Building the Knowledge Society on the Internet: Sharing and Exchanging Knowledge in Networked Environments

Sharing and Exchanging Knowledge in Networked Environments

Author: Bolisani, Ettore

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1599048183

Category: Education

Page: 440

View: 4266

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"In today's networked societies, a key factor of the social and economic success is the capability to exchange, transfer, and share knowledge. This book provides research on the topic providing a foundation of an emerging and multidisciplinary field"--Provided by publisher.
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The Dynamics of Science and Technology

Social Values, Technical Norms and Scientific Criteria in the Development of Knowledge

Author: W. Krohn,E.T. Layton Jr.,P. Weingart

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400998287

Category: Science

Page: 294

View: 4746

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The interrelations of science and technology as an object of study seem to have drawn the attention of a number of disciplines: the history of both science and technology, sociology, economics and economic history, and even the philosophy of science. The question that comes to mind is whether the phenomenon itself is new or if advances in the disciplines involved account for this novel interest, or, in fact, if both are intercon nected. When the editors set out to plan this volume, their more or less explicit conviction was that the relationship of science and technology did reveal a new configuration and that the disciplines concerned with 1tS analysis failed at least in part to deal with the change because of conceptual and methodological preconceptions. To say this does not imply a verdict on the insufficiency of one and the superiority of any other one disciplinary approach. Rather, the situation is much more complex. In economics, for example, the interest in the relationship between science and technology is deeply influenced by the theoretical problem of accounting for the factors of economic growth. The primary concern is with technology and the problem is whether the market induces technological advances or whether they induce new demands that explain the subsequent diffusion of new technologies. Science is generally considered to be an exogenous factor not directly subject to market forces and, therefore, appears to be of no interest.
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Convergence of Knowledge, Technology and Society

Beyond Convergence of Nano-Bio-Info-Cognitive Technologies

Author: Mihail C. Roco,William S. Bainbridge,Bruce Tonn,George Whitesides

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319022040

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 558

View: 9597

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This volume aims to document the most important worldwide accomplishments in converging knowledge and technology, including converging platforms, methods of convergence, societal implications, and governance in the last ten years. Convergence in knowledge, technology, and society is the accelerating, transformative interaction among seemingly distinct scientific disciplines, technologies, and communities to achieve mutual compatibility, synergism, and integration, and through this process to create added value for societal benefit. It is a movement that is recognized by scientists and thought leaders around the world as having the potential to provide far-reaching solutions to many of today’s complex knowledge, technology, and human development challenges. Four essential and interdependent convergence platforms of human activity are defined in the first part of this report: nanotechnology-biotechnology-information technology and cognitive science (“NBIC”) foundational tools; Earth-scale environmental systems; human-scale activities; and convergence methods for societal-scale activities. The report then presents the main implications of convergence for human physical potential, cognition and communication, productivity and societal outcomes, education and physical infrastructure, sustainability, and innovative and responsible governance. As a whole, the report presents a new model for convergence. To effectively take advantage of this potential, a proactive governance approach is suggested. The study identifies an international opportunity to develop and apply convergence for technological, economic, environmental, and societal benefits. The panel also suggests an opportunity in the United States for implementing a program aimed at focusing disparate R and D energies into a coherent activity - a "Societal Convergence Initiative”. This study received input from leading academic, industry, government, and NGO experts from the United States, Latin America, Europe, Asia, and Australia.
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Barriers to Bioweapons

The Challenges of Expertise and Organization for Weapons Development

Author: Sonia Ben Ouagrham-Gormley

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801471923

Category: Political Science

Page: 272

View: 923

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In both the popular imagination and among lawmakers and national security experts, there exists the belief that with sufficient motivation and material resources, states or terrorist groups can produce bioweapons easily, cheaply, and successfully. In Barriers to Bioweapons, Sonia Ben Ouagrham-Gormley challenges this perception by showing that bioweapons development is a difficult, protracted, and expensive endeavor, rarely achieving the expected results whatever the magnitude of investment. Her findings are based on extensive interviews she conducted with former U.S. and Soviet-era bioweapons scientists and on careful analysis of archival data and other historical documents related to various state and terrorist bioweapons programs. Bioweapons development relies on living organisms that are sensitive to their environment and handling conditions, and therefore behave unpredictably. These features place a greater premium on specialized knowledge. Ben Ouagrham-Gormley posits that lack of access to such intellectual capital constitutes the greatest barrier to the making of bioweapons. She integrates theories drawn from economics, the sociology of science, organization, and management with her empirical research. The resulting theoretical framework rests on the idea that the pace and success of a bioweapons development program can be measured by its ability to ensure the creation and transfer of scientific and technical knowledge. The specific organizational, managerial, social, political, and economic conditions necessary for success are difficult to achieve, particularly in covert programs where the need to prevent detection imposes managerial and organizational conditions that conflict with knowledge production.
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Knowledge Commercialization and Valorization in Regional Economic Development

Author: Tüzin Baycan

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1781004072

Category: Education

Page: 288

View: 5713

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The commercialization of academic knowledge is increasingly seen as a potential economic development model, particularly for improving the capabilities and economic performance of regions. This insightful volume investigates the emerging factors in knowledge commercialization from an international perspective and highlights research agendas and challenges to be met across academia, industry and government. The expert contributors focus specifically on the new role of universities in regional economic development through knowledge commercialization, as well as university-industry interaction and the factors that influence knowledge and technology transfer. They explore Ôknowledge commercializationÕ in the US, Ôknowledge valorizationÕ in Europe, and technology transfer dynamics in China. A forum for discussion of whether, why, and how commercialization and valorization of knowledge can lead to higher levels of innovation and economic development from an international perspective is also provided. This thought-provoking book will prove a stimulating read for academics, students and researchers with an interest in regional economics, regional studies and knowledge management.
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Innovative Technologies for Information Resources Management

Author: Khosrow-Pour, D.B.A., Mehdi

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1599045729

Category: Computers

Page: 448

View: 8171

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As information resource management becomes increasingly dependent on emerging technologies to combat its challenges and decipher its effective strategies, the demand builds for a critical mass of research in this area. Innovative Technologies for Information Resource Management brings together compelling content related to the continually emerging technologies in areas of information systems such as Web services, electronic commerce, distance learning, healthcare, business process management, and software development. Focusing on the implications innovative technologies have on the managerial and organizational aspects of information resource management, this book provides academcians and practitioners with a requisite and enlightening reference source.
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Knowledge and the City

Concepts, Applications and Trends of Knowledge-Based Urban Development

Author: Francisco Javier Carrillo,Tan Yigitcanlar,Blanca García,Antti Lönnqvist

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131793136X

Category: Social Science

Page: 344

View: 5562

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This book underlines the growing importance of knowledge for the competitiveness of cities and their regions. Examining the role of knowledge - in its economic, socio-cultural, spatial and institutional forms - for urban and regional development, identifying the preconditions for innovative use of urban and regional knowledge assets and resources, and developing new methods to evaluate the performance and potential of knowledge-based urban and regional development, the book provides an in-depth and comprehensive understanding of both theoretical and practical aspects of knowledge-based development and its implications and prospects for cities and regions.
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