Rethinking Language Policy

Rethinking Language Policy

In this book, he surveys the language practices, beliefs, and planning efforts of individuals, families, public and private institutions, local and national activists, advocates and managers, and nations.

Author: Bernard Spolsky

Publisher:

ISBN: 1474485464

Category:

Page: 276

View: 905

Drawing on four decades of research, Bernard Spolsky presents an updated theory of language policy that starts with the individual speaker instead of the nation. In this book, he surveys the language practices, beliefs, and planning efforts of individuals, families, public and private institutions, local and national activists, advocates and managers, and nations. He examines the diversity of linguistic repertoires and the multiplicity of forces, linguistic and non-linguistic, which account for language shift and maintenance. By starting with the individual speaker and moving through the various levels and domains, Spolsky shows the many different policies with which a national government must compete and illustrates why national policy is so difficult. A definitive guide to the field, this is essential reading for policy makers, stakeholders, researchers, and students of language policy.
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Rethinking Language and Culture in Japanese Education

Rethinking Language and Culture in Japanese Education

Focusing on the case of Japanese, which is often viewed as homogenous in terms of language and culture, this volume explores these questions in a wide range of contexts: the notions of translation and modernity, the ideologies of the ...

Author: Shinji Sato

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781783091843

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 269

View: 122

How does language or culture come to be standardized to the degree that it is considered 'homogeneous'? How does teaching language relate to such standardization processes? How can teaching be mindful of the standardization processes that potentially involve power relations? Focusing on the case of Japanese, which is often viewed as homogenous in terms of language and culture, this volume explores these questions in a wide range of contexts: the notions of translation and modernity, the ideologies of the standardization of regional dialects in Japan, current practices in college Japanese-as-a- Foreign-Language classrooms in the United States, discourses in journals of Japanese language education, and classroom practices in nursery and primary schools in Japan. This volume’s investigation of standardization processes of Japanese language and culture addresses the intersections of theoretical and practical concerns of researchers and educators that are often overlooked.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Research Methods in Language Policy and Planning

Research Methods in Language Policy and Planning

Language Policy Evaluation and the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan. ... Rethinking linguistic human rights: answering questions of identity, essentialism and mobility.

Author: Francis M. Hult

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118308394

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 280

View: 432

This is the first volume exclusively devoted to research methods in language policy and planning (LPP). Each chapter is written by a leading language policy expert and provides a how-to guide to planning studies as well as gathering and analyzing data Covers a broad range of methods, making it easily accessible to and useful for transdisciplinary researchers working with language policy in any capacity Will serve as both a foundational methods text for graduate students and novice researchers, and a useful methodological reference for experienced LPP researchers Includes a series of guidelines for public engagement to assist scholars as they endeavor to incorporate their work into the public policy process
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language Policy and Planning in Universities

Language Policy and Planning in Universities

In A. Liddicoat & R. Baldauf (Eds.), Language planning and policy: Language planning in local contexts (pp. 3–17). ... Rethinking language planning and policy from the ground up: Refashioning institutional realities and human lives.

Author: Anthony J. Liddicoat

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351400930

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 266

View: 941

In a world where higher education is increasingly internationalised, questions of language use and multilingualism are central to the ways in which universities function in teaching, research and administration. Contemporary universities find themselves in complex linguistic environments that may include national level language policies, local linguistic diversity, an internationalised student body, increasing international collaboration in research, and increased demand for the use and learning of international languages, especially English. The book presents a critical analysis of how universities are responding these complexities in different contexts around the world. The contributions show that language issues in universities are complex and often contested as universities try to negotiate the national and the international in their work. In some contexts, universities’ language policies and the ways in which they are implemented may have a negative impact on their ways of working. In other contexts, however, universities have embraced multilingualism in ways that have opened up new academic possibilities for staff and students. Collectively, the chapters show that universities’ language policy and planning are a work in progress and that much further work is needed for universities to achieve their language goals. This book was originally published as a special issue of Current Issues in Language Planning.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language Policies in Finland and Sweden

Language Policies in Finland and Sweden

Pennycook, A. (2010) Language as a Local Practice. London: Routledge. Ramanathan, V. (2005) Rethinking language planning and policy from the ground up. Refashioning institutional realities and human lives. Current Issues in Language ...

Author: Mia Halonen

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781783092703

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 272

View: 877

In this volume, authors from four disciplines join forces to develop an analysis of political discourse on a comparative and multidisciplinary basis. Theoretically the book draws on the concept of language policy, operationalising it through the politics and policies of Finland and Sweden.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Rethinking Language Use in Digital Africa

Rethinking Language Use in Digital Africa

Title: Rethinking Language Use in Digital Africa: Technology and Communication in Sub-Saharan Africa/Edited by Leketi Makalela and Goodith White. Description: Bristol, UK; Blue Ridge Summit, ... Language policy—Africa, Sub-Saharan.

Author: Leketi Makalela

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781800412323

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 216

View: 462

This book challenges the view that digital communication in Africa is limited and relatively unsophisticated and questions the assumption that digital communication has a damaging effect on indigenous African languages. The book applies the principles of Digital African Multilingualism (DAM) in which there are no rigid boundaries between languages. The book charts a way forward for African languages where greater attention is paid to what speakers do with the languages rather than what the languages look like, and offers several models for language policy and planning based on horizontal and user-based multilingualism. The chapters demonstrate how digital communication is being used to form and sustain communication in many kinds of online groups, including for political activism and creating poetry, and offer a paradigm of language merging online that provides a practical blueprint for the decolonization of African languages through digital platforms.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Language Policy for the Multilingual Classroom

Language Policy for the Multilingual Classroom

Rethinking Language Policies for Multilingual Schools All schools and educational institutions, whether they realise it or not, operate from and within a certain policy. While certain languages are selected to be taught, only certain ...

Author: Christine Hélot

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781847693662

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 209

View: 776

The book proposes a round the world exploration of the way our traditionally monolingual school systems are being challenged by students from diverse language backgrounds, forcing educationalists to question entrenched ideologies of language and challenging teachers in their everyday classrooms to rethink their relationships to language learning and the issue of diversity.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Rethinking Languages Education

Rethinking Languages Education

rethinking languages in internationalised Western education 50–52; taken-for-granted constructions of uncritical 'Chinese ... institutions of 24–27 Queensland's 'Global schools: Creating successful global citizens' policy document for ...

Author: Ruth Arber

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351608688

Category: Education

Page: 252

View: 711

Rethinking Languages Education assembles innovative research from experts in the fields of sociocultural theory, applied linguistics and education. The contributors interrogate innovative and recent thinking and broach controversies about the theoretical and practical considerations that underpin the implementation of effective Languages pedagogy in twenty-first-century classrooms. Crucially, Rethinking Languages Education explores established understandings about language, culture and education to provide a more comprehensive and flexible understanding of Languages education that responds to local classrooms impacted by global and transnational change, and the politics of language, culture and identity. Rethinking Languages Education focuses on questions about ways that we can develop farsighted and successful Languages education for diverse students in globalised contexts. The response to these questions is multi-layered, and takes into account the complex interactions between policy, curriculum and practice, as well as their contention and implementation. In doing so, this book addresses and integrates innovative perspectives of contemporary theory and pedagogy for Languages, TESOL and EAL/D education. It includes diverse discussions around practice, and addresses issues of the dominance of prestige Languages programs for ‘minority’ and ‘heritage’ languages, as well as discussing controversies about the current provision of English and Languages programs around the world.
Categories: Education

Rethinking Language and Literature in a Changing World

Rethinking Language and Literature in a Changing World

... consequential introduction of forYprofit organisational practices, the adoption of the BMP system, the policy of decentralisation and the emphasis on the multicultural as well as the bilingual strand of the national language policy.

Author: Genevoix Nana

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781527538788

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 304

View: 746

This volume is a blend of language and literature papers highlighting linguistic functionality and topicality in poetry, novels, translation and education. It sheds light on the fictionalised reality of a strained official linguistic cohabitation in Cameroon as instantiated in present-day colonial legacy claims. It deals with issues of translation as a stylistic exercise whereby the translator has some creativity licence when rendering the source text into the target language, thus embracing Skopos theory’s view of translation as a purposeful activity determined by the target text and audience. This book also looks at an educational conception of translation as opposed to a professional translation curriculum and advocates a comprehensive needs analysis for translator education in the context of translation teaching at the Advanced School of Translators and Interpreters (ASTI) in Cameroon. The chapters also examine teacher and student discourse in the context of English Language teaching in tertiary education in China and pinpoint a dominant teacher’s voice made relevant by a Confucian didactic indexicality, which appears to be a stumbling block to any dialogic classroom discourse, despite a new curriculum promoting communicative language teaching and student-centredness. This book will appeal to academics in the fields of language and literature in general and in Cameroon and China in particular. It will also be a valuable resource for professional translators and those concerned with teaching the subject in academia as it explores a pragmatic conception of translation and envisages it, beyond professionality, as an academic field.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Rethinking Languages in Contact

Rethinking Languages in Contact

(Strasbourg: Language Policy Division, Council of Europe, 2003). 7. Abram de Swaan, in his Words of the World: The Global Language System (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2001), compares language policies in multilingual societies and argues ...

Author: Anna-Laura Lepschy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351195492

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 212

View: 303

"Taking as its theme the interaction between Italian and other languages, and marking the 50th anniversary of the publication of Weinreich's seminal Languages in Contact, this volume provides an up-to-date survey of the role of linguistic and cultural interaction in the process of language change. The range of contributions covers: theoretical issues; different forms of language contact in Medieval and Renaissance Italy; dialect transition and diversity in the North and South of Italy; lexical and morphological borrowings; register and syntactic loans in the Romance area; old and new contact varieties of Italian in the Mediterranean, including Malta and North Africa; and, finally, Italian under pressure from English in EU institutions. The volume is published in memory of Joseph Cremona (1922-2003), and includes a bibliography of his work. Anna Laura Lepschy is Visiting Professor at the Universities of Reading and Toronto, and Emeritus Professor at University College London. Arturo Tosi is Professor of Italian at Royal Holloway, University of London. With the contributions: Peter Matthews - On Re-reading Weinreich's Languages in Contact; Nigel Vincent; Languages in Contact in Medieval Italy; Brian Richardson - Latin and Italian in Contact in Some Renaissance Grammars; Cecilia Robustelli - Latin and Vernacular in Contact in the Sixteenth Century: The Latin Model of Giambullari's Grammar; and, Mair Parry - Markedness, Salience and Language Change: Exploring an Italo-Romance Transition Area. It also includes: John Green - The North-South Axis of Romance: Contact Reinforcing Typology? Martin Maiden - Accommodating Synonymy: How Some Italo-Romance Verbs React to Lexical and Morphological Borrowing; Chris Pountain - Syntactical Borrowing as a Function of Register; Adam Ledgeway - The Dual Complementizer System in Southern Italy: Spirito Greco, Materia Romanza? Rosanna Sornicola - Dialectology and History: The Problem of the Adriatic-Tyrrhenian Dialect Corridor; Alberto Varvaro - The Maghreb Papers in Italian Discovered by Joe Cremona; Joseph Brincat - Languages and Varieties in Use in Malta Today: Maltese, English, Italian, Maltese English and Maltaliano; and, Arturo Tosi - Languages in Contact with and without Speaker Interaction."
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

An Introduction to Language Policy

An Introduction to Language Policy

Rearticulating the case for minority language rights. Current Issues in Language Planning, 4(2), 95–125. May, S. (2004). Rethinking linguistic human rights: Answering questions of identity, essentialism and mobility.

Author: Thomas Ricento

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781405144629

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 384

View: 757

An Introduction to Language Policy: Theories and Method is a collection of newly-written chapters that cover the major theories and methods currently employed by scholars active in the field. provides an accessible introduction to the study of language policy research and language’s role in social life consists of newly commissioned essays written by internationally recognized scholars helps define and describe a growing field of inquiry and is an authoritative source for students, scholars and researchers in linguistics, applied linguistics, education, policy studies and related areas includes section overviews, annotated chapter bibliographies, and discussion questions
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Rethinking Linguistic Creativity in Non native Englishes

Rethinking Linguistic Creativity in Non native Englishes

Language policy and planning in Hong Kong", Annual Review of Applied Linguistics 1993/1994 (14), 177–199. https://doi.org/10.1017/So2671905ooooz889 Kachru, B. 1985. “Standards, codification and sociolinguistic realism: The English ...

Author: Sandra C. Deshors

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company

ISBN: 9789027263520

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 223

View: 965

At a time when the paradigm gap (Sridhar & Sridhar 1986) between the EFL and ESL research areas is attracting much scholarly attention, the contributions in the current volume explore this gap from the perspective of linguistic innovations across the two different types of non-native Englishes. In this endeavour, this volume unveils the many facets of linguistic innovations in non-native English varieties and explores the fine line between learners’ erroneous versus creative use of a target language. Adopting empirical, corpus-based approaches to portray linguistic innovations characteristic of EFL and ESL varieties, the contributions show how the interaction of linguistic and social forces influences the development of novel linguistic forms in both endonormative ESL contexts and exonormative EFL contexts. This volume is of relevance to linguists who are interested in the features of non-native English and who wish to gain a better understanding of the nature of innovations along the EFL – ESL continuum.Originally published as a special issue of International Journal of Learner Corpora Research 2:2 (2016).
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Oxford Handbook of Language Policy and Planning

The Oxford Handbook of Language Policy and Planning

In C. Goodwin & A. Duranti (Eds.), Rethinking context: Language as an interactive phenomenon (pp. 291–310). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Davis, K. A. (1994). Language planning in multilingual contexts: Policies, communities, ...

Author: James W. Tollefson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190458904

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 656

View: 606

This Handbook provides a state-of-the-art account of research in language policy and planning (LPP). Through a critical examination of LPP, the Handbook offers new direction for a field in theoretical and methodological turmoil as a result of the socio-economic, institutional, and discursive processes of change taking place under the conditions of Late Modernity. Late Modernity refers to the widespread processes of late capitalism leading to the selective privatization of services (including education), the information revolution associated with rapidly changing statuses and functions of languages, the weakening of the institutions of nation-states (along with the strengthening of non-state actors), and the fragmentation of overlapping and competing identities associated with new complexities of language-identity relations and new forms of multilingual language use. As an academic discipline in the social sciences, LPP is fraught with tensions between these processes of change and the still-powerful ideological framework of modern nationalism. It is an exciting and energizing time for LPP research. This Handbook propels the field forward, offering a dialogue between the two major historical trends in LPP associated with the processes of Modernity and Late Modernity: the focus on continuity behind the institutional policies of the modern nation-state, and the attention to local processes of uncertainty and instability across different settings resulting from processes of change. The Handbook takes great strides toward overcoming the long-standing division between "top-down" and "bottom-up" analysis in LPP research, setting the stage for theoretical and methodological innovation. Part I defines alternative theoretical and conceptual frameworks in LPP, emphasizing developments since the ethnographic turn, including: ethnography in LPP; historical-discursive approaches; ethics, normative theorizing, and transdisciplinary methods; and the renewed focus on socio-economic class. Part II examines LPP against the background of influential ideas about language shaped by the institutions of the nation-state, with close attention to the social position of minority languages and specific communities facing profound language policy challenges. Part III investigates the turmoil and tensions that currently characterize LPP research under conditions of Late Modernity. Finally, Part IV presents an integrative summary and directions for future LPP research.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Rethinking Education Across Borders

Rethinking Education Across Borders

A mismatch between policy and practice. European Journal of Language Policy, 2(2), 271–294. Dafouz, E., & Smit, U. (2014). Towards a dynamic conceptual framework for English-medium education in multilingual university settings.

Author: Uttam Gaulee

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811523991

Category: Education

Page: 330

View: 890

This book focuses on critical issues and perspectives concerning globally mobile students, aspects that have grown in importance thanks to major geopolitical, economic, and technological changes around the globe (i.e., in and across major origins and destinations of international students). Over the past few decades, the field of international higher education and scholarship has developed robust areas of research that guide current policy, programs, and pedagogy. However, many of the established narratives and wisdoms that dominate research agendas, scope, and foci have become somewhat ossified and are unable to reflect recent political upheavals and other changes (e.g. the Brexit, Trump era, and Belt and Road Initiative) that have disrupted a number of areas including mobility patterns and recruitment practices, understanding and supporting students, engagement of global mobile students with their local counterparts, and the political economy of international education at large. By re-assessing established issues and perspectives in light of the emerging global/local situations, the contributing authors – all experts on international education – share insights on policies and practices that can help adapt to emerging challenges and opportunities for institutions, scholars, and other stakeholders in international higher education. Including theoretical, empirical, and practitioner-based methods and perspectives provided by scholars from around the world, the book offers a unique and intriguing resource.
Categories: Education

Rethinking EMI

Rethinking EMI

Putonghua and English were now significant languages in the institute, and a new language policy was adopted in 2009, ... biliteracy and trilingualism, which also matched the language competences encouraged by the Hong Kong government.

Author: Lily I-Wen Su

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000411058

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 208

View: 188

Due to the competitive edge it confers on students, educational institutions, and non-English speaking nations in a globalized economy, English as a medium of instruction (EMI) has been gaining popularity in tertiary education in non-native English-speaking (NNES) countries. Institute-wide EMI implementation has often been imposed by top-down decisions, in combination with the optimistic view that the horse should always be placed before the cart. However, emerging evidence suggests that the delivery of such programs to NNES students has led to new pedagogical challenges and learning problems that go beyond the scope of language learning and teaching and deserve immediate attention. For example, how would an instructor respond to situations in which students’ learning of content is compromised by their limited language proficiency? This book draws on the current practice of EMI in diverse disciplines and university settings and examines how these new pedagogical and learning issues can be addressed. The discussion also involves a reflection on the essence of EMI in relation to the use of the first language (L1) as the medium of instruction in tertiary education. In addition, the book includes discussion about how to ensure and maintain the quality of EMI programs and assess the readiness of stakeholders for such programs, which include administrators, teachers, and students. The discussion is led by exemplars in Hong Kong and Taiwan, where the majority of students are native Chinese speakers, in the hope of developing critical perspectives and practical guidelines as references for EMI in other NNES settings. “The Open Access version of this book, available at http://www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/ISBN, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Educational Linguistics in Practice

Educational Linguistics in Practice

McCarty, T.L. (2004) Dangerous difference: A critical-historical analysis of language education policies in the United ... Ramanathan, V. (2005a) Rethinking language planning and policy from the ground up: Refashioning institutional ...

Author: Francis M. Hult

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781847693525

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 183

View: 637

Reflecting and expanding on Nancy Hornberger's ground-breaking contributions to the field of educational linguistics, this volume presents new research by leading international scholars and cutting-edge syntheses of the fields of bilingual education, biliteracy, and language policy.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Rethinking Bilingual Education in Postcolonial Contexts

Rethinking Bilingual Education in Postcolonial Contexts

Hornberger, N.H. (2002) Multilingual language policies and the continua of biliteracy: An ecological approach. Language Policy 1, 27–51. Hornberger, N.H. (2006) Frameworks and models in language policy and planning. In T. Ricento (ed.) ...

Author: Feliciano Chimbutane

Publisher: Multilingual Matters

ISBN: 9781847693631

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 182

View: 723

Taking an ethnographic study of the purpose and value of bilingual education in Mozambique as a starting point, this book calls for critical adaptations when theories of bilingual education, based on practices in the North, are applied to the countries of the global South.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Ecology of Language in Multilingual India

The Ecology of Language in Multilingual India

The English-vernacular divide: Postcolonial language politics and practice (Vol. 49). Clevedon: Multilingual Matters. Ramanathan, V. (2005b). Rethinking language planning and policy from the ground up: Refashioning institutional ...

Author: Cynthia Groff

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137519610

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 311

View: 667

This book explores the linguistic ecology of the Kumaun region of Uttarakhand, India through the experiences and discourses of minority youth and their educators. Providing in-depth examples of Indian multilingualism, this volume analyses how each language is valued in its own context; how national-level policies are appropriated and contested in local discourses; and how language and culture influence educational opportunities and identity negotiation for Kumauni young women. In doing so, the author examines how students and educators navigate a multilingual society with similarly diverse classroom practices. She simultaneously critiques the language and education system in modern India and highlights alternative perspectives on empowerment through the lens of a unique Gandhian educational context. This volume allows Kumauni women and their educators to take centre stage, and provides a thoughtful and nuanced insight into their minority language environment. This unique book is sure to appeal to students and scholars of multilingualism, sociolinguistics, language policy and minority languages.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

Globalizing Language Policy and Planning

Globalizing Language Policy and Planning

Blommaert, J. (2007) 'Sociolinguistic scales' Intercultural Pragmatics 41,1–19. Blommaert, J. (2010) The Sociolinguistics of ... Canagarajah, S. (2005) Rethinking the Local in Language Policy and Practice (Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum).

Author: Máiréad Moriarty

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137005618

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 151

View: 841

The book examines the changing relationship between minority languages and language policy and planning in the context of globalization, through an examination of the Irish language context. It demonstrates how localized practices are involved in the refashioning of the value of the Irish language.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines