Remote Sensing of Glaciers

Remote Sensing of Glaciers

Changes in glaciers are one of the clearest indicators of alterations in regional climate, since they are governed by changes in accumulation (from snowfall) and ablation (by melting of ice). Glacier chan

Author: Petri Pellikka

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203851302

Category: Science

Page: 340

View: 222

Glaciers and ice sheets have been melting significantly during recent decades, posing environmental threats at local, regional and global scales. Changes in glaciers are one of the clearest indicators of alterations in regional climate, since they are governed by changes in accumulation (from snowfall) and ablation (by melting of ice). Glacier chan
Categories: Science

Remote Sensing in Northern Hydrology

Remote Sensing in Northern Hydrology

Jan-Gunnar Winther1, Robert Bindschadler2, Max Konig1, and Dieter Scherer3
This chapter summarizes research on satellite remote sensing of glaciers and ice
sheets. It covers a number of topics, including studies of the equilibrium line; ...

Author: Claude R. Dugua

Publisher: American Geophysical Union

ISBN: 9780875904283

Category: Nature

Page: 160

View: 634

Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series, Volume 163. The North, with its vast and varied landscapes, sparse population, and cold climate has always challenged its explorers: physically, mentally, logistically, and technically. The scientific community in particular has known such challenges in the past and does so today, especially in light of the projected intensification of climate change at high latitudes. Indeed, there are clear signs that change is already ongoing in many environmental variables: Air temperature and annual precipitation (including snowfall) are increasing in many regions; spring snow cover extent is decreasing; lake and river ice freeze-up dates are occurring later and breakup dates earlier; glaciers are retreating rapidly; permafrost temperatures are increasing and, in many cases, the permafrost is thawing; and sea-ice extent is at record minimums and thinning.
Categories: Nature

Remote Sensing of the Cryosphere

Remote Sensing of the Cryosphere

Changes in glaciers are easily noticed by specialists and non-specialists alike, in
ways that other climate indicators, such as ocean temperature or statistics of
atmospheric circulation indices, are not. Remote sensing methods are capable of
 ...

Author: M. Tedesco

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118368855

Category: Science

Page: 432

View: 869

The cryosphere, that region of the world where water is temporarily or permanently frozen, plays a crucial role on our planet. Recent developments in remote sensing techniques, and the acquisition of new data sets, have resulted in significant advances in our understanding of all components of the cryosphere and its processes. This book, based on contributions from 40 leading experts, offers a comprehensive and authoritative overview of the methods, techniques and recent advances in applications of remote sensing of the cryosphere. Examples of the topics covered include: * snow extent, depth, grain-size and impurities * surface and subsurface melting * glaciers * accumulation over the Greenland and Antarctica ice sheets * ice thickness and velocities * gravimetric measurements from space * sea, lake and river ice * frozen ground and permafrost * fieldwork activities * recent and future cryosphere-oriented missions and experiments All figures are in color and provide an excellent visual accompaniment to the technical and scientific aspect of the book. Readership: Senior undergraduates, Masters and PhD Students, PostDocs and Researchers in cryosphere science and remote sensing. Remote Sensing of the Cryosphere is the significant first volume in the new Cryosphere Science Series. This new series comprises volumes that are at the cutting edge of new research, or provide focussed interdisciplinary reviews of key aspects of the science.
Categories: Science

Encyclopedia of Snow Ice and Glaciers

Encyclopedia of Snow  Ice and Glaciers

The use of satellite and airborne imagery to inventory outlet glacier of Southern
Patagonian Icefield, South America. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote
Sensing, 62, 1361–1369. Bamber, J., 2006. Remote sensing in glaciology.

Author: Vijay P. Singh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048126415

Category: Science

Page: 1253

View: 180

The earth’s cryosphere, which includes snow, glaciers, ice caps, ice sheets, ice shelves, sea ice, river and lake ice, and permafrost, contains about 75% of the earth’s fresh water. It exists at almost all latitudes, from the tropics to the poles, and plays a vital role in controlling the global climate system. It also provides direct visible evidence of the effect of climate change, and, therefore, requires proper understanding of its complex dynamics. This encyclopedia mainly focuses on the various aspects of snow, ice and glaciers, but also covers other cryospheric branches, and provides up-to-date information and basic concepts on relevant topics. It includes alphabetically arranged and professionally written, comprehensive and authoritative academic articles by well-known international experts in individual fields. The encyclopedia contains a broad spectrum of topics, ranging from the atmospheric processes responsible for snow formation; transformation of snow to ice and changes in their properties; classification of ice and glaciers and their worldwide distribution; glaciation and ice ages; glacier dynamics; glacier surface and subsurface characteristics; geomorphic processes and landscape formation; hydrology and sedimentary systems; permafrost degradation; hazards caused by cryospheric changes; and trends of glacier retreat on the global scale along with the impact of climate change. This book can serve as a source of reference at the undergraduate and graduate level and help to better understand snow, ice and glaciers. It will also be an indispensable tool containing specialized literature for geologists, geographers, climatologists, hydrologists, and water resources engineers; as well as for those who are engaged in the practice of agricultural and civil engineering, earth sciences, environmental sciences and engineering, ecosystem management, and other relevant subjects.
Categories: Science

Bering Glacier

Bering Glacier

Additional Bering Glacier remote sensing studies are recommended. These
include completion of the snow equilibrium line analysis, generation of additional
DEMs of the Bering Glacier System using SAR, ASTER, and ICESAT profile data,
 ...

Author: Robert Allan Shuchman

Publisher: Geological Society of America

ISBN: 9780813724621

Category: Science

Page: 384

View: 751

Bering Glacier is the largest surging glacier in the world, having surged at least six times in the last 150 years. With the glacier advancing and retreating as much as 10 km over a surge cycle, it is one of the most physically and biologically dynamic places on Earth. This monograph presents the results of a comprehensive and diverse series of field studies and science investigations at Bering Glacier. The results reported are from a wide range of disciplines, including glaciology, geology, paleogeology, hydrology, limnology, oceanography, tectonics, geomorphology, geophysics, meteorology, remote sensing, climate change, anthropology, and ecological studies pertaining to vegetation, fish, and marine mammals. The compilation of these individual studies into a single publication allows for a more complete understanding of how the approximately 5,000 km2 Bering Glacier system plays a major role in the greater southeastern coastal region of Alaska and through its wastage, its impact on the circulation of the northeast Pacific Ocean and on the global sea level.
Categories: Science

Issues in Analysis Measurement Monitoring Imaging and Remote Sensing Technology 2011 Edition

Issues in Analysis  Measurement  Monitoring  Imaging  and Remote Sensing Technology  2011 Edition

Publisher contact information for the journal IEEE Transactions on Geoscience
and Remote Sensing is: IEEE-Institute ... (2010 NOV30) University of Alaska,
Fairbanks: Using L-band SAR coherence to delineate glacier extent “Significant ...

Author:

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 9781464963841

Category: Science

Page: 2350

View: 246

Issues in Analysis, Measurement, Monitoring, Imaging, and Remote Sensing Technology: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Analysis, Measurement, Monitoring, Imaging, and Remote Sensing Technology. The editors have built Issues in Analysis, Measurement, Monitoring, Imaging, and Remote Sensing Technology: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Analysis, Measurement, Monitoring, Imaging, and Remote Sensing Technology in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Analysis, Measurement, Monitoring, Imaging, and Remote Sensing Technology: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Categories: Science

Applications of Radar Remote Sensing in China

Applications of Radar Remote Sensing in China

The interpretation map of glacier landforms to the southeast of Qiaogeli peak SIR
- A image to the southeast of Qiaogeli ... Glaciers of Southeastern Qiaogeli Peak
The study area locates to the southeast of Qiaogeli peak , which stands on the ...

Author: Guo Huadong

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0415256763

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 256

View: 292

Over the last decade the field of spaceborne imaging radar remote sensing has advanced to the point where many new applications have become possible. Synthetic aperture radar with its all-weather and day-night capability has become one of the most sophisticated technologies for earth and planetary observation. The deployment of advanced experimental systems has allowed radar imaging data to feed into the analysis of environmental and geophysical problems: whether agricultural, land use, forestry, hydrology, geology, mineral exploration, urbanization, archaeology, natural hazards, oceanography or global change. This atlas provides a set of examples of high quality remote sensing work carried out with this leading technology in China, under the auspices of the Institute of Remote Sensing Applications of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, and in collaboration with the USA, European Space Agency, Japan and the former USSR. These examples are discussed, compared with ground truth, and analyzed. It includes applications, data analysis, algorithm development, modeling and backscatter behavior analysis.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Remote Sensing of Snow and Ice

Remote Sensing of Snow and Ice

Spaceborne remote sensing of glaciers and larger terrestrial ice masses is
generally well developed. However, the identification of surface facies and of the
equilibrium line from radar images remains somewhat ambiguous, as does the ...

Author: W. Gareth Rees

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420023748

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 312

View: 564

Many advances in spaceborne instrumentation, remote sensing, and data analysis have occurred in recent years, but until now there has been no book that reflects these advances while delivering a uniform treatment of the remote sensing of frozen regions. Remote Sensing of Snow and Ice identifies unifying themes and ideas in these fields and presents them in a single volume. This book provides a comprehensive introduction to the remote sensing of the Earth’s cryosphere. Explaining why cryospheric observations are important and why remote sensing observations are essential, it offers thorough surveys of the physical properties of ice and snow, and of current and emerging remote sensing techniques. Presenting a technical review of how the properties of snow and ice relate to remote sensing observations, the book focuses on principles by which useful geophysical information becomes encoded into the electromagnetic radiation detected during the remote sensing process. The author then discusses in detail the application of remote sensing methods to snow, freshwater ice, glaciers, and icebergs. The book concludes with a summary that examines what remote sensing has revealed about the cryosphere, where major technical problems still exist, and how these problems can be addressed.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Remote Sensing of Mountain Glaciers and Permafrost Creep

Remote Sensing of Mountain Glaciers and Permafrost Creep

Processes Remote sensing Hazard type Cases and mechanisms Remote
sensing applications ( 2 ) ( 2.1 ) Glacier surge ( unstable Glacier length change )
length and Temporary instability of large volume glacier parts with ice velocity
changes ...

Author: Andreas Kääb

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105122407088

Category: Glaciers

Page: 264

View: 266

Categories: Glaciers

Global Land Ice Measurements from Space

Global Land Ice Measurements from Space

ABSTRACT Multispectral satellite data represent the primary data source for
spaceborne glacier mapping and monitoring, and remote-sensing studies have
generated significant results regarding global glacier observations and ...

Author: Jeffrey S. Kargel

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540798187

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 876

View: 277

An international team of over 150 experts provide up-to-date satellite imaging and quantitative analysis of the state and dynamics of the glaciers around the world, and they provide an in-depth review of analysis methodologies. Includes an e-published supplement. Global Land Ice Measurements from Space - Satellite Multispectral Imaging of Glaciers (GLIMS book for short) is the leading state-of-the-art technical and interpretive presentation of satellite image data and analysis of the changing state of the world's glaciers. The book is the most definitive, comprehensive product of a global glacier remote sensing consortium, Global Land Ice Measurements from Space (GLIMS, http://www.glims.org). With 33 chapters and a companion e-supplement, the world's foremost experts in satellite image analysis of glaciers analyze the current state and recent and possible future changes of glaciers across the globe and interpret these findings for policy planners. Climate change is with us for some time to come, and its impacts are being felt by the world's population. The GLIMS Book, to be released about the same time as the IPCC's 5th Assessment report on global climate warming, buttresses and adds rich details and authority to the global change community's understanding of climate change impacts on the cryosphere. This will be a definitive and technically complete reference for experts and students examining the responses of glaciers to climate change. World experts demonstrate that glaciers are changing in response to the ongoing climatic upheaval in addition to other factors that pertain to the circumstances of individual glaciers. The global mosaic of glacier changes is documented by quantitative analyses and are placed into a perspective of causative factors. Starting with a Foreword, Preface, and Introduction, the GLIMS book gives the rationale for and history of glacier monitoring and satellite data analysis. It includes a comprehensive set of six "how-to" methodology chapters, twenty-five chapters detailing regional glacier state and dynamical changes, and an in-depth summary and interpretation chapter placing the observed glacier changes into a global context of the coupled atmosphere-land-ocean system. An accompanying e-supplement will include oversize imagery and other other highly visual renderings of scientific data.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Physical Principles of Remote Sensing

Physical Principles of Remote Sensing

It focusses on physical and mathematical principles, giving students a deeper
understanding of remote sensing systems ... The Remote Sensing Data Book (
1999, Cambridge University Press) and Remote Sensing of Glaciers (with P.
Pellikka, ...

Author: Gareth Rees

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107004733

Category: Science

Page: 492

View: 961

A quantitative yet accessible introduction to remote sensing techniques, this new edition covers a broad spectrum of Earth science applications.
Categories: Science

Himalayan Glaciers

Himalayan Glaciers

The majority of glaciers in the HKH region have response times on the order of
decades to a few centuries (Humphrey and Raymond, ... Remote sensing allows
for regular monitoring of glacier area, length, surface elevation, surface flow fields
, ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309260985

Category: Science

Page: 156

View: 372

Scientific evidence shows that most glaciers in South Asia's Hindu Kush Himalayan region are retreating, but the consequences for the region's water supply are unclear, this report finds. The Hindu Kush Himalayan region is the location of several of Asia's great river systems, which provide water for drinking, irrigation, and other uses for about 1.5 billion people. Recent studies show that at lower elevations, glacial retreat is unlikely to cause significant changes in water availability over the next several decades, but other factors, including groundwater depletion and increasing human water use, could have a greater impact. Higher elevation areas could experience altered water flow in some river basins if current rates of glacial retreat continue, but shifts in the location, intensity, and variability of rain and snow due to climate change will likely have a greater impact on regional water supplies. Himalayan Glaciers: Climate Change, Water Resources, and Water Security makes recommendations and sets guidelines for the future of climate change and water security in the Himalayan Region. This report emphasizes that social changes, such as changing patterns of water use and water management decisions, are likely to have at least as much of an impact on water demand as environmental factors do on water supply. Water scarcity will likely affect the rural and urban poor most severely, as these groups have the least capacity to move to new locations as needed. It is predicted that the region will become increasingly urbanized as cities expand to absorb migrants in search of economic opportunities. As living standards and populations rise, water use will likely increase-for example, as more people have diets rich in meat, more water will be needed for agricultural use. The effects of future climate change could further exacerbate water stress. Himalayan Glaciers: Climate Change, Water Resources, and Water Security explains that changes in the availability of water resources could play an increasing role in political tensions, especially if existing water management institutions do not better account for the social, economic, and ecological complexities of the region. To effectively respond to the effects of climate change, water management systems will need to take into account the social, economic, and ecological complexities of the region. This means it will be important to expand research and monitoring programs to gather more detailed, consistent, and accurate data on demographics, water supply, demand, and scarcity.
Categories: Science

Geographic Information Science and Mountain Geomorphology

Geographic Information Science and Mountain Geomorphology

Remote sensing of glaciers is increasingly being utilized for scientific studies, as
the improved spatial, spectral, and radiometric resolutions of sensors and GIT
permit assessment of a variety of glaciological parameters. Satellite imagery ...

Author: Michael Bishop

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 354042640X

Category: Science

Page: 486

View: 635

From the reviews: "Bishop and Schroder (both, Univ. of Nebraska at Omaha) have brought together an impressive group of practitioners in the relatively new application of geographic information science to mountain geomorphology. In doing so, they have produced valuable, first, overall coverage of a high-tech approach to mountain, three-dimensional research. More than 40 contributing authors discuss a wide range of related aspects.... The book is well bound and well produced; each chapter provides an extensive source of references. The numerous line drawings are clearly reproduced, although the mediocre quality of photographic reproduction limits the value of air photographs and satellite images. As is characteristic of many edited collections, there is some variation in chapter quality. Some of the writing is so dense that it requires minute concentration--one chapter, for instance, has 14 pages of references from a total of 43 pages. Nevertheless, this is a vital compendium for a rapidly expanding field of research. Summing Up: Recommended. Upper-division undergraduates through professionals." (J. D. Ives, Choice, March 2005)
Categories: Science

Land Remote Sensing and Global Environmental Change

Land Remote Sensing and Global Environmental Change

Most scientific attention to glaciers, including ASTER and other satellite-derived
applications in glacier science, pertains to their roles in the following seven
functions: (1) as signposts of climate change (Kaser et al. 1990; Williams and
Ferrigno ...

Author: Bhaskar Ramachandran

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441967494

Category: Science

Page: 873

View: 211

Land Remote Sensing and Global Environmental Change: The Science of ASTER and MODIS is an edited compendium of contributions dealing with ASTER and MODIS satellite sensors aboard NASA's Terra and Aqua platforms launched as part of the Earth Observing System fleet in 1999 and 2002 respectively. This volume is divided into six sections. The first three sections provide insights into the history, philosophy, and evolution of the EOS, ASTER and MODIS instrument designs and calibration mechanisms, and the data systems components used to manage and provide the science data and derived products. The latter three sections exclusively deal with ASTER and MODIS data products and their applications, and the future of these two classes of remotely sensed observations.
Categories: Science

Remote Sensing in Geology

Remote Sensing in Geology

Both kinds of debris accumulate on the GEOLOGY stagnant part of a quiescent
surging glacier and Immediate ... These moraines commonly stand as much as
30 m above the surface of glaciers 16.3.1 The Role of Remote Sensing in Glacial
 ...

Author: John H. Menkes

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: UCSD:31822000601674

Category: Science

Page: 702

View: 717

"Remote sensing in geology is a timely book that presents an authoritative discussion of remote sensing techniques and their application to geological sciences."--Pref.
Categories: Science

Glacial Geology

Glacial Geology

Luckman, A., Quincey, D. and Bevan, S. (2007) The potential of satellite radar
interferometry and feature tracking for monitoring flow rates of Himalayan glaciers
. Remote Sensing of Environment, 111, 172–81. Mark, B.G. and Seltzer, G.O. ...

Author: Matthew M. Bennett

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119966692

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 737

The new Second Edition of Glacial Geology provides a modern, comprehensive summary of glacial geology and geomorphology. It is has been thoroughly revised and updated from the original First Edition. This book will appeal to all students interested in the landforms and sediments that make up glacial landscapes. The aim of the book is to outline glacial landforms and sediments and to provide the reader with the tools required to interpret glacial landscapes. It describes how glaciers work and how the processes of glacial erosion and deposition which operate within them are recorded in the glacial landscape. The Second Edition is presented in the same clear and concise format as the First Edition, providing detailed explanations that are not cluttered with unnecessary detail. Additions include a new chapter on Glaciations around the Globe, demonstrating the range of glacial environments present on Earth today and a new chapter on Palaeoglaciology, explaining how glacial landforms and sediments are used in ice-sheet reconstructions. Like the original book, text boxes are used throughout to explain key concepts and to introduce students to case study material from the glacial literature. Newly updated sections on Further Reading are also included at the end of each chapter to point the reader towards key references. The book is illustrated throughout with colour photographs and illustrations.
Categories: Science

International Conflict over Water Resources in Himalayan Asia

International Conflict over Water Resources in Himalayan Asia

“Settling the Science onHimalayan glaciers”, NatureReports Climate Change(2
March2010), ... Etienne Berthier et al.,“Remote Sensing Estimates of Glacier
Mass Balances in the Himachal Pradesh (Western Himalaya, India)”, pp.327–328
;and ...

Author: R. Wirsing

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137292193

Category: Political Science

Page: 273

View: 666

The authors explore the fresh water crisis of Himalayan Asia. While the region hosts some of the world's mightiest rivers, it is also home to rapidly modernizing, increasingly affluent, and demographically multiplying societies, ensuring the rapid depletion of water resources and of disputes over ownership of transboundary waters.
Categories: Political Science