Researching Real World Problems

Researching Real World Problems

This student-focused book offers a hands on and practical guide to the research process.

Author: Zina O'Leary

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412901952

Category: Social Science

Page: 300

View: 590

Taking as her starting point the need for students to conduct research for themselves in the `real world', Zina O'Leary guides those new to research through the whys and how-tos of the entire research process. This student-focused book offers a hands on and practical guide to the research process.
Categories: Social Science

Researching and Applying Metaphor in the Real World

Researching and Applying Metaphor in the Real World

This book starts by describing the nature and scope of real world metaphor research and then illustrates, through 17 detailed, mainly empirically-based studies, the different areas it can apply to, and different methodologies that can be ...

Author: Graham Low

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027223807

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 385

View: 820

It has become increasingly clear that metaphor needs to be explored in terms of the social and discourse context in which it is used, especially where the aim is to address real-world problems. The notion of 'real world' metaphor research has been developed to describe this important area of investigation. This book starts by describing the nature and scope of real world metaphor research and then illustrates, through 17 detailed, mainly empirically-based studies, the different areas it can apply to, and different methodologies that can be employed. Research problems are explored in areas such as artificial intelligence, language teaching and learning, reconciliation dialogue, university lecture discourse, poetry and wine description. Methods include corpus analysis, experimentation, discourse analysis, cross-cultural analysis and genre analysis. In each case the empirical studies refer back to Gibbs's opening overview of real-world research. The result is an invaluable and cross-referenced collection of papers addressing real-world problems.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Doing Research in the Real World

Doing Research in the Real World

Action research is used to address real world problems, with the researcher
becoming actively involved in the research process as a change agent. • Often,
action researchers are professional practitioners who use action research ...

Author: David E Gray

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1446242358

Category: Reference

Page: 624

View: 734

This fully revised and expanded edition of Doing Research in the Real World introduces readers to all the essential aspects of the research process and will be an essential guide to any student on a research methods course. David Gray's clear and accessible introduction starts by setting out best approaches to the design of appropriate research tools, and leads the reader in to issues of data collection, analysis and writing up. Practically focused throughout, this book encourages the reader to develop an awareness of the real nature of research, and the many means by which data can be collected, validated and interpreted. Gray's book will help students with the full research process and covers: - How to select appropriate projects and research questions - How to decide on the most effective research design strategies - How to select and use appropriate data and literature sources - How to choose and implement methods of data collection - How to analyse and present data in a coherent and effective manner. This new edition provides five new chapters on: - Research Ethics - Searching, Reviewing and Using the Literature - Research Design using Qualitative Methods - Mixed Methods research designs, - Planning presentations and passing vivas. In addition a wide variety of case studies and activities and new practical 'Top Tips' for the discerning researcher have been incorporated. Written in a lively and accessible way Doing Research in the Real World can be used as a set text on an introductory methods course and can be used as an essential resource for students and researchers completing research projects across the Social Sciences, Education and Business Studies. The book will be accompanied by a companion website, featuring tutor's notes, powerpoint slides, downloadable additional readings and weblinks.
Categories: Reference

Real World Research

Real World Research

Real world research seeks to address social problems and issues of current
concern and to find ways of addressing such problems. Experiments typically
take place in special places known as laboratories. In principle, just as certain
kinds of ...

Author: Colin Robson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118745236

Category: Psychology

Page: 560

View: 601

Revised edition of Real world research, 2011.
Categories: Psychology

Research Ethics in the Real World

Research Ethics in the Real World

Whilst the book deals with issues in some depth it uses plain language and many clear examples of good and less good practice to illustrate points. It is at a level useful to both beginning and more experienced researchers.

Author: Tony Long

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9780443100659

Category: Medical

Page: 225

View: 545

This book departs from the usual principles-based approach and instead takes a predominantly consequentialist (harms and benefits) approach. It aims to be free of abstract philosophy, but will use the analysis of cases and a reasoned approach to examine alternative arguments.
Categories: Medical

The Essential Guide to Doing Your Research Project

The Essential Guide to Doing Your Research Project

In her detailed and down-to-earth style, Zina O'Leary sets out how to approach each stage of your research project; from choosing a research design and methodology to collecting and analysing data, then communicating your results - while ...

Author: Zina O'Leary

Publisher: Sage Publications Limited

ISBN: 1529713463

Category: Social Science

Page: 456

View: 548

In her detailed and down-to-earth style, Zina O'Leary sets out how to approach each stage of your research project; from choosing a research design and methodology to collecting and analysing data, then communicating your results - while showcasing best practice along the way.
Categories: Social Science

Research Question

Research Question

Zina O′Leary′s Research Question Little Quick Fix teaches students how to find their interest, hone it to a topic, and turn it into a research question that is relevant, interesting, and researchable.

Author: Zina O'Leary

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781526460592

Category: Reference

Page: 108

View: 469

Zina O'Leary's Research Question Little Quick Fix teaches students how to find their interest, hone it to a topic, and turn it into a research question that is relevant, interesting, and researchable. Little Quick Fix titles provide quick but authoritative answers to the problems, hurdles, and assessment points students face in the research course, project proposal or design—whatever their methods learning is. Lively, ultra-modern design; full-colour, each page a tailored design. An hour's read. Easy to dip in and out of with clear navigation enables the reader to find what she needs—quick. Direct written style gets to the point with clear language. Nothing needs to be read twice. No fluff. Learning is reinforced through a 2-minute overview summary; 3-second summaries with super-quick Q&A DIY tasks create a work plan to accomplish a task, do a self-check quiz, solve a problem, get students to what they need to show their supervisor. Checkpoints in each section make sure students are nailing it as they go and support self-directed learning. How do I know I’m done? Each Little Quick Fix wraps up with a finale checklist that allows the reader to self-assess they’ve got what they need to progress, submit, or ace the test or task.
Categories: Reference

Adaptive Reasoning for Real world Problems

Adaptive Reasoning for Real world Problems

A distinction which has implications for evaluation can be made between kinds of
AI research. Hard AI is Kautz's (1989) term for subfields of Al like low-level vision
and robot arm movement that have well-defined problems and, consequently, ...

Author: Roy Turner

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781134776306

Category: Psychology

Page: 272

View: 149

This book describes a method for building real-world problem solving systems such as medical diagnostic procedures and intelligent controllers for autonomous underwater vehicles (AUVs) and other robots. The approach taken is different from other work reported in the artificial intelligence literature in several respects: * It defines schema-based reasoning, in which schemas -- explicitly declared packets of related knowledge -- are used to control not only the reasoner's planning, but also all other facets of its behavior. * It is a kind of reactive reasoning that the author calls adaptive problem solving -- the reasoner maintains commitments to future goals but is able to change its focus of attention as the problem-solving situation requires. * It is a context-sensitive reasoning method. Every decision it makes relies on the use of contextual knowledge to be appropriate for the current problem-solving situation. Furthermore, context is represented explicitly; by always keeping a current representation of the context in mind, the reasoner's behavior is automatically sensitive to the context with very little work needed per decision. * Schema-based reasoning -- a generalization of case-based reasoning -- extends the usual idea of case-based reasoning to encompass all aspects of the reasoner's behavior, and it extends it to make use of generalized "cases" (i.e., schemas) rather than particular cases, thus saving effort needed to transfer knowledge from an old case to a new situation. Though the work originated in the domain of medical diagnostic problem solving, treating diagnosis as a planning task, it is even more appropriate for controlling autonomous systems. The author is currently extending the approach by creating a robust controller for long-range autonomous underwater vehicles that will be used to carry out ocean science missions.
Categories: Psychology

Innovative Approaches to Planning Scheduling and Control

Innovative Approaches to Planning  Scheduling and Control

Abstract One goal of Artificial Intelligence is to develop and understand
computational mechanisms for solving difficult real - world problems .
Unfortunately , domains traditionally used in general problem solving research
lack important ...

Author: Katia P. Sycara

Publisher: Morgan Kaufmann

ISBN: 1558601643

Category: Computers

Page: 507

View: 367

Categories: Computers

Research Proposal

Research Proposal

Zina O′Leary′s Research Proposal Little Quick Fix gives you a clever, beautiful workbook packed with real-life examples to keep you on track.

Author: Zina O'Leary

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781526460585

Category: Reference

Page: 124

View: 992

When it comes to research proposals, there's the good, the bad, and the messy; there are essential elements and students often forget them, miss them, or struggle to find a workable plan. Zina O'Leary's Research Proposal Little Quick Fix gives you a clever, beautiful workbook packed with real-life examples to keep you on track. Use it to: work through guided exercises; understand the elements of the proposal; and, put them together thoughtfully to create your very own research proposal—fast. Little Quick Fix titles provide quick but authoritative answers to the problems, hurdles, and assessment points students face in the research course, project proposal, or design—whatever their methods learning is. Lively, ultra-modern design; full-colour, each page a tailored design. An hour's read. Easy to dip in and out of with clear navigation enables the reader to find what she needs—quick. Direct written style gets to the point with clear language. Nothing needs to be read twice. No fluff. Learning is reinforced through a 2-minute overview summary; 3-second summaries with super-quick Q&A DIY tasks create a work plan to accomplish a task, do a self-check quiz, solve a problem, get students to what they need to show their supervisor. Checkpoints in each section make sure students are nailing it as they go and support self-directed learning. How do I know I’m done? Each Little Quick Fix wraps up with a finale checklist that allows the reader to self-assess they’ve got what they need to progress, submit, or ace the test or task.
Categories: Reference

The Essential Guide to Doing Research

The Essential Guide to Doing Research

This guide is designed to encourage lateral, strategic and creative thinking, while providing essential knowledge and skills to students and researchers. O'Leary from University of Western Sydney, NSW.

Author: Zina O'Leary

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761941991

Category: Education

Page: 226

View: 892

This guide is designed to encourage lateral, strategic and creative thinking, while providing essential knowledge and skills to students and researchers. O'Leary from University of Western Sydney, NSW.
Categories: Education

Discipline Based Education Research

Discipline Based Education Research

Moreover, discipline-based education researchers must investigate the extent to
which instructional strategies for improving students' problem solving for well-
defined and real-world problems transfer to illdefined problems as well. Although
 ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309254144

Category: Education

Page: 282

View: 357

The National Science Foundation funded a synthesis study on the status, contributions, and future direction of discipline-based education research (DBER) in physics, biological sciences, geosciences, and chemistry. DBER combines knowledge of teaching and learning with deep knowledge of discipline-specific science content. It describes the discipline-specific difficulties learners face and the specialized intellectual and instructional resources that can facilitate student understanding. Discipline-Based Education Research is based on a 30-month study built on two workshops held in 2008 to explore evidence on promising practices in undergraduate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education. This book asks questions that are essential to advancing DBER and broadening its impact on undergraduate science teaching and learning. The book provides empirical research on undergraduate teaching and learning in the sciences, explores the extent to which this research currently influences undergraduate instruction, and identifies the intellectual and material resources required to further develop DBER. Discipline-Based Education Research provides guidance for future DBER research. In addition, the findings and recommendations of this report may invite, if not assist, post-secondary institutions to increase interest and research activity in DBER and improve its quality and usefulness across all natural science disciples, as well as guide instruction and assessment across natural science courses to improve student learning. The book brings greater focus to issues of student attrition in the natural sciences that are related to the quality of instruction. Discipline-Based Education Research will be of interest to educators, policy makers, researchers, scholars, decision makers in universities, government agencies, curriculum developers, research sponsors, and education advocacy groups.
Categories: Education

Research Integration Using Dialogue Methods

Research Integration Using Dialogue Methods

Research integration is the process of improving the understanding of real-world
problems by synthesising relevant knowledge from diverse disciplines and
stakeholders. Methods for undertaking research integration have not, however,
been ...

Author: David McDonald

Publisher: ANU E Press

ISBN: 9781921536755

Category: Education

Page: 472

View: 838

Research on real-world problems--like restoration of wetlands, the needs of the elderly, effective disaster response and the future of the airline industry--requires expert knowledge from a range of disciplines, as well as from stakeholders affected by the problem and those in a position to do something about it. This book charts new territory in taking a systematic approach to research integration using dialogue methods to bring together multiple perspectives. It links specific dialogue methods to particular research integration tasks. Fourteen dialogue methods for research integration are classified into two groups: 1. Dialogue methods for understanding a problem broadly: integrating judgements 2. Dialogue methods for understanding particular aspects of a problem: integrating visions, world views, interests and values. The methods are illustrated by case studies from four research areas: the environment, public health, security and technological innovation.
Categories: Education

Recent Advances in Knowledge based Paradigms and Applications

Recent Advances in Knowledge based Paradigms and Applications

There is significant reliance on technology in the way we live our lives and in
hybrid solutions that holistically solve realworld problems. This has reinvigorated
enormous interest in research and innovation centred on AI. The new
perspectives ...

Author: Jeffrey W. Tweedale

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783319016498

Category: Computers

Page: 205

View: 503

This book presents carefully selected contributions devoted to the modern perspective of AI research and innovation. This collection covers several areas of applications and motivates new research directions. The theme across all chapters combines several domains of AI research, Computational Intelligence and Machine Intelligence including an introduction to the recent research and models. Each of the subsequent chapters reveals leading edge research and innovative solution that employ AI techniques with an applied perspective. The problems include classification of spatial images, early smoke detection in outdoor space from video images, emergent segmentation from image analysis, intensity modification in images, multi-agent modeling and analysis of stress. They all are novel pieces of work and demonstrate how AI research contributes to solutions for difficult real world problems that benefit the research community, industry and society.
Categories: Computers

The Real Life Guide to Accounting Research

The Real Life Guide to Accounting Research

A Behind the Scenes View of Using Qualitative Research Methods Christopher
Humphrey, Bill H.K. Lee ... case research can make an important contribution to
finance, and accounting, research and explores the problems faced by the
authors ...

Author: Christopher Humphrey

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080489923

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 544

View: 450

The Real Life Guide to Accounting Research is a book that goes behind the more official presentations and accounts of research methods to explore the lived experiences, joys and mistakes of a wide range of international researchers principally working in the fields of accounting and finance, but also in management, economics and other social sciences. The authors of the articles in this book address a wide range of issues and obstacles that they have confronted at various stages in their respective research careers. In reflecting on their personal experiences, they provide practical guidance on how to overcome the types of problems that typically confront researchers in their day-to-day work. Practical tips on how to undertake research and get findings published Research project management skills International and interdisciplinary perspectives
Categories: Business & Economics

Decision Making and Operations Research Techniques for Construction Management

Decision Making and Operations Research Techniques for Construction Management

MCDM techniques aim to give decision-makers some tools that enable them to
solve decision problems where several—often contradictory—points of view must
be taken into account. Real world problems are rarely mono-criterion but ...

Author: C. M. TAM

Publisher: City University of HK Press

ISBN: 9789629371159

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 328

View: 187

This book provides scientific tools for practitioners to resolve some practical problems which are administered empirically at present and may lead to inconsistent results and human errors. The modern decision-making tools introduced in this book include Multi-criteria Decision-making Models, Artificial Neural Network, Genetic Algorithms, Construction Simulation, Rough Set Theory and Advanced Statistical Techniques for construction. Published by City University of Hong Kong Press. 香港城市大學出版社出版。
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Design Research in Information Systems

Design Research in Information Systems

Design. Science. Research. in. Information. Systems. Good design is a
renaissance attitude that combines technology, ... supports a pragmatic research
paradigm that calls for the creation of innovative artifacts to solve real-world
problems.

Author: Alan Hevner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441956530

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 854

It is 5 years since the publication of the seminal paper on “Design Science in Information Systems Research” by Hevner, March, Park, and Ram in MIS Quarterly and the initiation of the Information Technology and Systems department of the Communications of AIS. These events in 2004 are markers in the move of design science to the forefront of information systems research. A suf cient interval has elapsed since then to allow assessment of from where the eld has come and where it should go. Design science research and behavioral science research started as dual tracks when IS was a young eld. By the 1990s, the in ux of behavioral scientists started to dominate the number of design scientists and the eld moved in that direction. By the early 2000s, design people were having dif culty publishing in mainline IS journals and in being tenured in many universities. Yes, an annual Workshop on Information Technology and Systems (WITS) was established in 1991 in conju- tion with the International Conference on Information Systems (ICIS) and grew each year. But that was the extent of design science recognition. Fortunately, a revival is underway. By 2009, when this foreword was written, the fourth DESRIST c- ference has been held and plans are afoot for the 2010 meeting. Design scientists regained respect and recognition in many venues where they previously had little.
Categories: Business & Economics

Routledge Handbook of Applied Communication Research

Routledge Handbook of Applied Communication Research

Communication scholars, teachers, and practitioners have always been
concerned with understanding and managing significant real-world issues and
problems, starting with the goal of making people better public speakers. In the
last half ...

Author: Lawrence R. Frey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135231798

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 712

View: 831

The Routledge Handbook of Applied Communication Research provides a state-of-the-art review of communication scholarship that addresses real-world concerns, issues, and problems. This comprehensive examination of applied communication research, including its foundations, research methods employed, significant issues confronted, important contexts in which such research has been conducted, and overviews of some exemplary programs of applied communication research, shows how such research has and can make a difference in the world and in people’s lives. The sections and chapters in this Handbook: explain what constitutes applied communication scholarship, encompassing a wide range of approaches and clarifying relationships among theoretical perspectives, methodological procedures, and applied practices demonstrate the breadth and depth of applied communication scholarship review and synthesize literature about applied communication areas and topics in coherent, innovative, and pedagogically sound ways set agendas for future applied communication scholarship. Unique to this volume are chapters presenting exemplary programs of applied communication research that demonstrate the principles and practices of such scholarship, written by the scholars who conducted the programs. As an impressive benchmark in the ongoing growth and development of communication scholarship, editors Lawrence R. Frey and Kenneth N. Cissna provide an exceptional resource that will help new and experienced scholars alike to understand, appreciate, and conduct high-quality communication research that can positively affect people’s lives.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Mental Health Research Institute Staff Publications

Mental Health Research Institute Staff Publications

WISE as a Way of Looking at Information Problems : The key concepts to be
explicated are denoted by the words in italics in the following sentence : How can
a decision - maker utilize existing wisdom for more effective real - world problem
 ...

Author: University of Michigan. Mental Health Research Institute

Publisher: UM Libraries

ISBN: UOM:39015039698900

Category: Mental health

Page:

View: 353

Categories: Mental health

Useful Research

Useful Research

As pointed out by Mirvis and Lawler in Chapter 6, Rigor and Relevance in
Organizational Research, addressing real world problems may require backing
off some of the elements of “rigor” as traditionally defined in positivistic research,
but it ...

Author: Susan Albers Mohrman

Publisher: Berrett-Koehler Publishers

ISBN: 9781605096025

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 450

View: 218

Features a who's who of leading management scholars Takes a stand on a major controversy in academia: should organizational research aspire to be relevant to practitioners? A sequel to the seminal book, Doing Research That is Useful for Theory and Practice, also edited by Ed Lawler, Susan Mohrman, and Associates For decades there has been an ongoing, at times heated, debate over how relevant to real-world organizational concerns academic organizational research should be. The contributors to this book argue that in order to keep organizational research relevant to both theory and practice, research must deviate from the orthodoxy of traditional positivistic research. The true test of whether knowledge is useful to practice is not whether it is “theoretically” impactful but whether it is theoretically impactful and results in improved organizational effectiveness. The contributing authors were selected for their demonstrated ability to conduct useful research and their distinguished academic careers. Part I of the book features active scholars who describe the choices they make and the tactics they employ to ensure that their work advances both theory and practice. In part II, four highly respected researchers reflect on how they approached their careers so that they could have a broad impact on practice and still maintain academic rigor. Part III describes pathways to bring academic knowledge to practice—working with consultancies, executive PhD programs, OD specialists, and professional associations, as well as framing academic concepts in ways that are attention-grabbing, memorable, and credible to practitioners. Part IV looks at institutional constraints and enablers: the prospects for useful research in traditional academic settings like business schools, peer-reviewed journals, and the Academy of Management. Finally, part V sums up the themes of the book and the challenges and opportunities facing researchers who aspire to do research that advances both theory and practice. Contributors: Jean Bartunek, Michael Beer, George Benson, John Boudreau, Wayne Cascio, Thomas Cummings, Amy Edmondson, Lynda Gratton, J. Richard Hackman, Gary Latham, Phillip Mirvis, Allan M. Mohrman, David Nadler, James O’Toole, C. K. Prahalad, Denise Rousseau, Sara Rynes, Edgar Schein, Ramakrishnan V. Tenkasi, Michael Tushman, Andrew Van de Ven, Ruth Wageman, Ian Ziskin
Categories: Business & Economics