Regina Austin, “Kwanzaa and the Commodification of Black Culture,” in Rethinking Commodification: Cases and Readings in Law and Culture, ed.
Martha Ertman and Joan C. Williams (New York: NYU Press, 2005), 178–190;
Author: Jungmin Kwon
Category: Social Science
"This study is about ardent Korean female fans of gay representation in the media, their status in contemporary Korean society, their relationship with other groups such as gay men, and, above all, their contribution to reshaping the media's portrayal of gay people, as well as the public attitude toward sexually marginalized groups. Kwon calls the female fandom of gay portrayals "FANtasy culture" and argues that it enables the present growing visibility of the gay body in Korean mainstream media. She also argues that fandom has functioned as a catalyst to ameliorate a harsh reality for a marginalized group. The FANtasy subculture started forming around text-based media, such as yaoi (or "boys' love" manga, a Japanese genre), fan fiction, and U.S. gay-themed dramas, and has been influenced by diverse social, political, and economic conditions, such as the democratization of Korea, an open policy toward foreign media and cultural products, the diffusion of consumerism, government investment in Korean culture, the Hollywoodization of the film industry, and the popularity of Korean culture abroad. While much scholarly attention has been paid to the female fans of homoerotic cultural texts in other countries, Kwon explores both the understudied Korean case and another aspect of the subculture that has been relatively neglected: its location in and influence on the society at large"--
Thus, sometimes commodification is described as “the reduction of persons to
things.” In this framework, a ... Martha M. Ertman and Joan C. Williams, Rethinking Commodification (New York: New York University Press, 2005), 9. 59.
Author: Jessica Flanigan
Publisher: Debating Ethics
Prostitution is often referred to as "oldest profession." Critics of this expression redescribe it as "the oldest oppression." Debates about how best to understand and regulate prostitution are bound up with difficult moral, legal, and political questions. Indeed, it can be approached from numerous angles--is buying and selling sex fundamentally wrong? How can it possibly be regulated? How can sex workers be protected, if they are allowed to work at all? In this concise, for-and-against volume, ethicists Lori Watson and Jessica Flanigan engage with each other on the nature and consequences of sex work, revealing new and profound ways in which to understand it. The volume opens with a joint introduction, before Lori Watson first argues for a sex equality approach to prostitution in which buyers are criminalized and sellers are decriminalized, also known as the Nordic model. Watson defends the Nordic Model on the grounds that prostitution is an exploitative and unequal practice that only entrenches existing patterns of gendered injustice. Full decriminalization of prostitution only stymies existing occupational health and safety standards and securing worker autonomy and equality. Further, to Watson, drawing a distinction between sex trafficking and prostitution is irrelevant for public policy; what underpins them is demand, which fuels the inequalities of both. That is what needs to be addressed. In a rebuttal, Jessica Flanigan contends that sex work should be fully decriminalized because restrictions on the sale and purchase of sex violate the rights of sex workers and their clients. She argues that decriminalization is preferable to policies that could expose sex workers and their clients to criminal penalties, and leave them at the mercy of public officials. Putting these two views on sex work into conversation with one another, and opening up space for readers to weigh both approaches, the book provides a thorough, accessible exploration of the issues surrounding sex work, written with both sympathy and philosophical rigor.
B . Interests Favoring a BFOQ Defense On the other hand , some women view
commodification as a means to an end . ... See , e . g . , Martha C . Nussbaum ,
Taking Money for Bodily Services , in RETHINKING COMMODIFICATION , supra
Category: Discrimination in employment
This symposium analyzes two seemingly conflicting value systems in recent employment discrimination cases: one that prohibits stereotyping in the workplace, and another that upholds workplace appearance standards.
54 Radin does not argue that marketexchange is inevitably wrong , ” and “
incomplete commodification ” allows that an ... see also Carol M . Rose ,
Afterword : Whither Commodification , in RETHINKING COMMODIFICATION :
CASES AND ...
PRIVATE ORDERING AS COMMUNITARIAN ETHIC : RETHINKING COMMODIFICATION Traditionally , legal scholars concerned about curing
America's organ crisis focused primarily on moral justifications for the ban on
organ sales and ...
Second-generation testimonial films thus reveal the existence of two tendencies
at odds in contemporary Argentina (and in contemporary representations of
Argentina): a commodification of the recent past, where the 1970s are an
Author: Verónica Garibotto
Publisher: Indiana University Press
Category: Performing Arts
For roughly two decades after the collapse of the military regime in 1983, testimonial narrative was viewed and received as a privileged genre in Argentina. Today, however, academics and public intellectuals are experiencing "memory fatigue," a backlash against the concepts of memory and trauma, just as memory and testimonial films have reached the center of Argentinian public discourse. In Rethinking Testimonial Cinema in Postdictatorship Argentina, Verónica Garibotto looks at the causes for this reticence and argues that, rather than discarding memory texts for their repetitive excess, it is necessary to acknowledge them and their exhaustion as discourses of the present. By critically examining how trauma theory and subaltern studies have previously been applied to testimonial cinema, Garibotto rereads Argentinian films produced since 1983 and calls for an alternate interpretive framework at the intersection of semiotics, theories of affect, scholarship on hegemony, and the ideological uses of documentary and fiction. She argues that recurrent concepts—such as trauma, mourning, memory, and subalternity—miss how testimonial films have changed over time, shifting from subaltern narratives to official, hegemonic, and iconic accounts. Her work highlights the urgent need to continue to study these types of narratives, particularly at a time when military dictatorships have become entrenched in Latin America and memory narratives proliferate worldwide. Although Argentina is Garibotto’s focus, her theory can be adapted to other contexts in which narratives about recent political conflicts have shifted from alternative versions of history to official, hegemonic accounts—such as in Spanish, Chilean, Uruguayan, Brazilian, South African, and Holocaust testimonies. Garibotto’s study of testimonial cinema moves us to pursue a broader ideological analysis of the links between film and historical representation.
To Commodify or Not to Commodify : That is Not the Question . In Rethinking Commodification : Cases and readings in Law and Culture , eds . Ertman , M . M .
& Williams , J . C . , pp . 362 - 382 . New York : New York University Press .
Author: Helen Wickstead
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited
Category: Social Science
A study of tenure through analysis of land divisions in Bronze Age Dartmoor. Methods used include spatial analysis of land division and settlement patterns, metrological analysis, experimental reconstruction and synthesis of palaeoenvironmental, excavation and artefactual data.
Berkeley : University of California Press . Ertman , Martha M. 2005. “ What's
Wrong with a Parenthood Market ? A New and Improved Theory of
Commodification . ” In Rethinking Commodification : Cases and Readings in Law
and Culture ...
Author: Amalia L. Cabezas
Category: Business & Economics
Based on ten years of research, this book is an ethnographic study which examines the erotic underpinnings of transnational tourism.
Commodification: the process whereby any product or service becomes the
object of monetary transaction, including products and services that would
otherwise be exchanged freely such as songs and childcare. Commodity
fetishism: when a ...
Author: Jim McGuigan
Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education (UK)
Category: Social Science
"a fascinating, thorough and expertly argued discussion of the modes and practices of cultural policy in an increasingly globalized and neoliberal world." European Journal of Communication Rethinking Cultural Policy addresses issues concerning culture, economy and power in the age of new-liberal globalization. It examines how public cultural policies have been rationalized in the past and how they are being rethought. Arguing that the study of culture and policy should not be confined to prevailing governmental agendas, the book offers a distinctive and independent analysis of cultural policy. The book examines a wide range of issues in cultural policy and blends a close reading of key theories with case studies. Topics covered include: Branding culture and exploitation The state, market and civil society How visitor attractions such as London's Millennium Dome are used for national aggrandizement and corporate business purposes Cultural development, diversity and ecological tourism in poorer parts of the world This is the ideal introduction to contemporary cultural policy for undergraduate students in culture and media studies, sociology of culture, politics, arts administration and cultural management courses, as well as postgraduates and researchers.
C . Commodification Still another common moral complaint about property is that
the " propertization " and trade of some ... Limits of Markets , in RETHINKING COMMODIFICATION : CASES AND READINGS IN LAW AND CULTURE 122 ,
For Irigaray , the rethinking of the commodification of women entails a critique of
this very same “ meta ... Irigaray sees the logic of commodification as reproducing
the metaphysical gesture that envelops and cancels materiality within the ...
Author: Krzysztof Ziarek
Category: Literary Criticism
In this groundbreaking volume, Krzysztof Ziarek rethinks modern experience by bringing together philosophical critiques of modernity and avant-garde poetry. Ziarek explores, through selective readings of avant-garde poetry, the key aspects of the radical critique of experience: technology, everydayness, event, and sexual difference. To that extent, The Historicity of Experience is less a book about the avant-garde than a critique of experience through the avant-garde. Ziarek reads the avant-garde in dialogue with the work of some of the major critics of modernity (Martin Heidegger, Walter Benjamin, Jean-François Lyotard, and Luce Irigaray) to show how avant-garde experiments bear critically on the issue of modern experience and its technological organization. The four poets Ziarek considers-Gertrude Stein, Velimir Khlebnikov, Miron Biaoszewski, and Susan Howe-demonstrate the broad reach of and variety of forms taken by the avant-garde revision of experience and aesthetics. Moreover, this quartet illustrates how the main operative concepts and strategies of the avant-garde underpinned the practices of canonical writers. A profound philosophical meditation on language, modernity, and the everyday, The Historicity of Experience offers a fundamental reconceptualization of the avant-garde in relation to experience.
... and Research in the Social Sciences ; SA 15091 Commodification The Politics
of Abortion and the Commodification of ... SA16072 Freedom and Social Goods : Rethinking Marx ' s Theory of Communism ; SA17411 Pawnshops in China : A ...
Enabling a person to partly or completely commodify her body and labor , or
acceding to her request to be killed , are ... Introduction : The Subject and Object
of Commodification , in RETHINKING COMMODIFICATION , supra note 160 , at 8
See Margaret Jane Radin & Madhavi Sunder , Foreword : The Subject and
Object of Commodification , in RETHINKING COMMODIFICATION ( Martha M .
Ertman & Joan C . Williams eds . , forthcoming 2005 ) . 22 . See JAMES BOYLE ...
Indeed , in many instances we have rightly narrowed the role of markets and
commodification , as with slavery and child labor . ... On these and related matters
, see , e.g. , Rethinking Commodification : Cases and Reading in Law and
Author: Jesse Dukeminier
Publisher: Aspen Law & Business
No part of this publication may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, recording, or any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher. Requests for permission to make copies of any part of this publication should be mailed to
43 Williams JC and Zelizer VA ' To Commodify or Not to Commodify : That is Not
the Question ' in Ertman MM and Williams JC ( eds ) Rethinking Commodification
( New York : New York University Press , 2005 ) . markets in human by ...
Author: Vickie Waye
This book provides a critical analysis of law and policy issues regarding possible future markets for trading in legal claims. The cost of litigation significantly impedes access to justice. Permitting potential plaintiffs to sell their legal claims to litigation entrepreneurs who can deal with claim prosecution efficiently would provide a means of redressing the imbalance that exists between legal costs, risks and claim values. However, the well-entrenched doctrines of maintenance and champerty prohibit legal claim assignment, primarily on the grounds that it would amount to the commodification of justice. The advent of litigation funding and its acceptance on access to justice grounds by Australian courts and, to a lesser extent, the UK and US judiciaries has challenged the status quo. Together with other measures, such as the introduction of conditional fee agreements, the resistance to full claim alienability has been significantly weakened.This book reviews the current positions in Australia, UK and US regarding claim alienability and provides a comparative analysis of the divergent paths that have developed in relation to matters such as litigation funding, conditional fee agreements and legal costs insurance, all of which portend towards claim commodification. The author examines regulatory options that would be required to ensure that claim holders in any future legal claim market are protected from exploitation and that the market operates fairly and efficiently, such as statutory and common law restrictions regarding unconscionability and misleading and deceptive conduct, licensing, mandatory disclosures, cooling off and default contractual terms. The book reviews costs and abuse of process issues that markets for legal claims may create and analyses conflicts of interest that may arise between claimholders, lawyers and entrepreneurs and how these may be resolved. The author concludes that legal claim markets are justified on both policy and efficiency grounds as a means of improving access to justice.
Is this commodification intrinsically “ bad ” ? Is it any different from the commodification of knowledge that now characterizes , indeed disciplines ,
intellectual labor ? What knowledge production is not tied to the market , is not