This is the first book to offer a transnational narrative history of the financial, material, and symbolic reparations for slavery and the Atlantic slave trade.
Author: Ana Lucia Araujo
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Slavery and the Atlantic slave trade are among the most heinous crimes against humanity committed in the modern era. Yet, to this day no former slave society in the Americas has paid reparations to former slaves or their descendants. European countries have never compensated their former colonies in the Americas, whose wealth relied on slave labor, to a greater or lesser extent. Likewise, no African nation ever obtained any form of reparations for the Atlantic slave trade. Ana Lucia Araujo argues that these calls for reparations are not only not dead, but have a long and persevering history. She persuasively demonstrates that since the 18th century, enslaved and freed individuals started conceptualizing the idea of reparations in petitions, correspondences, pamphlets, public speeches, slave narratives, and judicial claims, written in English, French, Spanish, and Portuguese. In different periods, despite the legality of slavery, slaves and freed people were conscious of having been victims of a great injustice. This is the first book to offer a transnational narrative history of the financial, material, and symbolic reparations for slavery and the Atlantic slave trade. Drawing from the voices of various social actors who identified themselves as the victims of the Atlantic slave trade and slavery, Araujo illuminates the multiple dimensions of the demands of reparations, including the period of slavery, the emancipation era, the post-abolition period, and the present.
Unlike other readers on the topic, the selections in this volume provide rich historical context by giving the reader a vivid sense of the injuries inflicted by slavery, its aftermath, and the continuing history of state-supported ...
Author: Ronald P. Salzberger
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
Reparations for Slavery: A Reader is a collection of essays on the topic of reparations for slavery in the United States. Unlike other readers on the topic, the selections in this volume provide rich historical context by giving the reader a vivid sense of the injuries inflicted by slavery, its aftermath, and the continuing history of state-supported discrimination. Visit our website for sample chapters!
Written by a leading economic historian of the region, a seasoned activist in the wider movement for social justice and advocacy of historical truth, Britain's Black Debt looks at the origins and development of reparations as a regional and ...
Author: Hilary Beckles
Publisher: University of the West Indies Press
Since the mid-nineteenth-century abolition of slavery, the call for reparations for the crime of African enslavement and native genocide has been growing. In the Caribbean, grassroots and official voices now constitute a regional reparations movement. While it remains a fractured, contentious and divisive call, it generates considerable public interest, especially within sections of the community that are concerned with issues of social justice, equity, civil and human rights, education, and cultural identity. The reparations discourse has been shaped by the voices from these fields as they seek to build a future upon the settlement of historical crimes. This is the first scholarly work that looks comprehensively at the reparations discussion in the Caribbean. Written by a leading economic historian of the region, a seasoned activist in the wider movement for social justice and advocacy of historical truth, Britain's Black Debt looks at the origins and development of reparations as a regional and international process. Weaving together detailed historical data on Caribbean slavery and the transatlantic slave trade with legal principles and the politics of postcolonialism, the author sets out a solid academic analysis of the evidence. He concludes that Britain has a case of reparations to answer which the Caribbean should litigate. The presentation of rich empirical historical data on Britain's transatlantic slave economy and society supports the legal claim that chattel slavery as established by the British state and sustained by citizens and governments was understood then as a crime, but political and moral outrage were silenced by the argument that the enslavement of black people was in Britain's national interest. International law provides that chattel slavery as practised by Britain was a crime against humanity. Slavery was invested in by the royal family, the government, the established church, most elite families, and large public institutions in the private and public sector. Citing the legal principles of unjust and criminal enrichment, the author presents a compelling argument for Britain's payment of its black debt, a debt that it continues to deny in the face of overwhelming evidence to the contrary. Britain's Black Debt brings together the evidence and arguments that the general public and expert policymakers have long called for. It is at once an exciting narration of Britain's dominance of the slave markets that enriched the economy and a seminal conceptual journey into the hidden politics and public posturing of leaders on both sides of the Atlantic. No work of this kind has ever been attempted. No author has had the diversity of historical research skills, national and international political involvement, and personal engagement as an activist to present such a complex yet accessible work of scholarship for both activists and academics.
Sampson v Federal Republic of Germany 102 ScarmanReport 200–1
Schiebinger, L. 235 Select Committee on the Slave Trade 32 Senegal 14, 78, 85,
128, 129 Senegambia region 10 Sengupta, Arjun 59, 61 ShanleyvHarvey 180
Author: Fernne Brennan
Colonialism, Slavery, Reparations and Trade: Remedying the ‘Past’? Addresses how reparations might be obtained for the legacy of the Trans Atlantic slave trade. This collection lends weight to the argument that liability is not extinguished on the death of the plaintiffs or perpetrators. Arguing that the impact of the slave trade is continuing and therefore contemporary, it maintains that this trans-generational debt remains, and must be addressed. Bringing together leading scholars, practitioners, diplomats, and activists, Colonialism, Slavery, Reparations and Trade provides a powerful and challenging exploration of the variety of available – legal, relief-type, economic-based and multi-level – strategies, and apparent barriers, to achieving reparations for slavery.
It identifies the true victims and all the perpetrators. The book examines the pros and cons of the claims and highlights the resurgence of the African slave trade.
Author: William Kweku Asare
Publisher: Trafford Publishing
Slavery Reparations in Perspective discusses the claims for reparations for the Atlantic slave trade by Black-Americans and some Africans. It identifies the true victims and all the perpetrators. The book examines the pros and cons of the claims and highlights the resurgence of the African slave trade. It appeals to everyone to help in the resolution of the reparations question, as well as nipping the emergent slave trade and the associated problems in the bud. Governments, international organizations and N.G.Os are all to get involved.
Slave trade ' a crime against humanity ' Historic declaration at anti - racism
conference , but Africans urge more A ... specific reparations , for slavery and
colonialism . general agreement on having the slave trade slave - trading nations
or any ...
The important debates addressed in this book resonate in the present day.
Author: Ana Lucia Araujo
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Exploring notions of history, collective memory, cultural memory, public memory, official memory, and public history, Slavery in the Age of Memory: Engaging the Past explains how ordinary citizens, social groups, governments and institutions engage with the past of slavery and the Atlantic slave trade. It illuminates how and why over the last five decades the debates about slavery have become so relevant in the societies where slavery existed and which participated in the Atlantic slave trade. The book draws on a variety of case studies to investigate its central questions. How have social actors and groups in Europe, Africa and the Americas engaged with the slave past of their societies? Are there are any relations between the demands to rename streets of Liverpool in England and the protests to take down Confederate monuments in the United States? How have black and white social actors and scholars influenced the ways slavery is represented in George Washington's Mount Vernon and Thomas Jefferson's Monticello in the United States?How do slave cemeteries in Brazil and the United States and the walls of names of Whitney Plantation speak to other initiatives honoring enslaved people in England and South Africa? What shared problems and goals have led to the creation of the International Slavery Museum in Liverpool and the National Museum of African American History and Culture in Washington DC? Why have artists used their works to confront the debates about slavery and its legacies? The important debates addressed in this book resonate in the present day. Arguing that memory of slavery is racialized and gendered, the book shows that more than just attempts to come to terms with the past, debates about slavery are associated with the persistent racial inequalities, racism, and white supremacy which still shape societies where slavery existed. Slavery in the Age of Memory: Engaging the Past is thus a vital resource for students and scholars of the Atlantic world, the history of slavery and public history.
Africans 550-year struggle seeking to repair the long-term economic and mental damage of slavery is presented in this powerfully compelling book.
Author: Raymond A. Winbush
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
Category: Literary Criticism
Ray Winbush compiles the most important cases of reparations made for the Transatlantic Slave Trade, highlighting Belinda?s Petition, the earliest attempt by an American African to seek payment for her 50 years of enslavement in the early United States. Africans 550-year struggle seeking to repair the long-term economic and mental damage of slavery is presented in this powerfully compelling book.
The one may be called the Christian , the other the Mohammedan Slave Trade .
... They take by force on the route such oxen , sheep , and other cattle as they
may need , making no reparation and listening to no complaints , as the governor
This book examines slavery, an antiquated, ugly, inhumane practice, seemingly abolished in the nineteenth century, yet never eradicated.
Author: David W. Bulla
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
Category: Social Science
This book examines slavery, an antiquated, ugly, inhumane practice, seemingly abolished in the nineteenth century, yet never eradicated. The legacies of historical slavery have become increasingly subject to public debate, manifested in calls for reparations, the UNESCO Slave Route Project, and in the dismantling of Confederate monuments in the United States. NGOs have researched and publicized the extent of contemporary slavery, which some of the essays in this collection discuss. This area of inquiry intersects with wider debates about the legacies of colonialism and structural racism—which could be seen in the Rhodes Must Fall campaigns in South Africa and Oxford. NGOs estimate that there are between 21 and 46 million slaves worldwide today. The essays gathered here critically examine the historical roots of slavery, the issue of reparations, and deconstruct contemporary human trafficking.
the continuing “ hardships ” of some African Americans were a “ result of failures
of individual character rather than the after - effects ... of the advertisement is the
deeper national debate on reparations over slavery , which could have found
fertile ground for discussion on this campus . ... slaves seeking monetary
damages from private corporations alleged to have profited from slavery and the slave trade .
HUMAN RIGHTS Historic lawsuit for slavery reparations Jim Lobe in Washington
reports on steps taken on behalf of descendants of African Americans held in slavery , to seek damages from US corporations involved in slavery or slave trading ...
Insistence that deficits caused by post - slavery discrimination be made up began
the day chattel slavery ended . ... America and overseas , asking them to turn the
screw on Europe and the United States to pay reparations for slavery , slave
labor , and colonialism . ... European powers and the United States must be paid
to continental as well as Diasporan Africans because of the slave trade and slavery .
Author: Clarence J. Munford
Publisher: Trenton, N.J. : Africa World Press
Category: Social Science
An analysis of both the history and future of Black oppression and Black nationalism, with a call for raised consciousness in the Black community and renewed activism. Munford (history--Black studies, Guelph U., Ontario) has taught in Nigerian, European, and US universities, and has written extensively on the subject. He explores such topics as political racism, segregated housing, Black incarceration, and Pan-Africanism, and expounds his view of Western Civilization as racist at its core. Annotation copyright by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
2 Grass roots reparations activism is being furthered by the National Coalition of
Blacks for Reparations ( N ' Cobra ) and ... The Owens bill , which provides for
payment of reparations for slavery , the slave trade , and invidious discrimination
Long Overdue provides an up-to-date survey of the political and legislative efforts that are now breaking the surface to move reparations into the heart of our national discussion about race.
Author: Charles P. Henry
Publisher: NYU Press
Visit theUnspun website which includes Table of Contents and the Introduction. The World Wide Web has cut a wide path through our daily lives. As claims of "the Web changes everything" suffuse print media, television, movies, and even presidential campaign speeches, just how thoroughly do the users immersed in this new technology understand it? What, exactly, is the Web changing? And how might we participate in or even direct Web-related change? Intended for readers new to studying the Internet, each chapter in Unspun addresses a different aspect of the "web revolution"--hypertext, multimedia, authorship, community, governance, identity, gender, race, cyberspace, political economy, and ideology--as it shapes and is shaped by economic, political, social, and cultural forces. The contributors particularly focus on the language of the Web, exploring concepts that are still emerging and therefore unstable and in flux. Unspun demonstrates how the tacit assumptions behind this rhetoric must be examined if we want to really know what we are saying when we talk about the Web. Unspun will help readers more fully understand and become critically aware of the issues involved in living, as we do, in a wired society. Contributors include: Jay Bolter, Sean Cubitt, Jodi Dean, Dawn Dietrich, Cynthia Fuchs, Matthew Kirschenbaum, Timothy Luke, Vincent Mosco, Lisa Nakamura, Russell Potter, Rob Shields, John Sloop, and Joseph Tabbi.
Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: 2,7, University of Kassel, language: English, abstract: In the sixteenth century, when Europe's interest in ...
Author: Kathrin Kubetzek
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Culture and Applied Geography, grade: 2,7, University of Kassel, language: English, abstract: In the sixteenth century, when Europe's interest in Africa moved away from deposits of gold to the need of work force, the Atlantic Slave Trade began. Because of expansion to the New World, Europeans needed reliable workers who were not suffering seriously from diseases and who were used to a tropical climate. After indigenous peopled had proved unreliable and unsuited, African people emerged as excellent workers because they were used to the climate, resistant to tropical diseases, and also hard working on plantations (Boddy-Evans). The Atlantic Slave Trade took place across the Atlantic ocean, from the Western coast of Europe where goods were brought to the Western part of Africa. Slaves were then shipped through the Middle Passage to the New World and were traded with goods, which were brought to Europe. The so-called triangular trade ended in the nineteenth century through the abolition of slavery. Considering the forced migration of African people, the continent suffered great losses. About 13 million people were shipped to the Americas. There are still debates as to how much the continent was, and still is, affected by the trade. Due to the fact that slavery was not new to Africans and the influx of goods, the continent gained material benefits. But the loss of people and, therefore, the loss of work force for the continent itself, prove that Africa still suffers from that period. In particular, continuous poverty and underdevelopment play a major role (Boddy-Evans). The following will be focused on the effects on the economy, society, and people in Africa due to the Atlantic Slave Trade. It will be clarified how Africa changed and how great the effects on African society were and still are today. A working paper on a conference about reparations will be included to illumina
THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF ENDING RACISM AND THE WCAR The
Economics of Reparations By WILLIAM ... the transatlantic slave trade was
declared a crime against humanity , evaded a warranted claim by African - Americans for ...
Includes papers and proceedings of the annual meeting of the American Economic Association. Covers all areas of economic research.