And despite the deeprifts separating Sunnis and Shiites, the regime motivated successive waves of revolutionary Islamism across the entire region, from Afghanistan in the 1980s to Lebanon in the 200s to Egypt to Algeria today.In ...
Author: Michael Axworthy
Publisher: Allen Lane
The Iranian Revolution of 1979 was a defining moment of the modern era. Its success unleashed a wave of Islamist fervor across the Middle East and signaled a sharp decline in the appeal of Western ideologies in the Islamic world. And the reaction it inspired testified to its importance: aswith the Russian and French revolutions, outsiders tried to crush it in its crib. A year after the mullahs' assumption of power, Iraq, with aid from other Arab states and the US, declared war on Iran. Yet the revolution prevailed, and the Islamic Republic persists to this day. And despite the deeprifts separating Sunnis and Shiites, the regime motivated successive waves of revolutionary Islamism across the entire region, from Afghanistan in the 1980s to Lebanon in the 200s to Egypt to Algeria today. In Revolutionary Iran, Michael Axworthy offers a richly textured and authoritative history of Iran from the 1979 revolution to the present. After an opening section that focuses on the sources of the revolution, Axworthy takes readers through the major periods of the era: the overthrow of the oldregime and the creation of the new one; the Iran-Iraq war; the reconstruction era following the war; the reformist wave led by Mohammed Khatami; and the current era, in which reactionaries have re-established control. Throughout, he emphasizes that the Iranian revolution was centrally important inmodern history because it provided the world with a clear model of development that was not rooted in Western ideologies. Whereas the world's major revolutions of the previous two centuries had been fuelled by Western, secular ideologies, the Iranian Revolution drew its inspiration from Islam. Botherudite and accessible, Revolutionary Iran is the definitive account of this epoch in all its humanity.
The book deals with revolution in terms of relationships between civil society and state; which, it is argued, are central to analysing and understanding modern movements in Iran and other Islamic countries.
Author: Masoud Kamali
Category: Political Science
First published in 1998, Revolutionary Iran investigates two major political transformations in the modern history of Iran: the Constitutional Revolution of 1905-09 and the Islamic Revolution 1976-79 and their relation to the modernization of Iran in this century. It addresses a core question: Why did the clergy not take political power in the Constitutional Revolution when Iran was a traditional society and they played a key leadership role in the revolution; yet they succeeded in the more modern Iran of 1979. Characterization of socio-economic relationships between the two major influential groups of civil society in Iran and their role in political transformation is considered central for answering such a question. The book deals with revolution in terms of relationships between civil society and state; which, it is argued, are central to analysing and understanding modern movements in Iran and other Islamic countries. The major contribution of the book can be summarized as follows: It identifies a socio-political division of power and influence between state and civil society during a long period of Iran’s Islamic history as the key theoretical basis for understanding modern transformations of Iranian society. Such a division has, so far, been largely ignored. It explores the clergy and bazaris as the social basis of civil society in Iran, and challenges Gellner’s viewpoint that an Islamic civil society is an impossibility. It argues that the modernization of religion and the creation of modern political theories by the clergy were both crucial means for defeating a modern authoritarian state and seizing political power. It identifies the main social group without whom the Islamic Revolution of Iran would not have achieved political victory, i.e., the dispossessed. It presents a theoretical basis for analysing and understanding new Islamic movements in the Islamic world.
The primary purpose of this book is to analyze transformations in the ideological, political, and soc
Author: Hooshang Amirahmadi
Category: Political Science
Originally published in 1998. More than half of the chapters were originally presented at the 1985 conference of the Center for Iranian Research and Analysis (CIRA) held at Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey, as well as additional content. The primary purpose of this book is to analyze transformations in the ideological, political, and soc
Within OPEC , Iran would side with countries that were prepared to seek sizable
price increases . ... Pre - revolutionary Iran was a major exporter of oil to the
industrialized West ' and an important factor in United States trade calculations .
The book does not attempt to explain the revolution and the theocrasy it resulted in, but takes interest in the modes of thought (world views) that preceded the revolution in order to understand the cultural context in which the revolution ...
Author: Claus V. Pedersen
Publisher: Otto Harrassowitz Verlag
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
The Iranian revolution of 1978-1979 and its transformation into an Islamic revolution has been an object of study the last couple of decades. The book does not attempt to explain the revolution and the theocrasy it resulted in, but takes interest in the modes of thought (world views) that preceded the revolution in order to understand the cultural context in which the revolution happened. However, only a limited part of the Iranian culture is studied, namely the literary part, more precisely, five of the leading shortstory writers, Seyyed Mohammad Al Jamalzadeh, Sadeq Hedayat Sadeq Chubak, Jamal A-le Ahmad, and Hu'ang Gol'hiri. The analyses of the short stories show that the underlying world views are strictly secular. As a contextualisation of the literary works, four Iranian thinkers and ideologists, Jamal al-Din Afghani (1838-1897), Ahmad Kasravi (1890-1946), Seyyed Hoseyn Nasr (b. 1933), and Ali ?hariati (1933-1977) are presented. With Seyyed Hoseyn Nasr as an exception, the study of the world views of these four shows a development towards secular modes of thought.
( ii ) To what extent the revolutionary slogans and Iran ' s policy of export of revolution damaged or assisted in the achievement of foreign policy objectives .
The significance of Iranian role particularly in Lebanon became clear when
Menashri, supra n. 27, at 124. Mohammad Ali Zandi, “The Second Majlis
Elections,” Bagher-ol-Olumn Research Institute (2014). Siavush Randjbar-Daemi
, The Quest for Authority in Iran 38–52 (2018). Id. Michael Axworthy, Revolutionary Iran: ...
Author: Bruce Ackerman
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Category: Political Science
Offering insights into the origins, successes, and threats to revolutionary constitutionalism, Bruce Ackerman takes us to India, South Africa, Italy, France, Poland, Burma, Israel, Iran, and the U.S. and provides a blow-by-blow account of the tribulations that confronted popular movements in their insurgent campaigns for constitutional democracy.
WOMEN , WORK AND IDEOLOGY IN POST - REVOLUTIONARY IRAN Ву Val
Moghadam New York University Working Paper # 170 May 1988 Abstract : The
paper is a quantitative and qualitative analysis of Islamic ideology and female ...
Author: Valentine M. Moghadam
The paper is a quantitative and qualitative analysis of Islamic ideology and female employment in Iran today. The Islamic regime's ideology regarding women's roles (as well as the inconsistencies within it) are examined and contrasted with women's employment patterns. Also, today's employment patterns are compared with those before the Revolution. The paper shows that much of the initial rhetoric discouraging female employment and attempting to impose an ideology of domesticity has not been successful. Although labor participation rates have declined for women, they have declined even more for men. The female share of the urban labor force has not altered, however, and government employment for women is actually higher today than it was before the Revolution. The paper identifies a discrepancy between ideological prescriptions and economic imperatives.
INTRODUCTION TO THE 1981 EDITION The Iranian revolution was not won by
the sword alone ; the published bibliographies attest to the fact that it was also a revolution of the pen . The impact of the writing of men like ' Ali Shari'ati is only ...
the private capital formation in construction showed virtually no change from the
pre - revolutionary period ( 23 billion rials in constant prices ) . Agriculture .
Agriculture has been the focus of development programs in the post - revolutionary era ...
Author: Ahmad Sharbatoghlie
Publisher: Westview Press
Considering geographic, demographic, structural and policy factors, this book presents a multi-levelled analysis of Iran's current situation and offers a proposal for a more balanced future development strategy.
This book unravels the story of English, the language of "the enemies", in post-revolutionary Iran.
Author: Maryam Borjian
Publisher: Multilingual Matters
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
This book unravels the story of English, the language of "the enemies", in post-revolutionary Iran. Situating English within the nation's broader social, political, economic and historical contexts, the book explores the politics, causes, and agents of the two diverging trends of indigenization/localization and internationalization/Anglo-Americanization in English education in Iran over the past three decades.
Based on an in-depth analysis of the Friday congregational sermon in Iran during a period of religious and political tumult, this volume examines the ideology of the Islamic Revolution.
Author: Haggay Ram
Publisher: Amer University Press
Based on an in-depth analysis of the Friday congregational sermon in Iran during a period of religious and political tumult, this volume examines the ideology of the Islamic Revolution. The author isolates and discusses certain critical themes in the ideology of the Revolution and how they are expressed in the sermons. Ram also analyzes the exposition of these themes through Shi'i Islamic myths, a method meant to facilitate the mass mobilization of the populace in the Revolution. He also examines the historical, political, and sociological implications of the sermons.
Post-Revolutionary. Iran. Introduction. Earlier chapters presented an analysis of
the material forces underpinning the contemporary Iranian political economy.
This chapter describe the nation's ideological and political superstructure, and
Author: Farhang Morady
Category: Political Science
This introductory text explains the political, economic and religious developments since the formation of the Islamic Republic in 1979 and provides an analysis of the domestic politics of Iran. It is an ideal starting point for students and general readers looking for a thought-provoking introduction to contemporary Iran.
Jacqueline Saper, named after Jacqueline Kennedy, was born in Tehran to Iranian and British parents.
Author: Jacqueline Saper
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Jacqueline Saper, named after Jacqueline Kennedy, was born in Tehran to Iranian and British parents. At eighteen she witnessed the civil unrest of the 1979 Iranian revolution and continued to live in the Islamic Republic during its most volatile times, including the Iran-Iraq War. In a deeply intimate and personal story, Saper recounts her privileged childhood in prerevolutionary Iran and how she gradually became aware of the paradoxes in her life and community--primarily the disparate religions and cultures. In 1979 under the Ayatollah regime, Iran became increasingly unfamiliar and hostile to Saper. Seemingly overnight she went from living a carefree life of wearing miniskirts and attending high school to listening to fanatic diatribes, forced to wear the hijab, and hiding in the basement as Iraqi bombs fell over the city. She eventually fled to the United States in 1987 with her husband and children after, in part, witnessing her six-year-old daughter's indoctrination into radical Islamic politics at school. At the heart of Saper's story is a harrowing and instructive tale of how extremist ideologies seized a Westernized, affluent country and transformed it into a fundamentalist Islamic society.
Author: Assoc Prof Shahdad NaghshpourPublish On: 2013-03-28
Revolutionary Iran and the United States is unique in its approach by exploring how diplomatic, military, and economic weapons are employed to bolster each nation's strategic and tactical advantage.
Author: Assoc Prof Shahdad Naghshpour
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
A unique and major contribution to the scholarly and policy debate on American foreign and economic policy toward the Islamic Republic of Iran. A volume that will be of interest to scholars and policy makers who struggle to understand the complex rivalry between these two nations and wish to analyze the Iranian/American relationship since 1979. Authors frame the conflicted relationship between Iran and the United States as a low intensity conflict, embodying elements of superpower gamesmanship, insurgent tactics and economic warfare. Revolutionary Iran and the United States is unique in its approach by exploring how diplomatic, military, and economic weapons are employed to bolster each nation's strategic and tactical advantage. This analysis encompasses the political, military, and economic facets of the rivalry.
Existing in tension with this notion of Iranian identity (Iraniyat) is a narrative of
Islamic identity (Islamiyat) which reached its apogee with the revolutionary events
of the late 1970s and continued to dominate throughout the Khomeini decade.41
Author: Elisabeth Yarbakhsh
Iranian Hospitality, Afghan Marginality examines the nexus of hospitality and nationhood in diverse iterations of Iranian identity, opening spaces for recognizing the self and other in the everyday interactions between Iranian citizens and Afghan refugees at sites of national significance in and around the city of Shiraz.
Using a theoretical framework, this work maps the trajectory of class changes over time, specifically noting the movements between pre revolutionary and post revolutionary Iran.
Author: Farhad Nomani
Publisher: Syracuse University Press
Category: Political Science
Provides an analysis of the dynamics of change and class configuration in Iranian society. Using a theoretical framework, this work maps the trajectory of class changes over time, specifically noting the movements between pre revolutionary and post revolutionary Iran.
Relations between the USSR and Iran during the period from the overthrow of the Shah and the establishment of the Islamic Republic up to early 1983 are reviewed in this book.
Author: Aryeh Yodfat
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Category: Social Science
Relations between the USSR and Iran during the period from the overthrow of the Shah and the establishment of the Islamic Republic up to early 1983 are reviewed in this book. It begins with a brief survey of Russian-Persian relations in earlier years, with a focus on the developments that served as a background to the current events. It examines Soviet attitudes and reactions to Iran’s foreign and internal policy and highlights the way in which the Soviets often raise events of which they do not approve in order to draw Iran closer to them. In particular, the book discusses the Soviet response to the Iran-Iraq war and the position of the Tudeh Party and the other leftists within Iran. Iran’s policy towards the USSR is treated at length and it is shown that it is suspicious of a tacit USA-USSR agreement over the fate of Iran. Khomeini’s attempts to isolate Iran from both East and West are also reviewed. This book was one of the first to discuss this crucial dimension in Middle East politics and it makes a significant contribution to our understanding of the forces driving the Iranian Revolution.