Religion in the Contemporary World

Author: Alan Aldridge

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745634052

Category: Social Science

Page: 242

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In the new edition of this widely read text, Alan Aldridge examines the complex realities of religious belief, practice and institutions, ranging from the high growth rates of successful minority religious movements such as Mormons and Jehovah's Witnesses, to the phenomenal rise of Pentecostalism, the challenge of 'fundamentalism' and the apparent turn from religion to spirituality. Religion is a powerful and controversial force in the contemporary world, even in supposedly secular societies. Almost all societies seek to cultivate religions and faith communities as sources of social stability and engines of social progress. They also try to regulate real and imagined abuses and excess: cults that brainwash vulnerable people, fundamentalism that threatens democracy and the progress of science, and terrorists who carry out atrocities in the name of religion. The second edition has been carefully revised to make sure it is fully up-to-date with recent developments and debates. Major themes in the revised edition include religious diversity and its implications for social cohesion, and the paradoxical fate of religion in societies that appear to be obsessed with individualism and consumerism. This book will appeal strongly to a range of readers, especially students taking courses in the sociology of religion and anyone who is interested in the place of religion in the contemporary world.
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Religious Fundamentalism in the Contemporary World

Critical Social and Political Issues

Author: Santosh C. Saha

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN: 9780739107607

Category: Religion

Page: 340

View: 1481

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Today new and ever more pernicious forms of terrorist violence threaten the world. Because these new forms of violence are so often linked to religious radicalism, modern terrorism has challenged the secular ethics of contemporary civil society. There is a pressing need to understand modern religious movements that have added militancy and belligerence as fundamental elements of religious practice. Contributors to this volume painstakingly tackle the question of how to define the contours of current religious fundamentalism as they examine the private and public postures of fundamentalist rhetoric, the importance of its regional variants, and the damage it can do to regional and national education systems. Their analysis tracks trends in religious movements that aspire to radicalize, reform, and violently topple governments and nations, while highlighting the difference between fundamentalist interpretations and other longstanding juridical, political, and intellectual traditions.
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Religion and Civil Society

Rethinking Public Religion in the Contemporary World

Author: David Herbert

Publisher: Gower Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9780754613398

Category: Social Science

Page: 322

View: 2884

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Offering a fresh interdisciplinary approach to understanding religion in contemporary societies, this book provides an invaluable resource for students and researchers in religious studies, sociology, politics and political philosophy, theology, internati
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Religious Resurgence and Politics in the Contemporary World

Author: Emile F. Sahliyeh

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 1438418477

Category: Religion

Page: 374

View: 8501

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This book examines the highly politicized religious groups and movements that have surfaced since the late 1970s in the United States, Central America, South Africa, the Philippines, India, and the Middle East. Sahliyeh and others analyze this trend toward the politicization of religious conservatism and question a number of assumptions central to concepts of modernization. For example, it has been assumed by development theorists that the interrelated components of modernization would enhance the trend toward secularization of societies. This book shows that in many societies today religious revivalism and fundamentalism seem to be direct products of modernization. A global, comparative approach is utilized to formulate general explanations for religious revivalism and its implications for modernization, development, and politics.
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Religious Pluralism

Framing Religious Diversity in the Contemporary World

Author: Giuseppe Giordan,Enzo Pace

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319066234

Category: Religion

Page: 188

View: 1310

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This volume illustrates both theoretically and empirically the differences between religious diversity and religious pluralism. It highlights how the factual situation of cultural and religious diversity may lead to individual, social and political choices of organized and recognized pluralism. In the process, both individual and collective identities are redefined, incessantly moving along the continuum that ranges from exclusion to inclusion. The book starts by first detailing general issues related to religious pluralism. It makes the case for keeping the empirical, the normative, the regulatory and the interactive dimensions of religious pluralism analytically distinct while recognizing that, in practice, they often overlap. It also underlines the importance of seeking connections between religious pluralism and other pluralisms. Next, the book explores how religious diversity can operate to contribute to legal pluralism and examines the different types of church-state relations: eradication, monopoly, oligopoly and pluralism. The second half of the book features case studies that provide a more specific look at the general issues, from ways to map and assess the religious diversity of a whole country to a comparison between Belgian-French views of religious and philosophical diversity, from religious pluralism in Italy to the shifting approach to ethnic and religious diversity in America, and from a sociological and historical perspective of religious plurality in Japan to an exploration of Brazilian religions, old and new. The transition from religious diversity to religious pluralism is one of the most important challenges that will reshape the role of religion in contemporary society. This book provides readers with insights that will help them better understand and interpret this unprecedented transition.
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Chinese Religions in Contemporary Societies

Author: James Miller

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1851096264

Category: Reference

Page: 317

View: 3396

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A comprehensive introduction to the resurgence of religion in China and Taiwan since the end of the Cultural Revolution and a wide-ranging examination of the impact of religious traditions on Euro-Americans and Chinese immigrants in present-day North America. * A collection of essays written by a diverse lineup of distinguished experts including James Miller, Tam Wai Lun, Ven. Jing Yin, Kim Sung-Hae, Alison Marshall, Tak-ling Terry Woo, David Palmer, Jonathan H. X. Lee, and Elijah Siegler * Photographs illustrating important aspects of Chinese religious practices * A bibliography for each chapter to facilitate further research * An index for fast access to key events, individuals, organizations, deities, religious terms and practices, and time periods
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Following Muhammad

Rethinking Islam in the Contemporary World

Author: Carl W. Ernst

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807855775

Category: Religion

Page: 244

View: 2109

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A major contribution that explains the faith practiced by the more than one billion Muslims throughout the world. Departing from the usual Arab-centric bias, Ernst addresses Euro-Americans and illuminates the diversity of Muslim societies and thought. He describes how Protestant definitions of religion and anti-Muslim prejudice have affected how Islam has come to be viewed in Europe and America. He also covers the contemporary importance of Islam in both its traditional locations and its new homes.
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