter, and biological and environmental effects. Current standards and guidelines are discussed, as are instruments and controls. A handy glossary provides definitions of important terms, and an appendix presents a list of problems industrial hygenists and other health professionals may encounter.
Categories: Health & Fitness

RF Radiation Safety Handbook

RF Radiation Safety Handbook

Hazards include electromagnetic compatibility and interference, electro-explosive vapours and devices, and direct effects on the human body. The book is designed for people responsible for, or concerned with, safety.

Author: Ronald Kitchen

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: UOM:39015028870692

Category: Medical

Page: 325

View: 425

This general introduction to the sources and nature of RF and Microwave radiation covers the problems of RF safety management, including the use of measuring instruments and methods. Radio frequency radiation can be dangerous in a number of ways. Hazards include electromagnetic compatibility and interference, electro-explosive vapours and devices, and direct effects on the human body. The book is designed for people responsible for, or concerned with, safety. This target audience will primarily be radio engineers, but include those skilled in other disciplines including medicine, chemistry or mechanical engineering. The book covers the problems of RF safety management, including the use of measuring instruments and methods, and a review of current safety standards. The implications for RF design engineers are also examined.
Categories: Medical

Radio Frequency and ELF Electromagnetic Energies

Radio Frequency and ELF Electromagnetic Energies

This book brings you cutting-edge discussions of exposure limits, monitoring instrumentation, new measurements required by human exposure standards, induced currents and contact currents, and the latest data on biological effects.

Author: R. Timothy Hitchcock

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471284548

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 552

View: 306

Tailored especially for the working health professional, Radio Frequency and ELF Electrogmagnetic Energies is a practical guide to understanding, evaluating, and controlling the human health effects of radio-frequency (RF) and extremely low frequency (ELF) electromagnetic fields. Providing a perfect blend of applied information and theory, you'll find all you need to know about radiation safety, from the basic physics to how to set up a safety program. This book brings you cutting-edge discussions of exposure limits, monitoring instrumentation, new measurements required by human exposure standards, induced currents and contact currents, and the latest data on biological effects.
Categories: Health & Fitness

CRC Handbook of Management of Radiation Protection Programs Second Edition

CRC Handbook of Management of Radiation Protection Programs  Second Edition

Glaser, Z. R. and Dodge, C.H., Comments on occuaptional safety and health
practices in the USSR and some east European countries: A possible dilemma in
risk assessment of RF and microwave radiation bioeffects, in Risk Benefit
Analysis: ...

Author: Kenneth L. Miller

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000141344

Category: Law

Page: 496

View: 927

CRC Handbook of Management of Radiation Protection Programs, 2nd Edition, is unique in that it offers practical guidance for managing various aspects of radiation protection programs ranging from the daily operation of a health physics office to the preparation of radiation experts for court appearances as professional witnesses. The book also covers such topics as organization and management of nonionizing radiation safety programs (with special emphasis on laser safety programs) and management of radioactive waste, personnel monitoring programs, radiation accident victims, internal exposure, relative radiotoxicity and radiation therapy patients. Other chapters discuss handling radiation accidents and education and training requirements for radiation protection. Legal aspects covered in the book include the history of radiation court cases, legal implications of record keeping, and preparation for court appearances. CRC Handbook of Management of Radiation Protection Programs, 2nd Edition will be a valuable reference resource for medical and health physicists, industrial hygienists, physicians, nuclear engineers, radiation protection regulators, radiation emergency management agents, radiation safety committees, and managers of facilities using ionizing and nonionizing radiation sources.
Categories: Law

Advances in Microwave and Radio Frequency Processing

Advances in Microwave and Radio Frequency Processing

The book also covers fundamentals of matter radiation interaction, modeling of processes, hardware development, measurement techniques as well as current regulations for industrial applications of microwave and radio frequency heating.

Author: M. Willert-Porada

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540329442

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 792

View: 838

Prometheus brought fire to mankind Arthur R. von Hippel “Dielectrics and Waves”, 1954 Our contribution? There are only few areas of research and development of a comparable scientific and technological extension as microwave and high frequency processing. “Pr- essing” means not only application of radiation of 300 MHz to 300 GHz f- quency to synthesis, heating or ionisation of matter but also generation, transm- sion and detection of microwave and radio frequency radiation. Microwave and high frequency sources positioned in the orbit are the foun- tion of modern satellite telecommunication systems, gyrotron tubes being pr- ently developed in different countries all over the world will most probably be the major devices to open up a new era of energy supply to mankind be means of - sion plasma. Although initiated by military purposes during the Second World War (RADAR, Radio Detection and Ranging), microwave and high frequency utilisation has spread over almost every important aspect of normal day life since than, from individual mobile phones and kitchen microwave ovens to industrial food processing, production of composites as sustainable building materials, green chemistry, medical applications and finally infrastructure installations like GPS and Galileo, to name only few examples. These different areas of microwave and high frequency radiation application can not be unified within one group of scientists and technologists. There are s- eral distinguished communities active e.g., in the area of telecommunication s- tems, strong microwaves for fusion plasma or plasma based materials processing.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Radio Frequency Radiation Dosimetry and Its Relationship to the Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Fields

Radio Frequency Radiation Dosimetry and Its Relationship to the Biological Effects of Electromagnetic Fields

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) has sponsored research supporting development of personnel safety standards for exposure to Radio Frequency Radiation (RFR) for over a quarter century.

Author: B. Jon Klauenberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401141918

Category: Science

Page: 593

View: 280

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) has sponsored research supporting development of personnel safety standards for exposure to Radio Frequency Radiation (RFR) for over a quarter century. NATO previously recognized that one of the most important tools used in the RFR effects research laboratory is accurate dosimetry when it supported a NATO Advanced Studies Institute (ASI) on Advances in Biological Effects and Dosimetry of Low Energy Electromagnetic Fields held in 1981, in Erice, Sicily. That meeting resulted in a NATO ASI publication; Biological Effects and Dosimetry of l Non-ionizing Radiation: Radiofrequency and Microwave Energies . The most recent NATO sponsored program on RFR was an Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) on "Developing a New Standardization Agreement (STANAG) for Radio frequency Radiation" held May 1993, at the Pratica di Mare Italian Air Force Base, Pomezia (Rome) Italy. That ARW produced an ASI proceedings, published in 1995: Radio frequency Radiation Standards, Biological Effects, Dosimetry, Epidemiology, and Public Health Policy2. The Rome ARW and the Proceedings served as a springboard to the much needed revision of the NATO Standardization Agreement (STANAG) 2345 MED "Evaluation and Control of Personnel Exposure to Radio Frequency Fields - 3 kHz to 300 GHz,,3, which was subsequently promulgated in October 1998. One of the published recommendations developed by the Rome ARW was to hold this second ARW focusing on dosimetry and measurements.
Categories: Science

Non ionising Radiation Microwaves Ultraviolet and Laser Radiation

Non ionising Radiation  Microwaves  Ultraviolet and Laser Radiation

This volume will be useful to all medical and health physicists, health and safety officers in hospitals and industry, physicians and surgeons who use non-ionising radiation of one type or another, hospital administrators, and graduate ...

Author: Harry Moseley

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: UOM:39015012564293

Category: Medical

Page: 293

View: 848

Non-ionising electromagnetic radiation - ultraviolet, visible, infrared, microwave, radio frequency and laser radiation - have exciting medical applications but are also potentially hazardous. Lasers are a late-twentieth-century phenomenon which present new opportunites in surgery as well as the potential for inflicting serious biological damage. By contrast, microwave and radiofrequency radiation have always been present but now the levels from man-made sources far exceed the natural background levels. Human exposure to ultraviolet radiation has also increased dramatically in recent years due to altered environmental status as well as changing recreational habits. This handbook describes the medical applications and health implications of such radiation, and emphasises the medical physics aspects of the subject, including safety in the hospital environment. The book concentrates on effects which are regarded as accepted given the current state of our knowledge, but discussion of more controversial ideas relating the 'electromagnetic pollution' is included for a complete picture. The Medical Physics Handbooks aim to provide up-to-date information on topics of interest on the field of medical physics. This volume will be useful to all medical and health physicists, health and safety officers in hospitals and industry, physicians and surgeons who use non-ionising radiation of one type or another, hospital administrators, and graduate physicists about to enter these fields.
Categories: Medical

The Biological Effects of Radio frequency and Microwave Radiation

The Biological Effects of Radio frequency and Microwave Radiation

U.S. Dept. Health , Education , Welfare Pub . BRH / DBE 70-2 . pp . 236-237 .
OSHA 1971. Non - ionizing radiation safety and health standards ( 29 CFR
1910.97 ) , Aug. 27 , 1971. U.S. Dept. of Labor , Occupational Safety Health
Admin .

Author: National Research Council Canada. Associate Committee on Scientific Criteria for Environmental Quality

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951000059931R

Category: Microwaves

Page: 244

View: 875

Categories: Microwaves

Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety

Encyclopaedia of Occupational Health and Safety

With radiofrequency ( RF ) and microwave radiation , the main interaction
mechanism is heating , but in the low - frequency part of the spectrum , fields of
high intensity may induce currents in the body and thereby be hazardous .

Author: International Labour Office

Publisher: International Labour Organization

ISBN: 9221092038

Category: Reference

Page: 4000

View: 934

Developed through an extensive process of consultation with leading professionals and health and safety institutions worldwide, the new, expanded, and long-awaited Fourth Edition of this well-respected reference provides comprehensive, timely, and accurate coverage of occupational health and safety. Aimed at the specialist and non-specialist alike, such as lawyers, doctors, nurses, engineers, toxicologists, regulators, and other safety professionals, this compendium is organized and designed to provide the most critical information in an easy-to-read format. It uses more than 1,000 illustrations, a new attractive layout, and provides thousands of cited references that provide up-to-date literature reviews. Indexes by subject, chemical name, and author make navigating through information quick and easy. The CD-ROM version includes the same information as the print volumes, plus the benefit of a powerful search and retrieval engine to make searching for information as easy as a mouse click. Here's a sampling of what's covered in each volume and the CD-ROM: Volume 1: The body, health care, management and policy, tools and approaches Volume 2: Psychological and organizational factors, hazards, the environment, accidents, and safety Volume 3: Chemicals, industries and occupations Volume 4: Index by subject, chemical name, author, cross-reference guide, directory of contributors.
Categories: Reference

Requirements for an Effective National Nonionizing Radiation Measurement System

Requirements for an Effective National Nonionizing Radiation Measurement System

... monionizing radiation safety. It should be added, however, that EPA is currently
developing Federal guides for controlling radio-wave and microwave exposure in
areas accessible to the public. Additionally, EPA is distributing RF/microwave ...

Author: Howard E. Clark

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015086507335

Category: Nonionizing radiation

Page: 36

View: 999

Categories: Nonionizing radiation

Handbook of Engineering Control Methods for Occupational Radiation Protection

Handbook of Engineering Control Methods for Occupational Radiation Protection

AIHA , “ Radio Frequency and Microwave Radiation , ” AIHA Nonionizing
Radiation Guide Series , American Industrial Hygiene Association , Akron , OH ,
1988 . 3 . ANSI , Safety Levels with Respect to Human Exposure to Radio
Frequency ...

Author: Michael K. Orn

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015021980340

Category: Industrial safety.

Page: 221

View: 636

This practical reference for safety professionals addresses the applications of ionizing and non-ionizing radiation protection standards and the quantitative methods for evaluating and designing engineering controls to meet those standards.
Categories: Industrial safety.

The Microwave Debate

The Microwave Debate

In this book, Nicholas Steneck takes an objective look at the multifaceted and still unresolved debate involving government, the public, and industry over the safety and use of microwaves and radio-frequency radiation.

Author: Nicholas H. Steneck

Publisher: Mit Pr

ISBN: 0262192306

Category: Social Science

Page: 279

View: 526

In this book, Nicholas Steneck takes an objective look at the multifaceted and still unresolved debate involving government, the public, and industry over the safety and use of microwaves and radio-frequency radiation.
Categories: Social Science

Non ionizing Radiation Protection

Non ionizing Radiation Protection

A comprehensive review of non-ionizing radiation and its public health and environmental risks, for researchers, policy makers, and laymen This book explains the characteristics of all forms of electromagnetic non-ionizing radiation (NIR) ...

Author: Andrew W. Wood

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780471446811

Category: MEDICAL

Page: 608

View: 529

This book arises from the experience of an expert group, which met in Melbourne, Australia for a period of just under two years to produce a new national radio frequency standard. The expert group's expertise extended beyond the radio frequencies to other areas of NIR, such as ELF, UV, lasers and ultra sound. Drawing on these contributors the editor is able to provide an unusually complete coverage of the topic.
Categories: MEDICAL

Definitions Conversions and Calculations for Occupational Safety and Health Professionals

Definitions  Conversions  and Calculations for Occupational Safety and Health Professionals

Radio Frequency Radiation Radio Frequency Radiation makes up the balance of
the Radio Frequency / Microwave Band sub - group . The specific segments
involved are the longest wavelength half of the VHF Band , plus all of the HF , MF
 ...

Author: Edward Finucane

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420048481

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 496

View: 651

This reference text, a new and expanded edition of a well-regarded professional resource, covers virtually every type and category of calculation that environmental and occupational health and safety professionals might encounter on the job. Organized by subject, Definitions, Conversions, and Calculations for Occupational Safety and Health Professionals, Second Edition includes definitions and detailed descriptions of formulas, quantitative relationships, conversion factors, and more. The book includes numerous example problems, drawn from real-life situations, with detailed, step-by-step solutions that don't just provide quick answers but also indicate how the solutions were obtained. Two useful appendices provide a complete list of conversion factors and a first-ever discussion of the effects atmospheric factors can have on measurements. With almost twice as many calculations as the first edition and over 100 example problems, this is the most comprehensive resource available in the field. The second edition promises to be even more useful than the first as a ready reference for practicing professionals and a study guide for students entering health and safety professions or preparing for certification.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Electromagnetic Environments and Health in Buildings

Electromagnetic Environments and Health in Buildings

Although the levels of emissions generally comply with existing exposure
standards, this is not a guarantee of safety, ... For these Guidelines are based
solely on consideration of the ability of radio frequency (RF) and microwave
radiation to ...

Author: Derek Clements-Croome

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0415316561

Category: Architecture

Page: 535

View: 809

Electromagnetic Environments and Health in Buildingsbrings together the work of an international group of specialists in this fragmented subject area. The book covers health effects of electromagnetic fields, emission standards and offers some
Categories: Architecture

Mobile Communications Safety

Mobile Communications Safety

The results challenging the calcium efflux studies and the reports of enhanced
damage to eyes when RF exposure is ... Amemiya , Y. ( 1994 ) Research on
biological and electromagnetic environments in RF and microwave regions in
Japan .

Author: N. Kuster

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0412750007

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 280

View: 901

Recently, there has been interest by regulators, the public and the manufacturers of wireless devices in the issues relating to the safety of radio frequency (RF) energy. These issues require an understanding of the scientific underpinnings of both physics of RF energy and cellular biology. This book is designed to provide precisely such cross-functional expertise. The editors of this book intend to provide a reliable source for a sound scientific understanding of the issues and to stimulate future scientific advances in this area. Therefore, the audience for this book includes such diverse groups as scientists, governmental policy-makers and regulatory bodies, representatives of industry and the public at large.
Categories: Technology & Engineering