The book presents this information in simple and informative manner to make readers appreciate and understand it. The target audiences of this book are under-graduates and post graduates researchers.
Author: Amos Kimani
Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
The main objective of writing this book is to demystify research proposal and thesis/report writing. Readers will find useful information about undertaking the process of writing research proposal and tenets of writing thesis as well as report/dissertation. The book presents this information in simple and informative manner to make readers appreciate and understand it. The target audiences of this book are under-graduates and post graduates researchers. The major features of this book include; definition of research and basic terms in research process, types of research, how to select a topic, formulation of research problem and hypothesis and research questions, research design, research instruments, data analysis and report writing techniques. In each section of this book, there are technical and methodological competences that guide students through the process of; planning and designing a viable research proposal, collecting and analyzing data, and writing report/thesis. The research principles contained in this book are applicable to both qualitative and quantitative research. A list of references is provided at the end of the book for further reading to extend the knowledge
This situation can leave students feeling overwhelmed and confused. The purpose of this book is to provide an overview of major inquiry or research paradigms in a simplified way.
Author: Laura Killam
Publisher: Laura Killam
Research is rooted in philosophical beliefs about values, concepts, and the nature of knowledge. In order to appreciate these philosophical beliefs, several key concepts and terms require consideration and understanding. Complicating the novice researcher’s understanding of these ideas is the unfortunate reality that existing definitions can be confusing. This situation can leave students feeling overwhelmed and confused. The purpose of this book is to provide an overview of major inquiry or research paradigms in a simplified way. The terms discussed in this book include, but are not limited to: · Paradigm · Axiology · Ontology · Epistemology · Methodology · Paradigm shift · Positivism · Modernism · Post-modernism · Post-positivism · Critical Theory · Constructivism Keep in mind that the terms covered in this book are often debated, understood, and communicated in multiple “correct” ways. Also, due to the evolving nature of knowledge and diverse perspectives within the literature, this book serves as an introduction to research terminology that will help you understand, follow, and even participate in this debate. This book will be particularly useful to nursing students who are learning about nursing inquiry. Nursing is a field in which inquiry skills are integral to the development of best evidence and furthering of the profession as a whole.
A methodology is driven by the Remember that methodology is different than methods. Research methods refer to how data beliefs. The methods for data ...
Author: Laura Killam
Publisher: Laura Killam
Research is rooted in philosophical beliefs about values, concepts, and the nature of knowledge. In order to appreciate these philosophical beliefs, several key concepts and terms require consideration and understanding. Complicating the novice researcher’s understanding of these ideas is the unfortunate reality that existing definitions can be confusing. This situation can leave students feeling overwhelmed and confused. The purpose of this book is to provide an overview of major inquiry or research paradigms in a simplified way. The terms discussed in this book include, but are not limited to: Paradigm Axiology Ontology Epistemology Methodology Paradigm shift Positivism Modernism Post-modernism Post-positivism Critical Theory Constructivism Keep in mind that the terms covered in this book are often debated, understood, and communicated in multiple “correct” ways. Also, due to the evolving nature of knowledge and diverse perspectives within the literature, this book serves as an introduction to research terminology that will help you understand, follow, and even participate in this debate. This book will be particularly useful to nursing students who are learning about nursing inquiry. Nursing is a field in which inquiry skills are integral to the development of best evidence and furthering of the profession as a whole.
Writing, in which the researcher puts down theoretical questions, hypotheses, summary of codes, etc. A method of keeping track of coding results and ...
Author: Jan Jonker
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Business & Economics
Methodology is the ?eld which is indisputably complex. In the academic world, it is often said to be important, yet in everyday academic practice, it is not always treated accordingly. In teaching, methodology is often a mandatory course. Usually, it consists of learning how to adopt several common approaches when doing research, and how to conceive a research design (often leading to a survey). This usually leads to collecting data on a modest scale and – when the opportunity arises – analysing the data with the help of some statistics. Ask the students of their opinion at the end of such a course and they tend to heave a deep sigh of relief and say, “I have got through it. ” Then their real courses start again, in which methodology often does not play a role at all. We are of the opinion that writing-off methodology in this way is a real pity. It ignores the valuable role that methodology should play in academic teaching as a whole. Here, methodology is presented as a form of thinking and acting that, while obviously entailing research work, can also include the design and change of organisations. This broad approach has been purposefully chosen, as it is almost obvious from research and graduation projects that the students do not really have a clue what methodology involves and, therefore, wasting their time by producing work that has a little quality.
The techniques are illustrated by simple examples ( or real research ) that are explained with the help of computer outputs . In some places simple hand ...
Author: K. N. Krishnaswamy
Publisher: Pearson Education India
Category: Business & Economics
The subject of management research methodology is enthralling and complex. A student or a practitioner of management research is beguiled by uncertainties in the search and identification of the research problem, intrigued by the ramifications of research design, and confounded by obstacles in obtaining accurate data and complexities of data analysis. Management Research Methodology: Integration of Principles, Methods and Techniques seeks a balanced treatment of all these aspects and blends problem-solving techniques, creativity aspects, mathematical modelling and qualitative approaches in order to present the subject of Management Research Methodology in a lucid and easily understandable way.
METHODOLOGY A large body of theoretical research has been published
regarding the various aspects of sprinkler irrigation uniformity . The Literature
Review indicated that most of the work was concentrated in the area of variability
of water ...
We certainly find it important to help readers more easily track research concepts ... that this student-centered approach does not mean student-simplified.
Author: Pengfei Zhao
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Category: Social Science
Making Sense of Social Research Methodology: A Student and Practitioner Centered Approach introduces students to research methods by illuminating the underlying assumptions of social science inquiry. Authors Pengfei Zhao, Karen Ross, Peiwei Li, and Barbara Dennis show how research concepts are often an integral part of everyday life through illustrative common scenarios, like looking for a recipe or going on a job interview. The authors extrapolate from these personal but ubiquitous experiences to further explain concepts, like gathering data or social context, so students develop a deeper understanding of research and its applications outside of the classroom. Students from across the social sciences can take this new understanding into their own research, their professional lives, and their personal lives with a new sense of relevancy and urgency. This text is organized into clusters that center on major topics in social science research. The first cluster introduces concepts that are fundamental to all aspects and steps of the research process. These concepts include relationality, identity, ethics, epistemology, validity, and the sociopolitical context within which research occurs. The second and third clusters focus on data and inference. These clusters engage concretely with steps of the research process, including decisions about designing research, generating data, making inferences. Throughout the chapters, Pause and Reflect open-ended questions provide readers with the space for further inquiry into research concepts and how they apply to life. Research Scenario features in each chapter offer new perspectives on major research topics from leading and emerging voices in methods. Moving from this dialogic perspective to more actionable advice, You and Research features offer students concrete steps for engaging with research. Take your research into the world with Making Sense of Social Research Methodology: A Student and Practitioner Centered Approach.
A Selection of Case Studies Vian Ahmed, Alex Opoku, Zeeshan Aziz ... a simplified understanding of research methodology, enriched with existing examples of ...
Author: Vian Ahmed
Category: Technology & Engineering
Built environment students are not always familiar with the range of different research approaches they could be using for their projects. Whether you are undertaking a postgraduate doctoral programme or facing an undergraduate or masters dissertation, this book provides general advice, as well as 13 detailed case studies from 16 universities in 7 countries, to help you get to grips with quantitative and qualitative methods, mixed methods of data collection, action research, and more.
Research. Approach. Table 1. Detailed characteristics of bridge data sources. ... as a simple method to estimate live load effects on individual girders.
Author: Dennis R. Mertz
Publisher: Transportation Research Board
This report contains the findings of research performed to develop recommended Load and Resistance Factor Design (LRFD) live load distribution factor design equations for shear and moment. The report details the development of equations that are simpler to apply and have a wider range of applicability than current methods. The appendices are not published in this report, but are available online at http://www.trb.org/news/blurb_detail.asp?id=7938
In the available literature to help grounded theory novice researchers formulate their research methodology, a simplified but useful framework is provided ...
Author: Wang, Viktor
Publisher: IGI Global
The philosophical foundation of emancipatory knowledge lies in critical theory. In this paradigm, instrumental and communicative knowledge are not rejected but are limited. If we do not question current scientific and social theories and accepted truths, we may never realize how we are constrained by their inevitable distortions and errors. Without the possibility of critical questioning of ourselves and our beliefs, such constraining knowledge can be accepted by entire cultures. The research paradigm that is relevant for constructing this kind of knowledge is the critical paradigm. Data are always qualitative and have specific methods of research. Quantitative research unquestionably has a place and is fundamental to scientific advances, but qualitative research delves into what it is to be human. Through qualitative research, we gain insight into communicative knowledge, its rich nature, and the mechanisms by which communicative knowledge is formed and interpreted. Qualitative research enables the necessary exploration and critical analysis of social systems and uncovers and facilitates critical reflections on the inevitable assumptions, which shape social behavior and interaction, thereby stimulating and empowering change. Promoting Qualitative Research Methods for Critical Reflection and Change provides readers with a comprehensive array of qualitative research methods, which can be implemented in a variety of contexts for a variety of purposes. The chapters explore the impact, uses, and methodologies for qualitative research across various fields of research. This book is ideal for practitioners, researchers, academicians, and students interested in the use of qualitative research methods.
The book uses four simplifying devices, whose function is to make it easier to see the logic behind the empirical research process, whether qualitative, ...
Author: Keith F Punch
Based on the popular Introduction to Social Research Methods, this book offers a highly accessible, clear and engaging introduction to research in education, which has been carefully and extensively developed to fully meet the needs of those studying in education and related fields. Introduction to Research Methods in Education assumes no previous knowledge of the subject, and focuses on helping the reader develop a clear conceptual understanding of the nature of empirical research in education, and of how those ideas lead to, and underlie, the principal research techniques. Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods approaches are covered, along with practical guidance on issues such as how to prepare a research proposal, write a literature review, and analyse different types of data. This book is an ideal introduction to researching in an educational context for students at both undergraduate and postgraduate level and will be a must-have for anyone studying on a research methods course or doing a research project for themselves.
To address the needs of learners tackling very complex subjects such as statistics, Research Methodology in Psychology and Education for Visual LearnersTM was written as a text book specifically designed for visual learners.Research ...
Author: Marvin Johnson
Most students learn in a variety of ways. According to the latest research, 65 percent of the population in the United States are visual learners. To address the needs of learners tackling very complex subjects such as statistics, Research Methodology in Psychology and Education for Visual LearnersTM was written as a text book specifically designed for visual learners.Research Methodology in Psychology and Education for Visual Learners takes a new and simplified approach to statistics. Research Methodology in Psychology and Education addresses the needs of visual learners by offering a handbook that is easy to read with more diagrams and illustrations to convey statistical concepts with minimal text throughout its chapters.
An early adoption of Coh-Metrix to applied linguistic studies involved using the indices to examine differences between simplified and authentic texts ...
Author: Aek Phakiti
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
This Handbook provides a comprehensive treatment of basic and more advanced research methodologies in applied linguistics and offers a state-of-the-art review of methods particular to various domains within the field. Arranged thematically in 4 parts, across 41 chapters, it covers a range of research approaches, presents current perspectives, and addresses key issues in different research methods, such as designing and implementing research instruments and techniques, and analysing different types of applied linguistics data. Innovations, challenges and trends in applied linguistics research are examined throughout the Handbook. As such it offers an up-to-date and highly accessible entry point into both established and emerging approaches that will offer fresh possibilities and perspectives as well as thorough consideration of best practices. This wide-ranging volume will prove an invaluable resource to applied linguists at all levels, including scholars in related fields such as language learning and teaching, multilingualism, corpus linguistics, critical discourse analysis, discourse analysis and pragmatics, language assessment, language policy and planning, multimodal communication, and translation.
Author: The Late Frederic S. LeePublish On: 2016-04-29
50), where quadruple-entry bookkeeping is an accounting methodology ... matrix for a simple SFC model Households Production 432 Handbook of research methods ...
Author: The Late Frederic S. Lee
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Category: BUSINESS & ECONOMICS
Despite the important methodological critiques of the mainstream offered by heterodox economics, the dominant research method taught in heterodox programmes remains econometrics. This compelling Handbook provides a comprehensive introduction to a range of alternative research methods, invaluable for analysing the data prominent in heterodox studies. Providing a solid basis for a mixed methods approach to economic investigations, the expertly crafted contributions are split into three distinct sections: philosophical foundation and research strategy, research methods and data collection, and applications. Introductions to a host of invaluable methods such as survey, historical, ethnographic, experimental and mixed approaches, together with factor, cluster, complex and social network analytics, are complemented by descriptions of applications in practice. Practical and expansive, this Handbook is highly pertinent for students and scholars of economics, particularly those dedicated to heterodox approaches, as it provides a solid reference for mixed methods not available in mainstream economics research methods courses.
Research Methodology 4.1. Basic Concepts of SNSs Simplified neutrosophic set (SNS) is a powerful tool that attracts the attention of many scholars in ...
Author: Jihong Chen
Publisher: Infinite Study
Smart ports represent the current trend of port development. Intelligent operations reduce the daily production cost of ports, facilitate ecient production, strengthen the risk mitigation ability and comply with the requirements for long-term development. However, a systematic and scientific smart port evaluation method is missing to nail down the evaluation indicators of a smart port and enable accurate evaluation of a port’s degree of intelligence. This paper analyzes the concept of the smart port, establishes a set of smart port evaluation indicator systems, and applies a single-valued neutrosophic exponential similarity measure to port evaluation to enable quantitative evaluation of port integrity. This evaluation method is capable of decision-making in the event of incomplete, uncertain, and inconsistent information during general evaluation, opening up a new method for smart port evaluation, and acting as a helpful tool for ports to carry out improvements during actual application.
i following figure is a simplified example of rotation , showing only one variable from a set of several variables . Factor 1 1.0 Rotated Factor 1 .9 .7 ...
Author: D K Bhattacharyya
Publisher: Excel Books India
For defining research problems and finding their appropriate solutions, you need to follow a structured approach. A logical series of steps need to be performed right from selecting a topic of research to report writing. Every finding needs to be strengthened by arguments, which are adequately substantiated by data. Research in management areas needs massive experimentation and data support. Management research requires more theoretical rigours and practical insights. However, not much of the available reading material provides extensive focus on management research. Yet students are required to comprehend the nitty-gritty of doing research-right from developing their project reports to final dissertation, as part of their core curriculum. This book is well equipped with fundamentals of research and research designs. Written in a simple language, it covers all facets of management areas with details of statistical tools required for analysis in a research work. Many practical examples and tips for management researchers strengthen the content of this book. It is an essential reading for management students as well as for those who are aspiring to do their doctoral work in management. It conforms to the core syllabus of all universities and institutes.