Microbes and Other Shamanic Beings

Microbes and Other Shamanic Beings

Dictionary of trees, volume 2: South America: Nomenclature, taxonomy and ecology. New York: Elsevier Science. ... In Relación acerca de las antigüedades de los indios: El primer tratado escrito en América, ed. Jose Juan Arrom.

Author: César E. Giraldo Herrera

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319713182

Category: Social Science

Page: 274

View: 611

Shamanism is commonly understood through reference to spirits and souls. However, these terms were introduced by Christian missionaries as part of the colonial effort of conversion. So, rather than trying to comprehend shamanism through medieval European concepts, this book examines it through ideas that started developing in the West after encountering Amerindian shamans. Microbes and Other Shamanic Beings develops three major arguments: First, since their earliest accounts Amerindian shamanic notions have had more in common with current microbial ecology than with Christian religious beliefs. Second, the human senses allow the unaided perception of the microbial world; for example, entoptic vision allows one to see microscopic objects flowing through the retina and shamans employ techniques that enhance precisely these kinds of perception. Lastly, the theory that some diseases are produced by living agents acquired through contagion was proposed right after Contact in relation to syphilis, an important subject of pre-Contact Amerindian medicine and mythology, which was treasured and translated by European physicians. Despite these early translations, the West took four centuries to rediscover germs and bring microbiology into mainstream science. Giraldo Herrera reclaims this knowledge and lays the fundaments for an ethnomicrobiology. It will appeal to anyone curious about shamanism and willing to take it seriously and to those enquiring about the microbiome, our relations with microbes and the long history behind them.
Categories: Social Science

The Routledge Hispanic Studies Companion to Colonial Latin America and the Caribbean 1492 1898

The Routledge Hispanic Studies Companion to Colonial Latin America and the Caribbean  1492 1898

Relación acerca de las antigüedades de los indios. El primer tratado escrito en América. Mexico City: Siglo XXI. Paravisini-Gebert, Lizabeth. 2011. “Deforestation and the Yearning for Lost Landscapes in Caribbean Literatures.

Author: Yolanda Martínez-San Miguel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351606349

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 442

View: 822

The Routledge Hispanic Studies Companion to Colonial Latin America and the Caribbean (1492-1898) brings together an international team of scholars to explore new interdisciplinary and comparative approaches for the study of colonialism. Using four overarching themes, the volume examines a wide array of critical issues, key texts, and figures that demonstrate the significance of Colonial Latin America and the Caribbean across national and regional traditions and historical periods. This invaluable resource will be of interest to students and scholars of Spanish and Latin American studies examining colonial Caribbean and Latin America at the intersection of cultural and historical studies; transatlantic, postcolonial and decolonial studies; and critical approaches to archives and materiality. This timely volume assesses the impact and legacy of colonialism and coloniality.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

The Cambridge History of Latin American Literature

The Cambridge History of Latin American Literature

Relación acerca de las antigüedades de los indios . Primer tratado escrito en América , ed . José Juan Arrom , Mexico , Siglo XXI Editores , 1974 . Peralta Barnuevo Rocha Benavides , Pedro de . Lima fundada o conquista del Perú ...

Author: Roberto Gonzalez Echevarría

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521410355

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 896

View: 362

"Primary and vital resource for literary specialists, historians, students of all levels, and general readers interested in this period. Leading scholars write about diverse genres (narrative, essay, poetry, theater) and cultural interests and ideas (intellectual life, historiography, Viceregal culture, Mesoamerican indigenous peoples and cultures). Literature articles include analysis and discussion of canonic and previously marginalized authors and treat representative works, genres, and literary and philosophical currents. Extremely useful, well written, and interesting"--Handbook of Latin American Studies, v. 58.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Empires of the Atlantic World

Empires of the Atlantic World

London and American Interest Groups, 1690– 1790 (Cambridge, MA, 1992) Oltra, Joaquín, and Pérez Samper, María Ángeles, ... Fray Ramón, 'Relación acerca de las Antigüedades de los Indios': El primer tratado escrito en América, ed.

Author: J. H. Elliott

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300133554

Category: History

Page: 608

View: 827

This epic history compares the empires built by Spain and Britain in the Americas, from Columbus's arrival in the New World to the end of Spanish colonial rule in the early nineteenth century. J. H. Elliott, one of the most distinguished and versatile historians working today, offers us history on a grand scale, contrasting the worlds built by Britain and by Spain on the ruins of the civilizations they encountered and destroyed in North and South America. Elliott identifies and explains both the similarities and differences in the two empires' processes of colonization, the character of their colonial societies, their distinctive styles of imperial government, and the independence movements mounted against them. Based on wide reading in the history of the two great Atlantic civilizations, the book sets the Spanish and British colonial empires in the context of their own times and offers us insights into aspects of this dual history that still influence the Americas.
Categories: History

Music in Latin America and the Caribbean An Encyclopedic History

Music in Latin America and the Caribbean  An Encyclopedic History

Volume 1: Performing Beliefs: Indigenous Peoples of South America, Central America, and Mexico Malena Kuss ... Relación acerca de las antigüedades de los indios : El primer tratado escrito en América , 9th edition , with a preliminary ...

Author: Malena Kuss

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292788401

Category: Music

Page: 448

View: 659

The music of the peoples of South and Central America, Mexico, and the Caribbean has never received a comprehensive treatment in English until this multi-volume work. Taking a sociocultural and human-centered approach, Music in Latin America and the Caribbean gathers the best scholarship from writers all over the world to cover in depth the musical legacies of indigenous peoples, creoles, African descendants, Iberian colonizers, and other immigrant groups that met and mixed in the New World. Within a history marked by cultural encounters and dislocations, music emerges as the powerful tool that negotiates identities, enacts resistance, performs belief, and challenges received aesthetics. This work, more than two decades in the making, was conceived as part of "The Universe of Music: A History" project, initiated by and developed in cooperation with the International Music Council, with the goals of empowering Latin Americans and Caribbeans to shape their own musical history and emphasizing the role that music plays in human life. The four volumes that constitute this work are structured as parts of a single conception and gather 150 contributions by more than 100 distinguished scholars representing 36 countries. Volume 1, Performing Beliefs: Indigenous Peoples of South America, Central America, and Mexico, focuses on the inextricable relationships between worldviews and musical experience in the current practices of indigenous groups. Worldviews are built into, among other things, how music is organized and performed, how musical instruments are constructed and when they are played, choreographic formations, the structure of songs, the assignment of gender to instruments, and ritual patterns. Two CDs with 44 recorded examples illustrate the contributions to this rich volume.
Categories: Music

La Espa ola Isla de Encuentros Hispaniola Island of Encounters

La Espa  ola   Isla de Encuentros   Hispaniola   Island of Encounters

Diccionario de americanismos. ... The historical linguistics of Native America. New York. Castellanos, Juan de. 1847 [1589]. ... Relación acerca de las antigüedades de los Indios (el primer tratado escrito en América).

Author: Jessica Barzen

Publisher: Narr Francke Attempto Verlag

ISBN: 9783823379010

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 215

View: 497

Zwei Staaten unterschiedlicher sprachlicher und kultureller Prägung - Haiti und die Dominikanische Republik - teilen sich heute die Karibikinsel Hispaniola. In der Kolonialzeit war sie Schauplatz der ersten Begegnungen zwischen Indigenen und Spaniern und Spielball der Auseinandersetzungen zwischen europäischen Kolonialmächten. Plantagensystem und Sklaverei gelangten hier zu ihrer höchsten Blüte, bis die Haitianische Revolution und die Gründung des ersten unabhängigen Staats in Amerika das Kolonialsystem erschütterten. Die wechselvolle Geschichte der Insel spiegelt sich in vielschichtigen Sprach- und Kulturkontakten wider, die die karibische Sprachenlandschaft bis heute prägen und den Gegenstand des vorliegenden Bandes bilden. Die Beiträge beleuchten die frühesten indianisch-spanischen Sprachkontakte ebenso wie das Phänomen der Kreolisierung in Haiti, historische und aktuelle Austauschprozesse zwischen Spanisch und Kreol und die Weiterentwicklung dieser Sprachen in der Diaspora.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Myth and Archive

Myth and Archive

Relación acerca de las antigüedades de los indios : el primer tratado escrito en América , in a new version with notes , map and appendices by José Juan Arrom . Mexico , Siglo xxi Editores , 1974 . Parry , J. H. The Audiencia of New ...

Author: Roberto Gonzalez Echevarria

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 0822321947

Category: History

Page: 245

View: 991

Discusses the theory of the origin and evolution of the Latin American narrative and the emergence of the modern novel.
Categories: History

Archaeology at La Isabela

Archaeology at La Isabela

America's First European Town Kathleen A. Deagan, José María Cruxent ... New York: Hispanic Society of America. ... Fray Ramón Pané: Relación acerca de las antiguedades de los indios: El primer tratado escrito en América. 8th edition.

Author: Kathleen A. Deagan

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300133912

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 581

In this volume, Kathleen Deagan and Jose Maria Cruxent present detailed technical documentation of their ten-year archaeological excavation of La Isabela, America's first colony. The artefacts and material remains of the town offer rich material for comparative research into Euro-American cultural and material development during the crucial transition from the medieval era to the Renaissance. The period when La Isabela was in existence witnessed great innovation and change in many areas of technology. The archaeological evidence of La Isabela's architecture, weaponry, numismatics, pottery and metallurgy can be precisely dated, helping to chart the sequence of this change and revealing much that is new about late medieval technology. The authors' archaeological research also provides a foundation for their insights into the reasons for the demise of La Isabela.
Categories: Social Science

Virtuosos of Faith

Virtuosos of Faith

Ramón Pané probably finished writing his Relación acerca de las antigüedades de los indios in 1498. ... El primer tratado escrito en América, México 1974; A. J. LAMBERTUS , Las dos partes de la Relacion acerca de las antigüedades de los ...

Author: Gert Melville

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783643913630

Category:

Page:

View: 888

For over a thousand years, monks, nuns, canons, friars, and others under religious vows stood at the pinnacle of Western European society. For their ascetic sacrifices, their learning, piety, and expertise, they were accorded positions of power and influence, and a wide range of legal, financial and social privileges. As such they present an important opportunity to consider the nature and dynamics of an "elite" in medieval culture. Using medieval religious life as their interpretive lens, the essays of this volume seek to uncover the essential markers of elite status. They explore how those under vows claimed and manifested elite status in complex spiritual, temporal, and social combinations. They explore the workings of elite status from day to day, across region and locale - who earned recognition and how, whether through specific achievements or the deployment of specific capacities; who recognized, conferred, or helped maintain elite status, how and why; how elite status could be redefined, contested or rejected. The essays also seek to understand how medieval European religious elites compared to those found in other cultures and settings, from Syria and South Asia to the early modern transatlantic world.
Categories:

Images at War

Images at War

''Relación acerca de las antigüedades de los Indios'': El primer tratado escrito en America. 2d ed. Mexico City: Siglo Veintiuno, 1977. Pastoureau, Michel. ''Du bleu au noir: Ethique et pratique de la couleur à la fin du Moyen Age.

Author: Serge Gruzinski

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 9780822383116

Category: History

Page: 284

View: 623

DIV“If colonial America was the melting pot of modernity, it was because it was also a fabulous laboratory of images. . . . Just as much as speech and writing, the image can be a vehicle for all sorts of power and resistance.” So writes Serge Gruzinski in the introduction to Images at War, his striking reinterpretation of the Spanish colonization of Mexico. Concentrating on the political meaning of the baroque image and its function within a multicultural society, Gruzinski compares its ubiquity in Mexico to our modern fascination with images and their meaning. Although the baroque image played a decisive role in many arenas, especially that of conquest and New World colonization, its powerful resonance in the sphere of religion is a focal point of Gruzinski’s study. In his analysis of how images conveyed meaning across linguistic barriers, he uncovers recurring themes of false images, less-than-perfect replicas, the uprooting of peoples and cultural memories, and the violence of iconoclastic destruction. He shows how various ethnic groups—Indians, blacks, Europeans—left their distinct marks on images of colonialism and religion, coopting them into expressions of identity or instruments of rebellion. As Gruzinski’s story unfolds, he tells of Aztec idols, the cult of the Virgin of Guadalupe, conquistadors, Franciscans, and neoclassical attempts to repress the baroque. In the final chapter he discusses the political and religious implications of contemporary imagery—such as that in Mexican soap operas—and speculates about the future of images in Latin America. Originally written in French, this work makes available to an English audience a seminal study of Mexico and the role of the image in the New World. /div
Categories: History